Skip to Content

Female Infertility


  • Female infertility is a condition where a woman has trouble getting pregnant. The best way to get pregnant is to have sexual intercourse (sex) regularly, without using birth control. If you have done this for one year but have not become pregnant, you may be infertile (unable to conceive). Both women who have never been pregnant and those that have may become infertile. Common causes of this condition include problems in the reproductive system, or problems with female hormones. The cause may also be unknown. Signs and symptoms of infertility may vary depending on the cause.
  • A pelvic exam, blood and urine tests, or an ultrasound may be used to diagnose this condition. Treatment may include medicines, surgery, or certain procedures. With treatment, you may have a greater chance of getting pregnant.


Take your medicine as directed:

Call your primary healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

  • If you are taking medicine as a shot or in an IV, your family should learn how to give it. Ask your caregiver to show you how to do this. If you are taking pain medicine after having surgery or a procedure, do not worry about becoming hooked on them. Follow your caregivers instructions on how to take the medicine.
  • NSAIDs: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) medicine may decrease swelling and pain or fever. This medicine can be bought with or without a doctor's order. This medicine can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. Always read the medicine label and follow the directions on it before using this medicine.

Ask for information about where and when to go for follow-up visits:

For continuing care, treatments, or home services, ask for more information.

Eat healthy foods:

Choose healthy foods from all the food groups every day. Include whole-grain bread, cereal, rice, and pasta. Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables, including dark green and orange vegetables. Include dairy products such as low-fat milk, yogurt, and cheese. Choose protein sources, such as lean beef and chicken, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts. Ask how many servings of fats, oils, and sweets you should have each day, and if you need to be on a special diet.

Do not smoke:

If you smoke, it is never too late to quit. Ask for information about how to stop smoking if you need help.

Manage your stress:

Stress may slow healing and lead to illness. Learn ways to control stress, such as relaxation, deep breathing, and music. Talk to someone about things that upset you.


  • You have questions or concerns about your condition, treatment, or care.


  • You have foul-smelling discharge coming out of your vagina or incision (cut).
  • You have heavy or unusual vaginal bleeding.
  • You have pain in your abdomen (stomach) or lower back that does not go away.
  • Your symptoms get worse or come back even after treatment.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Female Infertility (Aftercare Instructions)

Associated drugs

IBM Watson Micromedex

Symptom checker

Symptoms and treatments

Mayo Clinic Reference