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Epididymo-orchitis is a condition where there is inflammation of your epididymis and testicle. The epididymis is a bundle of very small tubes found next to each testicle. The epididymis is where sperm from each testicle passes before it goes out of the penis. Epididymo-orchitis usually affects the epididymis and testicle on one side of the scrotum, but it may affect both sides.


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.


  • Antibiotics: This medicine is given if epididymo-orchitis was caused by a bacterial infection. Take them as directed.
  • Pain medicine: You may be given a prescription medicine to decrease swelling and pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine.


  • Lab tests: Blood and urine tests may be done to see if you have an infection. If you have discharge, a small amount of this fluid will be collected and sent to a lab for testing.
  • Ultrasound: An ultrasound uses sound waves to show pictures of your scrotum on a monitor. An ultrasound may show bleeding, lumps, or problems with blood flow.


  • Ice: Ice helps decrease swelling and pain. Ice may also help prevent tissue damage. Caregivers put an ice pack on your swollen testicle or scrotum.
  • Scrotal support: Your caregiver may put a pillow or rolled up towel under your scrotum. This helps to support your scrotum and decrease pain.


If your condition is not treated, the production of your sperm may decrease. The decreased amounts of sperm may affect your ability to father a child. Inflammation in the epididymis and testicle may cause scarring and change your testicle's size and shape.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

Learn more about Epididymo-Orchitis (Inpatient Care)

Associated drugs

IBM Watson Micromedex

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.