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Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 in Children
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a disease that affects how your child's body uses glucose (sugar). Normally, when the blood sugar level increases, the pancreas makes more insulin. Insulin helps move sugar out of the blood so it can be used for energy. Type 2 diabetes develops because either the body cannot make enough insulin, or it cannot use the insulin correctly. After many years, your child's pancreas may stop making insulin.
CARE AGREEMENT:You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's caregivers to decide what care you want for your child.
Uncontrolled diabetes can damage your child's nerves and arteries. Long-term high blood sugar levels can damage his eyes and kidneys. Diabetes is life-threatening if it is not controlled.
WHILE YOU ARE HERE:
is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that your child may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your child's medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done to your child. Make sure all of your questions are answered.
is a small tube placed in your child's vein that is used to give him medicine or liquids.
, such as insulin, help decrease the amount of sugar in your child's blood.
- Blood glucose tests may be checked 3 times a day or more. This is usually done before meals and at bedtime.
- A urine sample may show the amount of ketones and sugar in your child's urine. This test helps show how well his blood sugar level is being controlled and if he needs more tests.
Healthcare providers will teach you how to manage your child's diabetes. They may visit you at home, or you may attend classes. They will teach you what to do if your child's blood sugar level goes too high or too low. They will also help you plan sick day management. Ask how to dispose of used needles and syringes.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.