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A cystocele is a condition where a part of your bladder falls into your vagina because of weakened or stretched pelvic muscles. In some cases your bladder may begin to slip through your vaginal opening.


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.


  • Pain medicine: You may be given a prescription medicine to decrease severe pain if other pain medicines do not work. Take the medicine as directed. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine.
  • Stool softeners: This medicine makes it easier for you to have a bowel movement. You may need this medicine to treat or prevent constipation.


  • Blood and urine test: You may need blood or urine tests to check for an infection.
  • Ultrasound: Sound waves are used to show pictures of the inside of your abdomen. A small wand with lotion on it is gently moved around your abdomen. The wand may also be placed in your vagina. Pictures of your bladder, vagina, rectum, or other organs are seen on a monitor.
  • X-ray: This test can take pictures of your kidneys, bladder, and ureters. You may be given dye to help the pictures show up better. Tell healthcare providers if you are allergic to iodine or shellfish. You may also be allergic to the dye. You may have x-rays taken while you urinate. This shows what happens in your urinary tract while you urinate.
  • MRI: This scan uses powerful magnets and a computer to take pictures of your bladder and vagina. You may be given dye to help the pictures show up better. Tell healthcare providers if you are allergic to iodine or shellfish. You may also be allergic to the dye. Do not enter the MRI room with anything metal. Metal can cause serious injury. Tell healthcare providers if you have any metal in or on your body.
  • Urodynamics: This test checks if the muscles of your bladder are working properly. It also measures how much urine your bladder can hold. This test can also show whether your bladder fills and empties in a normal way.
  • Cystoscopy: A thin tube with a scope is inserted into your urethra and up into your bladder. Your healthcare providers will look at the inside of your bladder for stones, bleeding, tumors, or signs of infection.


  • Estrogen therapy: Estrogen may help strengthen the pelvic muscles and keep your cystocele from getting worse. This may be taken as a pill or applied as a cream in your vagina.
  • Pessary or tampon: A pessary is a plastic or rubber ring and a tampon is a plug of cotton or other absorbent material. These are placed inside the vagina to support the bulging tissues in your bladder and vagina.
  • Surgery: You may need surgery to lift your bladder back into place. During surgery, stitches or a mesh patch may be placed between your bladder and vagina to hold your bladder in place.


You may have discomfort or an infection from using a pessary. You may have bleeding or an infection from surgery. If your cystocele is not treated, you may continue to have pain or difficulty urinating. If the cystocele comes out of your vaginal opening, it becomes more difficult to treat and control your symptoms.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Cystocele (Inpatient Care)

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