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Cervical Disc Herniation


Cervical disc herniation occurs when a cervical disc bulges out. Cervical discs are natural, spongy cushions between the vertebrae (bones) in your neck. The bulging disc may press on your nerves or spinal cord.


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.


is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.


  • NSAIDs decrease swelling and pain.
  • Prescription pain medicine helps decrease pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine.
  • Muscle relaxers help relax your muscles. It is also given to decrease pain and muscle spasms.
  • Steroids help decrease inflammation.
  • Chemonucleolysis is an injection of medicine given to shrink your bulging disc
  • An epidural injection is medicine that numbs the area near the bulging disc and decreases pain
  • A nerve block is an injection of medicine close to the nerve that is near the bulging disc. This can help decrease pain and inflammation.


You may need an x-ray of your neck after treatment for your bulging disc. Healthcare providers use the x-ray to see if your treatment is working as it should.


  • Support devices , such as a neck brace or a special pillow, can help support your neck. They also help decrease your neck movement and prevent more damage.
  • Physical therapy may be ordered by your healthcare provider. A physical therapist works with you to make your neck muscles stronger and decrease your pain. A physical therapist can teach you exercises and stretches that help your neck and back.
  • Surgery may be needed to fix your bulging disc if other treatments have failed. Surgery may also be done to decrease pressure on your nerves and spinal cord. Surgery may be done to remove your bulging disc. Your healthcare provider may replace the disc with a bone graft (bone from another area of your body) or artificial disc.


Injections may bruise your neck, cause an infection, or damage your spinal cord. With surgery, you may bleed more than expected or get an infection. You may have trouble speaking or swallowing after surgery. Surgery may also damage tissues, nerves, or blood vessels in your neck. The covering of you spinal cord may be damaged, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may leak out. Even with treatment, you may still feel pain and have trouble moving your neck, arms, or legs. Without treatment, your symptoms may get worse. Your bulging disc may continue to press on your spinal cord or nerves and cause permanent damage. Your arms or legs may become weak. You may lose all feeling in your arms, and you may not be able to move them.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Cervical Disc Herniation (Inpatient Care)

Micromedex® Care Notes