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What is it?
C-reactive Protein (CRP) can be measured by a lab test. CRP is a protein produced in the liver. It is not normally found in your blood. It appears quickly after trauma (injury), bacterial and fungal infections, or inflammation (in-fla-MA-shun). It disappears quickly when the inflammation (in-fla-MAY-shun) or infection goes away.
Why do I need it?
This test may be ordered when you suffer trauma or when your caregiver thinks you have inflammation or an infection. CRP is often done after surgery. CRP increases until the third day after surgery. It disappears quickly if there is no bacterial infection. Some of the conditions where CRP is helpful include:
- Bacterial (bak-TEER-e-ull) infection (in-FEK-shun).
- Risk of heart disease.
- Rheumatoid (REW-muh-toid) arthritis (arth-RI-tis) and rheumatic (rew-MA-tik) fever.
- Trauma (TRAH-ma).
How do I get ready for the test?
Your caregiver will tell you when to have your blood test done. The blood test may be done before or after eating.
How is the specimen collected?
A caregiver will put a wide rubber strap around your arm and tighten it. Your skin will be cleaned with alcohol. A small needle attached to a special test tube will be put into a vein in your arm or hand. The tube has suction to pull the blood into it. When the tube is full, the rubber strap, needle and tube are removed. The caregiver will press a piece of cotton where the needle was removed. You may be asked to hold the cotton on the site for a few minutes to help stop the bleeding. Tape may then be put over the cotton on your arm.
What do I do after the test?
You may remove the tape and cotton in about 20 to 30 minutes. Call your caregiver to get the results of your test. Your caregiver will explain what your test results mean for you. Follow the instructions of your caregiver.
You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your lab tests. You can then discuss the results with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.