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Arteriovenous Graft Placement For Hemodialysis


An arteriovenous graft (AVG) is surgery to connect an artery to a vein using a graft. A graft is a plastic tube. You need an AVG if your artery and vein cannot be directly joined together for hemodialysis. The AVG is usually placed on the nondominant arm. For example, if you are right-handed, the AVG will be placed on your left arm. Blood will go out from and come back to the AVG after it is cleaned by the hemodialysis machine.


Before your surgery:

  • Informed consent is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.
  • Anesthesia is medicine to make you comfortable and control pain during the surgery. Healthcare providers will work with you to decide which anesthesia is best for you.

During your surgery:

An incision will be made between the blood vessels. Tools will be used to separate the vein and the artery from nearby nerves and tissues. Clip-like tools will be placed on both blood vessels to stop the blood flow. Incisions will be made on the blood vessels where the graft (plastic tube) will be attached. One end of the graft will be inserted into the artery and the other into the vein. Stitches will be used to secure the graft to the blood vessels. The clip-like tools will be removed and the blood vessels checked for blood flow. The graft will be positioned close to the skin, and the skin will be closed with stitches.

After your surgery:

You will be taken to a room to rest until you are fully awake. Healthcare providers will monitor you closely for any problems. Do not get out of bed until your healthcare provider says it is okay. When your healthcare provider sees that you are okay, you will be taken to your hospital room.

  • You may need to walk around the same day of surgery, or the day after. Movement will help prevent blood clots. You may also be given exercises to do in bed. Do not get out of bed on your own until your healthcare provider says you can. Talk to healthcare providers before you get up the first time. They may need to help you stand up safely. When you are able to get up on your own, sit or lie down right away if you feel weak or dizzy. Then press the call light button to let healthcare providers know you need help.
  • Medicines:
    • Antibiotics help treat or prevent an infection caused by bacteria.
    • Antinausea medicine calms your stomach and helps prevent vomiting.
    • Prescription pain medicine may be given to decrease pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine.


You may bleed more than expected or get an infection. You could have trouble breathing or get blood clots. You may have continued pain or swelling after the surgery. The surgery may not be successful and may need to be done again. Without this surgery, your symptoms may get worse.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.