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Arteriovenous Graft Placement For Hemodialysis


An arteriovenous graft (AVG) is surgery to connect an artery to a vein using a graft. A graft is a plastic tube. You need an AVG if your artery and vein cannot be directly joined together for hemodialysis. The AVG is usually placed on the nondominant arm. For example, if you are right-handed, the AVG will be placed on your left arm. Blood will go out from and come back to the AVG after it is cleaned by the hemodialysis machine.



  • You may be given prescription pain medicine or antibiotics. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take your pain medicine. Antibiotics fight or prevent an infection caused by bacteria.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Ask your healthcare provider when you should return to have your AVG checked. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Care for your AVG:

Your incision will be closed with either stitches or thin strips of tape. Ask when you can bathe. If you have stitches, carefully wash your stitches with soap and water. Pat them dry with a clean towel. If your incision was closed with thin strips of tape, keep it clean and dry. As the strips of tape start to peel off, let them fall off by themselves. Do not pull them off.

  • You may remove the bandage that covers your AVG 4 to 6 hours after dialysis.
  • Check your AVG every day for good blood flow by touching it with your fingertips. The buzzing sensation means that it is working.
  • Check for bleeding, pain, redness, or swelling. These may be signs of infection or a clogged AVG.
  • To prevent damage to the AVG, no one should take your blood pressure or draw blood from the arm with the AVG. Do not wear tight clothes or jewelry. Do not sleep on that arm.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have a fever.
  • Your skin is itchy, swollen, or has a rash.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You feel lightheaded, short of breath, and have chest pain.
  • You cough up blood.
  • Your AVG site has blood, pus, or a foul-smelling odor.
  • You have increased pain in the area where the AVG was made.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.