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Adrenal Gland Biopsy


  • An adrenal gland biopsy is a procedure done to take a tissue sample from your adrenal gland. A tissue sample may be needed if you have a mass (lump) in your adrenal gland. Your adrenal glands are small, triangular abdominal organs found above each of your kidneys. Your adrenal glands make hormones (body chemicals) that manage your body's energy and function. Adrenal hormones also help balance the fluid and salt levels in your body. The hormones also help control how your body uses sugar, proteins, and fat.
    Picture of the urinary system
  • Adrenal gland masses are usually found when your caregiver is checking for other body conditions with imaging tests. The imaging tests may include an ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) scan, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). If an adrenal mass is seen, a biopsy may be needed to check for cancer or another illness. An adrenal gland biopsy may also help your caregiver decide on the best treatment for your condition.



  • Keep a written list of the medicines you take, the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list of your medicines or the pill bottles when you see your caregivers. Learn why you take each medicine. Ask your caregiver for information about your medicine. Do not use any medicines, over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, herbs, or food supplements without first talking to your caregiver.
  • Always take your medicine as directed by your caregiver. Call him if you think your medicines are not helping or if you feel you are having side effects. Do not quit taking your medicines until you discuss it with your caregiver. If you are taking medicine that makes you drowsy, do not drive or use heavy equipment.

Follow-up visit information:

You may need to have repeat imaging tests after your procedure. The imaging tests are done to check your adrenal gland for any problems. Blood tests may also be done to check your hormone levels. Ask your caregiver when to return for these tests. You may also need to visit a specialist caregiver if your biopsy showed your mass was cancer. Keep all appointments. Write down any questions you may have. This way you will remember to ask these questions during your next visit.

Wound care:

Ask your caregiver about directions on caring for your biopsy site.


  • You are bleeding from your biopsy site.
  • You have a fever (high body temperature).
  • Your have blood clots or fluid around your biopsy site.
  • Your biopsy site is swollen, red, or has pus coming from it.
  • You have questions or concerns about your medicine, procedure, or care.


  • You suddenly have chest pain or trouble breathing.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.