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Acute Hematuria


Hematuria is blood in your urine from an injury or medical condition. Acute means the problem starts suddenly, worsens quickly, and lasts a short time. Your urine may be bright red to dark brown. Some common causes of hematuria are bladder infection, kidney stone, trauma to the kidneys or bladder, and some medications. Sometimes blood clots can block the urethra so that you cannot empty your bladder.



Ask about these or other medicines you may need to treat the cause of your acute hematuria:

  • Antibiotics: This medicine is given to fight or prevent an infection caused by bacteria. Always take your antibiotics exactly as ordered by your healthcare provider. Do not stop taking your medicine unless directed by your healthcare provider. Never save antibiotics or take leftover antibiotics that were given to you for another illness.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Increase the amount of fluid you drink:

Drink clear fluids to help flush the blood from your urinary tract. Follow instructions about how much fluid to drink.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Your healthcare provider will tell you how often to come in for follow-up visits. He may refer you to a specialist, such as a urologist or nephrologist. The specialists may do tests or procedures to find more serious problems with your urinary system. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have a fever that gets worse or does not go away with treatment.
  • You cannot keep liquids or medicines down.
  • Your urine gets darker, even after you drink extra liquids.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition, treatment, or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You have blood in your urine after a new injury, such as a fall.
  • You are urinating very small amounts or not at all.
  • You feel like you cannot empty your bladder.
  • You have severe back or side pain that does not go away with treatment.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Acute Hematuria (Discharge Care)

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IBM Watson Micromedex

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