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What Is It?

An abrasion (uh-bra-zhun) is a scraping or rubbing off of skin. Any one may get an abrasion. But young children or athletes may be most likely to get abrasions.


This injury is usually caused by a fall, car accident, or sports injury.

Signs and Symptoms:

You may have pain, redness, rash, swelling, or bleeding where the skin is rubbed off. Dirt or gravel may get into the wound.


Your caregiver will tell you how to clean the wound. You may also need to change the bandage. Keep the wound and bandage clean and dry. Ice may help to lessen the swelling. You may need to raise the injured area above your heart to lessen swelling. Acetaminophen (uh-c-tuh-min-o-fin) or ibuprofen (i-bew-pro-fin) may be needed for pain. You may need a tetanus (lockjaw) shot if you have not had one in 5 to 10 years. This medicine keeps you from getting tetanus which, is caused by a germ in dirt. Your arm can get red, swollen, and sore after getting this shot.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. You can then discuss treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.