Zerit (Oral Solution)
Generic name: Stavudine Oral Solution (STAV yoo deen)
Brand name: Zerit
Drug class: Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Jan 6, 2021.
- Rarely, Zerit (stavudine oral solution) may cause a swollen liver and a buildup of acid in the blood. Sometimes, this may be deadly. The risk may be higher in women, in overweight people, and in people who have taken drugs like this one for a long time.
- Deadly acid health problems have happened in pregnant women when Zerit (stavudine oral solution) was used along with didanosine and other drugs. Talk with your doctor.
- Rarely, a severe and sometimes deadly pancreas problem (pancreatitis) has happened when Zerit (stavudine oral solution) was used along with didanosine and other drugs.
- If you are taking didanosine, talk with your doctor. This medicine must not be taken with didanosine.
Uses of Zerit:
- It is used to treat HIV infection.
What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take Zerit?
- If you have an allergy to stavudine or any other part of Zerit (stavudine oral solution).
- If you are allergic to Zerit (stavudine oral solution); any part of Zerit (stavudine oral solution); or any other drugs, foods, or substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had.
- If you are taking any of these drugs: Hydroxyurea or zidovudine.
- If you are breast-feeding. Do not breast-feed while you take Zerit (stavudine oral solution).
This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with Zerit (stavudine oral solution).
Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take Zerit (stavudine oral solution) with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.
What are some things I need to know or do while I take Zerit?
- Tell all of your health care providers that you take Zerit (stavudine oral solution). This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
- Have blood work checked as you have been told by the doctor. Talk with the doctor.
- Loss of body fat in the legs, arms, buttocks, and face can happen with Zerit (stavudine oral solution). This may not go back to normal. It is not known how this loss of body fat may affect health over a long time. You will need to be checked for any changes in body fat while you take Zerit (stavudine oral solution). If you have questions, talk with the doctor.
- This medicine does not stop the spread of diseases like HIV or hepatitis that are passed through blood or having sex. Do not have any kind of sex without using a latex or polyurethane condom. Do not share needles or other things like toothbrushes or razors.
- This medicine is not a cure for HIV. Stay under the care of your doctor.
- Avoid drinking alcohol while taking Zerit (stavudine oral solution).
- If you have high blood sugar (diabetes), talk with the doctor. Some of these products have sugar.
- Use with care in children. Talk with the doctor.
- If you are 65 or older, use Zerit (stavudine oral solution) with care. You could have more side effects.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using Zerit (stavudine oral solution) while you are pregnant.
How is this medicine (Zerit) best taken?
Use Zerit (stavudine oral solution) as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.
- Take with or without food.
- Keep taking Zerit (stavudine oral solution) as you have been told by your doctor or other health care provider, even if you feel well.
- It is important that you do not miss or skip a dose of Zerit (stavudine oral solution) during treatment.
- Shake well before use.
- Measure liquid doses carefully. Use the measuring device that comes with Zerit (stavudine oral solution). If there is none, ask the pharmacist for a device to measure Zerit (stavudine oral solution).
What do I do if I miss a dose?
- Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
- If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
- Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
- If you are not sure what to do if you miss a dose, call your doctor.
What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?
WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:
- Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
- Signs of too much lactic acid in the blood (lactic acidosis) like fast breathing, fast heartbeat, a heartbeat that does not feel normal, very bad upset stomach or throwing up, feeling very sleepy, shortness of breath, feeling very tired or weak, very bad dizziness, feeling cold, or muscle pain or cramps.
- Signs of a pancreas problem (pancreatitis) like very bad stomach pain, very bad back pain, or very bad upset stomach or throwing up.
- Muscle weakness.
- A burning, numbness, or tingling feeling that is not normal.
- Very bad and sometimes deadly liver problems have happened with Zerit (stavudine oral solution). Call your doctor right away if you have signs of liver problems like dark urine, feeling tired, not hungry, upset stomach or stomach pain, light-colored stools, throwing up, or yellow skin or eyes.
- Changes in your immune system can happen when you start taking drugs to treat HIV. If you have an infection that you did not know you had, it may show up when you take Zerit (stavudine oral solution). Tell your doctor right away if you have any new signs after you start Zerit (stavudine oral solution), even after taking it for several months. This includes signs of infection like fever, sore throat, weakness, cough, or shortness of breath.
What are some other side effects of Zerit?
All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:
These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-332-1088. You may also report side effects at https://www.fda.gov/medwatch.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.
How do I store and/or throw out Zerit?
- Store in a refrigerator. Do not freeze.
- Throw away any unused portion after 30 days.
- Keep lid tightly closed.
- Keep all drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
- Throw away unused or expired drugs. Do not flush down a toilet or pour down a drain unless you are told to do so. Check with your pharmacist if you have questions about the best way to throw out drugs. There may be drug take-back programs in your area.
Consumer information use
- If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor.
- Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
- This medicine comes with an extra patient fact sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it with care. Read it again each time Zerit (stavudine oral solution) is refilled. If you have any questions about Zerit (stavudine oral solution), please talk with the doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
More about Zerit (stavudine)
- Side Effects
- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
- Drug Images
- Drug Interactions
- En Español
- Drug class: nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)
Related treatment guides
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.