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Generic Name: sulfisoxazole (sul-fi-SOX-a-zole)
Brand Name: Gantrisin
Sulfisoxazole suspension is used for:
Treating and preventing certain bacterial infections.
Sulfisoxazole suspension is a sulfonamide antibiotic. It works by inhibiting the growth and replication of bacteria.
Do NOT use sulfisoxazole suspension if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in sulfisoxazole suspension or any other sulfonamide medicine (eg, sulfamethoxazole)
- you are pregnant at term or you are breast-feeding an infant younger than 2 months of age
- you have blood problems (anemia) due to decreased folic acid in your blood
- you have severe kidney disease or a blockage of your bladder
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using sulfisoxazole suspension:
Some medical conditions may interact with sulfisoxazole suspension. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are planning to become pregnant
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have diarrhea, a sore throat, or a stomach or intestinal infection
- if you have a history of asthma, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency, blood problems, or liver or kidney problems
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with sulfisoxazole suspension. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin) because the risk of bleeding may be increased
- Methotrexate because side effects may be increased by sulfisoxazole suspension
- Sulfonylureas (eg, glyburide) because the risk of low blood sugar may be increased
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if sulfisoxazole suspension may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use sulfisoxazole suspension:
Use sulfisoxazole suspension as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Sulfisoxazole suspension may be taken with or without food.
- Shake well before using.
- Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose.
- Drinking extra fluids while you are taking sulfisoxazole suspension is recommended. Check with your doctor for instructions.
- To clear up your infection completely, continue using sulfisoxazole suspension for the full course of treatment even if you feel better in a few days.
- If you miss a dose of sulfisoxazole suspension, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use sulfisoxazole suspension.
Important safety information:
- Sulfisoxazole suspension may cause dizziness. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to sulfisoxazole suspension. Using sulfisoxazole suspension alone, with certain other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or perform other potentially dangerous tasks.
- If you have had a severe allergic reaction to sulfisoxazole suspension or any other sulfonamide medicine (eg, sulfamethoxazole, glyburide, probenecid), contact your doctor or pharmacist before taking sulfisoxazole suspension. A severe reaction includes a severe rash, hives, breathing difficulties, or dizziness. If you have a question about whether you are allergic to sulfisoxazole suspension or if a certain medicine is a sulfonamide, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
- Sulfisoxazole suspension is effective only against bacteria. It is not effective for treating viral infections (eg, the common cold).
- It is important to use sulfisoxazole suspension for the full course of treatment. Failure to do so may decrease the effectiveness of sulfisoxazole suspension and increase the risk that the bacteria will no longer be sensitive to sulfisoxazole suspension and will not be able to be treated by this or certain other antibiotics in the future.
- Long-term or repeated use of sulfisoxazole suspension may cause a second infection. Your doctor may want to change your medicine to treat the second infection. Contact your doctor if signs of a second infection occur.
- Sulfisoxazole suspension may cause increased sensitivity to the sun. Avoid exposure to the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to sulfisoxazole suspension. Use a sunscreen or wear protective clothing if you must be outside for a prolonged period.
- If severe diarrhea, stomach pain/cramps, or bloody stools occur, contact your doctor immediately. This could be a symptom of a serious side effect requiring immediate medical attention. Do not treat diarrhea without consulting your doctor.
- Diabetes patients - Sulfisoxazole suspension may cause incorrect test results with urine tests for ketones. Check with your doctor before you adjust the dose of your diabetes medicine or change your diet.
- Diabetes patients - Sulfisoxazole suspension may cause low blood sugar (eg, increased heartbeat, headache, chills, sweating, tremor, increased hunger, changes in vision, nervousness, weakness, dizziness, drowsiness, fainting). It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat low blood sugar. If you do not have a reliable source of glucose available, eat a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink a glass of orange juice or nondiet soda to quickly raise your blood sugar level. Tell your doctor immediately about the reaction. To prevent hypoglycemia, eat meals on a regular schedule and do not skip meals.
- Before you have any medical or dental treatments, emergency care, or surgery, tell the doctor or dentist that you are using sulfisoxazole suspension.
- LAB TESTS, including blood counts, may be performed to monitor your progress or to check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Sulfisoxazole suspension is not recommended for use in CHILDREN younger than 2 months of age because they may develop yellowing of the skin or eyes.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking sulfisoxazole suspension, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using sulfisoxazole suspension during pregnancy. Sulfisoxazole suspension is excreted in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking sulfisoxazole suspension.
Possible side effects of sulfisoxazole suspension:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Dizziness; drowsiness; headache; gas; loss of appetite; nausea; sensitivity to sunlight; vomiting.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); bloody stools; bluish color of skin; dark urine or decreased amount of urine; fainting; fast heartbeat; hallucinations; joint pain; mouth sores or irritation; pale skin; persistent sore throat or fever; pounding in the chest; red or purple patches under the skin; red, blistered, or swollen skin; seizures; severe or persistent diarrhea; severe reaction to the sun; stomach pain or cramps; trouble urinating; unusual tiredness or weakness; vaginal irritation or discharge; yellowing of the eyes or skin.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include dizziness; drowsiness; headache; loss of appetite; loss of consciousness; nausea; stomach cramps; vomiting.Proper storage of sulfisoxazole suspension:
Store sulfisoxazole suspension at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep sulfisoxazole suspension out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about sulfisoxazole suspension, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Sulfisoxazole suspension is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about sulfisoxazole suspension. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.