Nitisinone Oral Suspension
Generic Name: Nitisinone Oral Suspension (ni TIS i known)
Brand Name: Orfadin
Medically reviewed on May 2, 2018.
Uses of Nitisinone Oral Suspension:
- It is used to treat hereditary tyrosinemia type 1 (HT-1).
What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take Nitisinone Oral Suspension?
- If you have an allergy to nitisinone or any other part of nitisinone oral suspension.
- If you are allergic to any drugs like this one, any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
This medicine may interact with other drugs or health problems.
Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take nitisinone oral suspension with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.
What are some things I need to know or do while I take Nitisinone Oral Suspension?
- Tell all of your health care providers that you take nitisinone oral suspension. This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
- Have blood work checked as you have been told by the doctor. Talk with the doctor.
- Have your urine checked as you have been told by your doctor.
- Have an eye exam as you have been told by your doctor.
- Nitisinone must be used with a special diet that is low in tyrosine and phenylalanine.
- Follow the diet plan that your doctor told you about.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using nitisinone oral suspension while you are pregnant.
- Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding. You will need to talk about any risks to your baby.
How is this medicine (Nitisinone Oral Suspension) best taken?
Use nitisinone oral suspension as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.
- To gain the most benefit, do not miss doses.
- Keep taking nitisinone oral suspension as you have been told by your doctor or other health care provider, even if you feel well.
- If the adapter has not been put in the bottle when you get it, follow how to prepare the bottle as you have been told or read the package insert.
- Take with or without food.
- Shake well before use.
- Measure liquid doses carefully. Use the measuring device that comes with nitisinone oral suspension. If there is none, ask the pharmacist for a device to measure nitisinone oral suspension.
What do I do if I miss a dose?
- Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
- If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
- Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
See also: Dosage Information (in more detail)
What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?
WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:
- Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
- Signs of liver problems like dark urine, feeling tired, not hungry, upset stomach or stomach pain, light-colored stools, throwing up, or yellow skin or eyes.
- Change in skin on hands or feet.
- Change in eyesight, eye pain, or very bad eye irritation.
- Eye is bothered by bright light.
- Feeling confused.
- Fever or chills.
- Sore throat.
- Any unexplained bruising or bleeding.
What are some other side effects of Nitisinone Oral Suspension?
All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:
These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.
How do I store and/or throw out Nitisinone Oral Suspension?
- If the adapter has not been put in the bottle when you get it, store in a refrigerator until you need to prepare the bottle.
- Do not freeze.
- After the adapter has been put in the bottle, store at room temperature.
- Throw away any unused part 60 days after the adapter was put in the bottle. You or your pharmacist will need to write the date to throw away on the bottle label.
- Keep all drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
- Throw away unused or expired drugs. Do not flush down a toilet or pour down a drain unless you are told to do so. Check with your pharmacist if you have questions about the best way to throw out drugs. There may be drug take-back programs in your area.
Consumer information use
- If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor.
- Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
- Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
- Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including prescription or OTC, natural products, or vitamins.
- Some drugs may have another patient information leaflet. Check with your pharmacist. If you have any questions about nitisinone oral suspension, please talk with your doctor, nurse, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
More about nitisinone
- Nitisinone Side Effects
- During Pregnancy
- Dosage Information
- Support Group
- En Español
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- Drug class: miscellaneous metabolic agents