Generic Name: milnacipran (mil-NA-si-pran)
Brand Name: Savella
Milnacipran is similar to certain antidepressant medicines. Antidepressants may increase the risk of suicidal thoughts or actions in children, teenagers, and young adults. However, depression and certain other mental problems may also increase the risk of suicide. Talk with the patient's doctor to be sure that the benefits of using milnacipran outweigh the risks.
Families and caregivers must closely watch patients who take milnacipran. It is important to keep in close contact with the patient's doctor. Tell the doctor right away if the patient has symptoms like worsened depression, suicidal thoughts, or changes in behavior. Discuss any questions with the patient's doctor.
Milnacipran is not approved for use in children or to treat depression.
Milnacipran is used for:
Milnacipran is a serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI). Exactly how milnacipran works to treat fibromyalgia is not known. It may work by restoring the balance of certain natural substances in the brain (serotonin and norepinephrine).
Do NOT use milnacipran if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in milnacipran
- you have end-stage kidney disease
- you are taking linezolid or have taken a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) (eg, phenelzine) within the last 14 days
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using milnacipran:
Some medical conditions may interact with milnacipran. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you or a family member has a history of bipolar disorder (manic-depression), other mental or mood problems, suicidal thoughts or attempts, or alcohol or substance abuse
- if you have a history of seizures, heart problems (eg, heart failure, irregular heartbeat), recent heart attack, high blood pressure, bleeding problems, kidney problems, liver problems, urinary blockage or trouble urinating, enlarged prostate, or increased eye pressure (eg, glaucoma)
- if you are dehydrated, have low blood sodium levels, or drink alcohol
- if you are being switched to milnacipran after taking another medicine called clomipramine
- if you are taking a medicine that contains methylene blue
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with milnacipran. Tell your health car provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- 5-HT1 receptor agonists (eg, sumatriptan), buspirone, fentanyl, linezolid, lithium, MAOIs (eg, phenelzine), methylene blue, rasagiline, SNRIs (eg, venlafaxine), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) (eg, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine), St. John's wort, tramadol, tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline), or tryptophan because serious side effects, such as a reaction that may include fever, rigid muscles, blood pressure changes, mental changes, confusion, irritability, agitation, delirium, and coma, may occur
- Diuretics (eg, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide) because the risk of low blood sodium levels may be increased
- Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin), aspirin, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) (eg, ibuprofen) because the risk of bleeding may be increased by milnacipran
- Digoxin, epinephrine, or norepinephrine because the risk of irregular heartbeat or blood pressure changes may be increased
- Clonidine because its effectiveness may be decreased by milnacipran
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if milnacipran may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use milnacipran:
Use milnacipran as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Milnacipran comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get milnacipran refilled.
- Take milnacipran by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation.
- Take milnacipran on a regular schedule to get the most benefit from it. Taking milnacipran at the same time each day will help you remember to take it.
- Continue to take milnacipran even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.
- Do not suddenly stop taking milnacipran without checking with your doctor. Side effects may occur. They may include mental or mood changes, numbness or tingling of the skin, dizziness, confusion, headache, nausea, nightmare, ringing in the ears, seizures, trouble sleeping, unusual tiredness, or vomiting. You will be closely monitored when you start milnacipran and whenever a change in dose is made.
- If you miss a dose of milnacipran, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use milnacipran.
Important safety information:
- Milnacipran may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use milnacipran with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Do not drink alcohol while you are taking milnacipran.
- Check with your doctor before you use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using milnacipran; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.
- Several weeks may pass before your symptoms improve. Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
- Children, teenagers, and young adults who take milnacipran may be at increased risk for suicidal thoughts or actions. Adults may also be affected. The risk may be greater in patients who have had suicidal thoughts or actions in the past. The risk may also be greater in patients who have had bipolar (manic-depressive) illness, or if their family members have had it. Watch patients who take milnacipran closely. Contact the doctor at once if new, worsened, or sudden symptoms such as depressed mood; anxious, restless, or irritable behavior; panic attacks; or any unusual change in mood or behavior occur. Contact the doctor right away if any signs of suicidal thoughts or actions occur.
- Serotonin syndrome is a possibly fatal syndrome that can be caused by milnacipran. Your risk may be greater if you take milnacipran with certain other medicines (eg, SSRIs, triptans). Symptoms may include agitation; coma; confusion; coordination problems; excessive sweating; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever; hallucinations; muscle twitching; nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea; severe or persistent dizziness; stiff muscles; and tremor. Contact your doctor at once if you have any of these symptoms.
- Certain antidepressants, including milnacipran, may increase the risk of bleeding. Sometimes, bleeding can be life-threatening. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
- Some people may be at risk for eye problems from milnacipran. Your doctor may want you to have an eye exam to see if you are at risk for these eye problems. Call your doctor right away if you have eye pain, vision changes, or swelling or redness in or around the eye.
- If your doctor tells you to stop taking milnacipran, you will need to wait for at least 5 days before beginning to take certain other medicines (eg, MAOIs). Ask your doctor when you should start to take your new medicines after you have stopped taking milnacipran.
- If you are being switched to milnacipran after taking another medicine called clomipramine, you may have an increased risk for certain side effects (eg, dizziness or light-headedness when standing, exaggerated sense of well-being). Contact your doctor if any of these symptoms occur.
- Lab tests, including blood pressure, heart rate, and liver function, may be performed while you use milnacipran. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Use milnacipran with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially low blood sodium levels.
- Caution is advised if using milnacipran in CHILDREN; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially increased risk of suicidal thoughts or actions.
- Milnacipran should not be used in CHILDREN younger than 18 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Milnacipran may cause harm to the fetus if it is used during the last 3 months of pregnancy. If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using milnacipran while you are pregnant. Milnacipran is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use milnacipran, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of milnacipran:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Constipation; dizziness; dry mouth; headache; hot flush; increased sweating; nausea; trouble sleeping; vomiting.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); bloody or black, tarry stools; confusion; decreased concentration; decreased coordination; decreased sexual ability; excessive sweating; fainting; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; hallucinations; memory problems; muscle pain or weakness; new or worsening mental, mood, or behavior changes (eg, agitation, anxiety, depression, panic attacks, aggressiveness, impulsiveness, irritability, hostility, restlessness, or inability to sit still); red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; seizures; severe or persistent headache or dizziness; severe or persistent nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea; severe or persistent trouble sleeping; suicidal thoughts or attempts; symptoms of liver problems (eg, yellowing of the skin or eyes; dark urine; stomach pain; loss of appetite; unusual tiredness); testicle pain; tremor; trouble urinating; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual weakness.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.Proper storage of milnacipran:
Store milnacipran at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep milnacipran out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about milnacipran, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Milnacipran is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take milnacipran or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about milnacipran. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to milnacipran. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using milnacipran.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.
More about milnacipran
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- Drug class: serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors
Other brands: Savella