Generic Name: dicyclomine (dye-SYE-kloe-meen)
Brand Name: Examples include Bentyl and Triactin
Dicyclomine capsules are used for:
Treatment of the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Dicyclomine capsules are an anticholinergic. It works by blocking a chemical in the smooth muscle of the stomach and intestines causing them to relax, which reduces cramping.
Do NOT use dicyclomine capsules if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in dicyclomine capsules
- you have blockage of the esophagus, stomach, intestine, or urinary tract
- you have heart problems due to severe bleeding
- you have glaucoma
- you have inflammation of the esophagus due to acid reflux, loss of strength in the intestinal muscles, or chronic inflammation and ulceration of the bowels
- you have myasthenia gravis (a condition in which the muscles become progressively paralyzed)
- you are breast-feeding
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using dicyclomine capsules:
Some medical conditions may interact with dicyclomine capsules. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have chronic inflammation or ulcers of the bowel, diarrhea, enlargement of the prostate, hiatal hernia, kidney or liver disease, a nervous system disease, overactive thyroid, or urinary blockage or retention
- if you have heart disease, heart failure, a history of rapid heartbeat, or high blood pressure
- if you are at risk for glaucoma
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with dicyclomine capsules. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Amantadine, antiarrhythmics (eg, quinidine), antihistamines (eg, diphenhydramine), benzodiazepines (eg, diazepam), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) (eg, phenelzine), narcotic pain medicine (eg, meperidine), nitrates (eg, nitroglycerin, isosorbide), nitrites (eg, sodium nitrite), phenothiazines (eg, chlorpromazine), sympathomimetics (eg, pseudoephedrine), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because they may increase the risk of dicyclomine capsules's side effects
- Metoclopramide or phenothiazines (eg, chlorpromazine) because their effectiveness may be decreased by dicyclomine capsules
- Digoxin because the risk of its side effects may be increased by dicyclomine capsules
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if dicyclomine capsules may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use dicyclomine capsules:
Use dicyclomine capsules as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Take dicyclomine capsules by mouth on an empty stomach at least 30 minutes before eating unless otherwise directed by your doctor.
- If you are also taking antacids, you may need to separate them from dicyclomine capsules. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
- Take dicyclomine capsules on a regular schedule around the clock, unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
- If you miss a dose of dicyclomine capsules, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use dicyclomine capsules.
Important safety information:
- Dicyclomine capsules may cause drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, or lightheadedness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use dicyclomine capsules with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Check with your doctor before you drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using dicyclomine capsules; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.
- Do not become overheated in hot weather or while you are being active; heatstroke may occur.
- Dicyclomine capsules may make your eyes more sensitive to sunlight. It may help to wear sunglasses.
- Use dicyclomine capsules with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
- Dicyclomine capsules should not be used in CHILDREN younger than 6 months old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using dicyclomine capsules while you are pregnant. Dicyclomine capsules are found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking dicyclomine capsules.
Possible side effects of dicyclomine capsules:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Blurred vision; constipation; decreased sweating; difficulty sleeping; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth; headache; lightheadedness; loss of taste; nausea; nervousness.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); agitation; confusion; diarrhea; difficulty focusing your eyes; difficulty moving; difficulty speaking; difficulty urinating; disorientation; exaggerated sense of well-being; fainting; hallucinations; pounding in the chest, rapid heartbeat; short-term memory loss; unusual weakness; vomiting.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include blurred vision; convulsions (seizures); difficulty breathing; dilated pupils; disorientation; excessive thirst; flushed, hot, dry skin; hallucinations or unusual behavior; muscle weakness; nausea; rapid heartbeat and breathing; restlessness; unusual dizziness or drowsiness; unusually dry mouth; vomiting.Proper storage of dicyclomine capsules:
Store at room temperature, below 86 degrees F (30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep dicyclomine capsules out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about dicyclomine capsules, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Dicyclomine capsules are to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take dicyclomine capsules or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about dicyclomine capsules. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to dicyclomine capsules. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using dicyclomine capsules.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.
More about dicyclomine
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- Drug class: anticholinergics/antispasmodics
Other brands: Bentyl