Generic Name: acetazolamide (a-set-a-ZOLE-a-mide)
Brand Name: Generic only. No brands available.
Acetazolamide solution is used for:
Treating certain types of glaucoma, epilepsy, or edema (fluid buildup) in combination with other medicines. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Acetazolamide solution is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor. It reduces fluid pressure in the eyeball by decreasing fluid formation in the eyeball. It also increases the removal of water from the body by the kidney. It also may block certain nerve discharges that may contribute to seizures.
Do NOT use acetazolamide solution if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in acetazolamide solution
- you have adrenal gland problems, low blood levels of potassium or sodium, kidney problems, liver problems (eg, cirrhosis), high blood levels of chloride, or other electrolyte problems
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using acetazolamide solution:
Some medical conditions may interact with acetazolamide solution. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have kidney stones, a lung disease, glaucoma (eg, chronic non-congestive angle-closure glaucoma), diabetes, or difficulty breathing
- if you have had a severe allergic reaction (eg, a severe rash, hives, breathing difficulties, or dizziness) to any other sulfonamide medicine such as acetazolamide, celecoxib, certain diuretics (eg, hydrochlorothiazide), glyburide, probenecid, sulfamethoxazole, valdecoxib, or zonisamide
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with acetazolamide solution. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any of the following medicines:
- Salicylates (eg, aspirin) because they may increase the risk of acetazolamide solution's side effects
- Other carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (eg, methazolamide), cyclosporine, quinidine, phenytoin, amphetamine, or sodium bicarbonate because the risk of their side effects may be increased by acetazolamide solution
- Primidone, salicylates (eg, aspirin), lithium, or methenamine because their effectiveness may be decreased by acetazolamide solution
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if acetazolamide solution may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use acetazolamide solution:
Use acetazolamide solution as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Acetazolamide solution is usually given as an injection at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic. If you will be using acetazolamide solution at home, a health care provider will teach you how to use it. Be sure you understand how to use acetazolamide solution. Follow the procedures you are taught when you use a dose. Contact your health care provider if you have any questions.
- Do not use acetazolamide solution if it contains particles, is cloudy or discolored, or if the vial is cracked or damaged.
- Keep this product, as well as syringes and needles, out of the reach of children and pets. Do not reuse needles, syringes, or other materials. Ask your health care provider how to dispose of these materials after use. Follow all local rules for disposal.
- If you miss a dose of acetazolamide solution, use it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not use 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use acetazolamide solution.
Important safety information:
- Acetazolamide solution may cause drowsiness or temporary vision changes. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use acetazolamide solution with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Acetazolamide solution may cause you to become sunburned more easily. Avoid the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to acetazolamide solution. Use a sunscreen or wear protective clothing if you must be outside for more than a short time.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take acetazolamide solution before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Diabetes patients - Acetazolamide solution may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.
- Acetazolamide solution may interfere with certain lab tests. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are using acetazolamide solution.
- Lab tests, including blood electrolyte levels, complete blood cell count, or platelet levels, may be performed while you use acetazolamide solution. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Use acetazolamide solution with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
- Acetazolamide solution should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using acetazolamide solution while you are pregnant. It is not known if this medicine is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while using acetazolamide solution.
Possible side effects of acetazolamide solution:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Blurred vision; changes in taste; constipation; diarrhea; drowsiness; frequent urination; loss of appetite; nausea; vomiting.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); blood in urine; changes in hearing; convulsions; dark, bloody stools; dark urine; fast breathing; fever; lack of energy; lower back pain; pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site; red, swollen, or blistered skin; ringing in the ears; sore throat; tingling of the arms or legs; unusual bleeding or bruising; vision changes; yellowing of the skin or eyes.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include abnormal skin sensations (eg, tingling, tickling, itching, burning); buzzing, ringing, or whistling in the ears; drowsiness; loss of appetite; loss of coordination; nausea; tremors; unsteady movements; vomiting.Proper storage of acetazolamide solution:
Acetazolamide solution is usually handled and stored by a health care provider. If you are using acetazolamide solution at home, store acetazolamide solution as directed by your pharmacist or health care provider. Keep acetazolamide solution out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about acetazolamide solution, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Acetazolamide solution is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take acetazolamide solution or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about acetazolamide solution. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to acetazolamide solution. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using acetazolamide solution.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.
More about acetazolamide
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- Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants