Yes, Bactrim DS can affect the combined oral contraceptives and reduce its effectiveness.
ADDITIONAL CONTRACEPTION RECOMMENDED: The effectiveness of estrogen-containing oral contraceptives may be impaired by concomitant treatment with antimicrobial agents. It is possible that a small number of women may be more susceptible to contraceptive failure.
Women using oral contraceptives should be advised of the risk of breakthrough bleeding and unintended pregnancy during concomitant antimicrobial therapy. Alternative or additional methods of birth control should be considered during and for at least one week beyond the last dose of short-term antimicrobial therapy, and for at least the initial weeks of long-term antimicrobial therapy when risk may be the greatest.
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