Allopurinol is a prescription medication approved to prevent the following conditions:
* Gout: * High uric acid levels due to cancer treatment: * Kidney stones in people with high uric acid levels.
Allopurinol works by lowering uric acid levels. This helps to treat gout, as this condition occurs when the levels of uric acid become so high that crystals form inside the joint. The medication lowers uric acid levels by inhibiting xanthine oxidase, an enzyme responsible for producing uric acid in the body. By inhibiting xanthine oxidase, allopurinol slows down the rate at which the body produces uric acid.
Allopurinol works well for preventing gout attacks, but it is not very effective for treating a gout attack that is already occurring. In fact, sometimes it temporarily seems to make gout worse at first. For these reasons, allopurinol is usually taken along with other gout medications, at least temporarily.
Hope this info helps? Take care & be well.
- Allopurinol Information for Consumers
- Allopurinol Information for Healthcare Professionals (includes dosage details)
- Side Effects of Allopurinol (detailed)
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