when did the FDA start requiring drug manufacturers to provide identifying information--for example, shape, color, markings--for their products?
When did the FDA start requiring drug manufacturers to provide identifying information?
Added 14 Sep 2011:
Presecription pills now come with physical descriptions on the label of the containers; for example, "green oblong with "7993" on one side and "ph" on the other." This information enables patients to identify what they are taking and distinguish between other medications they may be taking. This information did not always appear on container labels, so at some point the FDA or some other federal, or perhaps state, regulation must have been put into effect. I would like to know when that occurred and what legislation or rule was responsible.
1906, when Theodore Roosevelt signed into law the Food and Drug Act.
The 1906 Food and Drug Act and creation of the FDA
In June 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt signed into law the Food and Drug Act, also known as the "Wiley Act" after its chief advocate. The Act prohibited, under penalty of seizure of goods, the interstate transport of food which had been "adulterated", with that term referring to the addition of fillers of reduced "quality or strength", coloring to conceal "damage or inferiority," formulation with additives "injurious to health," or the use of "filthy, decomposed, or putrid" substances. The act applied similar penalties to the interstate marketing of "adulterated" drugs, in which the "standard of strength, quality, or purity" of the active ingredient was not either stated clearly on the label or listed in the United States Pharmacopoeia or the National Formulary. The act also banned "misbranding" of food and drugs. The responsibility for examining food and drugs for such "adulteration" or "misbranding" was given to Wiley's USDA Bureau of Chemistry.
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