Sinusitis refers to inflammation of the sinuses that occurs with a viral, bacterial, or fungal infection.
Try the following measures to help reduce congestion in your sinuses:
* Apply a warm, moist washcloth to your face several times a day.
* Drink plenty of fluids to thin the mucus.
* Inhale steam 2 - 4 times per day (for example, sitting in the bathroom with the shower running).
* Spray with nasal saline several times per day.
* Use a humidifier.
Be careful with over-the-counter spray nasal decongestants. They may help at first, but using them beyond 3 - 5 days can actually worsen nasal congestion.
Also, for sinus pain or pressure:
* Avoid flying when you are congested.
* Avoid temperature extremes, sudden changes in temperature, and bending forward with your head down.
* Try acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
If self-care measures are not working, your doctor will consider prescription medications, antibiotics, further testing, or referral to an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialist.
Nasal corticosteroid sprays may be used to decrease swelling, especially if you have swollen structures (such as nasal polyps) or allergies. Avoiding your allergy triggers, taking nasal steroids, antihistamines, and allergy immunotherapy (shots) may help prevent further recurrent disease.
Antibiotics are used to cure the infection causing sinus inflammation.
Acute sinusitis should be treated for 10 - 14 days, while chronic sinusitis should be treated for 3 - 4 weeks.
Surgery to clean and drain the sinuses may also be necessary, especially in patients with recurrent episodes of inflammation despite medical treatment. An ENT specialist, also known as an otolaryngologist, can perform this surgery.
Most fungal sinus infections require surgery. Surgical repair of a deviated septum or nasal polyps may prevent recurrence.
For more information see https://www.drugs.com/enc/sinusitis.html
You can find information on the drugs used to treat sinusitis at https://www.drugs.com/condition/sinusitis.html
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