Adult Attention Deficent Disorder
Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (also referred to as Adult ADHD, Adult ADD, or AADD) is the common term used to describe the neuropsychiatric condition attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) when it is present in adults. Up to 60% of children diagnosed with ADHD in early childhood continue to demonstrate notable ADHD symptoms as adults.
Signs and symptoms
Individuals with ADHD essentially have problems with self-regulation and self-motivation, predominantly due to problems with distractibility, procrastination, organization, and prioritization. The learning potential and overall intelligence of an adult with ADHD, however, are no different from the potential and intelligence of adults who do not have the disorder. ADHD is a chronic condition, beginning in early childhood and persisting throughout a person's lifetime. It is estimated that up to 70% of children with ADHD will continue to have significant ADHD-related symptoms persisting into adulthood, resulting in a significant impact on education, employment, and interpersonal relationships.
Whereas teachers and caregivers responsible for children are often attuned to the symptoms of ADHD, employers and others who interact with adults are far less likely to regard such behaviors as a symptom. In part, this is because symptoms do change with maturity; adults who have ADHD are less likely to exhibit obvious hyperactive behaviors. Research shows that adults with ADHD are more likely than their non-ADHD counterparts to experience automobile accidents and less likely to complete their education. ADHD adults have significantly lower rates of professional employment, even controlling for confounding psychiatric problems.
Adults with ADHD are often perceived by others as chaotic and disorganized, with a tendency to need high stimulation to be less distracted and function effectively. As their coping mechanisms become overwhelmed, some individuals may turn to smoking, alcohol, or illicit drugs. As a result, many adults suffer from associated or "co-morbid" psychiatric conditions such as depression, anxiety, or substance abuse. Many with ADHD also have associated learning disabilities, such as dyslexia, which contributes to their difficulties.
Many adults with ADHD are aware that "something is wrong," but are unable to find effective solutions for their symptoms. Getting a formal diagnosis of ADHD by a trained professional (usually a Licensed Professional Counselor, psychiatrist, psychologist, or general practitioner) and understanding the disorder as it applies to them, frequently offer adults with ADHD the insight about their own behaviors that they need in order to make changes. Associated conditions also require treatment.
Inattentive-type (ADHD-I) Hyperactive/Impulsive-type (ADHD-H)
* Forgetful during daily activities
* Easily distracted by extraneous stimuli
* Losing important items (e.g. pencils, homework, toys, etc.)
* Not listening and not responding to name being called out
* Unable to focus on tasks at hand, cannot sustain attention in activities
* Avoids or dislikes tasks requiring sustained mental effort
* Makes careless mistakes by failing to pay attention to details
* Difficulty organizing tasks and activities
* Fails to follow-through on complex instructions and tasks (e.g. homework, chores, etc.)
* Squirms and ﬁdgets (with hands and/or feet)
* Cannot sit still
* Cannot play quietly or engage in leisurely activities
* Talks excessively
* Runs and climbs excessively
* Always on the go, as if "driven by a motor"
* Cannot wait for their turn
* Blurts out answers
* Intrudes on others and interrupts conversations
In adults, these evolve into:
* Indecision, difficulty recalling and organizing details required for a task
* Poor time management, losing track of time
* Avoiding tasks or jobs that require sustained attention
* Difﬁculty initiating tasks
* Difﬁculty completing and following through on tasks
* Difﬁculty multitasking
* Difﬁculty shifting attention from one task to another
* Chooses highly active, stimulating jobs
* Avoids situations with low physical activity or sedentary work
* May choose to work long hours or two jobs
* Seeks constant activity
* Easily bored
* Intolerant to frustration, easily irritated
* Impulsive, snap decisions and irresponsible behaviors
* Loses temper easily, angers quickly
Most adults with ADHD have the inattentive-type, but men exhibit a tendency towards the hyperactive/impulsive-type symptoms and have predominantly the combined-type. Symptoms of ADHD can vary widely between individuals and throughout the lifetime of an individual. As the neurobiology of ADHD is becoming increasingly understood, it is becoming evident that difficulties exhibited by individuals with ADHD are due to problems with the brain known as executive functioning. These result in problems with sustaining attention, planning, organizing, prioritizing, and impulsive thinking/decision making. These symptoms are independent of an individual's overall intelligence.
The difficulties generated by these symptoms can range from moderate to extreme. Inability to effectively structure their lives, plan simple daily tasks, or think of consequences results in various difficulties: poor performance in school and work leading to academic underachievement or getting fired, poor driving record with traffic violations and accidents, multiple relationships or serial marriages, legal problems, sexually-transmitted diseases, unplanned pregnancies, smoking, alcoholism, substance abuse. As problems accumulate, a negativistic self-view becomes established and a vicious circle of failure is set up. Up to 80% of adults may have some form of psychiatric comorbidity.The difficulty is often due to the ADHD person's observed behaviour (e.g. the impulsive types, who may insult their boss for instance, resulting in dismissal), despite genuinely trying to avoid these and knowing that it can get them in trouble. Often, the ADHD person will miss things that an adult of similar age and experience should catch onto or know. These lapses can lead others to label the individuals with ADHD as "lazy" or "stupid" or "inconsiderate".
Ultimately, this constellation of symptoms can be summarized as a deficiency in self-regulation and self-motivation, especially for the impulsive/hyperactive types. Assessment of adult patients seeking a possible diagnosis can be better than in children due to the adult's greater ability to provide their own history, input, and insight. However, it has been noted that many individuals, particularly those with high intelligence, develop coping strategies that mask ADHD impairments and therefore they do not present for diagnosis and treatment.
The topic is un-ending, hope this info is good enough?
I guess you can say my son has juvenile adhd/add its just a fancy word for saying you have a mental illness that causes you to have a problem paying attention to things and people for long periods at a time. No need to worry though they do have very good medication for add/adhd and you can also overcome it. Good luck michelle.
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Posted 20 Dec 2011 • 1 answer