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Rising Price of Opioid OD Antidote Could Cost Lives: Study

Posted 1 day 10 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 – Escalating prices of the drug naloxone may threaten efforts to reduce opioid-related deaths across America, a team from Yale University and the Mayo Clinic warns. Naloxone is a drug given to people who overdose on prescription opioids and heroin. If administered in time, it can reverse the toxic and potentially deadly effects of "opioid intoxication." The research team called attention to skyrocketing prices for the lifesaving antidote, noting: Hospira (a Pfizer Inc. company) charges $142 for a 10-pack of naloxone – up 129 percent since 2012. Amphastar's 1 milligram version of naloxone is used off-label as a nasal spray. It's priced around $40 – a 95 percent increase since September 2014. Newer, easier-to-use formulations are even more expensive – a two-dose package of Evzio (naloxone) costs $4,500, an increase of more than 500 percent over two years. ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Hepatitis C, Drug Dependence, Epinephrine, Talwin Nx, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Zubsolv, Primatene Mist, Septocaine, Opiate Adjunct, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Naloxone, Bunavail, Buprenorphine/Naloxone, Naloxone/Pentazocine, EpiPen 2-Pak, Epinephrine/Lidocaine

Quick Shot of Epinephrine Boosts Cardiac Arrest Patients' Survival: Study

Posted 2 days 13 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 – Cardiac arrest patients who receive epinephrine (adrenaline) within five minutes of their heart stopping are more likely to survive than those who don't receive the drug within that time frame, according to a new study. Researchers analyzed outcomes among more than 100,000 patients who suffered cardiac arrest while staying at nearly 550 hospitals across the United States. Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly stops beating, while a heart attack happens when blood flow to the heart is blocked and heart tissue is damaged. In the study, survival rates were nearly 13 percent among patients who received epinephrine shots within five minutes of their heart stopping. Rates were only 11 percent among those who received the drug after five minutes had passed. "That is a 20 percent better survival rate for patients at hospitals where epinephrine is given quickly, ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Epinephrine, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, Septocaine, Cardiac Arrest, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, EpiPen 2-Pak, Primatene Mist Inhaler, Epinephrine/Lidocaine, Ana-Kit, Articaine/Epinephrine, Post MI Syndrome, EpiPen Jr, Bupivacaine/Epinephrine, Bronitin, EpiPen JR Auto-Injector, Twinject Auto-Injector

Food Labels on Potential Allergens May Confuse Shoppers

Posted 1 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 – Shoppers are often confused by food labels that warn of potential allergens, and the consequences can be serious, new research suggests. "Up to 40 percent of consumers who either themselves have a food allergy or a child with a food allergy are purchasing products with precautionary allergen labels," said lead researcher Dr. Ruchi Gupta. She is a pediatrician at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago. The most misunderstood food labels, the researchers found, are those that say "may contain" or "manufactured on shared equipment." While those labels may sound like the foods aren't as dangerous as those that say a product definitely contains a particular allergen, that's not the case, Gupta stressed. Gupta and her colleagues conducted an online survey of more than 6,600 respondents in the United States and Canada. Those answering the questions either ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Benadryl, Hydroxyzine, Zyrtec, Promethazine, Claritin, Allegra, Loratadine, Diphenhydramine, Allergic Rhinitis, Phenergan, Hay Fever, Cetirizine, Vistaril, Cyproheptadine, Atarax, Fexofenadine, Periactin, Chlorpheniramine

Mylan to Offer Generic EpiPen

Posted 29 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 – A cheaper generic version of the emergency allergy treatment EpiPen will be made available within the next few weeks, manufacturer Mylan said Monday. In the wake of mounting criticism over recent price hikes, the company said the generic version will be distributed by its U.S. subsidiary. It will have a list price of $300 for a two-pack, compared with $608 for the brand-name version. The generic version will be available in both 0.15 milligram (mg) and 0.30 mg strengths, the Associated Press reported. EpiPens are used to treat anaphylaxis – a severe, potentially fatal allergic reaction to insect bites and foods like nuts and eggs. The auto-injection device, which contains the hormone epinephrine, expires after a year. Since most users need several – one for home, and one for school or work, for example – the costs can mount up. With just one competitor, Mylan ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Epinephrine, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, Septocaine, EpiPen 2-Pak, Primatene Mist Inhaler, Ana-Kit, Bupivacaine/Epinephrine, Epinephrine/Lidocaine, Articaine/Epinephrine, EpiPen Jr, Bronitin, EpiPen JR Auto-Injector, Twinject Auto-Injector, Orabloc, EPIsnap

Congress Questioning EpiPen Price Hike

Posted 23 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

Members of Congress want the maker of EpiPens to explain why the price of the lifesaving product has risen 400 percent since 2007 and now costs as much as $600. An EpiPen delivers a potentially life-saving injection of medicine into people suffering a severe allergic reaction. In a letter to the pharmaceutical company Mylan, Senator Charles Grassley, the Iowa Republican who heads the Judiciary Committee, demanded to know the reasons for the huge price hike, The New York Times reported. "Access to epinephrine can mean the difference between life and death, especially for children," wrote Grassley, who also noted that many children who need EpiPens are enrolled in government health care programs. "It follows that many of the children who are prescribed EpiPens are covered by Medicaid, and therefore, the taxpayers are picking up the tab for this medication," he wrote. Previously, Senator ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Epinephrine, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, Septocaine, EpiPen 2-Pak, Primatene Mist Inhaler, Epinephrine/Lidocaine, Ana-Kit, Articaine/Epinephrine, EpiPen Jr, Bupivacaine/Epinephrine, Bronitin, EpiPen JR Auto-Injector, Twinject Auto-Injector, Vivacaine, Lignospan

Peanut Allergy Treatment: The Earlier in Childhood, the Better

Posted 18 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 – A treatment for peanut allergies may work better if it's given to children earlier, even as young as 9 months, before the body's "allergic program" fully matures, new research suggests. The treatment is called oral immunotherapy – also known as exposure therapy. In this approach, peanut-allergic children are given very tiny amounts of peanut allergen as directed by a doctor. Over time, these small amounts of the allergen are thought to lessen the body's reaction to it. "If you are peanut-allergic, treatment early in life can have a longer benefit after stopping the treatment," said study leader Dr. Wesley Burks. He's a pediatric allergist at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine. The new study included 37 children between 9 months and 36 months old. They were given either high- or low-dose peanut exposure daily for about 29 ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Epinephrine, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, Septocaine, EpiPen 2-Pak, Primatene Mist Inhaler, Ana-Kit, Bupivacaine/Epinephrine, Epinephrine/Lidocaine, Articaine/Epinephrine, EpiPen Jr, Bronitin, EpiPen JR Auto-Injector, Twinject Auto-Injector, Orabloc, EPIsnap

Anesthesia Safe for Infants, Toddlers, Study Says

Posted 7 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 7, 2016 – General anesthesia doesn't seem to harm young children's mental development, new research concludes. "A number of animal studies have suggested that exposure to commonly used anesthetic agents in early development could lead to deficits in learning, memory, attention and other cognitive functions," said study author Dr. Lena Sun. She is a professor of pediatric anesthesiology and pediatrics at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City. "However, few clinical studies have adequately addressed whether this is also true in humans," Sun said in a Columbia news release. The new study findings are "good news for parents whose children need anesthesia for elective surgery or a diagnostic procedure," she added. Still, the study leaves some important questions unanswered, Sun said. "We need to take a closer look at the effect of anesthesia on cognitive function ... Read more

Related support groups: Lidocaine, Anesthesia, Propofol, Ketamine, Light Sedation, Xylocaine, Local Anesthesia, Bupivacaine, Marcaine, Diprivan, Novocain, Septocaine, Nitrous Oxide, Procaine, Light Anesthesia, Tetracaine, Isoflurane, Prilocaine, Sevoflurane, Mepivacaine

Health Tip: Dining Out With Food Allergies

Posted 21 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Restaurants aren't off-limits if you have a severe food allergy, but you should plan ahead to make sure you stay safe. The Food Allergy Research and Education website advises: Call the restaurant and speak with the chef about which menu items are safe choices. Plan your meal times within the first hour of meal service, so the restaurant is less busy and the staff more alert. Bring a chef card that explains your allergies. Always bring an epinephrine pen, a medical ID bracelet and any medications you may need. Ask around for allergy-friendly restaurants, or opt for a chain restaurant that is allergy-aware and likely has the same menu at any location. Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Epinephrine, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, Septocaine, EpiPen 2-Pak, Primatene Mist Inhaler, Ana-Kit, Bupivacaine/Epinephrine, Epinephrine/Lidocaine, Articaine/Epinephrine, EpiPen Jr, Bronitin, EpiPen JR Auto-Injector, Twinject Auto-Injector, Orabloc, EPIsnap

Allergy and Asthma Sufferers Beware as Holiday Season Kicks In

Posted 23 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, Nov. 21, 2015 – There are a number of steps people with allergies and asthma can take to deal with the challenges they may face over the holidays, an expert says. "Two-thirds of allergy sufferers have symptoms year-round, so it's not just a matter of the first freeze hitting and your symptoms disappearing," Dr. Bryan Martin, president of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI), said in a college news release. "Even after the pollen season dies down, there are environmental triggers to deal with – things like mold, dust and pet dander. The winter holidays can bring a whole new set of triggers," he explained. For example, very cold, dry air can trigger asthma, experts warn. When going outside in very cold weather, people with asthma should cover their mouth and nose with a scarf or face mask, especially if they're exercising. People with allergies and ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Asthma, Benadryl, Hydroxyzine, Zyrtec, Promethazine, Claritin, Asthma - Maintenance, Allegra, Loratadine, Diphenhydramine, Allergic Rhinitis, Phenergan, Hay Fever, Cetirizine, Vistaril, Cyproheptadine, Atarax, Flonase

Local Anesthesia May Be Best for Infants During Surgery

Posted 14 May 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 14, 2015 – New research suggests infants may recover better after some kinds of surgery if they receive local anesthesia – which only numbs part of the body – instead of being "knocked out" completely with general anesthesia. Young patients who had local anesthesia were less likely to suffer from disrupted breathing following hernia surgery, the study found. "Our research provides the strongest evidence to date on how babies should have anesthesia for hernia repair, the most common procedure among infants," said lead author Dr. Andrew Davidson, an associate professor at Royal Children's Hospital in Melbourne, Australia. "We found that spinal [local] anesthesia is safer than general anesthesia," Davidson explained in a news release from the American Society of Anesthesiologists. There's long been uncertainty about the use of general anesthesia in infants and toddlers. ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Lidocaine, Xylocaine, Bupivacaine, Marcaine, Septocaine, Novocain, Procaine, Tetracaine, Prilocaine, Mepivacaine, Exparel, Marcaine HCl, Polocaine, Epinephrine/Lidocaine, Marcaine Spinal, Articaine/Epinephrine, Carbocaine, Naropin, Bupivacaine/Epinephrine

Peanut Allergy Exposure Occurs Most Often at Home, Study Says

Posted 11 May 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 11, 2015 – For children with peanut allergies, home is more dangerous than school, researchers say. The Canadian study also found schools that ban peanut products are not less likely to have an accidental exposure occur than schools that don't have these policies in place. "Our study looked at 1,941 children who had been diagnosed as being allergic to peanuts to determine how exposure occurs, how serious the outcomes of the exposure are, and what treatment is given," said the study's first author, Sabrine Cherkaoui, of the University of Montreal. "We discovered that children are most at risk of exposure in their own homes. Furthermore, when children do have a moderate or severe reaction to an exposure, parents and medical professionals often do not know how to react appropriately," Cherkaoui said in a university news release. The children were nearly 7 years old on average ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Benadryl, Hydroxyzine, Zyrtec, Promethazine, Claritin, Allegra, Loratadine, Diphenhydramine, Phenergan, Cetirizine, Vistaril, Cyproheptadine, Atarax, Fexofenadine, Periactin, Chlorpheniramine, Epinephrine, Xyzal

Risks From Epidural, Spinal Anesthesia Very Low, Study Says

Posted 15 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 14 2014 – The risks of using epidural and spinal anesthesia during childbirth are extremely low, according to a new study. Researchers analyzed data from more than 80,000 women who received epidural or spinal anesthesia during childbirth and found that the overall rate of complications was just under 3 percent. The most common complications involved medications, including receiving too much or too little anesthesia, or being given unintended or expired medications. The fear of "spinal headache" is common among women about to receive epidural or spinal anesthesia, but this complication – formally known as a post-dural puncture headache – occurred in only 0.2 percent of patients, according to the study. The findings are scheduled for presentation Tuesday at the annual meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists in New Orleans. "The rates of complications are ... Read more

Related support groups: Lidocaine, Xylocaine, Bupivacaine, Marcaine, Septocaine, Novocain, Procaine, Labor Pain, Mepivacaine, Tetracaine, Prilocaine, Exparel, Marcaine HCl, Polocaine, Articaine/Epinephrine, Bupivacaine/Epinephrine, Marcaine Spinal, Carbocaine, Naropin, Chirocaine

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