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Tips for Avoiding Back-to-School Germs, Illnesses

Posted 23 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 23, 2016 – Kids and germs seem to go together like peanut butter and jelly. But, there are ways that parents can help protect their kids from the usual barrage of back-to-school illnesses, a health expert says. Make sure children get plenty of sleep and eat a well balanced diet, advises Jacqueline Stout-Aguilar. She's a registered nurse and an assistant professor at the Texas A&M College of Nursing. Most kids need at least nine hours of sleep each night, Stout-Aguilar said. It's also a good idea to make sure children get enough vitamin C to boost their immune system, she added. Parents should also teach their children how to contain germs and keep their hands clean. Show kids how to cover their coughs and sneezes with the inside of their elbow or a tissue, Stout-Aguilar said. She said kids must also be taught how to wash their hands properly. "It is important to wash your ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Hepatitis B, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Hepatitis A, Measles, Tetanus Toxoid, Rubella, FluLaval, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Pneumovax 23, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Afluria, Measles Virus Vaccine, FluMist, Kinrix, Fluzone, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine/Varicella Virus Vaccine, Mumps Virus Vaccine, Rubella Virus Vaccine, Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine

Chickenpox Cases Down 85 Percent Since 2-Dose Vaccine Started: CDC

Posted 1 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 1, 2016 – Chickenpox – which is caused by the varicella-zoster virus – has continued declining in the United States since 2006, when doctors began routinely recommending a second dose of chickenpox (varicella) vaccine, U.S. health officials said Thursday. States reporting vaccination data noted an 85 percent drop in the highly contagious disease between 2005-2006 and 2013-2014, according to a report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The fall-off was greatest among kids aged 5 to 14, health officials said. This is also the age group most likely to have received the second dose of varicella vaccine. Symptoms of chickenpox include an itchy, blistery rash, tiredness and fever. It tends to be more serious in babies, adults and people with a weakened immune system, the CDC noted. Before vaccination, chickenpox was commonplace, with 4 million ... Read more

Related support groups: Varicella-Zoster, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine/Varicella Virus Vaccine, ProQuad, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Varizig, Varivax, Varicella-Zoster - Prophylaxis, Varicella Zoster Immune Globulin

Drones Could Deliver Vaccines in Developing Countries

Posted 25 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 24, 2016 – Right now, people often associate the use of drones with warfare. But in the future they could serve humanitarian purposes, such as delivering aid to people in developing countries. For example, the pilotless flying machines might offer a cheaper and better way to deliver vaccines. And that could potentially boost vaccination rates in areas that can be difficult to reach now, a new study suggests. Using a computer model, researchers concluded that sending drones to deliver vaccines in low- and middle-income countries would be cheaper and quicker than by land-based vehicles. Cars and trucks are limited by road conditions and have high fuel and maintenance costs, the researchers said. "Many low- and middle-income countries are struggling to get lifesaving vaccines to people to keep them from getting sick or dying from preventable diseases," said senior study ... Read more

Related support groups: BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Tetanus Toxoid, Vivotif Berna, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, FluLaval, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Rotarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Smallpox Vaccine, Pneumovax 23, Cervarix, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine

Childhood Vaccinations Rarely Spur Seizures, Study Finds

Posted 6 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 6, 2016 – Certain vaccines can trigger fever-related seizures in young children, but the risk is so low that pediatricians might see one case every five to 10 years, a new study estimates. It has long been known that some vaccines carry a small seizure risk. But the researchers said the new report offers some hard numbers. And it suggests that even when babies and toddlers get three vaccines at once, they only develop fever-related seizures at a rate of 30 per 100,000 – at most. The findings should be "reassuring" to parents, said lead researcher Dr. Jonathan Duffy, of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Looking at the big picture, the benefits of vaccination are much greater than the risk of febrile [fever-related] seizures," Duffy said. Up to 5 percent of young children will have a fever-related seizure at some point, according to the CDC. It usually ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Fever, Seizure Prevention, BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Seizure Prophylaxis, Tetanus Toxoid, Vivotif Berna, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, FluLaval, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Twinrix, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine

Two-Dose Chickenpox Shot Gets the Job Done, Study Shows

Posted 14 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 14, 2016 – Among school children, two doses of the chickenpox vaccine is better than one, a new study finds. Giving the first dose at age 1 and the second dose at ages 4 to 6 is nearly 100 percent effective in preventing the once common childhood disease, researchers have found. "A second dose of varicella [chickenpox] vaccine provides school-aged children with better protection against the chickenpox virus, compared to one dose alone or no vaccination," said lead researcher Dana Perella, of the Philadelphia Department of Public Health. Two doses of the vaccine protected against the moderate to severe chickenpox infections that can lead to complications and hospitalizations, she said. The report was published online March 14 and will appear in the April print issue of the journal Pediatrics. Chickenpox is a viral infection that causes a painful, itchy rash with small, ... Read more

Related support groups: Varicella-Zoster, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine/Varicella Virus Vaccine, ProQuad, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Varivax, Varicella-Zoster - Prophylaxis

Health Tip: Chickenpox Can Be Dangerous

Posted 5 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Chickenpox is notoriously contagious, and for some people it can be very dangerous. Women who are pregnant, young children, the elderly and people with a weakened immune system are at greatest risk of complications. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention mentions these potential complications of chickenpox: Pneumonia, blood poisoning or dehydration. Brain inflammation or infection. Bacterial infection affecting the skin or soft tissues, especially among children. Infection of the joints or bones. Toxic shock syndrome. Unusual bleeding. Read more

Related support groups: Varicella-Zoster, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine/Varicella Virus Vaccine, ProQuad, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Varivax, Varicella-Zoster - Prophylaxis

Chickenpox, Shingles Vaccines Linked to Rare Eye Inflammation

Posted 25 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 25, 2016 – The vaccine for chickenpox and shingles has been linked to inflammation of the eye's cornea, but the number of such cases is small, a new study says. "Keratitis, or inflammation of the clear layer on the front of the eye, is a vision issue that can cause serious complications or even permanent damage to your vision if left untreated," Dr. Frederick Fraunfelder, chair of the ophthalmology department and director of the University of Missouri Eye Institute, said in a university news release. Researchers found 20 cases of keratitis in children and adults that occurred within a month of receiving a chickenpox or shingles vaccine. Symptoms of the disorder developed within 24 days of vaccination among adults. In children, symptoms began within 14 days of vaccination, the researchers said. The researchers said there is a probable relationship between the vaccine and ... Read more

Related support groups: Eye Conditions, Herpes Zoster, Zostavax, Varicella-Zoster, Keratitis, Corneal Ulcer, Eye Redness/Itching, Corneal Abrasion, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Herpes Zoster Iridocyclitis, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine/Varicella Virus Vaccine, Zoster Vaccine Live, Visual Defect/Disturbance, ProQuad, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Varivax, Varicella-Zoster - Prophylaxis

Most First-Time Moms Plan to Follow Vaccine Schedule

Posted 20 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 20, 2015 – Three-quarters of first-time expectant mothers plan to follow the recommended vaccination schedule for their children, a new study finds. But the survey of 200 American women pregnant with their first child also found that 10.5 percent planned to spread out the recommended vaccination schedule, 4 percent planned to have their child receive some but not all of the recommended vaccines, and 10.5 percent were still undecided in their second trimester of pregnancy. First-time mothers who weren't planning on following the recommended vaccination schedule said they got most of their information about childhood vaccines from online sources or family and friends. This shows the need to find ways to provide these women with information from pediatricians and family doctors, according to study co-author Glen Nowak, director of the Center for Health and Risk Communication ... Read more

Related support groups: BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Tetanus Toxoid, Vivotif Berna, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, FluLaval, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Twinrix, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Pneumovax 23, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Cervarix, Rotarix, Smallpox Vaccine

California Vaccine Refusers Cluster in Rich, White Areas

Posted 12 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 12, 2015 – California's anti-vaccine sentiment tends to concentrate in wealthier, largely white areas of the state – a pattern that has left certain communities with childhood vaccination rates as low as 50 percent, a new study finds. The study, published online Nov. 12 in the American Journal of Public Health, is the latest to delve into the issue of personal belief exemptions for vaccines. Right now, 20 U.S. states permit the exemptions, which allow parents to opt out of routine childhood vaccinations based on philosophical objections. California is technically still one of those states, but a law passed earlier this year will end personal belief exemptions in that state in July 2016, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL). The new law came largely in response to this year's measles outbreak, which sickened 189 people in 24 U.S. states and ... Read more

Related support groups: BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Tetanus Toxoid, Vivotif Berna, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, FluLaval, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Twinrix, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Pneumovax 23, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Rotarix, Cervarix, Smallpox Vaccine

Vaccines Rarely Cause Life-Threatening Allergic Reactions: CDC

Posted 15 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 – A U.S. government study has reassuring news for concerned parents – vaccines rarely trigger serious and potentially fatal allergic reactions. Just 33 people had a serious, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction – also known as anaphylaxis – out of 25 million vaccines given, according to research from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That's 1.3 people in every million who gets a vaccine. "Vaccination is one of the best ways parents can protect infants, children and teens from 16 potentially harmful diseases. This is a good time to remind parents that vaccines are safe and effective – the odds of having an anaphylaxis-related reaction following the administration of a vaccine are very slim," said study author Dr. Michael McNeil, of the CDC. For the study, the researchers reviewed records from more than 17 million visits and more ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, BCG, Anaphylaxis, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Tetanus Toxoid, Vivotif Berna, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, FluLaval, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Twinrix, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Cervarix, Pneumovax 23

Flu Shot a Must for Moms-to-Be

Posted 14 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2015 – Catching the flu early in pregnancy doubles the risk of having a baby with a serious birth defect, which is why getting a flu shot is so important for women who are expecting, the March of Dimes warns. But despite the protection offered by flu vaccination, only half of all pregnant women in the United States get a flu shot every year. "The annual flu shot should be a priority in prenatal care," Dr. Edward McCabe, chief medical officer at the March of Dimes, said in a news release from the organization. "Health care providers should offer all their pregnant patients a flu shot each year and if they don't offer it, then women should ask for it." Now is the time for pregnant women to make an appointment for a flu shot to ensure they get vaccinated early in the flu season, McCabe said. Pregnant women should receive the flu shot and not the nasal spray vaccine, ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, FluLaval, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine, Afluria, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Rotarix, Smallpox Vaccine, FluMist, Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated, Ixiaro, Fluzone, Rubella Virus Vaccine

Despite Pockets of Resistance, Most U.S. Kids Getting Vaccinated

Posted 27 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2015 – More than nine out of 10 U.S. children entered kindergarten last school year protected with the proper immunizations, federal health officials reported Thursday. But, vaccination rates continue to lag in a number of states – a worrisome finding, especially in light of the recent measles outbreak, officials said. Average vaccination coverage for new kindergarteners was 94 percent for the measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccine. It also was 94 percent for the diphtheria/tetanus/pertussis vaccine in the 49 reporting states and the District of Columbia for the 2014-15 school year, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention researchers found. About 94 percent of kindergarteners also received the two-dose vaccine for chickenpox in the 39 states where it is required, the findings showed. "Overall, the news is gratifying. Though they may not always get the ... Read more

Related support groups: BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Tetanus Toxoid, Vivotif Berna, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, FluLaval, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Twinrix, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Pneumovax 23, Smallpox Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine, Rotarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine

Flu Vaccines Offer About 6 Months of Protection, Study Finds

Posted 26 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2015 – Flu vaccines offer moderate protection throughout most of the flu season, a new study shows. The research included more than 1,700 Americans of all ages. The participants all got flu shots. The researchers followed them for four flu seasons, from 2010-2011 through 2013-2014. Annual flu shots offered up to six months of protection, the study found. "Previous studies have found that protection from contracting influenza declines over time following influenza vaccination due to decreasing antibody levels," Dr. Jennifer Radin, of the U.S. Naval Health Research Center in San Diego, said in an American Society for Microbiology news release. "However, we found during this study that those who received the vaccine had moderate, sustained protection up to six months post-vaccination, the duration of most influenza seasons. This means flu vaccination reduced one's risk ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, FluLaval, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Afluria, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Smallpox Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine, Cervarix, Rotarix, Ixiaro, FluMist, Fluzone, Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated, Mumps Virus Vaccine, Havrix

Flu Vaccine Protects Nursing Home Residents, Study Finds

Posted 25 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2015 – Seasonal flu shots save lives and prevent hospitalizations among nursing home residents, a new study shows. There has been debate about the effectiveness of flu vaccination in this group of patients, but the findings show that they are beneficial, according to researchers at Brown University in Providence, R.I. "This study evidences protection for an elderly population for whom vaccine efficacy has been questioned. Annual vaccination is the only way to maximize the benefit of vaccine, no matter what the age," study co-author Dr. Stefan Gravenstein, an adjunct professor of medicine and health services, policy and practice, said in a university news release. The researchers analyzed data gathered from more than 1 million U.S. nursing home residents between 2000 and 2009, and found that the better matched the seasonal vaccine was for that year's flu strain, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, FluLaval, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Afluria, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Smallpox Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine, Cervarix, Rotarix, Ixiaro, FluMist, Fluzone, Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated, Mumps Virus Vaccine, Havrix

Start of School Year Calls for Vaccine Check

Posted 21 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2015 – With the start of a new school year, many parents are searching for vaccination records and hoping they're current, but what does "up-to-date" look like these days? That depends on whether it's what the school requires or what pediatric experts recommend. "Not all vaccines that we recommend on the schedule are required by schools," said Wendy Sue Swanson, a pediatrician at Seattle Children's Hospital. "But schools help us keep up-to-date and have an annual assessment" of vaccine status. Swanson explained that during childhood, three key school transitions coincide with vaccine schedules. The first, she said, is when a child enters kindergarten. Then, "typically, at sixth grade, we refresh again. And there are updates that we provide kids at the end of high school as get they ready to go to college," she added. Each of these turning points usually means exposure ... Read more

Related support groups: BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Tetanus Toxoid, Vivotif Berna, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, FluLaval, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Twinrix, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Pneumovax 23, Hepatitis B Prevention, Smallpox Vaccine, Rotarix, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine

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