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Hospitals Should, and Could, Avoid IV Opioids: Study

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 14, 2018 – When it comes to pain management for hospital patients, opioid pills or injections are less dangerous and just as effective as giving the drug intravenously, a new study shows. The results "have the potential to be practice-changing," study author Dr. Adam Ackerman, clinical instructor in internal medicine at Yale School of Medicine, said in a university news release. The ...

Walmart Announces New Measures to Cut Opioid Abuse

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

Walmart Inc. says it will take more steps to reduce opioid medication abuse and misuse. Earlier this year, the company announced free opioid medication disposal in all its U.S. pharmacies. On Monday, the company said that within the next 60 days, Walmart and Sam's Club will restrict initial acute opioid prescriptions to no more than a seven-day supply, with up to a 50 morphine milligram ...

Non-Opioids Often Underused After Back Surgery

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 8, 2018 – Spine and joint surgery patients aren't taking advantage of common pain relievers like Tylenol or Motrin during their recovery, researchers say. Instead, many are given opioids, such as oxycodone (OxyContin) or hydrocodone (Vicodin). These highly addictive narcotics are potentially deadly when abused. The United States is currently grappling with an ongoing opioid ...

Racial Divide Narrows in Opioid Prescribing in U.S.

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 4, 2018 – Black Americans are no longer less likely than whites to be prescribed opioid painkillers – but that means their risk of addiction to the narcotics has increased, researchers say. "To our knowledge, this is the first evidence of a potential narrowing of the divide in opioid prescribing by race and ethnicity," study lead author Matthew Davis said in a University of Michigan ...

Many Opioid Overdoses May Be Suicides

Posted 26 Apr 2018 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 25, 2018 – As the United States grapples with an ongoing opioid epidemic, experts are calling attention to a hidden aspect of the crisis: Many overdose deaths may, in fact, be suicides. The researchers describe suicide as a "silent contributor" to the nation's opioid overdose death rate. It's hard to know exactly how many Americans have intentionally overdosed on opioids in ...

U.S. Opioid ODs Cluster in Centers of Poverty

Posted 26 Mar 2018 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March, 26, 2018 – Poverty may be fueling America's opioid crisis, a new study suggests. Of the more than 515,000 Americans who have died from drug overdoses since 2006, most lived in poor areas where there were few job opportunities, researchers discovered. It turns out that economic and social conditions appear to be driving the geographic differences in overdose rates, with some parts ...

Millions Get Wrong Treatment for Back Pain: Study

Posted 21 Mar 2018 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 21, 2018 – Low back pain affects 540 million people worldwide and is the leading cause of disability, but it's often treated improperly, researchers report. Their review of evidence from around the world suggests low back pain should be managed in primary care and that the first step should be education and urging patients to stay active and working. But inappropriate tests and ...

Managing Pain With Fewer Opioids After Joint Replacement

Posted 15 Mar 2018 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 14, 2018 – Using two or more pain control methods after hip and knee replacement surgery rather than opioid painkillers alone reduces risks to patients, a new study finds. "Patients need to be aware that there are ways to treat their pain during and after surgery in addition to opioids," said study author Dr. Stavros Memtsoudis. "If the doctor prescribes more than one type of ...

Opioid ODs Outpacing Other 'Deaths of Despair'

Posted 13 Mar 2018 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 13, 2018 – Though fewer Americans are dying from alcohol abuse, suicide and murder, opioid overdose deaths have risen dramatically in recent decades, a new report finds. And some regions of the United States are bearing the brunt of these "deaths of despair," the researchers discovered. "Unless more effective policies are developed and programs implemented, drug use disorders will ...

Certain Teens More Likely to Get Hooked on Opioids

Posted 12 Mar 2018 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 12, 2018 – Teenagers with any mental health problem are more prone to painkiller dependence after receiving a prescription opioid, a new study finds. The odds of progressing to long-term opioid therapy can double, triple or more, depending on the kid's diagnosis and the other drugs prescribed to treat their disorder, the researchers said. The findings mirror earlier studies showing ...

ER Visits for Opioid Overdoses Soaring: CDC

Posted 6 Mar 2018 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 6, 2018 – America's opioid epidemic is escalating at breakneck speed, with tens of thousands of overdose victims spilling into the nation's emergency rooms seeking lifesaving treatment, a new government report shows. Emergency room visits for opioid overdoses increased nationwide and across all demographic groups between July 2016 and September 2017, according to ER records ...

Fatal Opioid ODs Drop for People Treated While Jailed

Posted 20 Feb 2018 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 20, 2018 – An opioid addiction treatment program for Rhode Island prison inmates appears to have significantly reduced overdose deaths among those who are released, researchers say. The program screens all inmates for opioid addiction and provides medications to treat the addiction. It was launched in 2016 and is the only program of its kind in the United States, according to the ...

Another Downside to Opioid Use: Pneumonia?

Posted 13 Feb 2018 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 12, 2018 – The bad news on opioids just keeps coming. Not only are these painkillers implicated in millions of cases of addiction and tens of thousands of overdose deaths in the United States, new research now suggests that taking opioids can increase your risk of getting a pneumococcal infection by about 60 percent. "The risk was increased even more for long-acting formulations, ...

Long-Term Opioid Use Down Among U.S. Vets: Study

Posted 8 Feb 2018 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 7, 2018 – Recent efforts by the U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VHA) to promote safe prescribing of opioid painkillers seem to be working. Opioid prescriptions by the VHA have declined since peaking in 2012, a new study finds. Key to the drop is decreases in long-term prescriptions, which carry greater risk for overdose and addiction, said the study's lead author, Katherine ...

How to Avoid Opioid Addiction After Surgery

Posted 30 Jan 2018 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 30, 2018 – Following surgery, many patients head home with prescriptions for 30 or more opioid painkillers – enough to trigger addiction, warns a leading group of anesthesiologists. The American Society of Anesthesiologists recommends using prescription painkillers sparingly, if at all, after surgery. "Nobody needs a prescription for 30 or 50 opioids, and even those who are in ...

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