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Vaccination and Prophlaxis News

Mummy of 17th Century Child May Alter the History of Smallpox

Posted 3 hours 54 minutes ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 8, 2016 – A mummy of a child who lived in the 1600s in Lithuania could offer new insight into how smallpox developed over the millennia. Researchers say they've found the oldest known sample of the virus that causes smallpox in the child. The child's remains were discovered in a crypt under a church, the authors report in the Dec. 8 issue of Current Biology. "There have been signs that Egyptian mummies that are 3,000 to 4,000 years old have pockmarked scarring that have been interpreted as cases of smallpox," study first author Ana Duggan, a postdoctoral fellow at the McMaster University Ancient DNA Center in Canada, said in a journal news release. "The new discoveries really throw those findings into question, and they suggest that the timeline of smallpox in human populations might be incorrect," Duggan said. Researchers found the virus, known as variola, in DNA from ... Read more

Related support groups: Smallpox Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Smallpox Vaccine Reaction

More Pregnant Women Getting Flu Shot, But Improvement Needed

Posted 4 hours 7 minutes ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 8, 2016 – Getting a flu shot during pregnancy can protect both a mom-to-be and her baby. And while the percentage of pregnant American women who got the vaccine has doubled in recent years, too many still go without the shot, researchers say. "Although the trend is encouraging, coverage still falls far short of the 2016 [U.S.] recommendation that all pregnant women who are or might become pregnant during flu season be vaccinated," according to a team led by Stephen Kerr, an epidemiologist at Boston University. Kerr's team has tracked data on vaccinations received during pregnancy for more than 5,300 U.S. women since 2005. The investigators found that in the flu seasons before the 2009-2010 H1N1 flu pandemic, only one in every five pregnant women in the study got an influenza vaccine. However, that number jumped to 33 percent of the women during the 2009-2010 flu ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Influenza A, Avian Influenza, FluLaval, Afluria, FluMist, Fluzone, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Flucelvax, Fluogen, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Live, Trivalent, Fluvirin 2015-2016, FluMist Quadrivalent, Fluvirin, Agriflu, Flucelvax Quadrivalent, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Can Surgery Trigger Rare Muscle Disorder?

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23, 2016 – Patients who've recently undergone surgery – especially those with cancer or autoimmune diseases – experience slightly higher risks of developing a rare muscle disorder soon afterward, new research suggests. Evaluating 20 years of data, Mayo Clinic scientists found that 15 percent of patients who developed Guillain-Barre syndrome had undergone a surgical procedure in the prior eight weeks. Guillain-Barre is a rare syndrome affecting only about one in 100,000 people. Symptoms include increasing muscle weakness that sometimes leads to total paralysis, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health. It can be fatal if it interferes with breathing. "I don't think patients for any reason should be dissuaded from undergoing a surgical procedure they need because of this [research]," said study author Dr. Sara Hocker. She is an associate professor of ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Cancer, Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Vaccination and Prophlaxis

2 Doses of HPV Vaccine Effective for Younger Teens

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 – New global research confirms that two doses of the vaccine for HPV, rather than three, can protect younger teens against the sexually transmitted virus. Based on this study and others, U.S. government health officials revised their guidelines last month to recommend a two-dose regimen for teens younger than 15. Prior to that revised guideline, three doses were recommended for adolescents and young adults up through 26 years of age. The vaccine protects against infection by HPV (human papillomavirus), which is the cause of 90 percent of cervical cancers, according to the U.S. National Cancer Institute. The new review included more than 1,500 young people, aged 9 to 26, who were vaccinated against HPV at 52 sites in 15 countries. For the study, the researchers gave two doses of HPV vaccine to teens aged 9 to 14, and three doses of the vaccine to older teens and ... Read more

Related support groups: Human Papilloma Virus, Condylomata Acuminata, Cervical Cancer, Gardasil, Cervical Dysplasia, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

Are You Ready for Flu Season?

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 – With flu season right around the corner, U.S. health officials are urging everyone to get their flu shot now so they'll be protected from the potentially serious complications of influenza. "The fact that flu activity hasn't picked up dramatically yet means there is plenty of time for people to get vaccinated if they haven't already," said Lynnette Brammer, an epidemiologist with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This year's flu season is starting out much like last year, Brammer said. Currently, influenza H3N2 is the predominant strain, she said, although H1N1 is also circulating. Last year, the H3N2 virus started out as the dominant strain, only to be displaced by H1N1 as flu season hit full swing. "It ended up being an H1N1 season," she said. "It's similar to a lot of years right now," Brammer added. "Things should start to pick up in the ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Avian Influenza, FluLaval, Afluria, FluMist, Fluzone, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Flucelvax, Fluogen, Fluarix Quadrivalent, Fluad, Fluvirin, Flucelvax 2015-2016, Fluvirin 2015-2016, Fluzone PFS, FluMist Quadrivalent, Fluarix, Agriflu, Flucelvax Quadrivalent

DNA-Based Vaccine Protects Against Zika in Animal Study

Posted 10 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 10, 2016 – An experimental Zika vaccine shows promise, researchers report. In animals infected with Zika virus, the synthetic DNA-based vaccine was 100 percent effective in protecting against infection, brain damage and death, the study found. "Our results support the critical importance of immune responses for both preventing infection as well as ameliorating disease caused by the Zika virus," said lead researcher David Weiner. He is executive vice president and director of the Vaccine Center at The Wistar Institute in Philadelphia. "As the threat of Zika continues, these results provide insight into a new aspect of the possibly protective ability of such a vaccine as a preventative approach for Zika infection," Weiner added in an institute news release. Therapies that look promising in animals often don't work in humans. However, the vaccine is being tested in two ... Read more

Related support groups: Viral Infection, Diagnosis and Investigation, Zika Virus Infection, Vaccination and Prophlaxis

Routine School Vaccine Requirements Raise HPV Shot Rates, Too

Posted 8 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 8, 2016 – Schools that require routine vaccines as a condition of attendance have higher rates of vaccination, including higher rates of immunization for the human papillomavirus (HPV), a new study finds. The HPV vaccine protects against cervical cancer, as well as other cancers linked to the sexually transmitted virus. Children at these schools are also more likely to get recommended shots for tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough) – the so-called Tdap shot – and meningitis (the meningococcal vaccine), researchers said. One pediatrician who reviewed the new findings believes school mandates can have a big influence on whether or not a child gets immunized. "Tdap and meningococcal vaccinations rates tend to be higher due to mandatory legislation as a requirement for school entry," said Dr. Jane Swedler, chief of adolescent medicine at Winthrop-University ... Read more

Related support groups: Tetanus, Gardasil, Pertussis, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervarix, Tetanus Immune Globulin, HyperTET S/D, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Tri-Immunol, Diphtheria Toxoid/Haemophilus B Conjugate (Hboc) Vaccine/Pertussis, Whole Cell/Tetanus Toxoid, DTP Vaccine, Pertussis Prophylaxis, Hyper-Tet, Gardasil 9, Tetramune, BayTet, Diphtheria Toxoid/Pertussis, Whole Cell/Tetanus Toxoid, Diphtheria Prophylaxis

Tdap Vaccine Safe for Mother, Fetus

Posted 1 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 – The Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis) vaccine is safe for pregnant women who hope to pass their immunity on to their newborns, a new study shows. The vaccine does not appear to cause birth defects or any other major health problems for a developing fetus, according to a review of more than 324,000 live births between 2007 and 2013. "We basically showed there is no association between receiving the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy and these congenital [birth] defects, including microcephaly," said lead researcher Dr. Malini DeSilva. She is a clinical investigator for HealthPartners Institute in Minneapolis. The study is part of ongoing efforts to monitor the safety of vaccines, DeSilva said. Her center is part of the Vaccine Safety Datalink, a collaborative project led by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that includes health care ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Tetanus, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Tetanus Toxoid, Kinrix, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Tetanus Immune Globulin, Boostrix (Tdap), Tetanus Toxoid Adsorbed, Tetanus Prophylaxis, HyperTET S/D, Diphtheria Toxoid/Tetanus Toxoid, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Diphtheria Toxoid/Pertussis, Acellular/Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/Tetanus Toxoid, Pediarix, Decavac, Quadracel, Tetramune

Why You Need a Flu Shot Now

Posted 1 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 – Flu season is just about here, and now's the time to protect yourself with a flu shot, doctors say. "Every year about 40 million people in the United States get the flu. About 19 million people will have to see a doctor," said Dr. Samuel Stanley Jr., an infectious disease specialist and president of Stony Brook University in Stony Brook, N.Y. "Many millions of people will miss work, and a lot of students miss classes," Stanley said in a university news release. The best protection is a flu shot, Stanly said. Others agree. "Vaccination is one of the best ways to add protection against many diseases, including influenza," said Dr. Susan Donelan, medical director of health-care epidemiology at Stony Brook University Hospital. "Even if you do get the flu, if you have been vaccinated, it may make the actual disease milder and better tolerated," she explained. Getting ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, FluLaval, Afluria, FluMist, Fluzone, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Influenza Prophylaxis, Flucelvax, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Fluogen, Flublok, Flublok Quadrivalent, Fluzone Quadrivalent, Fluvirin, Flublok 2015-2016, Fluzone 2015-2016, Fluzone PFS, FluLaval Quadrivalent, Fluarix, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Live, Trivalent

Deadly Measles Complication May Be More Common Than Believed

Posted 28 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 28, 2016 – A deadly complication of measles infection may be more common than thought, researchers report. While a case of the measles typically runs its course in two weeks, the virus can sometimes spread to the brain. Once there, it can lay dormant for years before reappearing as a progressive, debilitating brain disorder known as subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE), the researchers explained. It was once thought that SSPE affects one in 100,000 people, but the new evidence suggests it strikes those who catch the measles at a young age particularly hard. One in about 1,400 children who get measles before the age of 5 may eventually develop SSPE, as will one in 600 babies who contract measles before they are 12 months old, the researchers suggested. "SSPE is a late complication of measles. People get measles, they get better and then many years later – on average, ... Read more

Related support groups: Measles, Measles Virus Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine/Varicella Virus Vaccine, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, ProQuad, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine, Measles Prophylaxis, M-M-R II, Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis, Attenuvax, M-R-Vax II, Measles Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine

Polio Nearly Vanquished: CDC

Posted 24 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2016 – Polio is almost a thing of the past, but it still exists in small pockets on the planet, U.S. health officials reported Monday. In 1988, a global effort to eradicate polio, a disease that has crippled millions of children worldwide, began. Since then, the number of cases dropped from 350,000 to just 27 this year, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "We are on the brink of the eradication of polio – we are closer than ever," CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said during a media briefing. "In this period [1988-2016], 2.5 billion children have been vaccinated against polio," he said. "If it were not for this effort, an estimated 15 million more children would be disabled. Every year polio eradication is delayed, the incremental cost is about $800 million." The battle to eradicate the disease, however, continues in areas where it is still ... Read more

Related support groups: Kinrix, Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Pediarix, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Diphtheria Toxoid/Pertussis, Acellular/Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/Tetanus Toxoid, Pentacel, Poliovirus Vaccine, Live, Trivalent, Diphtheria Toxoid/Haemophilus B Conjugate (Prp-T) Vaccine/Pertussis, Acellular/Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/Tetanus Toxoid, Quadracel, Ipol, Orimune, Diphtheria Toxoid/hepatitis B Pediatric Vaccine/pertussis, Acellular/poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/tetanus Toxoid

Kids 14 and Younger Only Need 2 HPV Vaccine Shots: CDC

Posted 20 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 20, 2016 – Children 14 and younger require only two doses of the HPV vaccine rather than the previously recommended three shots, U.S. health officials now say. The vaccine protects against infection with sexually transmitted HPV (human papillomavirus), which can cause cervical and other cancers. On Wednesday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended that 11- to 12-year-olds receive two doses of HPV vaccine at least six months apart. It also said teens 13 and 14 can be vaccinated on the two-dose schedule. However, those who start receiving the vaccinations later – at ages 15 to 26 – still need three doses of the vaccine, according to the updated guidelines. One cervical cancer expert called the new guidelines "very important." "Decreasing the number of shots from three to two will definitely increase the chances of compliance [with vaccination]," said ... Read more

Related support groups: Human Papilloma Virus, Condylomata Acuminata, Gardasil, Cervical Dysplasia, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

Measles Outbreak Among Amish Highlights Need for Vaccinations

Posted 5 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2016 – The measles outbreak that struck an Amish community in 2014 illustrates the ongoing threat the infection presents – and the importance of routine vaccination, U.S. government researchers say. The outbreak, which ultimately infected 383 people in Ohio, was the largest the United States had seen in over 20 years. It was almost entirely limited to an Amish community, and most who fell ill had never been vaccinated against measles. In the Oct. 6 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention describe the outbreak in detail. A key point is that the outbreak did not originate in the United States – where measles was declared "eliminated" back in 2000. Instead, the virus was "imported" when two unvaccinated relief workers traveled to the Philippines and unwittingly brought measles back to their ... Read more

Related support groups: Measles Virus Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine/Varicella Virus Vaccine, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, ProQuad, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine, M-M-R II, Measles Prophylaxis, Attenuvax, Measles Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine, M-R-Vax II

How One Clinic Got a Big Boost in HPV Vaccination Rates

Posted 5 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2016 – The way to increase the number of girls and boys who get the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine may be as simple as giving it as part of a routine bundle of vaccines, a new study suggests. The HPV vaccine, which guards against the virus that causes most cervical cancers, is only being used in just over half of teen girls in the United States, lagging far behind other recommended vaccinations in this age group. But, by lumping HPV in with other required vaccinations, a Denver clinic was able to dramatically increase vaccination rates to nearly 90 percent in boys and girls, researchers report. "The program is simple and low cost, and something that can easily be rolled out at other institutions," said lead researcher Dr. Anna-Lisa Farmar. She is an assistant professor of pediatrics at the University of Colorado in Aurora. "It's become a part of our general ... Read more

Related support groups: Human Papilloma Virus, Gardasil, Cervical Dysplasia, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Gardasil 9

Many Parents Think a Flu Shot Is Unnecessary

Posted 5 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 4, 2016 – Many American parents who don't get their children flu shots say they don't see the need, according to a new study. "The first and most common reason could encompass a belief that risk for contracting influenza is low in their family as well as that the vaccine offers little protection," said study lead author Dr. Scott Field of the University of Alabama School of Medicine. It's possible that people who haven't had the flu themselves underestimate its potential severity, he suggested. For the study, during the 2012-2013 flu season, researchers questioned 131 parents of children ages 9 months to 18 years old. They asked about the children's history of flu and flu vaccination, reasons for not having their children vaccinated, and if they planned to have their children vaccinated for the next flu season. The three most common reasons parents gave for not getting ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, FluLaval, Afluria, FluMist, Fluzone, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Influenza Prophylaxis, Flucelvax, Fluogen, Fluarix Quadrivalent, Fluad, Fluvirin, Flucelvax 2015-2016, Fluvirin 2015-2016, Fluzone PFS, FluMist Quadrivalent, Fluarix, Agriflu, Flucelvax Quadrivalent

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