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Vaccination and Prophlaxis News

2 Doses of HPV Shot Enough to Prevent Genital Warts: Study

Posted 16 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 – New research supports the recent U.S. recommendation for two, rather than three, doses of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to protect against genital warts in preteens and teens. Investigators at Boston University Medical Center found that two HPV vaccine doses are just as effective as three at preventing genital warts. That's in keeping with the new recommendations from the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC and World Health Organization based the new two-dose schedule primarily on "immunogenicity" results – the vaccine's ability to induce an immune response, said study lead author Dr. Rebecca Perkins. "But there was very little research on how effective that recommendation has been," added Perkins, an obstetrician. "This study validates the new recommendations, and allows us to confidently move forward with the two-dose schedule ... Read more

Related support groups: Gardasil, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

HPV Vaccine May Also Prevent Cancers Affecting Men

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 – The same vaccine that cuts the risk of cervical cancer in women might also lower the chances of head and neck cancers in men, new research suggests. In addition to being linked to cervical cancer, the human papillomavirus (HPV) can cause cancers in the back of the throat, in an area known as the oropharynx. HPV is linked with about 70 percent of these types of cancers in the United States, and the rates of these cancers are rising dramatically, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved HPV vaccines for prevention of cervical, vulvar, vaginal and anal cancers in women, and anal cancers in men. However, the HPV vaccine hasn't been FDA-approved for prevention of head and neck cancers, because the vaccines have not been evaluated in clinical trials for that purpose. "We don't know if there's ... Read more

Related support groups: Colorectal Cancer, Gardasil, Cervical Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

Many U.S. Travelers Skip Measles Shots, Despite Infection Risk

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 15, 2017 – More than half of eligible Americans traveling abroad don't get a measles vaccine, and a key reason is lack of concern about the disease, a new study finds. "Measles has been eliminated in the U.S. since 2000, which means that all measles cases in the country can be traced back to an imported case – either a foreign visitor or a U.S. resident returning from international travel," said study lead author Dr. Emily Hyle of Massachusetts General Hospital's division of infectious diseases. "Since more than 60 percent of the measles importations into the country are due to returning U.S. travelers, increasing the number of travelers who are immune to measles will reduce the number of measles cases," she explained in a hospital news release. Two doses of the measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine are recommended for adult travelers without evidence of measles immunity. ... Read more

Related support groups: Measles Virus Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine/Varicella Virus Vaccine, ProQuad, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Attenuvax, Measles Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine, M-R-Vax II, M-M-R II

'Groundbreaking Strides' Made in Zika Vaccine Research

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 – Development of a Zika vaccine is proceeding rapidly, but it still will be years before such a vaccine is available to the public, says the author of a new report on research efforts. Three leading vaccine candidates are being tested in humans. Two are based on cutting-edge DNA vaccine technology and the third is based on the more standard inactivated virus model, said Dr. Stephen Thomas. He's a professor of infectious disease with the State University of New York Upstate Medical University in Syracuse. "The pace of R&D for a Zika vaccine is incredibly brisk," Thomas said. "Truly, some groundbreaking strides have been made in very short periods of time." But Thomas believes it will be at least two to four years before a vaccine has received federal approval and enters mass production. Human testing currently is aimed at making sure that the vaccine is safe, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Viral Infection, Hydrocephalus, Diagnosis and Investigation, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Zika Virus Infection

Guys, Take the Health Check Up a Notch

Posted 28 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 28, 2017 – Though preventive wellness visits are the cornerstone of good health, a third of American men don't even have a primary care doctor. You need checkups, even if you feel healthy, because conditions like high blood pressure and high cholesterol don't have symptoms but are serious risk factors for heart disease. For men, the key goals of wellness visits are to let your doctor screen for health issues, assess your risk for future problems, encourage a healthy lifestyle and update your vaccinations. They also let you get to know your health-care provider in case you do get sick. Your doctor will review your medical history and ask about close relatives – parents, grandparents and siblings. The physical exam generally includes such things as measuring your blood pressure and your body mass index. It's never too soon for a man to start thinking about heart health. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Vaccination and Prophlaxis

Are Kids' Vaccines a Victim of Their Own Success?

Posted 27 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 26, 2017 – Vaccines prevent serious infections so effectively that many parents mistakenly believe the diseases are no longer a threat in the United States, a pediatrician warns. "Many children have died from diseases that vaccines now prevent," said Dr. Lauren Snabb. "These include whooping cough, measles and polio. Germs that lead to these deadly conditions still exist today, but because most babies are routinely protected by vaccines, we don't see these diseases nearly as often in [the United States]." Snabb is a staff pediatrician at DMC's Children's Hospital of Michigan, in Detroit. "When parents choose to leave their child unimmunized, this will not only place that child at risk of acquiring deadly diseases, it can endanger the lives of other children as well," she explained in a hospital news release. Since the introduction of vaccines in the United States, ... Read more

Related support groups: Measles, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis

Health Tip: Caring for Pets

Posted 24 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

-- If there's an emergency and you need to evacuate your home, your pets must go too. So be prepared. The American Red Cross recommends: Find out which hotels would accept pets. Prepare an emergency contact list of friends, family members and veterinarians who can help care for your pets in an emergency. Practice evacuation drills with your pets, including getting their loaded carriers into your car. Microchip your pets, and make sure their vaccines are up to date. Read more

Related support groups: Vaccination and Prophlaxis

When Parents Get Vaccinated, Their Kids Do Too

Posted 17 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 17, 2017 – When parents get a flu shot, their kids are more likely to be vaccinated against not only the flu, but also other diseases, new research reveals. Investigators first focused on the flu vaccine, and found that the kids of parents who got the flu shot were nearly three times more likely to get the shot themselves. But the trickle-down effect did not stop there. When parents got flu shots, they were also more likely to make sure their kids were vaccinated against other diseases, especially the human papillomavirus (HPV). The HPV vaccine protects against several cancers, including cervical cancer in women and penile cancer in men. And the reverse held true. "Parents who chose not to immunize themselves for influenza were more likely to have children who weren't immunized against other diseases, such as HPV," said study lead researcher Steve Robison, from the Oregon ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Gardasil, FluLaval, Afluria, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervarix, FluMist, Fluzone, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Flucelvax, Flublok, Flublok 2015-2016, Fluvirin 2016-2017, Fluzone SV, Fluad, FluLaval Quadrivalent, Flublok 2016-2017, Agriflu

Vaccine Targeting Brain Tumors Seems Safe in Study

Posted 15 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 14, 2017 – An experimental vaccine therapy shows promise in treating people with deadly glioblastoma brain cancer, researchers behind a small, preliminary study report. With current standard care, half of glioblastoma patients die within 15 months of diagnosis. Four of the 11 patients in this study survived for more than five years after vaccine/chemotherapy treatment, the Duke Cancer Institute research team said. "This is a small study, but it's one in a sequence of clinical trials we have conducted to explore the use of an immunotherapy that specifically targets a protein on glioblastoma tumors," said lead author Dr. Kristen Batich. "While not a controlled efficacy study, the survival results were surprising, and they suggest the possibility that combining the vaccine with a more intense regimen of this chemotherapy promotes a strong cooperative benefit," she added in a ... Read more

Related support groups: Glioblastoma Multiforme, Vaccination and Prophlaxis

Flu Season All But Over in U.S.

Posted 15 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 14, 2017 – This year's flu season is rapidly winding down and is expected to end within the next couple of weeks, U.S. health officials predicted Friday. It was a year much like the past few flu seasons, when the H3N2 virus was the most prevalent strain. That strain usually is hardest on the elderly and the very young. But this flu season there was a slight twist – middle-aged people were more affected than children, said Lynnette Brammer, an epidemiologist with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "We are not done yet, there's still flu out there, but it is declining," she said. "This is the first week that influenza A and B are both going down." The 2016-2017 season followed a typical course, Brammer said. "We had a large wave of influenza H3N2 and then we had a smaller wave of influenza B at the end – not an uncommon pattern," she said. However, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, FluLaval, Afluria, FluMist, Fluzone, Flublok, Flucelvax, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Fluzone High-Dose, Fluzone SV, Flublok Quadrivalent, Fluzone Quadrivalent, Flublok 2015-2016, Flucelvax 2016-2017, Flushield, Fluzone 2015-2016, Influenza with Pneumonia, FluLaval Quadrivalent, Fluad 2016-2017

4 in 10 U.S. Adults Under 60 Carry HPV

Posted 6 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 6, 2017 – Nearly half of American men and women under 60 are infected with the human papillomavirus (HPV), putting them at risk for certain cancers, federal health officials reported Thursday. More than 45 percent of men were infected with genital HPV in 2013-2014, while 25 percent were infected with high-risk genital HPV. At the same time, about 40 percent of women carried genital HPV, while almost 20 percent had high-risk genital HPV, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Some types of HPV can cause genital warts and are considered low risk, with a small chance for causing cancer, the CDC report said. Other types are believed to be high risk and can cause cancer in different parts of the body. Those areas include the cervix and vagina in women, the penis in men, and the anus and neck in both genders. However, the HPV vaccine has the ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Cold sores, Herpes Simplex, Gardasil, Cervical Cancer, Herpes Simplex Labialis, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

Vaccinating Pregnant Moms Protects Babies From Whooping Cough

Posted 3 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 3, 2017 – Babies are far less likely to develop whooping cough if their mother was vaccinated while pregnant, a new study reveals. The study included nearly 149,000 infants born in California between 2006 and 2015. The percentage whose mothers received the Tdap booster vaccine for tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis ("whooping cough") while pregnant rose from less than 1 percent in 2006-2008 to more than 87 percent by 2015. In early 2013, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended the Tdap shot for pregnant women regardless of prior Tdap vaccination. The vaccine can be given at any time during pregnancy, preferably between 27 and 36 weeks' gestation. Babies whose moms got the Tdap shot during pregnancy had a 91 percent lower risk of whooping cough during the first two months of life. That's the ... Read more

Related support groups: Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Pertussis, Kinrix, Pertussis, Acellular, Daptacel (DTaP), Tripedia (DTaP), Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Pediarix, Boostrix (Tdap), Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Diphtheria Toxoid/Pertussis, Acellular/Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/Tetanus Toxoid, Tri-Immunol, Diphtheria Toxoid/Haemophilus B Conjugate (Prp-T) Vaccine/Pertussis, Acellular/Tetanus Toxoid, Diphtheria Toxoid/Pertussis, Whole Cell/Tetanus Toxoid, Infanrix (DTaP), Diphtheria Toxoid/Haemophilus B Conjugate (Prp-T) Vaccine/Pertussis, Acellular/Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/Tetanus Toxoid, ActHIB with DPT, Diphtheria Toxoid/hepatitis B Pediatric Vaccine/pertussis, Acellular/poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/tetanus Toxoid, Tetramune, Diphtheria Toxoid/Haemophilus B Conjugate (Hboc) Vaccine/Pertussis, Whole Cell/Tetanus Toxoid

Most U.S. Kids Who Die From Flu Are Unvaccinated

Posted 3 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 3, 2017 – The yearly flu shot could prevent most flu-related deaths among children and teenagers, a new U.S. government study estimates. Researchers found that about three-quarters of U.S. kids who died of flu complications between 2010 and 2014 were unvaccinated before they fell ill. If all children got their yearly flu shot, 65 percent of those deaths could be prevented, the researchers estimated. Experts said the findings, published online April 3 in Pediatrics, bolster what health officials already recommend: Adults and children age 6 months and up should be vaccinated ahead of every flu season. "This shows you, once again, that kids should get their flu shot," said Dr. Paul Offit, chief of infectious diseases at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. It also highlights a fact that many parents may not know: "Healthy children can, and do, die of the flu," said Offit, ... Read more

Related support groups: FluLaval, Afluria, FluMist, Fluzone, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Flublok, Influenza Prophylaxis, Flucelvax, Fluzone Intradermal, Fluzone SV, Fluarix Quadrivalent, Fluvirin 2016-2017, Fluad, Flucelvax 2015-2016, Flublok 2016-2017, Flushield, Fluvirin 2015-2016, FluMist Quadrivalent, Flucelvax Quadrivalent

Got the HPV Vaccine Before You Knew You Were Pregnant? Don't Worry

Posted 29 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 29, 2017 – The cancer-preventing HPV vaccine does not appear to have any ill effect on babies unintentionally exposed to it in the womb, researchers report. Babies whose mothers were vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV) during pregnancy did not have a significantly higher risk for major birth defects, low birth weight, preterm birth or stillbirth, compared with unexposed babies, according to a new study. "We found no support for an adverse effect on the unborn baby of HPV vaccination in pregnancy," said senior author Anders Hviid. Hviid is a senior investigator with the Statens Serum Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark. HPV is a sexually transmitted virus that's responsible for virtually all cases of cervical cancer, 95 percent of anal cancer and 70 percent of throat cancers, according to the U.S. National Cancer Institute. HPV vaccines are recommended for all ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Gardasil, Cervical Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

Better Efforts Could Help Rid the U.S. of Hepatitis B, C: Report

Posted 28 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 28, 2017 – Improved prevention, screening and treatment could help eliminate hepatitis B and C as serious public health problems in the United States and save nearly 90,000 lives by 2030, according to a new report. About 1.3 million people in the United States have chronic hepatitis B and about 2.7 million have chronic hepatitis C. These infections cause about 80 percent of liver cancer cases worldwide. Liver cancer incidence in the United States rose 38 percent between 2003 and 2012. Liver cancer deaths increased 56 percent during that time, primarily due to viral hepatitis, according to the report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. "Viral hepatitis is simply not a sufficient priority in the United States," said report committee chair Dr. Brian Strom, chancellor and professor at Rutgers University Biomedical and Health Sciences in ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Twinrix, Hepatitis B Prevention, Exposure to Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Engerix-B, Hepatitis A Adult Vaccine/hepatitis B Adult Vaccine

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