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Experimental Vaccine Shows Promise in Preventing TB

Posted 25 Sep 2018 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 25, 2018 – Tuberculosis remains the most lethal of infectious diseases worldwide, killing more than 1.6 million people a year. But researchers say a new vaccine might prevent half of full-blown illnesses in infected people who receive the shot. "We found that the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis was significantly lower" for people who got the experimental vaccine, called ...

U.S. Deaths From Infectious Diseases Decline, But Not Everywhere

Posted 27 Mar 2018 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 27, 2018 – Though fewer Americans are now dying from infectious diseases, great disparities persist across the country, a new study finds. Between 1980 and 2014, just over 4 million Americans died from infectious diseases. But while overall infectious disease deaths have dropped almost 19 percent, death rates differed widely by county. A number of factors fuel these disparities, ...

Shining a Deadly New Light on Airborne Flu Virus

Posted 12 Feb 2018 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 12, 2018 – As a particularly nasty flu season rages across the United States, scientists have found a powerful new disinfectant that makes "light" work of the virus. Researchers say a certain spectrum of ultraviolet light – called far-UVC – easily kills airborne flu viruses while posing no risk to people. It could offer a new, inexpensive way to eliminate airborne flu viruses in ...

As U.S. Heroin Use Reaches 20-Year High, Cost to Society Soars

Posted 14 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 14, 2017 – Heroin use cost the United States more than $51 billion in 2015, a new study shows. The financial toll includes heroin-related crime and imprisonment. It also includes treatment for addiction as well as chronic infectious diseases contracted through heroin abuse (such as HIV, hepatitis B and C, and tuberculosis), according to researchers from the University of Illinois ...

Artificial Intelligence May Help Combat TB in Remote Regions

Posted 25 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 25, 2017 – It may be possible to use artificial intelligence to diagnose tuberculosis in people who live in developing nations, a new study suggests. TB, among the top 10 causes of death worldwide, can be identified on X-rays. But, the expertise required to screen for and diagnose TB is often lacking in areas that have high rates of the lung disease, according to the study's ...

Infections More Common in People With Schizophrenia

Posted 4 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 3, 2017 – People with schizophrenia may face an increased risk for serious infections, a new study suggests. "The preliminary data results suggest that individuals with schizophrenia have higher prevalence of all types of severe infections compared to the background population," study author Monika Pankiewicz-Dulacz, from the University of Southern Denmark, and colleagues wrote. ...

Global Efforts to Combat TB Epidemic Falling Short

Posted 13 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 13, 2016 – Countries around the world need to work harder to combat tuberculosis infections and deaths, a new World Health Organization report says. Nations across the globe have pledged to reduce tuberculosis (TB) infections by 80 percent and TB deaths by 90 percent by 2030, but they must work faster if they want to meet these goals, according to the WHO. "We face an uphill ...

Drug-Resistant Germs Thrive in America's Corroding Water Systems

Posted 23 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 23, 2016 – The thousands of miles of aging, corroding pipes that bring water to Americans each day may be home to dangerous drug-resistant bacteria, a new report warns. These harmful bacteria include legionella, which causes Legionnaires' disease; pseudomonas, which can trigger pneumonia; and mycobacteria, which can cause tuberculosis and other illnesses, the researchers said. ...

Tuberculosis Decline in U.S. Has Stalled, CDC Reports

Posted 24 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 – Two decades of progress toward eliminating tuberculosis in the United States has stalled, with incidence of the lung disease holding steady from 2013 to 2015, a federal government report shows. "Resuming progress toward TB elimination in the United States will require intensification of efforts both in the U.S. and globally," said researchers from the U.S. Centers for ...

Screen High-Risk Adults for Tuberculosis, Experts Say

Posted 8 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 8, 2016 – Adults at greater risk for latent tuberculosis infection should be screened for the condition, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends. "The task force recommends that primary care clinicians screen adults at increased risk for [latent TB] to help prevent the progression to active TB," panel member Dr. Francisco Garcia said in a task force news release. Garcia ...

New TB Test May Help Simplify Diagnosis

Posted 20 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 – A simple new blood test for tuberculosis may one day help improve diagnosis and treatment of the deadly disease in developing countries, researchers report. The inexpensive test identifies a gene expression "signature" that distinguishes people with active TB from those with either latent TB or other diseases, according to the research team from the Stanford University ...

TB Cases Falling for Foreign-Born People in U.S.

Posted 10 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 – Tuberculosis cases among foreign-born people in the United States fell by one-fifth in recent years, and the reasons for the decline depend on people's country of origin, a new study suggests. Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection affecting the lungs and sometimes other organs. Overall, TB cases in the United States decreased over the past two decades, but TB ...

Toxic Chemicals May Weaken Infants' Response to TB Vaccine

Posted 18 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 18, 2015 – Exposure to toxic chemicals while in the womb or in early life may weaken a baby's immune system response to the tuberculosis (TB) vaccine, researchers say. The study focused on two common toxins: PCBs, an industrial chemical; and DDT, used in pesticides. These so-called "persistent" pollutants are not easily broken down and remain a health threat years after being ...

More Than Half of U.S. States Not Well Prepared for Disease Outbreaks: Study

Posted 17 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 17, 2015 – More than half of U.S. states are poorly prepared to respond to infectious disease outbreaks, a new report says. Twenty-eight states and Washington, D.C. did not pass muster for preventing, detecting, diagnosing and responding to such outbreaks, researchers found. They added that the United States must boost efforts to protect Americans from new threats such as Middle ...

Swiss Report Highlights Danger of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis

Posted 11 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 – A new report on a patient in Switzerland who nearly died after catching a highly drug-resistant strain of tuberculosis illustrates exactly what public health officials around the world fear most. Although antibiotics have largely eradicated tuberculosis in the United States in recent decades, experts say evidence is mounting that the bacteria is becoming increasingly ...

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