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Tuberculosis - Prophylaxis News

Global Efforts to Combat TB Epidemic Falling Short

Posted 13 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 13, 2016 – Countries around the world need to work harder to combat tuberculosis infections and deaths, a new World Health Organization report says. Nations across the globe have pledged to reduce tuberculosis (TB) infections by 80 percent and TB deaths by 90 percent by 2030, but they must work faster if they want to meet these goals, according to the WHO. "We face an uphill ...

Tuberculosis Decline in U.S. Has Stalled, CDC Reports

Posted 24 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 – Two decades of progress toward eliminating tuberculosis in the United States has stalled, with incidence of the lung disease holding steady from 2013 to 2015, a federal government report shows. "Resuming progress toward TB elimination in the United States will require intensification of efforts both in the U.S. and globally," said researchers from the U.S. Centers for ...

Screen High-Risk Adults for Tuberculosis, Experts Say

Posted 8 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 8, 2016 – Adults at greater risk for latent tuberculosis infection should be screened for the condition, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends. "The task force recommends that primary care clinicians screen adults at increased risk for [latent TB] to help prevent the progression to active TB," panel member Dr. Francisco Garcia said in a task force news release. Garcia ...

New TB Test May Help Simplify Diagnosis

Posted 20 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 – A simple new blood test for tuberculosis may one day help improve diagnosis and treatment of the deadly disease in developing countries, researchers report. The inexpensive test identifies a gene expression "signature" that distinguishes people with active TB from those with either latent TB or other diseases, according to the research team from the Stanford University ...

TB Cases Falling for Foreign-Born People in U.S.

Posted 10 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 – Tuberculosis cases among foreign-born people in the United States fell by one-fifth in recent years, and the reasons for the decline depend on people's country of origin, a new study suggests. Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection affecting the lungs and sometimes other organs. Overall, TB cases in the United States decreased over the past two decades, but TB ...

Toxic Chemicals May Weaken Infants' Response to TB Vaccine

Posted 18 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 18, 2015 – Exposure to toxic chemicals while in the womb or in early life may weaken a baby's immune system response to the tuberculosis (TB) vaccine, researchers say. The study focused on two common toxins: PCBs, an industrial chemical; and DDT, used in pesticides. These so-called "persistent" pollutants are not easily broken down and remain a health threat years after being ...

Swiss Report Highlights Danger of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis

Posted 11 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 – A new report on a patient in Switzerland who nearly died after catching a highly drug-resistant strain of tuberculosis illustrates exactly what public health officials around the world fear most. Although antibiotics have largely eradicated tuberculosis in the United States in recent decades, experts say evidence is mounting that the bacteria is becoming increasingly ...

E-Pillboxes Improve Medication Adherence, Study Finds

Posted 15 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 15, 2015 – Electronic reminders may help people with tuberculosis take their medication properly, a new study suggests. Tuberculosis (TB) patients are less likely to miss doses when they receive alerts from an electronic pillbox, researchers report in the Sept. 15 issue of PLOS Medicine. Electronic pillboxes use visual, audio and/or vibration cues to signal when it's time to take ...

U.S. Health Officials Search for Those Exposed to Drug-Resistant TB

Posted 9 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 9, 2015 – U.S. health authorities are trying to find anyone who may have had contact with a woman who has been diagnosed with a highly drug-resistant form of tuberculosis. The woman flew from India to Chicago in April. She then traveled to Missouri and Tennessee before returning to Chicago, where she sought treatment at a hospital about seven weeks after arriving in the United ...

TB Vaccine May Work Against Multiple Sclerosis: Study

Posted 4 Dec 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2013 – A vaccine normally used to thwart the respiratory illness tuberculosis also might help prevent the development of multiple sclerosis, a disease of the central nervous system, a new study suggests. In people who had a first episode of symptoms that indicated they might develop multiple sclerosis (MS), an injection of the tuberculosis vaccine lowered the odds of ...

Vaccinations Aren't Just for Kids

Posted 16 Sep 2011 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 16 – Public health experts often focus immunization awareness efforts toward protecting children, and with good reason: Facing a potentially bewildering schedule of vaccinations for their young ones, parents usually need all the help they can get. But vaccinations aren't just kid stuff. Medical science is creating an increasing number of immunizations targeted at adults, to help ...

New Combo Therapy May Prevent TB, Save Lives in People With HIV

Posted 6 Jul 2011 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 6 – Simpler and shorter treatment with antibiotic drugs could help prevent full-blown tuberculosis in millions of people worldwide infected with the bacterium that causes TB, especially those also infected with HIV, researchers report. TB, or tuberculosis, is the leading cause of death among people co-infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. About half a million people with ...

New TB Vaccine Passes Safety Trial

Posted 8 Apr 2009 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 8 – An experimental tuberculosis vaccine called MVA85A proved safe in a small phase I clinical trial. The study included 12 people with latent tuberculosis infection, which, when re-activated, can cause full-blown TB. It's believed that about a third of the world's population has this latent infection. The participants, who had no other complicating factors, such as hepatitis or ...

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