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Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse News

'Magic Mushroom' Chemical Eases Cancer Patients' Despair

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 – Cancer often leaves patients feeling that life has no meaning, a state of mind that psychiatrists call "existential distress." But two new, small studies suggest that an ingredient found in hallucinogenic "magic" mushrooms can dramatically reverse this feeling. A single dose of the man-made drug psilocybin quickly lifted spirits for most cancer patients, and the effect lasted as long as six months for many, the researchers reported. One patient described her experience as "life-changing." "In 2010, I was diagnosed with ovarian cancer," Dinah Bazer, who took part in one of the studies, said during a Wednesday media conference. "Following successful surgery and chemotherapy, I was totally consumed with anxiety and fear of recurrence for over two years," she said. "It was running my life and ruining my life." After taking psilocybin, "I was bathed in God's love, ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Substance Abuse, Ovarian Cancer, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Use of Needle Exchange Programs Up Dramatically in 10 Years: CDC

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30, 2016 – Although there was a significant increase in the use of syringe services programs (SSPs) – more commonly known as needle exchange programs – across the United States over the past decade, many injection drug users don't always use sterile needles, a federal government report says. Previously used needles put drug users at risk for infectious diseases such as HIV and hepatitis B and C, the report noted. Needle exchange programs provide sterile needles and syringes to injection drug users. These programs also refer drug users to prevention, care and treatment services. Researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention looked at data from injection drug users in 22 cities with high rates of HIV. In 2015, 54 percent of injection drug users said they used a needle exchange program in the past year. That was up significantly compared to the 36 ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Hepatitis C, HIV Infection, Drug Dependence, Hepatitis B, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Hepatitis B Prevention, Exposure to Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis

Pesticide Exposures May Alter Mouth Bacteria

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 28, 2016 – Pesticide exposure may change the makeup of bacteria in the mouths of farm workers, a new study finds. Researchers at the University of Washington analyzed swabs taken from the mouths of 65 adult farm workers and 52 adults who didn't work on farms. All lived in Washington's Yakima Valley. The farm workers had higher blood levels of pesticides, and greater changes in their mouth bacteria than non-farm workers, the study found. The most significant finding was in farm workers who had the organophosphate pesticide Azinphos-methyl in their blood. In this group, researchers found significantly reduced quantities of seven common groups of oral bacteria. Among those was Streptococcus, which first author Ian Stanaway called "one of the most common normal microbiota in the mouth." He's a doctoral candidate in environmental toxicology. Stanaway noted that previous studies ... Read more

Related support groups: Poisoning, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Organophosphate Poisoning

Mercury Levels Dropping in North Atlantic Tuna

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23, 2016 – Mercury levels in one tuna species have decreased along with industrial emissions of the dangerous chemical element, a new study finds. The results suggest that reductions in mercury emissions could quickly result in lower mercury levels in some species of ocean fish, according to researcher Nicholas Fisher and colleagues. Fisher is a professor at the School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences at Stony Brook University in Stony Brook, N.Y. Mercury, a neurotoxin, can harm the nervous system of humans. It accumulates in tuna and other types of fish, which has led to warnings against eating too much tuna, the researchers said in background notes. Although increased coal burning in Asia has raised mercury emissions globally, levels have fallen in North America 2.8 percent a year between 1990 and 2007, the researchers said. Over a similar period, mercury in north ... Read more

Related support groups: Poisoning, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Mercury Poisoning

U.S. Surgeon General Declares War on Addiction

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 – America's response to alcohol and drug addiction demands a shift in thinking – away from moralizing and toward proven medical treatment instead, the U.S. Surgeon General said Thursday. For too long, addiction has been looked at as a character flaw or a moral failing, rather than as a chronic disease of the brain, Dr. Vivek Murthy said during a morning news conference. "We have 20.8 million people in America with substance abuse disorders," the Surgeon General noted. But only one in 10 is getting treatment, research shows. "That is unacceptable, we have to close that gap," Murthy said. Addiction to alcohol or drugs is not hopeless. "There's strong evidence that prevention and treatment work," Murthy said. Under this line of thinking, treatment of opioid disorders – a national crisis – is likely to include medications such as buprenorphine and methadone. ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Endocet, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen, Substance Abuse

Blood Test May Spot Babies at Risk for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Posted 9 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9, 2016 – A blood test on expectant mothers may help identify infants at risk for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), according to a new study. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders occur when women drink large amounts of alcohol during pregnancy. The condition can affect a child's development and cause long-lasting physical and mental health problems. Being able to identify infants at risk for FASD might lead to early treatment and better outcomes, the researchers said. "It's a huge problem, but we might not realize the full scope because infants born with normal-looking physical features may be missed, making many cases difficult to diagnose early," study co-senior author Rajesh Miranda said in a Texas A&M University news release. He is a professor in the university's Department of Neuroscience and Experimental Therapeutics. Researchers examined the health and ... Read more

Related support groups: Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Delivery, Substance Abuse, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Heavy Drinking While Young May Mean Hefty Health Tab Later

Posted 2 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2, 2016 – Young adults who are problem drinkers tend to suffer from more health problems later in life than non-drinkers, even if they conquered their alcoholism years earlier, a new study indicates. Men with alcohol dependence in young adulthood had, on average, three medical conditions in their 60s, while non-drinkers only reported two, researchers found in an analysis of Vietnam-era veterans. In addition, drinkers' scores on a depression scale were about twice as high as those of non-drinkers. These effects were seen even among former drinkers who had been free from alcoholism for decades, said study author Randy Haber. He is a clinical psychologist with the Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System, in Menlo Park, Calif. The results show there may be hidden consequences, either physical or mental, of heavy drinking during young adulthood, the researchers ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Smoking, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, Hangover, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Opioid Overdoses Up Nearly 200 Percent Among Kids, Teens

Posted 31 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 31, 2016 – The number of young children and teens hospitalized for overdosing on opioid painkillers has spiked nearly 200 percent in recent years, a new study finds. Among children under 10, most of the painkiller poisonings were accidental, with children "eating them like candy," said lead researcher Julie Gaither, a postdoctoral fellow in biostatistics at the Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, Conn. Among teens, most were accidental overdoses, although some were suicide attempts. In both age groups, the increase in cases involving painkillers like OxyContin, Percocet and Vicodin was dramatic. Among children aged 1 to 4 years, the number of poisonings went up 205 percent from 1997 to 2012. For teens 15 to 19, the increase was 176 percent. Overall, the study showed a 165 percent increase in poisonings from opioid painkillers among those 19 and younger. In addition, ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Methadone, Percocet, Tramadol, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Codeine, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Ultram, Opana ER

Alcohol, Drugs a Poor Halloween Mix

Posted 30 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, Oct. 29, 2016 – Alcohol, drugs and Halloween are a bad blend, an ER doctor warns. "Injuries related to pumpkin carving are more common if persons are intoxicated or under the influence of mood-altering substances. Puncture-type injuries are quite common during Halloween – especially injuries to the index finger," said Dr. Robert Glatter, an emergency physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Even when you're sober, it's important to take some safety precautions when carving your jack-o'-lantern. Glatter offers these tips: Make sure your carving tools and hands are dry to prevent slipping. Consider using specially designed pumpkin-carving tools found online and in specialty shops. "They may be more useful to carve rinds, poke through holes and scoop out the inside of the pumpkin, without being too sharp to cause injury," Glatter said in a hospital news release. ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, Hangover, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

FDA Warns of Dangers From Testosterone Supplements

Posted 26 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26, 2016 – Supplemental testosterone and related anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) can cause heart attacks, personality changes and infertility, and are easily abused, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns. The agency said Monday that labeling on all prescription testosterone products – which are approved to treat men with low testosterone due to certain medical conditions – will be revised. Millions of American men currently use testosterone pills, gels or get injections in hopes of boosting their physical health or libido. Anabolic steroids are synthetic variations of testosterone and are legally prescribed to treat conditions such as delayed puberty and diseases that cause muscle loss, such as cancer or AIDS. But "testosterone and other AAS are abused by adults and adolescents, including athletes and body builders," according to an FDA news release. "Abuse ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Fatigue, Erectile Dysfunction, Testosterone, Drug Dependence, AndroGel, Agitation, Testim, Alcoholism, Axiron, Substance Abuse, Androderm, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Depo-Testosterone, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Fortesta, Testopel, Sexual Deviations or Disorders

Snakebites a Rising Danger for U.S. Children

Posted 20 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 20, 2016 – More than 1,300 U.S. kids suffer snakebites each year on average, with one in four attacks occurring in Florida and Texas, a new study reveals. All 50 states and Washington, D.C., reported snakebites to children between 2000 and 2013. And about one-fifth of these bites required admission to an intensive care unit, researchers found. "Any venomous snake can be dangerous with neurotoxic complications and problems with blood clotting," said study lead author Dr. Joann Schulte, a medical epidemiologist. "Some children do die, and delays in treatment can be one reason," said Schulte, who was with the North Texas Poison Control Center in Dallas at the time of the study. Besides Texas and Florida, states with high rates of snakebite included Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, Oklahoma and West Virginia, Schulte and her colleagues found. Some good news emerged ... Read more

Related support groups: Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Venomous Snake Bite

Some Mexican Ceramics Can Serve Up Lead Poisoning

Posted 20 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 20, 2016 – A charming ceramic reminder of a Mexican vacation could end up giving you lead poisoning, a new study warns. Exposure to high concentrations of lead – often found in glazes that line traditional Mexican ceramics, cookware and dishware – can be toxic after extended periods of handling, Canadian researchers report. The issue has long been on the radar of public health professionals, but was highlighted recently by the lead poisoning of a 55-year-old Canadian woman. She frequently used ceramic dishware picked up in Mexico. "Every time she poured hot water into her mug, lead was seeping out of the glaze and into her tea," explained study lead author Dr. Michael Fralick. He's a general internist at the University of Toronto and a research fellow in pharmacoepidemiology at Harvard University. According to the case report, the woman had been repeatedly hospitalized ... Read more

Related support groups: Poisoning, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Lead Poisoning, Lead Poisoning - Mild, Lead Poisoning - Severe

1 in 5 U.S. Young Adults Uses Hookah

Posted 14 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 13, 2016 – Hookah use has taken off among Americans in recent years, with almost one in five young adults using the water pipes, a new study says. New York University investigators analyzed U.S. government data on tobacco use and found 12 percent of Americans had used a hookah during their lifetime. They also found that the rate of current hookah use among adults ages 18 to 24 is nearly 20 percent – similar to their rate of current cigarette use. "Hookah is addictive, causes similar health effects as cigarettes, and results in substantially higher inhalation of smoke than cigarette smoking, yet misperceptions persist that its use is safer than cigarette smoking," say researchers led by Dr. Michael Weitzman. He is a professor in the departments of pediatrics and environmental medicine at NYU. Increases in hookah smoking are highest among single, adult males, and those ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Substance Abuse, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

How to Guard Against Deadly Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Posted 13 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 12, 2016 – You can't smell it or see it, but carbon monoxide can be deadly, according to the National Fire Protection Association. Anything that burns gasoline, wood, coal, oil and propane – including home heating and cooking equipment – can be a source of this dangerous gas, the fire association explains. That's why it's important to have your heating system professionally serviced once a year, along with any other appliances such as water heaters or stoves that burn these fuels. To protect your family, install carbon monoxide detectors outside every sleeping area and on every floor of your home, the fire association advises. Multiple detectors can be connected; if one picks up carbon monoxide, all of the alarms will sound. The NFPA also provides these tips: Make sure the detector you buy has a label indicating it was tested in a reputable laboratory. Follow ... Read more

Related support groups: Poisoning, Charcoal, Respiratory Tract Disease, Activated Charcoal, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Charcocaps, Actidose-Aqua, Flatulex, Charcoal Plus DS, Insta-Char, Active Carbon, Charcodote, Carbosorb X, Karbons, Charcotrace, Charcoaid, Liqui-Char with Sorbitol, EZ Char, Charcoal/Sorbitol, Charcoaid-G

Mixed News on Drug Abuse Among Lesbian, Gay Americans

Posted 13 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 13, 2016 – Lesbian, gay and bisexual adults have higher rates of substance use and mental illness than their straight counterparts, a U.S. government report shows. On the plus side, this group is much more likely than heterosexuals to receive needed treatment for those disorders should they arise, the same report finds. "This report offers unprecedented insight into the behavioral health needs of lesbian, gay, and bisexual Americans – people critical to our community whose health concerns have often been overlooked," said Kana Enomoto, deputy principal administrator at the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). She spoke in a news release from the agency, which issued the new findings Oct. 13. The new data comes from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, focusing on a wide range of U.S. adults. The study found that about 39 ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Opiate Dependence, Smoking, Schizophrenia, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Psychiatric Disorders, Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, Hangover, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

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