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Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse News

3 Simple Steps Might Reduce Opioid OD Deaths

Posted 3 hours 19 minutes ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 28, 2017 – In 2015, America's opioid epidemic took the lives of more than 33,000 people, but three simple steps might cut that number by about a third, a new study suggests. Those steps include: Not prescribing narcotic pain medicines or anti-anxiety drugs to people who are addicted to opioids; Counseling; Seeing a doctor every three months. "People with opioid use disorders die at greater rates than people in the general population, by as much as 20 times higher, so finding ways to lower the risk of death is very important," said lead researcher Dr. Katherine Watkins. She's a senior physician policy researcher at the Rand Corporation, an U.S. nonprofit research organization. Doctors can help lower the risk of dying whether or not these patients are being treated for their addiction, she said. Watkins didn't know how often these three interventions are done in general ... Read more

Related support groups: Xanax, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Tramadol, Percocet, Methadone, Klonopin, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Clonazepam, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Ativan, Valium, Codeine, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana

How to Dodge Summertime Threats

Posted 2 days 1 hour ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 26, 2017 – During the summer, poison centers get an increase in the number of calls about bites, stings, plants and pesticides. The Nebraska Regional Poison Center offers these tips on how to avoid poisonings – and other hazards – this summer. "If you are stung, call the poison center. Close observation for allergic reaction is important, especially in the first hour after a sting," the center said in a news release. Use only insect repellents that are meant to be used on skin. Products containing DEET should be applied sparingly to exposed skin and clothing – and repellents with less than 10 percent DEET are as effective as stronger ones. Wash thoroughly once you go indoors. A seasonal threat to kids is exposure to gasoline, kerosene, lighter fluids and torch fuels. These products are among the top 10 causes of childhood poisoning deaths in the United States, according ... Read more

Related support groups: Skin Rash, Gastroenteritis, Poisoning, Hangover, Infectious Gastroenteritis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Insect Bites, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Legalized Pot May Lead to More Traffic Crashes

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 22, 2017 – Although states where recreational marijuana is legal may have experienced a slight bump in traffic collisions, the good news is that there wasn't an increase in crash-related fatalities compared to other states, two new studies show. Insurance claims data show that Colorado, Washington and Oregon all experienced an increase in auto accident claims after retail marijuana sales became legal, according to research by the Highway Loss Data Institute (HLDI). But Washington and Colorado had similar rates of traffic fatalities as eight other states that haven't legalized recreational pot, an analysis of federal crash data published June 22 in the American Journal of Public Health found. The conclusions of the two separate studies don't necessarily conflict, said J.T. Griffin, chief government affairs officer for Mothers Against Drunk Driving. "One of the ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Cannabis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Opioid-Linked Hospitalizations Rising Fastest for Women: Study

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 21, 2017 – Opioid-related hospitalizations among women in the United States increased far faster than among men between 2005 and 2014, a federal government report says. Among women, hospitalizations involving opioid painkillers or heroin rose 75 percent, compared to 55 percent among men, according to the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). The surge among women during that 10-year period meant that by 2014 males and females were being hospitalized at a similar rate – about 225 hospitalizations per 100,000 people. "As the report makes clear, over the past decade, opioid abuse has affected both sexes and all age groups. The crisis, however, looks different in different places," AHRQ Director Gopal Khanna noted in an agency news release. In 2014, hospitalization rates among women were highest in West Virginia, Maryland and Massachusetts, exceeding 350 ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen, Substance Abuse, Roxicet, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Hydromet, Tussionex Pennkinetic

Cocaine, Other Drugs Detected in Carrie Fisher's System After Her Death

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 20, 2017 – Autopsy results reveal that a cocktail of illicit drugs was in actress Carrie Fisher's system after her death on Dec. 27, but it remains unclear what role they may have played in her death. The autopsy report released Monday says Fisher, who died at 60, may have taken cocaine on Dec. 20, three days before she became ill on a Dec. 23 flight from London to Los Angeles, the Associated Press reported. Fisher died four days later at UCLA Medical Center, in Los Angeles. According to the autopsy results, traces of other illicit drugs – including heroin, other opiates and MDMA (ecstasy) – were found in Fisher's system, but it wasn't clear when they had been ingested. The findings were based on toxicology tests done when the actress was first admitted to a Los Angeles hospital, the AP said. As for the official cause of death, the report says the "Star Wars" actress ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Substance Abuse - Cocaine, C-Topical Solution

Strike Back Against Snake Bites

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 19, 2017 – With summer comes a higher risk of snake bites, but emergency doctors have some advice on what to do if you are bitten. A car or cellphone are vital first aid items after a snake bite, because you should immediately call 911 or head to a hospital emergency room, according to Dr. Justin Arnold. He's an emergency medicine doctor at the University of Alabama Hospital in Birmingham. Don't try to catch the snake – it could bite again – and don't take it with you to the hospital. But take a photo of it if you can do so safely. Don't apply a tourniquet or use a venom extractor kit, and do not apply ice. Stay calm. On average, fewer than 10 people die of snakebites each year in the United States. Once at the hospital, don't be surprised if you do not immediately get antivenin. Doctors will watch your vital signs and any swelling near your bite, said Arnold, who is ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Venomous Snake Bite, Wound Infection

Opioid Abuse Jumps 6-Fold for U.S. Youth, Too Few Get Treated: Study

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 19, 2017 – The rate of opioid addiction among Americans age 25 and under rose nearly sixfold from 2001 to 2014. But few young addicts get medical treatment that might prevent overdose or relapse, a new study finds. Only about 27 percent of youths treated for addiction to prescription painkillers or heroin receive either buprenorphine or naltrexone, two recommended anti-addiction medications, researchers reported. "These medications are considered the evidence-based standard of care for opioid addiction by the American Academy of Pediatrics," said lead researcher Dr. Scott Hadland. He's an assistant professor of pediatrics at Boston University School of Medicine. Buprenorphine (Buprenex, Suboxone) has been shown to reduce cravings, while naltrexone (Revia, Vivitrol) blocks the high from opioids, he said. The most effective treatment includes medication plus counseling to ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Subutex, Contrave, Heroin, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Butrans, Buprenorphine, Naltrexone, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325

Addicts Try to Avoid Deadly Fentanyl, But Many Tragically Fail

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 16, 2017 – New research suggests that more than half of all drug overdose deaths may be caused by the potent synthetic opioid fentanyl. But most opioid addicts are not actively seeking out the potentially lethal painkiller. Instead, they're terrified by the increasing contamination of the illicit drug supply by fentanyl, investigators said. "I never found the idea that fentanyl was some sort of honeypot that people were scrambling to get hold of very compelling," said study author Jennifer Carroll, a medical anthropologist at Brown University's Warren Alpert Medical School in Providence, R.I. "I hope we can begin chipping away at the narrative that the opioid crisis is driven by people chasing some sort of ultimate high. That's an idea that has never matched reality." Opioids are a class of drugs that include the illicit drug heroin as well as prescription pain relievers ... Read more

Related support groups: Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Drug Dependence, Duragesic, Substance Abuse, Poisoning, Fentanyl Transdermal, Actiq, Fentora, Duragesic-100, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Subsys, Duragesic-25, Substance Abuse - Cocaine, Duragesic-50, Duragesic-12, Fentanyl/Ropivacaine, Duragesic-75

Summer Fun Is Not Without Hazards

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 16, 2017 – Preventable deaths spike during the summer in the United States. But, following some simple safety measures can reduce accidents, the National Safety Council says. "Someone dies every 4 minutes because of something we know how to prevent," said Deborah Hersman, president and CEO of the public service organization. In 2015, there were more than 146,500 preventable deaths in the United States from causes such as drowning, poisoning, traffic crashes, choking and fires. That was a 7 percent increase from 2014, according to the safety council. The rate of preventable deaths has increased after years of decline, largely due to the current prescription opioid abuse crisis and a rise in motor vehicle deaths. Summer is the time of greatest risk. Between 2011 and 2015, preventable deaths during the months of July and August exceeded 117,000, the council said. June is ... Read more

Related support groups: Fracture, bone, Sunburn, Poisoning, Burns - External, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Acetaminophen Overdose, Prevention of Fractures

Many Young Americans Using Snuff, Chewing Tobacco

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – More than 3 percent of Americans age 12 and older said they'd used chewing tobacco or snuff in the past month, according to a recent federal government report. "Smokeless tobacco is an addictive substance that can lead to serious health problems and premature death," said Kana Enomoto, of the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). She is acting deputy assistant secretary for mental health and substance use. An analysis of SAMHSA data from 2002 to 2014 found that nearly 9 million Americans (3.3 percent) reported using smokeless tobacco in the past month. This includes chewing tobacco, dip, snus and snuff – generally, these forms are held in the mouth. About 1 million used smokeless tobacco for the first time in the prior year, according to the report. Users tended to be younger and male, the researchers said. Nearly 6 percent ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Medical Costs Soar for U.S. Babies Born Addicted to Opioids

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – The number of U.S. newborns hospitalized for opiate withdrawal has spiked sharply in recent years – and so has the cost of treating them, a new study shows. In fact, the national bill for caring for these fragile newborns now runs in the hundreds of millions of dollars, the study found. Researchers have known that the U.S. epidemic of painkiller abuse is extending to infants. Recent studies have charted a steep rise in so-called neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), the researchers said. Most often, newborns suffer the condition because their mother took opioid painkillers – such as OxyContin or Vicodin – during pregnancy. Babies are born dependent on the drugs and quickly develop withdrawal symptoms. That can mean a host of problems, from tremors and seizures, to breathing difficulty, to diarrhea and poor feeding. Last year, a federal study found that the ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Tramadol, Methadone, OxyContin, Vicodin, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Codeine, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Opana ER, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Drug Dependence, Butrans, Ultram

As U.S. Heroin Use Reaches 20-Year High, Cost to Society Soars

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 14, 2017 – Heroin use cost the United States more than $51 billion in 2015, a new study shows. The financial toll includes heroin-related crime and imprisonment. It also includes treatment for addiction as well as chronic infectious diseases contracted through heroin abuse (such as HIV, hepatitis B and C, and tuberculosis), according to researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago. The total also includes the cost of treating newborns with heroin-related medical conditions; lost productivity on the job and overdose deaths, the researchers said. "The opioid crisis didn't happen overnight," said study co-author Ruixuan Jiang, a pharmacoeconomist at UIC. In a university news release, she said the number of U.S. heroin users doubled from 2000 to 2013. Study co-author Simon Pickard, a professor of pharmacy systems, has been tracking the rise in heroin use for ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, HIV Infection, Drug Dependence, Hepatitis B, Tuberculosis, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Substance Abuse - Cocaine

Nearly 10 Million U.S. Adults Suffer From Mental Illness

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 12, 2017 – Nearly 10 million American adults have a serious mental illness, and a similar number have considered suicide during the past year, according to a new government report on the nation's behavioral ills. The report also said that 15.7 million Americans abuse alcohol and 7.7 million abuse illicit drugs. The nation's growing opioid epidemic was also a focus in the report. The researchers found that 12.5 million people are estimated to have misused prescription painkillers such as oxycodone (OxyContin, Percocet) or hydrocodone (Vicoprofen). Despite the growing number of Americans with mental health problems, about a third of those who need help aren't getting it, said researcher Dr. Beth Han. She's from the Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality at the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). "These are real increases," ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen, Substance Abuse, Alcoholism, Roxicet

FDA Asks Maker of Opioid Painkiller Opana ER to Pull Drug From Market

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 9, 2017 – Sales of reformulated Opana ER, a prescription opioid painkiller, should be halted in the United States, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. In its request Thursday for Endo Pharmaceuticals to voluntarily withdraw the drug, the FDA said the benefits of the drug may no longer outweigh the risk of abuse. It's the first time the FDA has moved to take an opioid pain medication off the market due to the public health threat of abuse. The FDA's analysis of data gathered after the drug was approved showed that injection abuse of reformulated Opana ER (oxymorphone hydrochloride) was linked with a serious outbreak of HIV and hepatitis C, as well as cases of a serious blood disorder called thrombotic microangiopathy. In March 2017, an FDA advisory committee concluded that the benefits of reformulated Opana ER no longer outweigh its risks. "We are facing an opioid ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Opana, Opana ER, Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

FDA Requests Removal of Opana ER for Risks Related to Abuse

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

June 8, 2017 – Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration requested that Endo Pharmaceuticals remove its opioid pain medication, reformulated Opana ER (oxymorphone hydrochloride), from the market. After careful consideration, the agency is seeking removal based on its concern that the benefits of the drug may no longer outweigh its risks. This is the first time the agency has taken steps to remove a currently marketed opioid pain medication from sale due to the public health consequences of abuse. “We are facing an opioid epidemic – a public health crisis, and we must take all necessary steps to reduce the scope of opioid misuse and abuse,” said FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D. “We will continue to take regulatory steps when we see situations where an opioid product’s risks outweigh its benefits, not only for its intended patient population but also in regard to its potential fo ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Opana ER, Drug Dependence, Oxymorphone, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Numorphan HCl, Numorphan

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