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Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse News

Obamacare Covered More People With Mental Illness, Addictions

Posted 1 day 5 hours ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 – More Americans with mental illness and substance abuse disorders got health insurance after the Affordable Care Act was introduced, a new study shows. However, these patients still face significant barriers to treatment, the Johns Hopkins researchers added. "The Affordable Care Act has been very effective in reducing the uninsured rate in this vulnerable population, where there is a real need to get people into services," said study leader Brendan Saloner. He's an assistant professor in the department of health policy and management. "We got more people covered, but we didn't make dramatic progress in closing the under-treatment gap," Saloner said in a university news release. "We need to find ways to take the next step and ensure people are seeing the providers who can help them." For the study, researchers reviewed data from nearly 30,000 adults, aged 18 to ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Opiate Dependence, Seroquel, Celexa, Citalopram, Major Depressive Disorder, Paxil, Trazodone, Abilify, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Sertraline

FDA Offers Guidance on Fish Intake for Kids, Pregnant Women

Posted 3 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 – A new U.S. government guideline classifies fish into three categories of safety to help pregnant women, breast-feeding mothers and parents of young children make healthy choices. The 62 types of fish and shellfish included in the guideline are sorted into: best choices: eat two to three servings a week; good choices: eat one serving a week; and fish to avoid. Nearly 90 percent of fish eaten in the United States fall into the best choices category, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Fifty percent of pregnant women eat fewer than 2 ounces of fish a week, which is far less than the recommended amount, the FDA said. Fish offers nutritional benefits important for growth and development during pregnancy and early childhood, the agency said. The FDA and EPA recommend two to three servings of lower-mercury ... Read more

Related support groups: Poisoning, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Lactation Augmentation, Mercury Poisoning

Steep Rise in Births to U.S. Women Using Opioids

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 – Over a decade, there was a nearly fivefold increase in the number of babies born each year to American women who have used opioids, a federal government report says. There was also a dramatic rise in the number of infants born with a dependency on opioids, the report found. These drugs include heroin and prescription painkillers such as fentanyl, oxycodone (OxyContin) and hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin). "It is critical that pregnant women of all ages have access to prevention, treatment and recovery services that meet their specialized needs," said Kana Enomoto, from the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). "Programs that provide pregnant women with access to opioid use disorder treatment and reproductive health services can help ensure that these future mothers and their children live healthier, happier, and more ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Duragesic, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Delivery, Percocet 10/325

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome a Global Problem: Report

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 – About 119,000 children worldwide are born each year with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), a new report finds. The syndrome refers to a group of conditions that include poor growth for the baby both in the womb and after birth, and mental, physical and developmental problems for the child that can last through adulthood, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Globally, an average of nearly 10 percent of women drink alcohol during pregnancy. But, the rate is as high as 45 percent in some countries, said researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) in Toronto. The five countries with the highest alcohol use in pregnancy were Russia, United Kingdom, Denmark, Belarus and Ireland. As a region, Europe had a 2.6 higher prevalence of the syndrome than the global average. The lowest levels of drinking during pregnancy and fetal alcohol ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Delivery, Alcoholism, Hangover, Hydrocephalus, Premature Labor, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Fetal Maturation

Kids Born to Opioid-Addicted Moms Seem to Fare Poorly in School

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 – Children exposed to addictive drugs in the womb may be more likely to perform poorly in school, Australian researchers report. In the study, these exposed kids lagged behind their peers on grade-level tests of reading, writing, math, spelling and grammar. By seventh grade, about 38 percent failed to meet test standards in at least one of these areas. The study authors said their paper is the first to examine academic results in children with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) – when a fetus is exposed to drugs in the womb. It's a rapidly growing public health problem fueled by the global opioid epidemic. In the United States, it's estimated that an NAS infant is born every 25 minutes, the study authors said. Opioid painkillers such as morphine, Percocet (oxycodone/acetaminophen), OxyContin (oxycodone), Vicoprofen (hydrocodone/ibuprofen), and the illegal opioid ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Kadian, Delivery, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen, M O S, Roxicet, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Avinza, Percocet 5/325

Warmer Waters May Mean More Toxic Shellfish

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 – Unusually warm ocean temperatures near the U.S. Pacific Northwest have been linked to dangerous levels of a natural toxin in shellfish. But, researchers report they have developed new ways to predict these toxic outbreaks. The toxin, domoic acid, is produced by marine algae, or plant life. It builds up in seafood, posing a potential threat. Consuming the toxin can be harmful to humans, the researchers said. The project was funded by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). "We describe a completely new method to understanding and predicting toxic outbreaks on a large scale, linking domoic acid concentrations in shellfish to ocean conditions caused by warm water phases of natural climate event cycles," said study author Morgaine McKibben of Oregon State University. Those "climate event cycles" include El Nino and a similar but long-term ... Read more

Related support groups: Gastroenteritis, Poisoning, Infectious Gastroenteritis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Salmonella Enteric Fever, Campylobacter Gastroenteritis, Salmonella Gastroenteritis

Ready Your Home for Winter's Wrath

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 4, 2017 – Winter's here. Nothing you can do about that. But, it's not too late to take steps to keep you and your home safe when frigid weather hits, according the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC offers this checklist: Install weather stripping, insulation and storm windows. Insulate any water lines that run along exterior walls. Be sure roof leaks are repaired and gutters are clean. Have your heating system professionally serviced to make sure it is working well and is properly ventilated to the outside. Keep a safe alternate heating source and alternate fuels on hand. Inspect and clean fireplaces and chimneys. Install smoke and carbon monoxide detectors and test their batteries monthly. Know the symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning, which include headache, dizziness, weakness, vomiting, chest pain and confusion. More information The U.S. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cold Symptoms, Sore Throat, Poisoning, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Flameless Candle Batteries Pose Risk to Kids

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 4, 2017 – Tiny button batteries that light up flameless "tea candles" pose a significant risk to children when swallowed, the National Capital Poison Center warns. The lithium batteries in the candles accounted for 14 percent of all the button batteries swallowed by children over the last two years, the center reported. That number is based on statistics from the 24-hour National Battery Ingestion Hotline. The batteries only have a diameter of just over three-quarters of an inch (20 millimeters). But these small batteries are potentially dangerous when swallowed. They have a higher voltage than some other batteries, and can cause severe burns in the esophagus (the tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach) if they get stuck there. The National Capital Poison Center said it was especially alarmed when its staff recently went shopping for flameless candle ... Read more

Related support groups: Burns - External, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Minor Burns

Does Legalizing Pot Spur Kids to Try It?

Posted 27 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 – States that legalize recreational marijuana use may be sending a message to teens that pot is harmless, a new study suggests. Fewer teenagers in Washington and Colorado saw marijuana as risky to their health following approval of recreational use by voters in those states, researchers report. Washington also saw an increase in recreational pot use among 8th and 10th graders following legalization there. "With legalization, marijuana use became less stigmatized and adolescents were more likely to use it," said study author Magdalena Cerda. She is an epidemiologist with the University of California, Davis, Violence Prevention Research Program. However, the study did not prove that legalizing recreational use of marijuana caused teens to find it less harmful or be more likely to try it. In 2012, Washington and Colorado became the first two states to legalize ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Smoking, Drug Dependence, Smoking Cessation, Substance Abuse, Cannabis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

FDA Suggests Limits on Lead in Cosmetics

Posted 23 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 23, 2016 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has suggested setting a limit on how much lead can be in cosmetics ranging from lipstick and eye shadow to blush and shampoo. Although it does not have the authority to enforce such a limit, the FDA recommended in a draft guidance issued Thursday that cosmetics not contain more than 10 parts per million (ppm) of lead. Lead occurs naturally in the environment, but high levels can harm almost every organ in the body. Children and pregnant women are particularly susceptible to its harmful health effects, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. In crafting its guidance on lead limits in cosmetics, the FDA tested hundreds of products for lead. "Although most cosmetics on the market in the United States generally already contain less than 10 ppm of lead, a small number contained higher amounts," the FDA said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Poisoning, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Lead Poisoning, Lead Poisoning - Mild, Lead Poisoning - Severe

Canned Food May Boost BPA Levels in Dogs: Study

Posted 23 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 23, 2016 – Levels of the chemical Bisphenol A rise sharply in dogs soon after they start eating canned food, and their exposure to BPA could have implications for human health, a new study suggests. "Bisphenol A is a prevalent endocrine-disrupting chemical found in canned foods and beverages," said Dr. Cheryl Rosenfeld, associate professor of biomedical sciences at the University of Missouri College of Veterinary Medicine in Columbia. Researchers took blood and fecal samples from healthy dogs before and after they were fed either of two widely sold canned dog foods, including one presumed to be BPA-free. "The dogs in the study did have minimal circulating BPA in their blood when it was drawn for the baseline. However, BPA increased nearly three-fold after being on the either of the two canned diets for two weeks," Rosenfeld said in a university news release. Higher blood ... Read more

Related support groups: Poisoning, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Innovative Programs Help Addicts Get Off Opioids

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 – People trying to kick addiction to heroin or prescription painkillers often wait weeks or months before they can get into a treatment facility, putting them at continued risk for a fatal overdose. Now, two innovative programs attempt to get addicts the help they need as quickly as possible. Police in Gloucester, Mass., created an "Angel Program" that encourages opioid addicts to come to the department, with no threat of arrest, so officers can get them placed in local treatment programs immediately. Meanwhile, researchers in Vermont started prescribing the anti-addiction drug buprenorphine to people placed on a waitlist at a treatment clinic, to try to tide them over. Both programs reported promising results in the Dec. 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Gloucester police got about 95 percent of people who came to the department with a substance ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Subutex, Heroin, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Butrans, Buprenorphine, Endocet, Duragesic, Percocet 10/325, Substance Abuse, Roxicet, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Actiq

Where Medical Pot Is Legal, Fatal Car Crashes Often Decline

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 – Traffic deaths have fallen in many – but not all – states with medical marijuana laws, a new study finds. The reason for this trend isn't clear, but the effect was most pronounced in younger drivers. That could mean that as marijuana becomes more easily accessible, more young people use it instead of alcohol, driving down drunk-driving rates, the researchers said. "The mechanisms by which medical marijuana laws reduce traffic fatalities mostly operate in those younger adults, a group also frequently involved in alcohol-related traffic fatalities," noted study author Julian Santaella-Tenorio. He's a doctoral student in epidemiology at Columbia University in New York City. For the study, the Columbia team looked at 1985-2014 records from a federal government database on traffic fatalities. They found an average 11 percent reduction in such deaths in states ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Chronic Pain, Smoking, Substance Abuse, Breakthrough Pain, Cannabis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Child Deaths Highlight Choking Dangers Posed by Grapes

Posted 21 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 – Young children can choke to death on whole grapes, warn the authors of a new report. Doctors in Scotland describe three choking cases – two of them fatal – that involved boys aged 5 and younger who were eating whole grapes. "There is general awareness of the need to supervise young children when they are eating ... but knowledge of the dangers posed by grapes and other similar foods is not widespread," according to Dr. Jamie Cooper and colleague Dr. Amy Lumsden. Cooper works in the emergency department at Royal Aberdeen Children's Hospital. Food accounts for more than half of choking deaths among children younger than 5, the study authors said. The top three food causes are hot dogs, candy and whole grapes. In one case cited in the report, a 5-year-old boy choked while eating whole grapes at an after-school club. First-aid efforts failed to dislodge the ... Read more

Related support groups: Poisoning, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Respiratory Failure

Holiday Decor Can Be Hazardous

Posted 21 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 – Christmas lights, ornaments and other festive decorations are beautiful to look at, but parents need to remember that little ones are drawn to those shiny, glittering objects too, and those decorations may not always be safe to touch. That's the advice from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), which recommends that homes with small children shouldn't be filled with sharp or breakable decorations. Young children could also swallow or inhale small or removable pieces from larger decorations. Any ornaments or decorations that look like food or candy could also pose a risk to small children who can't tell the difference and are tempted to eat them, the AAP said in a news release. Also, be careful about poisonous plants. Mistletoe berries, Jerusalem cherry and holly berry adorn many homes during the holidays but many of these plants are toxic and could pose a ... Read more

Related support groups: Poisoning, Burns - External, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Minor Burns

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