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Kids Still Getting Risky Painkiller Codeine After Tonsillectomy

Posted 1 day 12 hours ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 16, 2017 – Despite safety warnings from drug regulators, some U.S. children are still being given a risky painkiller after having their tonsils removed, a new study finds. At issue is the opioid painkiller codeine. In 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued a "black box" warning, advising doctors against prescribing codeine to children to control tonsillectomy pain. That came after an investigation into reports of children overdosing on codeine prescriptions – including some who died from respiratory distress. The new study, published online Nov. 15 in Pediatrics, looked at how well U.S. doctors are following the FDA warning. The good news, the researchers said, is that post-tonsillectomy codeine prescriptions have declined. However, by December 2015 – almost three years after the black box warning was issued – 5 percent of kids were still getting the drug. ... Read more

Related support groups: Codeine, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Tylenol with Codeine, Cheratussin AC, Tylenol with Codeine 3, Statuss, Fiorinal with Codeine, Fioricet with Codeine, Acetaminophen/Codeine, Head & Neck Surgery, Codeine/Guaifenesin, Robitussin-AC, Tylenol with Codeine 4, Codeine/Promethazine, Iophen-C NR, Iophen, Fiorinal with Codeine III, Promethazine VC with Codeine, Poly-Histine CS, Codeine/Phenylephrine/Promethazine

White Kids More Likely to Get Unneeded Antibiotics

Posted 5 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 – White children are about twice as likely as black or Hispanic kids to get unneeded antibiotics when treated in U.S. emergency rooms for viral respiratory infections, a new study finds. For years, scientists have warned that unnecessary use of antibiotics is making germs stronger and more resistant to medications. "It is encouraging that just 2.6 percent of children treated in pediatric emergency departments across the nation received antibiotics for viral acute respiratory tract infections, since antibiotics are ineffective in treating viral infections," said study leader Dr. Monika Goyal. "However, it is troubling to see such persistent racial and ethnic differences in how medications are prescribed," said Goyal. She is the director of research in the division of emergency medicine at Children's National Health System in Washington, D.C. Upper respiratory ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Sinusitis, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Viral Infection, Sinus Symptoms

Heart Attack Risk Spikes After Respiratory Infection, Study Finds

Posted 16 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 – The risk of heart attack increases sharply after a respiratory infection, a new study finds. But the absolute risk that any one episode will cause a heart attack is low, the Australian researchers added. The researchers looked at 578 people who suffered a heart attack and found that 17 percent had experienced symptoms of respiratory infection within seven days before the heart attack, and 21 percent within the prior month. The risk of a heart attack is 17 times higher in the week after a respiratory infection, the University of Sydney team concluded. In a second analysis, the researchers focused on upper-respiratory tract infections, such as the common cold, sore throat, hay fever and sinus infections. "For those participants who reported milder upper-respiratory tract infection symptoms, the risk increase was less, but was still elevated by 13-fold," study ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Sinusitis, Heart Attack, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Cold Symptoms, Sore Throat, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Myocardial Infarction, Sinus Symptoms, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Air Pollution May Raise Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Posted 10 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 10, 2017 – High levels of air pollution may increase some Hispanic children's risk of type 2 diabetes, a new study suggests. "Exposure to heightened air pollution during childhood increases the risk for Hispanic children to become obese and, independent of that, to also develop type 2 diabetes," said study corresponding author Michael Goran. He is co-director of the University of Southern California's Diabetes and Obesity Research Institute. "Poor air quality appears to be a catalyst for obesity and diabetes in children, but the conditions probably are forged via different pathways," Goran said in a university news release. For the study, researchers followed 314 overweight or obese Hispanic children in Los Angeles County. The children were between 8 and 15 years old when the study started. None had diabetes. By the time children who lived in areas with high levels of air ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Cough, Asthma, Insulin, Bronchitis, Lantus, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Glipizide, Novolog, Dyspnea, Humalog, Glucophage, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Glyburide, Lantus Solostar, Levemir, Glimepiride, Novolin R, Cough and Nasal Congestion

4 Ways You Can Cut Smog in Your Town

Posted 4 May 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 – Those hazy days of summer may mean high smog levels for some northeastern U.S. states, but you can help reduce air pollution where you live, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency says. Smog is a combination of ground-level ozone and fine particle air pollution. "Air pollution is a significant public health issue in New England," said Curt Spalding, regional administrator of the EPA's New England office. "New Englanders need to pay close attention to air-quality alerts and limit strenuous outdoor activity on air-quality alert days. In addition, we can all take individual actions to reduce the air pollution that contributes to this public health risk," he said in an agency news release. As part of Air Quality Awareness Week May 2-6, the EPA outlined four steps you can take to reduce air pollution, including: Use public transit or walk whenever possible. Set ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Sinusitis, Bronchitis, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Sinus Symptoms, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup

Too Many People Still Take Unneeded Antibiotics: Study

Posted 3 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 – Nearly one-third of the antibiotics prescribed in the United States aren't appropriate for the conditions being treated, a new federal government study shows. "We were able to conclude that at least 30 percent of the antibiotics that are given in doctors' offices, emergency departments and hospital-based clinics are unnecessary, meaning that no antibiotics were needed at all," said lead researcher Dr. Katherine Fleming-Dutra. Such misuse has helped fuel the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which infect 2 million Americans and kill 23,000 every year, said Fleming-Dutra, a pediatrician and epidemiologist at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Antibiotics are most misused in the treatment of short-term respiratory conditions, such as colds, bronchitis, sore throats, and sinus and ear infections, the researchers reported. "About half of ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Sinusitis, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Cold Symptoms, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection

'Green' Public Housing May Help Families Breathe Easier

Posted 20 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2015 – Low-income families living in "green" public housing may have fewer problems with asthma and other respiratory conditions, a new study finds. Researchers found that children living in Boston's newer, greener public housing had fewer asthma attacks, hospital visits and missed school days, compared with their peers in standard public housing. Adults, meanwhile, were less likely to report symptoms consistent with a condition called "sick building syndrome" – which include dizziness, headaches, nausea and eye irritation. The research, reported in the American Journal of Public Health, did not find a cause-and-effect link that proves green housing improves people's respiratory health. But it makes sense that it would, said lead researcher Meryl Colton, who was at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston when the study was conducted. It's known that ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Sinusitis, Bronchitis, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Asthma - Maintenance, Rhinorrhea, Cold Symptoms, Sore Throat, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Rhinitis, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Bronchiectasis, Sinus Symptoms, Aspiration Pneumonia, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup, Allergic Asthma, Reversible Airways Disease - Maintenance

Tonsillectomy for Sleep Apnea Carries Risks for Some Kids: Study

Posted 21 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 21, 2015 – Children who have their tonsils removed to treat sleep apnea are more likely to suffer breathing complications than kids who have the procedure for other reasons, a new review shows. Researchers found that across 23 studies, about 9 percent of children undergoing a tonsillectomy developed breathing problems during or soon after the procedure. But the risk was nearly five times higher for kids with sleep apnea, versus other children. Experts said the findings, reported online Sept. 21 in the journal Pediatrics, should not scare parents away from a procedure that could help their kids. Instead, they said, doctors should be aware that children with sleep apnea have higher odds of respiratory complications, such as low oxygen levels in the blood, during and shortly after the procedure. Parents also need to be aware – since breathing difficulties can arise later ... Read more

Related support groups: Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Sleep Apnea, Head & Neck Surgery, Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome, Respiratory Tract Disease

Many Doctors Work While Sick, Survey Shows

Posted 6 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 6, 2015 – Many health care professionals work when they are sick, putting their patients at risk for serious illness or even death, new research suggests. The danger is greatest for patients with weakened immune systems, and the study authors noted that these practices also increase health care costs. Since the consequences of these types of infections can be significant, the researchers wanted to know why health care professionals didn't stay home when they were ill. So, they surveyed doctors, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurse anesthetists and midwives. A team of researchers, led by Julia Szymczak of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, received anonymous responses from more than 500 health care professionals. The vast majority of those surveyed (95 percent) believed that working while sick put their patients at risk. Still, 83 percent admitted to ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Fever, Sinusitis, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Sinus Symptoms, Diarrhea, Acute, Infectious Diarrhea, Epiglottitis

Could Household Bleach Raise Kids' Risk for Flu, Other Infections?

Posted 2 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 2, 2015 – A ubiquitous cleaning agent in most American homes – bleach – might increase children's risk for flu, tonsillitis and other infections, a European study suggests. The effect was modest and the study couldn't prove cause-and-effect. However, the researchers said that because millions of homes use bleach or products containing bleach every day, the effect on kids worldwide could be significant. "The high frequency of use of disinfecting cleaning products, caused by the erroneous belief, reinforced by advertising, that our homes should be free of microbes, makes the modest effects reported in our study of public health concern," the researchers wrote. The study was led by Lidia Casas of the Center for Environment and Health at KU Leuven in Leuven, the Netherlands. Her team looked at more than 9,000 children, aged 6 to 12, in the Netherlands, Finland and Spain. ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Topical Disinfection

Morphine After Tonsillectomy Tied to Breathing Problems in Study

Posted 26 Jan 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 26, 2015 – Using morphine at home to treat pain in children after tonsil and/or adenoid removal may cause life-threatening respiratory problems, according to a new study. "The evidence here clearly suggests children with obstructive sleep apnea should not be given morphine for postoperative pain. We already know that they should not get codeine either," Dr. Gideon Koren, one of the study's authors and a senior scientist at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, said in a McMaster University news release. "The good news is that we now have evidence that indicates ibuprofen [Motrin, Advil] is safe for these kids, and is just as effective in controlling their pain, so there's a good alternative available for clinicians to prescribe," he added. In recent years, many doctors began prescribing morphine to young tonsillectomy patients after Canadian and U.S. health officials ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Morphine, MS Contin, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Kadian, M O S, Avinza, MSIR, Roxanol, Morphine IR, Morphine Sulfate ER, Statex, Oramorph SR, M-Eslon, Morphine LP Epidural, Morphine Sulfate SR, MS/S, Roxanol-T, Astramorph PF, Doloral

Health Tip: What's Behind Your Sore Throat?

Posted 17 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

-- A sore throat has a litany of possible causes, including an allergy, air pollution, dry air or exposure to tobacco smoke. The culprit also may be a virus, notably the common cold. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says signs that a virus may be behind your sore throat include: Coughing and sneezing. Watery eyes. A mild headache and general body aches. Runny nose. A fever of less than 102 degrees Fahrenheit. Read more

Related support groups: Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Strep Throat

Tonsillectomy Complications May Be More Likely in Poor, Minority Kids

Posted 17 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 – Black and Hispanic children, and those from poor families, are at increased risk for complications after tonsil removal surgery, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from nearly 80,000 children who underwent tonsillectomies in California, Florida, Iowa and New York in 2010 and 2011. Within two weeks after surgery, about 8 percent of the children saw a doctor for complications such as bleeding, pain, dehydration and fever, the study authors said. Black and Hispanic children were more likely to suffer complications than white children, according to the study. The researchers also found that children in the poorest families were 1.5 times more likely to have complications and 1.3 times more likely to have bleeding than those in the wealthiest families. The findings were published online recently in the journal Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery. ... Read more

Related support groups: Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis

Tonsillectomy for Sleep Apnea May Trigger Weight Gain

Posted 28 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 28, 2014 – Tonsillectomies are commonly done to relieve sleep apnea in children, but a new study confirms that the treatment can speed kids' weight gain – especially if they're already overweight. The researchers said that's a concern, because obesity is a risk factor for a range of health problems – including, ironically, sleep apnea. But they're not advising against tonsillectomy for kids who need it. Instead, they said, doctors and parents should be aware that a healthy diet and exercise become even more important after children have the surgery. "You can't just treat the sleep apnea. You have to have nutrition and lifestyle counseling, too," said lead researcher Dr. Eliot Katz, a respiratory disease specialist at Boston Children's Hospital. A pediatric sleep specialist who was not involved in the study agreed. "Nutrition and exercise are just as important as treating ... Read more

Related support groups: Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Sleep Apnea

Complication Rate After Adult Tonsillectomy Higher Than Thought

Posted 7 Apr 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 7, 2014 – Twenty percent of adults who get their tonsils removed develop complications, a new study shows. The complication rates are much higher than those reported in previous research, according to the authors of the study in the April issue of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery. Of those with complications, 10 percent had to visit an emergency department and about 1.5 percent were hospitalized, according to the study. The figures are based on an analysis of data from U.S. patients with employer-sponsored insurance who had outpatient tonsillectomy between 2002 and 2007. Within 14 days of having their tonsils removed, 6 percent of patients with complications were treated for bleeding, 2 percent for dehydration, and 11 percent for ear, nose or throat pain. On average, the cost of tonsil removal without complications was $3,832, compared with $6,388 for a ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis

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