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Scans Not Worthwhile for Most Thyroid Cancers: Study

Posted 21 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 – Having scans after treatment does not improve thyroid cancer patients' chances of survival, a new study shows. Researchers from the University of Michigan looked at more than 28,000 patients in the United States who were diagnosed with thyroid cancer between 1998 and 2011. After treatment, 57 percent of the patients had at least one ultrasound, 24 percent had a radioiodine scan and 15 percent had a PET scan to monitor for signs of the return of their cancer. Patients who had scans were more likely to undergo further treatment, such as surgery, radioactive iodine treatment or radiation therapy. However, patients who had scans were as likely to die as those who did not have scans, according to the study. "Over time, we have seen this marked increase in the use of imaging after primary treatment of thyroid cancer, despite the fact that the majority of our ... Read more

Related support groups: Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Tumor, Body Imaging

Thyroid Cancer Cases in U.S. Level Off, Perhaps Reflecting Diagnostic Changes

Posted 15 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 14, 2016 – Fewer thyroid cancers are diagnosed in the United States now than in the recent past, perhaps signaling a change in physician practices, a new study says. And many thyroid growths won't even be called "cancer" any more, according to another new report. The tripling of thyroid cancer cases over the past 30 years "used to be a mystery," said Dr. Luc Morris, lead author of a report published online April 14 in the journal JAMA Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery. But recently, many researchers attributed the rise largely to technological advances that allow doctors to identify and biopsy small, harmless nodules in the thyroid gland, said Morris. He is a surgical oncologist at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City. "Up to 30 percent of healthy persons have small cancers in their thyroid glands, and nearly all of these would not go on to cause ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Thyroid Disease, Hyperthyroidism, Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Tumor

Surgeons' Experience Matters With Thyroid Removal

Posted 28 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 25, 2016 – If you need your thyroid gland removed, choosing a surgeon who performs more than 25 thyroid removals a year might minimize your risks, a new study suggests. "This is a very technical operation, and patients should feel empowered to ask their surgeons how many procedures they do each year, on average," said study senior author Dr. Julie Sosa, chief of endocrine surgery at Duke University, in Durham, N.C. "Surgeons have an ethical responsibility to report their case numbers. While this is not a guarantee of a positive outcome, choosing a more experienced surgeon certainly can improve the odds that the patient will do well," Sosa said in a university news release. The thyroid, located at the base of the throat, produces hormones that regulate your metabolism. Thyroid removal (thyroidectomy) is not uncommon and often done due to cancer or enlargement, Sosa and her ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Thyroid Disease, Thyroid Cancer, Head & Neck Surgery, Thyroid Storm, Myxedema Coma, Thyroid Tumor

Breast Cancer Survivors Vulnerable for Thyroid Tumors, and Vice Versa: Study

Posted 5 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 – Women who survive breast or thyroid cancer are linked to an increased risk for the other, according to a new analysis. University of Chicago researchers who reviewed 37 published studies found breast cancer survivors were 1.55 times more likely to develop thyroid cancer than women who hadn't had breast cancer. And, female thyroid cancer survivors were 1.18 times more likely to get breast cancer than women who hadn't had thyroid cancer, researchers said. "This is a real risk," said study lead author Dr. Raymon Grogan, director of the university's endocrine surgery research program. "People who have had one of these cancers need to be aware that they are at higher risk for developing the other cancer," he said. Thyroid cancer cases have nearly tripled in the United States over the past 30 years, and breast cancer is the most common cancer among women, according to ... Read more

Related support groups: Breast Cancer, Breast Cancer, Metastatic, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Osteolytic Bone Metastases of Breast Cancer, Thyroid Tumor

Surgeon's Experience Tied to Success of Thyroid Removal: Study

Posted 8 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 – Patients who undergo thyroid removal may be less likely to suffer complications if their surgeon performs many such surgeries each year, a new study says. Removal of the thyroid gland, located at the base of the neck, is a common operation. More than 72,300 total thyroidectomies are performed in the United States annually, usually to treat thyroid cancer or benign thyroid diseases, the study authors said. The authors examined data from nearly 17,000 American adults who had their thyroid removed between 1998 and 2009. About half these patients had cancer, and the other half had thyroid disease. Overall, 6 percent of the patients had complications after their surgery, such as damage to voice box nerves, excessive bleeding, poor wound healing, breathing or heart problems, hormone deficiency and death. Complication rates were 4 percent among patients whose surgeon ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Thyroid Disease, Hypothyroidism, Underactive Thyroid, Hashimoto's Disease, Hypothyroidism - After Thyroid Removal, Hyperthyroidism, Thyroid Cancer, TSH Suppression, Goiter, Thyroid Suppression Test, Graves' Disease, Head & Neck Surgery, Thyroid Storm, Chronic Lymphocytic Thyroiditis, Myxedema Coma, Thyroid Tumor, Thyrotoxicosis, Myxedema, Thyroid Hemorrhage/Infarction

Better Imaging Scans Catching More Thyroid Cancers: Study

Posted 11 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 2015 – Advanced imaging technology has helped doctors spot more cases of thyroid cancer over the past decade, a new study finds. But the Mayo Clinic researchers warn that nearly one-third of these cases involve people with low-risk tumors. "We are spotting more cancers, but they are cancers that are not likely to cause harm," study author Dr. Juan Brito Campana, an assistant professor of medicine at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., said in a Mayo news release. "Their treatment, however, is likely to cause harm, as most thyroid cancers are treated by surgically removing all or part of the thyroid gland. This is a risky procedure that can damage a patient's vocal cords or leave them with lifelong calcium deficiencies," he said. Treatment for thyroid cancer can also be a financial burden for patients and their families, Brito Campana added. In 2013 alone, the total ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Thyroid Disease, Thyroid Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Thyroid Tumor, Solid Tumors, Body Imaging, Head Imaging

Study Questions Close Monitoring of Thyroid Growths

Posted 3 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 3, 2015 – Harmless growths in the thyroid gland are common, and a new study suggests they don't need to be monitored as closely as current guidelines recommend. The thyroid is a gland in the neck that secretes hormones involved in metabolism. According to the American Thyroid Association, by age 60 about half of all people develop a thyroid nodule, an abnormal lump of cells within the gland. Most nodules cause no symptoms, the association says, and they are only detected by chance, when someone has an imaging test for an unrelated reason – such as a CT scan of the chest or an ultrasound of the carotid arteries in the neck. If the nodule is large enough, doctors will do a biopsy – using a fine needle to extract some cells – to see whether the lump is cancerous. More than 90 percent of the nodules are deemed benign, or harmless, the association says. "But the question ... Read more

Related support groups: Thyroid Disease, Thyroid Tumor

Too Many Unnecessary Thyroid Biopsies Performed, Experts Say

Posted 26 Aug 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 26 – Many Americans are undergoing needless thyroid biopsies, researchers say, and simplifying clinical guidelines would go a long way toward curbing the problem. The investigators from University of California, San Francisco analyzed the medical records of about 8,800 patients who underwent thyroid ultrasound scans. Reporting in the Aug. 26 online issue of JAMA Internal Medicine, they said that more than 98 percent of the thyroid nodules found in patients were not cancerous. "Right now, we're doing far too many thyroid biopsies in patients who are really at very low risk of having thyroid cancer," study lead author Dr. Rebecca Smith-Bindman, a professor in the department of radiology and biomedical imaging, said in a UCSF news release. Based on the finding, her team is recommending that biopsies should be performed only when medical imaging reveals a thyroid nodule with ... Read more

Related support groups: Thyroid Tumor

Lower-Dose Radioiodine Effective Against Thyroid Cancer

Posted 2 May 2012 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 2 – People with thyroid cancer are often given a radioactive iodine treatment to wipe out stray cancer cells, a treatment that comes with its own health risks. Now, two new studies find that a safer, lower dose of radioactive iodine is just as effective as the higher dose at getting rid of any such cells that remain after surgery. The research also found that patients were just as likely to have their thyroid shrunk away if they took a drug called Thyrogen (thyrotropin) as if they underwent thyroid hormone withdrawal – which leads to fatigue, pain and weight gain – before embarking on the radioiodine treatment. The two studies, published in the May 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, compared low- and high-dose radioactive iodine in a total of more than 1,000 patients. The participants, from Britain and France, also received either Thyrogen or thyroid ... Read more

Related support groups: Thyrogen, Thyroid Tumor, Thyrotropin Alpha

Experts Divided on Whether to Treat Thyroid Cancer

Posted 17 May 2010 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 17 – Immediate treatment of thyroid cancer that has not spread beyond the gland doesn't make much difference in long-term survival, according to a study that quickly aroused controversy. "One thing that really surprised me was how good survival was," said Dr. Louise Davies, lead author of a report on the study, published in the May issue of Archives of Otolaryngology. "We found that for cancers of any size that are confined to the gland, the 20-year survival rate for those that got immediate treatment was 99 percent, and for those not treated immediately, in the first year or even longer after diagnosis, 20-year survival was 97 percent." That finding "led me as a surgeon to think about the risks versus the benefits of surgery for such thyroid cancers," Davies said. "It certainly made me feel a lot less anxious about working with these patients to watch small thyroid modules ... Read more

Related support groups: Thyroid Tumor

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