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No Routine Screening for Thyroid Cancer: Expert Panel

Posted 9 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 – Doctors shouldn't routinely screen adults for thyroid cancer if they have no symptoms or warning signs of the disease, according to the U.S. Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF). Doing so could cause more harm than good, said the independent panel of experts as it reaffirmed guidelines it issued in 1996 and 2016. "While there is very little evidence of the benefits of screening for thyroid cancer, there is considerable evidence of the serious harms of treatment, such as damage to the nerves that control speaking and breathing," said panel member Karina Davidson in a USPSTF news release. "What limited evidence is available does not suggest that screening enables people to live longer, healthier lives," she said. The thyroid is a hormone-producing gland located in the neck. The hormones produced by the thyroid help regulate the body's metabolism. There is more ... Read more

Related support groups: Thyroid Disease, Thyroid Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Thyroid Tumor

Not All Hospitals Equal When It Comes to Pancreatic Cancer Care

Posted 8 May 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 – When it comes to treating pancreatic cancer, where you have your surgery may have some impact on how long you live, according to a new study. The researchers found that people who travel to an academic medical center to undergo surgery for pancreatic cancer live a few months longer than those who choose to have their operation at a hospital closer to home. High-volume surgical centers also tended to provide better care for patients with pancreatic or thyroid cancer, but few people opt to travel for their surgery, the study authors said. "Little was known about whether traveling to receive surgical cancer care results in differences in perioperative outcomes and overall survival," said senior investigator Dr. Raymon Grogan. He is an assistant professor of surgery at the University of Chicago Medicine. "Yet, there is a well-established relationship between a ... Read more

Related support groups: Thyroid Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation

Black Americans' Cancer Rates Differ by Birthplace

Posted 13 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 13, 2017 – Cancer rates differ between African- and U.S.-born black Americans, a new study finds. "Typically, cancer occurrence among blacks in the United States is presented as one homogenous group, with no breakdown by country or region of birth," said study co-author Dr. Ahmedin Jemal, an American Cancer Society epidemiologist. "Our study shows that approach masks important potential differences that may be key to guiding cancer prevention programs for African-born black immigrants," Jemal added. The researchers analyzed 2000-2012 U.S. data to compare rates of the top 15 cancers in African-born blacks to U.S.-born blacks. Blacks born in sub-Sahara Africa had much higher rates of infection-related cancers (liver, stomach and Kaposi sarcoma) than U.S.-born blacks. They also had higher rates of blood cancers (leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma), prostate cancer and ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Leukemia, Thyroid Cancer, Kaposi's Sarcoma

Household Flame Retardants Tied to Thyroid Cancer Risk

Posted 11 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 11, 2017 – Flame retardants used in many home furnishings may boost the risk for thyroid cancer, researchers report. "Thyroid cancer is the fastest increasing cancer in the U.S., with most of the increase in new cases being papillary thyroid cancer," said study lead investigator Dr. Julie Ann Sosa. This is the most common type of thyroid cancer. "Recent studies suggest that environmental factors may, in part, be responsible for this increase," added Sosa, a professor of surgery and medicine at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C. The study researchers focused on a class of flame retardants known as PBDEs (polybrominated diphenyl ethers). They've been used to prevent or delay fires in building materials, electronics, furnishings, cars and airplanes, plastics, foams and textiles. Animal studies have shown that several classes of flame retardants interfere ... Read more

Related support groups: Thyroid Disease, Thyroid Cancer, Poisoning, TSH Suppression, Thyroid Suppression Test, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Thyroid Tumor

U.S. Thyroid Cancer Cases Continue to Rise

Posted 31 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 31, 2017 – The rate of Americans diagnosed with thyroid cancer has more than tripled over the past four decades, and continues to rise more than 3 percent a year, new research shows. The rise can't be completely attributed to better detection or "overdiagnosis," said a team led by Cari Kitahara of the U.S. National Cancer Institute. The findings "are consistent with a true increase in the occurrence of thyroid cancer in the United States," the researchers reported March 31 in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped organ at the base of the throat. While the vast majority of thyroid cancers aren't life-threatening, the death rate for a particularly aggressive form of the disease – advanced papillary thyroid cancer – has increased, the study found. One thyroid expert said the study helps clarify recent trends. "Historically, ... Read more

Related support groups: Thyroid Cancer

Check Your Neck for Thyroid Abnormalities

Posted 26 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 – Regular self-exams play an important role in early detection of thyroid disease, a specialist says. That's a timely reminder because January is Thyroid Awareness Month. "The number of cases of thyroid cancer is rising, and while in most cases the outcomes of treatment are favorable, some patients present with disease that has progressed and may be more difficult to treat," said Dr. Ilya Likhterov. He is an ear, nose and throat doctor in New York City. About 200 million people worldwide have thyroid disease. Of more than 20 million Americans with thyroid disease, only four out of 10 know they have it, according to the American Thyroid Association. "While in most patients thyroid cancer develops without signs or symptoms, patients who have had significant exposure to radiation or who have first-degree family members with a history of thyroid cancer need to be ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Obesity, Major Depressive Disorder, Levothyroxine, Synthroid, Muscle Pain, Thyroid Disease, Hypothyroidism, Underactive Thyroid, Hashimoto's Disease, Hypothyroidism - After Thyroid Removal, Hyperthyroidism, Levoxyl, Dysthymia, Thyroid Cancer, Levothroid, TSH Suppression, Eltroxin, Goiter, Tirosint

Young Thyroid Cancer Survivors May Face Long-Term Health Risks

Posted 24 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 – Younger survivors of thyroid cancer are at increased risk for certain types of health problems later in life, a new study suggests. "As the number of thyroid cancer survivors grows, more people are living with other serious health conditions resulting from treatment," study lead author Brenna Blackburn said in an American Society of Clinical Oncology news release. Blackburn is a graduate research assistant at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City. In the new study, her team tracked data from more than 3,700 thyroid cancer survivors in Utah diagnosed between 1997 and 2012. The researchers compared those patients' long-term health to that of more than 15,500 people who did not have thyroid cancer. The study found that thyroid cancer survivors diagnosed before age 40 were five times more likely to develop swelling around the heart, and more than twice as likely ... Read more

Related support groups: Levothyroxine, Synthroid, Thyroid Disease, Hypothyroidism - After Thyroid Removal, Levoxyl, Thyroid Cancer, Levothroid, Eltroxin, Tirosint, Euthyrox, Levothyrox, Oroxine, Unithroid, Levo-T, Eutroxsig, Thyroid Tumor, Valvular Heart Disease, Novothyrox, Levotec, L Thyroxine Roche

No Benefit From Routine Thyroid Cancer Screening: Task Force

Posted 22 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 – Doctors should not screen for thyroid cancer in patients who have no symptoms of the disease, according to a U.S. Preventive Services Task Force draft recommendation. It reaffirms a recommendation issued 20 years ago. Thyroid cancer is rare in the United States. In 2016, an estimated 64,300 new cases will be diagnosed, representing 3.8 percent of all new cancers. The thyroid is a small gland in the neck that play a key role in controlling metabolism. "While there is very little evidence of the benefits of screening for thyroid cancer, there is considerable evidence of the significant harms of treatment," said task force member Karina Davidson. She is director of the Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City. "And in the places where universal screening has been tried, it hasn't helped people live longer, ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Thyroid Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation

Scans Not Worthwhile for Most Thyroid Cancers: Study

Posted 21 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 – Having scans after treatment does not improve thyroid cancer patients' chances of survival, a new study shows. Researchers from the University of Michigan looked at more than 28,000 patients in the United States who were diagnosed with thyroid cancer between 1998 and 2011. After treatment, 57 percent of the patients had at least one ultrasound, 24 percent had a radioiodine scan and 15 percent had a PET scan to monitor for signs of the return of their cancer. Patients who had scans were more likely to undergo further treatment, such as surgery, radioactive iodine treatment or radiation therapy. However, patients who had scans were as likely to die as those who did not have scans, according to the study. "Over time, we have seen this marked increase in the use of imaging after primary treatment of thyroid cancer, despite the fact that the majority of our ... Read more

Related support groups: Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Tumor, Body Imaging

Thyroid Cancer Cases in U.S. Level Off, Perhaps Reflecting Diagnostic Changes

Posted 15 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 14, 2016 – Fewer thyroid cancers are diagnosed in the United States now than in the recent past, perhaps signaling a change in physician practices, a new study says. And many thyroid growths won't even be called "cancer" any more, according to another new report. The tripling of thyroid cancer cases over the past 30 years "used to be a mystery," said Dr. Luc Morris, lead author of a report published online April 14 in the journal JAMA Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery. But recently, many researchers attributed the rise largely to technological advances that allow doctors to identify and biopsy small, harmless nodules in the thyroid gland, said Morris. He is a surgical oncologist at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City. "Up to 30 percent of healthy persons have small cancers in their thyroid glands, and nearly all of these would not go on to cause ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Thyroid Disease, Hyperthyroidism, Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Tumor

Surgeons' Experience Matters With Thyroid Removal

Posted 28 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 25, 2016 – If you need your thyroid gland removed, choosing a surgeon who performs more than 25 thyroid removals a year might minimize your risks, a new study suggests. "This is a very technical operation, and patients should feel empowered to ask their surgeons how many procedures they do each year, on average," said study senior author Dr. Julie Sosa, chief of endocrine surgery at Duke University, in Durham, N.C. "Surgeons have an ethical responsibility to report their case numbers. While this is not a guarantee of a positive outcome, choosing a more experienced surgeon certainly can improve the odds that the patient will do well," Sosa said in a university news release. The thyroid, located at the base of the throat, produces hormones that regulate your metabolism. Thyroid removal (thyroidectomy) is not uncommon and often done due to cancer or enlargement, Sosa and her ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Thyroid Disease, Thyroid Cancer, Head & Neck Surgery, Thyroid Storm, Myxedema Coma, Thyroid Tumor

Agent Orange Linked to Bladder Cancer, Thyroid Problems, Panel Says

Posted 10 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 10, 2016 – There is stronger evidence of a link between the herbicide Agent Orange and bladder cancer and thyroid problems among U.S. military personnel exposed to the chemical during the Vietnam War, a new Institute of Medicine report shows. However, there is little to no evidence of an association between the birth defect spina bifida and a mother's or father's exposure to Agent Orange, according to the report. The report committee also concluded that military personnel exposed to Agent Orange who have Parkinson's disease-like symptoms can file a claim for the condition. Agent Orange is an herbicide sprayed during the Vietnam War to kill off trees and vegetation that the enemy used as cover. The U.S. military sprayed millions of gallons of Agent Orange and other herbicides during the war. For this report, the authors looked at studies published between Oct. 1, 2012, ... Read more

Related support groups: Parkinson's Disease, Thyroid Cancer, Poisoning, Bladder Cancer, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Parkinsonian Tremor, Parkinsonism

Thyroid Cancer Survivors: Good Prognosis, Gloomy Outlook?

Posted 30 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 29, 2015 – Thyroid cancer survivors report lower quality of life than people who survive deadlier cancers, a new study finds. About 98 percent of thyroid cancer patients survive five years and more than 95 percent survive a decade, leading some to call it a "good cancer." Moreover, thyroid cancer, which is on the rise, could soon account for 10 percent of all cancer survivors in the United States, researchers from the University of Chicago Medical Center said. The study included nearly 1,200 thyroid cancer survivors, average age 48, from across the United States and Canada. They were given a questionnaire that assessed their physical, psychological, social and spiritual well-being. The survivors reported an average of 5.5 out of 10 on a quality-of-life scale. This was lower than the average of 6.75 among survivors of colon, breast and other types of cancer that require ... Read more

Related support groups: Thyroid Cancer

Surgeon's Experience Tied to Success of Thyroid Removal: Study

Posted 8 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 – Patients who undergo thyroid removal may be less likely to suffer complications if their surgeon performs many such surgeries each year, a new study says. Removal of the thyroid gland, located at the base of the neck, is a common operation. More than 72,300 total thyroidectomies are performed in the United States annually, usually to treat thyroid cancer or benign thyroid diseases, the study authors said. The authors examined data from nearly 17,000 American adults who had their thyroid removed between 1998 and 2009. About half these patients had cancer, and the other half had thyroid disease. Overall, 6 percent of the patients had complications after their surgery, such as damage to voice box nerves, excessive bleeding, poor wound healing, breathing or heart problems, hormone deficiency and death. Complication rates were 4 percent among patients whose surgeon ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Thyroid Disease, Hypothyroidism, Underactive Thyroid, Hashimoto's Disease, Hypothyroidism - After Thyroid Removal, Hyperthyroidism, Thyroid Cancer, TSH Suppression, Goiter, Thyroid Suppression Test, Head & Neck Surgery, Graves' Disease, Thyroid Storm, Chronic Lymphocytic Thyroiditis, Myxedema Coma, Thyrotoxicosis, Thyroid Tumor, Myxedema, Thyroid Hemorrhage/Infarction

Better Imaging Scans Catching More Thyroid Cancers: Study

Posted 11 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 2015 – Advanced imaging technology has helped doctors spot more cases of thyroid cancer over the past decade, a new study finds. But the Mayo Clinic researchers warn that nearly one-third of these cases involve people with low-risk tumors. "We are spotting more cancers, but they are cancers that are not likely to cause harm," study author Dr. Juan Brito Campana, an assistant professor of medicine at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., said in a Mayo news release. "Their treatment, however, is likely to cause harm, as most thyroid cancers are treated by surgically removing all or part of the thyroid gland. This is a risky procedure that can damage a patient's vocal cords or leave them with lifelong calcium deficiencies," he said. Treatment for thyroid cancer can also be a financial burden for patients and their families, Brito Campana added. In 2013 alone, the total ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Thyroid Disease, Thyroid Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Thyroid Tumor, Body Imaging, Solid Tumors, Head Imaging

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