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Penicillin Misconceptions May Raise Post-Op Infection Risk

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 9, 2017 – Surgical patients who report having a penicillin allergy face a 50 percent higher risk for a post-op infection compared to patients who report no drug allergy, new research finds. Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital attributed the higher surgical-site infection rate to the use of alternative antibiotics. Since many people erroneously believe they're allergic to penicillin, the findings suggest this common misconception may put some patients in harm's way. "This study has direct clinical significance," said study lead author Dr. Kimberly Blumenthal, who is in the division of rheumatology, allergy and immunology. "We already know that more than 95 percent of patients who believe they have penicillin allergy can actually tolerate the drug," she added. The study results indicate that a preoperative penicillin evaluation could effectively reduce surgical ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Amoxicillin, Allergies, Augmentin, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Angioedema, Ampicillin, Amoxil, Anaphylaxis, Penicillin VK, Cloxacillin, Dicloxacillin, Methicillin, Zosyn, Amoxil Pediatric Drops, Penicillin V Potassium, Amoclan, Augmentin XR, Unasyn

Recurring Intestinal Infections on the Rise in U.S.: Study

Posted 7 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 7, 2017 – Recurring Clostridium difficile intestinal infections are rising sharply in the United States, researchers warn. These infections sicken about 500,000 people a year, cause tens of thousands of deaths, and cost the U.S. health care system about $5 billion, according to investigators at the University of Pennsylvania. C. difficile causes diarrhea, severe gut inflammation and can lead to deadly blood infections, especially in the elderly. A review of nationwide health insurance data found a nearly 200 percent increase in the annual incidence of multiple recurring C. difficile infections between 2001 and 2012. For ordinary C. difficile, incidence rose by about 40 percent. Patients with multiple recurring C. difficile infections tended to be older (average age 56 versus 49), female, and were more likely to have used antibiotics, corticosteroids or acid-reducing drugs, ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Sulfamethoxazole, Minocycline, Clavulanate, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Tetracycline, Avelox, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Neomycin, Solodyn, Doryx

Is Your Child's 'Penicillin Allergy' Real?

Posted 3 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 3, 2017 – Many children suspected of being allergic to the inexpensive, first-line antibiotic penicillin actually aren't, new research indicates. The findings – which echo similar research earlier this year in adults – mean many patients are instead prescribed more expensive broad-spectrum antibiotics, experts said. These alternatives can come with greater side effects and contribute to a rise in antibiotic-resistant infections. "It's important to question this because it leads to a substantial increase in costs, for both families and the health care system, when we have to switch to a more broad-spectrum antibiotic," said study author Dr. David Vyles. He's an attending pediatric emergency medicine physician at Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee. "We think many cases aren't a true allergic reaction," he added. "It substantially limits the type of antibiotics that ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Amoxicillin, Allergies, Augmentin, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Ampicillin, Amoxil, Anaphylaxis, Penicillin VK, Cloxacillin, Dicloxacillin, Methicillin, Zosyn, Penicillin V Potassium, Amoxil Pediatric Drops, Amoclan, Augmentin XR, Nafcillin, Unasyn

U.S. Hospitals Still Prescribe Too Many Antibiotics: Study

Posted 15 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – About 20 percent of U.S. hospital patients who receive antibiotics experience side effects from the drugs, researchers report. The new study included nearly 1,500 hospitalized adults who were prescribed antibiotics. The findings revealed that one-fifth of those who experienced antibiotic-related side effects didn't require the drugs in the first place. The results add to growing evidence that antibiotics are overused, according to the Johns Hopkins Hospital researchers. "Too often, clinicians prescribe antibiotics even if they have a low suspicion for a bacterial infection, thinking that even if antibiotics may not be necessary, they are probably not harmful. But that is not always the case," said Dr. Pranita Tamma. She is director of the hospital's Pediatric Antimicrobial Stewardship Program. Antibiotics can cause real harm and doctors should always consider ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Minocycline, Macrobid, Clavulanate, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Tetracycline, Avelox

Government Funding Could Save Canadians $4 Billion on Medicines

Posted 27 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 27, 2017 – A new report suggests that Canada would reap savings of more than $4 billion a year if the government funded nearly 120 types of "essential" medications. "Adding an essential medicines list is a pragmatic step toward universal pharmacare," said Steven Morgan, in a news release from the Canadian Medical Association. "It would ensure all Canadians have access to the most commonly required medicines while saving patients and private drug plan sponsors over $4 billion per year," Morgan said. He's a professor at the University of British Columbia. The report authors listed 117 drugs as essential medications. This list included antibiotics, insulin, birth control and antidepressants. These drugs made up 44 percent of all prescriptions filled at Canadian retail pharmacies in 2015. When "therapeutically similar" drugs were included in the list, that figure was as high ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Plan B, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Mirena, Nexplanon, Depo-Provera, Provera, NuvaRing, Sprintec, Celexa, Implanon, Citalopram, Paxil, Sertraline, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection

Many Americans Unaware of 'Superbug' Threat: Poll

Posted 27 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 27, 2017 – Antibiotic-resistant "superbugs" are a major public health threat, but most Americans are clueless about the dangers, a new HealthDay/Harris Poll shows. More than two-thirds of U.S. adults know "little" or "nothing" about so-called superbugs – bacterial infections that are resistant to many or all antibiotics. And around half believe, incorrectly, that antibiotics work against viruses. That's a concern because improper antibiotic use is considered the major driver of the superbug problem – a problem with deadly consequences. "This poll shows that public ignorance is a huge part of the problem," said Humphrey Taylor, chairman emeritus of The Harris Poll. "Millions of patients continue to believe that antibiotics will help them recover from colds, flu and other viral infections," Taylor said, "and they can be upset with their doctors if they will not prescribe ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Minocycline, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Clavulanate, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate

'Superbug' Infections Striking More U.S. Kids

Posted 24 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 24, 2017 – A type of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infection has increased 700 percent in American children since 2007, a new investigation reveals. These infections are caused by Enterobacteriaceae bacteria – normal bacteria that can become resistant to multiple drugs. Once confined to hospitals, the tough-to-treat infections are spreading into the community at large, say researchers who evaluated eight years of data. These infections are associated with longer hospital stays and probably greater risk of death, the researchers said. "Antibiotic resistance increasingly threatens our ability to treat our children's infections," said study author Dr. Sharon Meropol. "Efforts to control this trend are urgently needed from all of us, such as using antibiotics only when necessary, and eliminating agricultural use of antibiotics in healthy animals," added Meropol. She's a ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Clavulanate, Levofloxacin, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Avelox, Neomycin, Gentamicin, Tobramycin, Ofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Amikacin, Bacteremia, Ertapenem, Amoclan

Kids Can Beat 'Complex' Pneumonia Without IV Antibiotics: Study

Posted 17 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 – Antibiotics taken orally are as effective – and doubtless much more welcome – than intravenous antibiotics for children recovering at home from complex pneumonia, a new study finds. Youngsters with complex pneumonia typically have to take antibiotics for one to three weeks after they leave the hospital, the researchers noted. To see if one medication method outperformed the other, the investigators looked at more than 2,100 children treated for complex pneumonia at 36 U.S. hospitals. Not only were oral antibiotics as effective as IV ones, they also avoided the risk of infection and other complications related to so-called peripherally inserted central venous catheters ("PICC lines"), which are used to administer intravenous antibiotics, the researchers said. "PICC line complications can be serious, resulting in hospital readmission, additional procedures and ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Pneumonia, Augmentin, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Minocycline, Clavulanate, Cefdinir, Bactrim DS, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Tetracycline

CDC: Too Many Antibiotics Still Being Prescribed in U.S.

Posted 19 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – Despite growing concerns about creating drug-resistant bacteria, overprescribing of antibiotics in U.S. hospitals didn't drop between 2006 and 2012, according to a new federal report. Over that time period, 55 percent of patients received at least one dose of antibiotics during their hospital stay, whether it was needed or not, researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. "Antibiotic use remains common, and use of the most powerful antibiotics is rising," said lead researcher James Baggs, a CDC epidemiologist. Although the use of antibiotics remained about the same during the study period, a significant increase was seen in the use of newer antibiotics, Baggs said. "Because inappropriate antibiotic use increases the risk of antibiotic resistance and other side effects, continued monitoring of antibiotic use is critical to future ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Minocycline, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Macrobid, Clavulanate, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Tetracycline

Too Many People Still Take Unneeded Antibiotics: Study

Posted 3 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 – Nearly one-third of the antibiotics prescribed in the United States aren't appropriate for the conditions being treated, a new federal government study shows. "We were able to conclude that at least 30 percent of the antibiotics that are given in doctors' offices, emergency departments and hospital-based clinics are unnecessary, meaning that no antibiotics were needed at all," said lead researcher Dr. Katherine Fleming-Dutra. Such misuse has helped fuel the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which infect 2 million Americans and kill 23,000 every year, said Fleming-Dutra, a pediatrician and epidemiologist at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Antibiotics are most misused in the treatment of short-term respiratory conditions, such as colds, bronchitis, sore throats, and sinus and ear infections, the researchers reported. "About half of ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Sinusitis, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Cold Symptoms, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection

Patients Can Self-Administer IV Antibiotics at Home: Study

Posted 25 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 24, 2015 – Patients can be taught to safely self-administer long-term intravenous antibiotics at home, without the help of a health care worker, a new study suggests. The finding could have a significant impact on uninsured patients who might otherwise spend weeks in a hospital receiving IV care, according to researchers at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. "This really taps into human potential, giving a voice to the uninsured at the same time that it offers an opportunity for enormous cost savings to hospitals," study first author Dr. Kavita Bhavan, assistant professor of internal medicine, said in a medical center news release. Some infections require treatment with IV antibiotics for six weeks or more. Patients with insurance typically go home or to a nursing home and have their antibiotics administered by a home health care worker or ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Minocycline, Macrobid

Health Tip: Understanding Antibiotics

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

-- By taking an antibiotic as prescribed, you can get well faster and help prevent germs from becoming resistant to your medication. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers these antibiotic guidelines: Never skip a dose of antibiotic. Always take it on schedule, as directed. Never stop taking an antibiotic early. Always take the entire prescription, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Never save any antibiotic medication for a future illness. Never take an antibiotic that was prescribed for another person. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Clindamycin, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Flagyl, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Valtrex, Trimethoprim, Acyclovir, Sulfamethoxazole

Better Control of Drug-Resistant Germs Could Save Thousands of Lives: CDC

Posted 4 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2015 – An immediate, focused effort to halt the spread of antibiotic-resistant germs could save tens of thousands of lives and prevent hundreds of thousands of new infections over the next five years, a new government report suggests. As many as 37,000 lives could be saved, and 619,000 new infections prevented, if community health departments and health care facilities form tight support networks to quickly identify and address emerging outbreaks of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, said report author Dr. John Jernigan. He directs the Office of HAI (Health care-Associated Infections) Prevention Research and Evaluation at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "When health care facilities and health departments in a community work together to share information about resistance, and then use that information to guide and target prevention efforts, then we ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Clindamycin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Flagyl, Levaquin, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection

Tobacco Smoke Strengthens 'Superbug,' Lab Research Finds

Posted 6 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 6, 2015 – Cigarette smoke appears to strengthen a dreaded "superbug," new research in mice shows. Exposure to tobacco smoke prompts methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria to become even more aggressive, and makes it harder for the immune system to fight off the infection, researchers from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine found. "We already know that smoking cigarettes harms human respiratory and immune cells, and now we've shown that, on the flipside, smoke can also stress out invasive bacteria and make them more aggressive," study senior author Dr. Laura Crotty Alexander, an assistant clinical professor of medicine at UC San Diego, said in a university news release. However, it's important to note that the results of animal and laboratory experiments don't necessarily hold in humans. MRSA infection is caused by a ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Augmentin, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Cloxacillin, Dicloxacillin, Methicillin, Amoclan, Zosyn, Unasyn, Nafcillin, Augmentin XR, Oxacillin, Tazobactam, Augmentin ES-600, Piperacillin/Tazobactam, Timentin, Unipen, Pathocil

Think You're Allergic to Penicillin? Maybe Not

Posted 7 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 7, 2014 – Many Americans may check the box "allergic to penicillin" on medical forms, but new research suggests that most of them are mistaken. Follow-up testing revealed that most people who believed they were allergic to penicillin were actually not allergic to the antibiotic, according to two new studies. In one study, 94 percent of 384 people who believed they were allergic to penicillin tested negative for penicillin allergy. And in the second study, penicillin skin testing was performed on 38 people who believed they were allergic to the antibiotic, and all of them tested negative for such an allergy. The studies were to be presented Friday at the annual meeting of American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI), in Atlanta. "A large number of people in our study who had a history of penicillin allergy were actually not allergic," Dr. Thanai Pongdee, lead ... Read more

Related support groups: Amoxicillin, Allergies, Penicillin, Augmentin, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Ampicillin, Amoxil, Penicillin VK, Cloxacillin, Dicloxacillin, Methicillin, Amoxil Pediatric Drops, Zosyn, Amoclan, Nafcillin, Augmentin XR, Unasyn, Bicillin LA, Piperacillin

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