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New FDA Head Outlines 'Forceful Steps' Against Opioid Crisis

Posted 2 days 11 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 – The new U.S. Food and Drug Administration commissioner has called on senior agency officers to develop "more forceful steps" to control the U.S. opioid epidemic. On Tuesday, Dr. Scott Gottlieb, President Trump's pick for the agency, announced the formation of an opioid policy steering committee to explore and develop additional approaches to confront the crisis. One solution, he said, is to cut back on unnecessarily prolonged painkiller use. Longer use increases the risk of opioid addiction. "The majority of people who eventually become addicted to opioids are exposed first to prescription opioids," Gottlieb said in a blog post on the FDA site. Misuse of potent painkillers such as OxyContin (oxycodone) and Vicoprofen (hydrocodone/ibuprofen) sends 1,000 Americans to emergency rooms each day. Opioid-related overdose deaths have quadrupled since 1999, he said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Tramadol, Methadone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Codeine, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Heroin, Opana ER, Roxicodone

Senator Probes Opioid Makers' Role in U.S. Drug Abuse Epidemic

Posted 29 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

A U.S. senator wants information from the five top makers of opioid painkiller drugs in order to assess their role in the nation's opioid epidemic. Sen. Claire McCaskill wants to determine whether the five companies – Purdue Pharma, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Insys Therapeutics, Mylan, and Depomed – have contributed to overuse and overprescribing of opioids, the Washington Post reported. Since 2000, 180,000 people in the U.S. have died of prescription opioid overdoses and tens of thousands have died of heroin and fentanyl overdoses, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. On Tuesday, McCaskill sent a letter to the five companies asking them for opioid sales and marketing materials, any research they may have conducted on the addictive properties of their drugs, and information on compliance with legal settlements, the Post reported. "This epidemic is the direct ... Read more

Related support groups: Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Drug Dependence, Duragesic, Substance Abuse, Actiq, Fentora, Duragesic-100, Subsys, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Duragesic-25, Substance Abuse - Cocaine, Fentanyl Transdermal, Duragesic-50, Fentanyl/Ropivacaine, Duragesic-12, Ionsys, Droperidol/Fentanyl

Smoking Slows Recovery From Drug Abuse

Posted 27 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 27, 2017 – People recovering from illicit drug abuse are more likely to be successful if they don't smoke cigarettes, a new study finds. Most illicit drug users also smoke cigarettes, but many substance abuse programs do not include treatment for nicotine dependence, the study authors said. "The thinking in clinical settings has been that asking patients to quit cigarette smoking while they try to stop using drugs is 'too difficult,' or that smoking may be helpful in remaining abstinent from alcohol and drugs, but it is not related whether or not one remains abstinent from illicit drug use over the long term," said study leader Renee Goodwin. However, the investigators found that smokers were twice as likely as nonsmokers to relapse within three years. For the study, Goodwin, of the department of epidemiology at Columbia University's School of Public Health in New York ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Lortab, Smoking, Heroin, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Smoking Cessation, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Kadian, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen

Substance Abuse Taxes the American Workplace

Posted 24 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 24, 2017 – Substance abuse exacts a heavy toll on the American workplace, a new analysis shows. Employees who struggle with drinking and drug addiction miss many more days of work, have higher health care costs and are less productive than those without these disorders, researchers report. An analysis revealed that employees with substance use disorders miss nearly 50 percent more work days than their colleagues, and up to six weeks of work a year, according to the National Safety Council, NORC at the University of Chicago and Shatterproof. Shatterproof is a national nonprofit that works to end the devastation that addiction causes families. However, a companion survey from the council found that while 71 percent of employers reported issues with worker prescription drug use, only 39 percent consider it a safety threat and only 24 percent believe it's a problem. ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Substance Abuse - Cocaine

Pot Plus Booze Equals Skidding College Grades

Posted 8 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 8, 2017 – Too much alcohol may not do long-term damage to a college student's GPA, but adding marijuana to the mix can send grades tumbling, new research suggests. The two-year investigation found that, all things being equal, freshmen and sophomores who consistently consumed moderate-to-high quantities of both substances had lower grade point averages (GPAs) than their sober peers. But big drinkers whose pot use was relatively low didn't seem to experience any long-lasting drag on their grades, despite an initial fall during their first semester, the researchers found. "This was surprising to us, as one would think that alcohol by itself would have a profound effect on their grades, but this didn't seem to be the case," said study author Shashwath Meda. Meda is a senior clinical research associate at the Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center and Hartford ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Substance Abuse, Alcoholism, Hangover, Cannabis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Substance Abuse - Cocaine, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Longer Addiction Treatment Is Better, Study Confirms

Posted 5 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 3, 2017 – The longer patients receive treatment for addiction, the greater their chances of success, a new study finds. The study included 72 people, with an average age of 30 years. The participants were being treated for a variety of addictions, including alcohol and drugs such as opioids, amphetamines and benzodiazepines. The only significant factor in treatment success was the length of treatment. After one year, the treatment success rate was about 55 percent for those who underwent a standard 30-day treatment program. But the success rate was about 84 percent for those in treatment programs that lasted more than 30 days, the investigators found. The findings are important because most government and private health insurance programs only reimburse patients for 30 days of addiction treatment, said study leader Dr. Akikur Mohammad, of the University of Southern ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Tramadol, Methadone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Codeine, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Opana ER, Roxicodone

Don't Punish Pregnant Women for Opioid Use, Docs Say

Posted 20 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 20, 2017 – Prevention and treatment, not legal action, should be the focus when dealing with pregnant women who use opioids, a leading pediatricians' group says. Some states prosecute and jail pregnant women for substance abuse, but the new statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) warns that punitive measures have no health benefits for mother or child and may deter women from seeking help. "Over the last two decades, use of opioids surged throughout the U.S., and as they did, we have seen an increase in opioid-related complications in nearly every population, including pregnant women and their infants," statement co-author Dr. Stephen Patrick said in an AAP news release. "Our response should be grounded in public health. We should be bolstering efforts targeted at primary prevention, like prescription drug-monitoring programs, and expanding treatment ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Codeine, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Kadian, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Cheratussin AC, Delivery, Tylenol with Codeine

Obamacare Covered More People With Mental Illness, Addictions

Posted 20 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 – More Americans with mental illness and substance abuse disorders got health insurance after the Affordable Care Act was introduced, a new study shows. However, these patients still face significant barriers to treatment, the Johns Hopkins researchers added. "The Affordable Care Act has been very effective in reducing the uninsured rate in this vulnerable population, where there is a real need to get people into services," said study leader Brendan Saloner. He's an assistant professor in the department of health policy and management. "We got more people covered, but we didn't make dramatic progress in closing the under-treatment gap," Saloner said in a university news release. "We need to find ways to take the next step and ensure people are seeing the providers who can help them." For the study, researchers reviewed data from nearly 30,000 adults, aged 18 to ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, Seroquel, Opiate Dependence, Major Depressive Disorder, Citalopram, Paxil, Trazodone, Sertraline, Abilify, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Drug Use by U.S. Teens Drops to All-Time Low

Posted 13 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 13, 2016 – Drug use among U.S. teens is at an all-time low. That's the heartening finding from a new survey by the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Fewer teens are using illegal drugs than ever before, the survey found, and fewer are falling prey to the epidemic of prescription drug abuse plaguing many adults in the United States. Many teens also have turned away from drinking alcohol and smoking tobacco, said NIDA Director Dr. Nora Volkow. "There are significant decreases in the patterns of drug consumption among teenagers in our country," Volkow said. "Quite significant, to the point where we have several drugs at the lowest levels that we've ever seen since the inception of the survey." The results come from the 2016 Monitoring the Future survey, an annual study of behaviors and choices among teens in the eighth, 10th and 12th grades. This year's survey ... Read more

Related support groups: Vicodin, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Cannabis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Substance Abuse - Cocaine

College Students Using More Pot, Fewer Opioids

Posted 8 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 8, 2016 – American college students' use of marijuana continues to increase, but the appeal of other drugs, including amphetamines and opioids, may be waning, a new study found. The proportion of college students who reported past-year use of marijuana rose from 30 percent in 2006 to 38 percent in 2015, according to the study from the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research. Daily or near-daily pot use (20 or more times in the previous 30 days) reached nearly 6 percent in 2014 – the highest level of daily use in the last 34 years. But it then fell slightly to less than 5 percent in 2015, researchers found. One possible reason for growing use of marijuana may be a decrease in perceived risk. The proportion of young adults ages 19 to 22 who consider regular marijuana use dangerous fell from 58 percent in 2003 to 33 percent in 2015, according to the report. ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Adderall, Percocet, OxyContin, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking, Adderall XR, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Amphetamine, Endocet, Duragesic, Percocet 10/325, Substance Abuse, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Roxicet, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Actiq

Opioid Abuse Fueling Drug-Related Heart Infections: Study

Posted 1 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 1, 2016 – The number of Americans hospitalized with heart infections caused by use of injected opioid drugs is on the rise, a new study indicates. Researchers from Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston said the finding is a disturbing outgrowth of a rising tide of opioid addiction in the United States. For the study, the researchers reviewed U.S. hospital admissions for infective endocarditis, a sometimes deadly infection of the heart valves. Although people born with abnormal valves and older adults with valve problems are at added risk for the condition, it can also result from injecting drugs. Injections can introduce bacteria into the bloodstream, the researchers said. In 2013, 12 percent of hospitalizations for infective endocarditis were related to injection drug use, compared to 7 percent in 2000, the study team found. The actual number of cases rose to ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Tramadol, Methadone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Codeine, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Opana ER, Roxicodone

U.S. DEA Denies Request to Ease Federal Pot Rules

Posted 11 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 – The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration has refused the request of two former state governors to ease marijuana's restrictive classification under current drug laws. The DEA said it based its decision largely on information from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The FDA previously concluded that marijuana has "no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States," according to National Public Radio (NPR). "This decision isn't based on danger. This decision is based on whether marijuana, as determined by the FDA, is a safe and effective medicine, and it's not," DEA chief Chuck Rosenberg said in the NPR report. The request – initially proposed in 2011 – sought to have marijuana reclassified from a Schedule I drug to a Schedule II drug. Schedule I drugs are considered drugs "with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Drug Dependence, Methamphetamine, Endocet, Kadian, Percocet 10/325, M O S, Substance Abuse, Desoxyn, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Roxicet, Avinza

Keep Illicit Drugs, Booze Out of the Home to Lower Teens' Addiction Risk: Study

Posted 11 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 – Easy access to alcohol and drugs at home can raise the odds that teens will become drinkers and drug users as young adults, a new study suggests. According to the study, "the availability of illegal drugs and alcohol in the home while growing up is a critical factor in the later use of substances," said study author Cliff Broman, a professor of sociology at Michigan State University. His team analyzed data from about 15,000 young Americans who, on average, were surveyed at ages 16, 22 and 29. Overall, teens who had alcohol and illegal drugs available to them started drinking and using drugs at a younger age, and used more alcohol and drugs in their 20s. This finding was stronger among males than females. Whites were more likely to drink and use drugs as young adults than blacks, Hispanics and Asians, even though Hispanics and Asians generally had easier ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Substance Abuse, Alcoholism, Hangover, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Substance Abuse - Cocaine, Benzodiazepine Overdose, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Mental Illness May Make Teens Vulnerable to Drugs, Alcohol

Posted 5 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 – Teens who are struggling with mental health disorders are more likely to smoke cigarettes, drink alcohol and use marijuana, a new Brazilian study suggests. Researchers reviewed self-reported data from more than 4,000 high school students in Sao Paulo. The teens were between the ages of 15 and 18. They came from 128 public and private schools. Just under half had clinically significant symptoms of mental health conditions. Another 8 percent had some symptoms, and 44 percent had no symptoms, the study revealed. During the previous month, 38 percent of teens had used alcohol, 9 percent said they'd used tobacco and 7 percent had used marijuana. When asked about frequent use, 2 percent of teens said they frequently used alcohol, tobacco or marijuana, the study found. Teens with clinically significant symptoms of mental health problems were more likely to use alcohol, ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Opiate Dependence, Major Depressive Disorder, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Dysthymia, Substance Abuse, Alcoholism, Hangover, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Substance Abuse - Cocaine, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Do ADHD Medicines Boost Substance Abuse Risk?

Posted 15 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 – Parents often worry that their children who take stimulants to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be at higher risk for substance abuse later. Now, a surprising new study finds that risk was actually lower when medicines such as Ritalin and Adderall were started earlier and taken longer. "Most notably, the risk of substance use in adolescents who had been treated at an earlier age and for a longer duration with stimulant ADHD medications was the same as for the general population of children," said study leader Sean Esteban McCabe. He is research faculty chair at the University of Michigan Institute for Research on Women and Gender. "The study found that the odds of reporting any substance use were over two times more likely among individuals who reported later onset [age 15 or older] and shorter duration [two years or less] of ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Smoking, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Smoking Cessation, Drug Dependence, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Evekeo

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