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Schizoaffective Disorder News

Can Time-Release Capsules Replace Daily Pills?

Posted 16 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 16, 2016 – A new type of drug capsule might one day replace the need to take medicines every day, but so far it has only been tested in pigs, researchers report. A capsule that contains a six-armed star containing drugs can remain in the stomach and release its medication over time. That means instead of taking daily medication, patients would only have to swallow one capsule weekly or monthly, the researchers said. "We have the potential for an ultra-long capsule for medications that folks are currently taking once or twice or three times a day – that can now be given once a week or once a month," said researcher Dr. Giovanni Traverso. He is an instructor in the division of gastroenterology at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. "This can make life a lot easier, because patients are more likely to take a medication when it's dosed once a week versus once a day," ... Read more

Related support groups: Schizophrenia, HIV Infection, Schizoaffective Disorder, Renal Failure, Alzheimer's Disease, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Chronic Kidney Disease, Hyperphosphatemia of Renal Failure

Psychiatric Drugs May Reduce Ex-Prisoners' Violent Crime Rate

Posted 2 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 – Released prisoners may be less likely to commit violent crimes if they're prescribed certain kinds of psychiatric medications, a new study suggests. These medications can affect someone's mental state. They include antidepressants, antipsychotics, psychostimulants, drugs to treat addiction and antiepileptic drugs, the researchers said. The study authors looked at information on more than 22,000 prisoners in Sweden. They were released between July 2005 and December 2010. The researchers had a median of nearly five years of follow-up information. During that time, 18 percent of the prisoners committed violent crimes, the researchers said. Three classes of drugs were linked to much lower rates of violent crimes. Antipsychotics were tied to a 42 percent reduction in violent crimes. For psychostimulants, the reduction was 38 percent. Drugs to treat addiction were ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Prozac, Seroquel, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Major Depressive Disorder, Abilify, Sertraline, Lithium, Bupropion, Amitriptyline, Viibryd, Fluoxetine, Schizophrenia

Homeless, Mentally Ill Youth Benefit From Housing Program

Posted 28 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 28, 2016 – A subsidized independent-living intervention appears to help homeless young people with mental illness get and keep a roof over their heads, a new Canadian study indicates. Called Housing First, the program has previously been tested with homeless adults with mental illness, and has been found to improve housing stability and quality of life, the researchers said. "Housing First is based on the concept of housing as a human right," said study lead author Dr. Nicole Kozloff. "[It's] the idea that having a safe and stable place to live is critical to helping people improve their mental health and achieve their goals," she said. Kozloff is a postdoctoral fellow with the Centre for Urban Health Solutions at the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto. Since it first was first introduced in the 1990s, studies have repeatedly found ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Paranoid Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Agitation, Autism, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Drug Psychosis

Siblings of Schizophrenia Patients at Greater Risk for Same Diagnosis: Study

Posted 21 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 21, 2016 – People who have a brother or sister with schizophrenia are 10 times more likely to develop the mental illness, a new study out of Israel suggests. Researchers also found increased risks for bipolar disorder when a sibling had been diagnosed with it. Lead researcher Dr. Mark Weiser, from the department of psychiatry at Sheba Medical Center in Tel Aviv, called the results "quite striking." "This is a large study which allows us to put meaningful figures on the risks of developing mental disorders after they have arisen in a brother or sister," he said. However, the study only found an association between mental health disorders and risk to siblings; it did not prove cause and effect. The study involved siblings of more than 6,000 Israeli patients who were diagnosed and hospitalized with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or depression. They were compared to about ... Read more

Related support groups: Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders

Internet Addiction May Be Red Flag for Other Mental Health Issues: Study

Posted 19 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, Sept. 18, 2016 – Internet addiction may signal other mental health issues among college students, according to a new study. Canadian researchers say their findings could affect how psychiatrists approach people who spend a significant amount of time online. For the study, the researchers evaluated the internet use of 254 freshmen at McMaster University in Ontario. The researchers used a tool called the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), developed in 1998, as well as their own scale based on more recent criteria. "Internet use has changed radically over the last 18 years, through more people working online, media streaming, social media, etc. We were concerned that the IAT questionnaire may not have been picking up on problematic modern internet use, or showing up false positives for people who were simply using the internet rather than being over-reliant on it," said chief ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Dependent Personality Disorder, Executive Function Disorder

Psychiatric Patients Face Longer Waits in ER

Posted 13 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 13, 2016 – Patients seeking help for mental health problems wait hours longer in the emergency department than other patients do, a new study finds. People with mental health problems are also six times more likely to be transferred to another facility instead of receiving treatment at the hospital, the researchers added. "Previous research shows that patients in the ER often experience lengthy wait times, but our new study shows that psychiatric patients wait disproportionately longer than other patients – sometimes for several hours – only to ultimately be discharged or transferred elsewhere," said study author Dr. Jane Zhu. Zhu is with the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine. The study included data from more than 200,000 ER visits in the United States. The visits occurred between 2002 and 2011. The average length of ER stay for psychiatric ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia, Paranoid Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Antipsychotic Meds Pose Little Danger to Fetus, Study Finds

Posted 17 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 – Taking antipsychotic medicines in early pregnancy does not significantly increase the risk of birth defects, a new study finds. "In general, the use of any medication should be avoided during pregnancy [if possible]," explained study co-author Krista Huybrechts of Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. "However, for women suffering from schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major depressive disorder, avoiding medication use is often impossible, given that there are very few alternative treatment options," she said in a hospital news release. But how safe is exposure to these drugs for the developing fetus? To find out, Huybrecht's team tracked Medicaid data on 1.3 million pregnant women in order to assess the effects of older (typical) antipsychotic drugs and newer (atypical) versions, which are less likely to affect fertility. The study focused on the most ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Depression, Contraception, Bipolar Disorder, Seroquel, Major Depressive Disorder, Abilify, Schizophrenia, Latuda, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Risperidone, Schizoaffective Disorder, Geodon, Saphris, Quetiapine, Seroquel XR, Olanzapine, Invega, Delivery

'Managing' Elderly Patients Without Powerful Antipsychotics

Posted 26 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 – About 25 percent of dementia patients in U.S. nursing homes are still quieted with risky antipsychotic medications. Now, a small study suggests that managing these difficult patients, instead of medicating them, could obtain better results. "Drugs have a place, but should not be first-line treatments. They don't work well, and there are side effects," said study author Dr. Henry Brodaty, a professor of aging and mental health at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. Antipsychotic drugs such as Risperdal (risperidone), Abilify (aripiprazole) and Seroquel (quetiapine) are approved to treat serious psychiatric conditions such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. But in seniors, they're often used to calm aggressive or violent behavior linked to dementia. "They're basically a sedative," said Dean Hartley, director of science initiatives with the ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Seroquel, Abilify, Schizophrenia, Mania, Latuda, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Risperidone, Schizoaffective Disorder, Dementia, Geodon, Saphris, Quetiapine, Seroquel XR, Alzheimer's Disease, Olanzapine, Invega, Clozapine, Rexulti

Can Trauma Trigger Violent Crime in Mentally Ill?

Posted 14 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 – People with serious mental illness who are victims of violence or exposed to stressful events are more likely to engage in a violent crime in the week following the trauma, a new study contends. Stressful experiences also affect people without psychiatric disorders, but not to the same extent, the researchers said. Some stressful events – such as being violently victimized, injured in an accident, losing one's parents or self-harming – act as "triggers," said study co-author Dr. Seena Fazel. He is a professor of forensic psychiatry at the University of Oxford in England. Experiencing one of these events increases the risk of committing a violent criminal act within a week of the trigger, especially in people with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, Fazel said. People diagnosed with these conditions have higher rates of criminal convictions than the general ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Paranoid Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Agitation, Psychosis, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Drug Psychosis, Executive Function Disorder

Mentally Ill Still Gain Illegal Possession of Guns, Study Shows

Posted 8 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 7, 2016 – Almost two-thirds of violent gun crime arrests among the mentally ill were people who were already legally prohibited from having a firearm, a new study from Florida reveals. And close to one-third of the suicides carried out by the mentally ill were among people who weren't legally allowed to possess a firearm, the study found. "That's a failure of the enforcement mechanism," said study lead author Jeffrey Swanson. That troubling finding reflects a problem with the criteria for identifying individuals at risk, added Swanson, a professor with Duke University School of Medicine's department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences. Mental illness causes only a small fraction of gun violence in the United States, around 3 to 5 percent, said Colleen Barry, a professor at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. The Duke study "does bring new ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Agitation, Psychosis, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder

Is Smoking During Pregnancy Tied to Offspring's Schizophrenia Risk?

Posted 27 May 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 – Smoking during pregnancy may increase the risk that a child could develop schizophrenia, new research suggests. "This is, so far, the largest study to show an association between prenatal nicotine exposure and schizophrenia," said study author Dr. Solja Niemela. She is a professor of psychiatry and addiction medicine at the University of Oulu, Lapland Hospital District, in Rovaniemi, Finland. Although the study didn't prove cause and effect, the finding is the first to be based on blood sample analyses that provided evidence of nicotine exposure in the womb, rather than on less reliable maternal recollections of smoking behavior, Niemela added. Still, she added that "the causes of schizophrenia are multifaceted." "It is likely that prenatal smoking exposure alone does not cause schizophrenia," said Niemela. "Rather, there is [probably] an interplay of genetic and ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Smoking Cessation, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Early Emotional Support May Help Kids Manage Feelings Later

Posted 26 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 26, 2016 – Preschoolers given higher levels of emotional support from moms, dads or other caregivers tend to have better emotional health during their childhood and teen years, a new study suggests. The researchers saw increased growth in a brain region known as the hippocampus in children who were highly supported at preschool age. The hippocampus is involved in emotion, learning and memory formation. Reductions in hippocampus volume have been linked with worse emotional health and unhealthy coping, the study authors said. "Support during the preschool period seems critical to healthy brain development, and healthy brain development is important for healthy emotional functioning," said study leader Dr. Joan Luby. She's a professor of child psychiatry at Washington University in St. Louis. The researchers reported that they didn't see changes in the volume of the ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Agitation, Psychosis, Dysthymia, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Executive Function Disorder

MS Patients May Be Prone to Other Chronic Illnesses, Study Finds

Posted 9 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 – People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are more likely to have other chronic health problems than those without the nervous system disorder, a new study indicates. Researchers looked at how common several chronic conditions – high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, heart disease, chronic lung disease, epilepsy, fibromyalgia, inflammatory bowel disease, depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia – were in nearly 23,400 people newly diagnosed with MS and more than 116,600 people without MS. The MS patients had higher rates of all the conditions, with high cholesterol being the exception. Their rates of mental illness, particularly depression, were also high. Nineteen percent of MS patients and 9 percent of those without MS had depression, the study found. For many of the chronic conditions, there were significant gender differences. High ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Seizures, Hypertension, Asthma, Heart Disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Epilepsy, High Cholesterol, Heart Attack, Schizophrenia, Mania, Schizoaffective Disorder, Angina, Diabetic Neuropathy, Seizure Prevention, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Insulin Resistance, Diabetic Nerve Damage

Schizophrenia Tied to Much Higher Risk of Suicide Attempts

Posted 19 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 – Schizophrenia patients are at significantly increased risk of attempting suicide, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from more than 21,700 Canadians, including 101 who had been diagnosed with schizophrenia. About 39 percent of people (two in five) with schizophrenia had attempted suicide, compared with about 3 percent of people without the mental health disorder. "Even after taking into account most of the known risk factors for suicide attempts, those with schizophrenia had six times the odds of having attempted suicide in comparison to those without schizophrenia," study author Esme Fuller-Thomson said in a University of Toronto news release. Fuller-Thomson is a professor of social work at the university. When researchers focused only on the 101 individuals with schizophrenia, they found that "women and those with a history of drug or alcohol abuse ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Wellbutrin, Seroquel, Major Depressive Disorder, Abilify, Lithium, Bupropion, Amitriptyline, Viibryd, Schizophrenia, Mirtazapine, Wellbutrin XL, Remeron, Latuda, Nortriptyline, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Risperidone, Elavil, Schizoaffective Disorder

Scientists Uncover Clues to Origins of Schizophrenia

Posted 27 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 27, 2016 – Some people might develop schizophrenia when a normal process of brain development goes haywire in adolescence and early adulthood, Harvard researchers report. Everyone undergoes what is called "synaptic pruning" as they move into adulthood, explained study author Steven McCarroll, director of genetics for the Broad Institute's Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research and an associate professor of genetics at Harvard Medical School in Boston. It's how extra brain cells and synapses (the junctions where nerve signals cross from one brain cell to the next) are eliminated in the cerebral cortex, to increase the efficiency of function, he said. But a gene that contributes to synaptic pruning may increase a person's risk of schizophrenia if certain mutations cause things to go wrong, McCarroll and his colleagues explained. "Somehow, this biological process becomes ... Read more

Related support groups: Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Diagnosis and Investigation

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