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A Better Diabetes Test?

Posted 5 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2016 – Industry-funded researchers say they've developed a way to improve the accuracy of a standard diabetes test. "We think our approach will enable many patients and their doctors to do a better job controlling blood sugar levels and reduce the long-term risks of heart attack, stroke, blindness and kidney failure" associated with diabetes, said Dr. John Higgins, associate professor of systems biology at Harvard Medical School in Boston. At issue is the HbA1c test, also known as the A1c test, which is used to diagnose diabetes. It also identifies people with prediabetes and provides insight into how well blood sugar is controlled over a three-month period among those monitoring their disease. The A1c test "measures how much sugar a person's blood cells have soaked up since the time the cells were produced," Higgins said. "Before the test was available, patients and ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Diabetes, Type 1, Diabetic Neuropathy, Insulin Resistance, Diabetic Nerve Damage, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), Diagnosis and Investigation, Diabetic Retinopathy, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Diabetic Ketoacidosis (in DM Type II), Diabetic Ketoacidosis (in DM Type I), Retinopathy Prophylaxis, Diabetic Coma (in DM Type I), Diabetic Coma, Diabetic Coma (in DM Type II)

When Diabetes Strikes, Get Moving to Lower Risk to Eyes

Posted 4 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 4, 2016 – People with diabetes who remain inactive may have higher odds for a vision-robbing eye condition, new research suggests. While the study couldn't prove a cause-and-effect relationship, researchers say a "couch potato" lifestyle does seem to raise the risk for diabetic retinopathy. According to the U.S. National Eye Institute, the condition "involves changes to retinal blood vessels that can cause them to bleed or leak fluid, distorting vision." Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss for people with diabetes. Could exercise – or a lack of it – affect risk for the disease? To find out, a team led by Paul Loprinzi at the University of Mississippi tracked outcomes for 282 U.S. diabetes patients. The patients averaged 62 years of age. Nearly one-third (29 percent) had mild or more severe diabetic retinopathy. Using an accelerometer device to ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Eye Conditions, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Retinal Disorders, Diabetic Retinopathy, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Retinitis Pigmentosa, Visual Defect/Disturbance, Retinal Vasculitis, Retinal Hemorrhage, Retinopathy Prophylaxis

Tight Blood Sugar Control Helps Fight Diabetic Eye Disease

Posted 13 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, June 11, 2016 – Intensive blood sugar control appears to reduce the risk of eye disease progression in people with type 2 diabetes, a new study says. People with type 2 diabetes are at risk for the eye disease called diabetic retinopathy. This condition damages tiny blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue in the back of the eye. Researchers compared type 2 diabetes patients who received either intensive therapy or standard therapy to control blood sugar. To measure how well the therapy worked, people in the study had hemoglobin A1C tests. The A1C test estimates several months of blood sugar levels. People are diagnosed with diabetes when their A1C is 6.5 percent or higher, the U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease says. In general, the goal for people with type 2 diabetes is to have an A1C of less than 7 percent, according to the ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Eye Conditions, Diabetes, Type 1, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Retinopathy, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Retinopathy Prophylaxis

Cost of Insulin Rises Threefold in Just a Decade: Study

Posted 5 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 5, 2016 – Americans with diabetes who rely on insulin to keep their blood sugar levels in check are facing sticker shock: A new study finds the price of insulin has tripled in only 10 years. Moreover, since 2010, per-person spending on insulin in the United States was more than spending on all other diabetes drugs, the study found. "The cost of insulin has risen rapidly over the last few years," said study senior author Philip Clarke, a professor of health economics at the University of Melbourne in Australia. Clarke added there should be an assessment to see whether this price hike is justifiable in terms of improved clinical outcomes. One reason for the price climb, he said, is a switch from human insulins to analog insulins, which cost more but may offer additional benefits. Also, doctors are more apt to prescribe insulin for people with type 2 diabetes now, Clarke ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Insulin, Victoza, Lantus, Diabetes, Type 1, Januvia, Glucophage, Novolog, Diabetic Neuropathy, Glipizide, Humalog, Insulin Resistance, Byetta, Janumet, Diabetic Nerve Damage, Glyburide, Saxenda, Bydureon, Lantus Solostar

Breast-Feeding Linked to Reduced Risk of Preemie Eye Problem

Posted 16 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 16, 2015 – Breast-feeding a premature infant may help reduce the risk of a serious eye problem known as retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), new research suggests. The researchers said that when babies were exclusively fed breast milk, the risk of any-stage ROP appeared to drop by about 75 percent. And the risk of severe ROP seemed to be reduced by 90 percent, the researchers added. "Human milk feeding potentially plays a strong role in protecting very preterm newborns from any-stage ROP and severe ROP," the international team of study authors wrote. Retinopathy of prematurity causes blood vessels to grow in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue in the back of the eye. When the vessels grow, they can cause the retina to detach, destroying vision, according to the U.S. National Eye Institute. For the study, researchers from China, Canada and the United Kingdom reanalyzed the ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Lactation Augmentation, Retinopathy Prophylaxis, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Drug Lucentis May Fight Diabetic Eye Disease

Posted 13 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 13, 2015 – The injected drug Lucentis (ranibizumab) appears highly effective at treating proliferative diabetic retinopathy, a common diabetes-related eye disease, new research shows. Investigators say the drug beat a standard treatment, laser therapy, in curbing the vision-robbing ailment. The findings, "provide crucial evidence for a safe and effective alternative to laser therapy against proliferative diabetic retinopathy," NEI Director Dr. Paul Sieving said in a news release from the U.S. National Eye Institute (NEI). The study was funded by the NEI, which described Lucentis as the first major advance in therapy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy in nearly 40 years. The trial was conducted by the Diabetic Retinopathy Clinical Research Network. The results were published online Nov. 13 in the Journal of the American Medical Association and they are also slated for ... Read more

Related support groups: Lucentis, Diabetic Retinopathy, Retinopathy Prophylaxis, Ranibizumab

Health Tip: Diabetes Can Take a Toll on Teeth and Mouth

Posted 10 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

-- Diabetes, especially when uncontrolled, can cause damage to your mouth and teeth. The Mouthhealthy.org website says possible effects of diabetes on the teeth and mouth include: Dry mouth, due to decreased saliva production. Increased risk of cavities due to less saliva. Gingivitis, characterized by bleeding, inflamed gums. Difficulty tasting food. Slower healing of mouth wounds. Increased risk of infection. Among diabetic children. teeth emerging earlier than expected. Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Insulin, Xerostomia, Victoza, Oral and Dental Conditions, Lantus, Toothache, Diabetes, Type 1, Januvia, Glucophage, Novolog, Diabetic Neuropathy, Burning Mouth Syndrome, Glipizide, Humalog, Byetta, Aphthous Ulcer, Insulin Resistance, Janumet

Uncontrolled Diabetes May Boost Dementia Risk

Posted 9 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 9, 2015 – Diabetes patients with high rates of complications from the disease may face increased risk for dementia, a new study suggests. "We found that as diabetes progresses and an individual experiences more complications from the disease, the risk of dementia rises as well," wrote Dr. Wei-Che Chiu, of the National Taiwan University College of Public Health, in Taipei. Better blood sugar control can help prevent the mental decline associated with diabetes, he and his colleagues said. They examined data from more than 431,000 people in Taiwan who were older than 50 and newly diagnosed with diabetes. Complications of diabetes include vision loss, kidney failure and nerve damage. Over 12 years of follow-up, more than 6 percent of the patients were diagnosed with dementia. Those with a greater number of diabetes complications were at higher risk for mental decline than ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Peripheral Neuropathy, Dementia, Diabetes, Type 1, Alzheimer's Disease, Diabetic Neuropathy, Diabetic Nerve Damage, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetic Kidney Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Nephropathy, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Diabetic Retinopathy, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Lewy Body Dementia, Retinopathy Prophylaxis

Sleep Apnea Treatment May Help Lower Diabetes Risk for Some

Posted 6 May 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 5, 2015 – Treating sleep apnea may help people with slightly elevated blood sugar levels lower their risk of developing diabetes, according to a new study. "Assessment of sleep apnea should be considered in patients at high risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease, since our study shows that treatment of sleep apnea can reduce these risks," the study's senior author, Dr. Esra Tasali, an assistant professor of medicine at the University of Chicago, said in a university news release. People with higher-than-normal blood sugar levels who don't yet have diabetes are considered to have pre-diabetes. This condition affects about 57 million Americans, according to the researchers. Many people with pre-diabetes also have untreated sleep apnea – a sleep disorder that causes the upper airway to close repeatedly during the night, disrupting sleep and temporarily reducing oxygen ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Diabetic Neuropathy, Sleep Apnea, Insulin Resistance, Diabetic Nerve Damage, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome, Diabetic Retinopathy, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Retinopathy Prophylaxis

Better Diabetes Blood Sugar Management Leads to Fewer Eye Surgeries

Posted 29 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 29, 2015 – Intensive management of type 1 diabetes can reduce the risk of having a diabetes-related eye surgery by nearly 50 percent, according to a new report. But even for people who couldn't meet the very stringent blood sugar targets set for the study participants, just a 10 percent improvement in hemoglobin A1C – a two- to three-month estimate of average blood sugar levels – led to a 35 percent reduction in the risk of diabetes-related eye surgery, the study found. "We're showing how a modest period of tight blood sugar control can lower the need for eye surgery, even way downstream," said the study's senior author, Dr. David Nathan, director of the Massachusetts General Hospital Diabetes Center and Clinical Research Center in Boston. In general, the A1C goal for people with type 1 diabetes – an autoimmune disease that destroys the body's ability to produce the ... Read more

Related support groups: Insulin, Lantus, Diabetes, Type 1, Novolog, Cataract, Humalog, Lantus Solostar, Levemir, Novolin R, Novolin N, Lantus Solostar Pen, Humulin N, Humulin R, NovoLog FlexPen, Humalog KwikPen, Apidra, Toujeo, Insulin Glargine, Humalog Pen, Humalog Mix 75/25

Study Compares Drugs for Diabetes-Linked Eye Disease

Posted 18 Feb 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 18, 2015 – A vision-robbing condition called diabetic macular edema can strike people with diabetes. Now, a new study compared three leading drugs for the condition – Avastin, Eylea and Lucentis – and found that Eylea came out on top, at least for patients with "moderate" vision loss. The study, funded by the U.S. National Eye Institute (NEI), "will have a dramatic impact on patient care," said Dr. Mark Fromer, an ophthalmologist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. He was not involved in the new research. According to the NEI, about 750,000 Americans suffer from diabetic macular edema. The condition occurs in people with a type of diabetes-related eye disease called diabetic retinopathy. "Diabetic macular edema is the most common reason for visual loss in the 7.7 million Americans with diabetic retinopathy," Fromer noted. "Macular edema occurs when abnormal blood ... Read more

Related support groups: Eylea, Lucentis, Diabetic Retinopathy, Diabetic Macular Edema, Retinopathy Prophylaxis

Eyes a Window Into Brain Health: Study

Posted 15 Mar 2012 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 15 – People who have mild vascular disease that damages the eyes' retinas are more likely to have vascular disease in the brain that causes thinking and memory problems, new research indicates. The study included 511 women with an average age of 69 whose thinking and memory skills were tested every year for 10 years. The women's eyes were tested about four years into the study, and they underwent brain scans about eight years into the study. On average, the 39 women with retina damage (retinopathy) had lower scores on the cognitive tests than those without retinopathy. The eye damage in these women was not serious enough to cause significant symptoms. The brains of women with retinopathy also had more areas with damaged blood vessels than those without retinopathy. The findings held true even after the researchers accounted for high blood pressure and diabetes, which ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetic Retinopathy, Cerebral Vascular Disorder, Hypertensive Retinopathy, Retinopathy Prophylaxis

Steroid Shots Tested to Treat Diabetes-Related Eye Disease

Posted 17 Dec 2009 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 16 – Injecting steroids into the eye may slow the progression of diabetes-related eye disease, but should not be counted on as a treatment at this time, researchers say. Diabetic retinopathy, which can cause vision loss and blindness, occurs when new blood vessels form in the retina. The condition affects about 700,000 Americans, and 63,000 new cases develop each year, according to background information provided in the study. Control of blood glucose levels can help prevent the disease, and laser treatments can help lower the risk of vision loss, but researchers continue to search for new treatments. In the new study, researchers tested different therapies on 840 eyes of 693 patients with macular edema, a leakage of fluid into part of the retina, which often occurs in retinopathy. The eyes received one of three treatments: photocoagulation – a laser treatment that ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetic Retinopathy, Triesence, Trivaris, Retinopathy Prophylaxis

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