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Respiratory Tract Disease News

Switch From Smoking to Vaping Could Save Over 6 Million U.S. Lives

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 2, 2017 – Millions of cigarette smokers could live substantially longer if electronic cigarettes are embraced as a replacement for tobacco during the next decade, a new study contends. As many as 6.6 million cigarette smokers could live a combined 86.7 million more years under policies that encourage them to swap their smokes for e-cigarettes, according to "optimistic" projections from cancer researchers at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. Even a worst-case scenario involving e-cigarettes would still save lives, the researchers said. Under a "pessimistic" projection, 1.6 million former cigarette smokers would have a combined 20.8 million more years of additional life, the research team found. These numbers show that adopting e-cigarettes as an alternative to smoking could prove the easiest way to cause tobacco use to dwindle in the United States, said lead ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Nicotine, Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Small Cell Lung Cancer, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Respiratory Tract Disease, Habitrol, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

After Deepwater Oil Cleanup in Gulf, Ill Effects Persist

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 2, 2017 – Workers exposed to dispersants while cleaning up a major oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico developed health symptoms, including wheeze and eye irritation, a new study says. Dispersants are chemicals used to break up oil slicks into smaller patches that can be degraded naturally or diluted by large volumes of water. U.S. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences researchers are conducting a long-term follow-up study of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill. They found that cleanup workers exposed to dispersants were more likely to experience symptoms such as cough, wheeze, tightness in the chest, and burning in the eyes, nose, throat or lungs than those who weren't exposed to dispersants. Lead author Dale Sandler said the scientists were able to distinguish between health effects related to dispersants and those related to petroleum products in the spill. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Eye Conditions, Respiratory Tract Disease, Visual Defect/Disturbance

Respiratory Disease Death Rates Have Soared

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 – The number of Americans who die from chronic respiratory diseases has skyrocketed over the past 35 years, led in large part by deaths from COPD, a new report indicates. From 1980 through 2014, more than 4.6 million Americans died from a range of chronic respiratory illnesses, the researchers reported. While the risk was pegged at 41 deaths for every 100,000 people back in 1980, it rose to nearly 53 out of every 100,000 by 2014, representing a nearly 31 percent spike over 35 years. And the dismal news continued in the new report. Eighty-five percent of the deaths – 3.9 million people – were from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which moved up in that period of time to become the third leading cause of death, ahead of stroke, in the United States. Other chronic respiratory illnesses that saw dramatic increases included: particle-inhalation ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Pneumonia, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Fluticasone, Qvar, Ribavirin, Budesonide, Flovent, Entocort, Tobramycin, Mometasone, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Entocort EC, Bronchiectasis, Beclomethasone, Pulmicort Flexhaler, Alvesco, Respiratory Tract Disease, Pulmicort Turbuhaler

Heart-Lung Fitness Challenged in Early Full-Term Babies

Posted 28 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 – Infants born early in a full-term pregnancy have a higher risk of poor heart-lung fitness later in life, a new study suggests. The study included nearly 800 people in Northern Ireland who were born at full-term (37 to 42 weeks) and had their cardiorespiratory fitness assessed at ages 12, 15 and 22. Those born at 37 to 38 weeks had a 57 percent higher risk of poor heart-lung fitness when they were teens and young adults compared to those born between 39 and 42 weeks. Each extra week of full-term pregnancy was associated with a 14 percent reduced risk, the Australian researchers reported. Diet, physical activity and smoking behavior did not affect the findings, according to the study published Sept. 27 in the Journal of the American Heart Association. "We believe that earlier births – even within the at-term range – may interrupt normal development and lead ... Read more

Related support groups: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Delivery, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Respiratory Tract Disease, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Many With Work-Related Asthma Not Getting Key Vaccine

Posted 27 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 – Only half of American adults with work-related asthma get the recommended vaccination against pneumococcal disease, a new study finds. Adults with asthma are at increased risk for pneumococcal disease, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all adults aged 19 to 64 get the pneumococcal vaccine. However, an analysis of 2012-13 national data found that only 54 percent of adults with work-related asthma got the shot. The rate was lowest among Hispanics (36 percent), people without health insurance (39 percent), and adults aged 18 to 44 (42 percent). The vaccination rate was even lower (35 percent) among adults with non-work-related asthma, according to the study by researchers at the CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). "Vaccination is the best way to prevent pneumococcal disease, including ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Asthma - Acute, Prevnar 13, Respiratory Tract Disease, Pneumovax 23, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Pneumococcal 13-valent Conjugate Vaccine

'Off-Roading' Threat May Lurk in the Air

Posted 22 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2017 – Falls aren't the only danger for kids who ride an off-road vehicle. In many parts of the United States, riders may also inhale hazardous mineral fibers and toxic dust, researchers warn. Four-wheel-drive and all-terrain vehicles "have been designed to operate in rugged, unpaved terrain, and they can produce copious amounts of dust," said study lead author Chris Wolfe. Naturally occurring asbestos and other mineral fibers can become airborne in the dust generated while "off-roading," said Wolfe, an epidemiologist at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. "This puts riders – particularly children – at risk of inhalation exposure," he said in a hospital news release. Most deposits of naturally occurring asbestos are situated along the Appalachian Mountains and ranges in the West and Southwest, particularly California, according to background notes with ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Fracture, bone, Poisoning, Respiratory Tract Disease, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Prevention of Fractures

Dirty Air Might Harm Your Kidneys

Posted 21 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2017 – Air pollution may harm your kidneys, a new study says. "Even levels below the limit set by the [Environmental Protection Agency] were harmful to the kidneys. This suggests that there is no safe level of air pollution," said study leader Dr. Ziyad Al-Aly. Al-Aly is director of clinical epidemiology at the VA Saint Louis Health Care System. He and his colleagues analyzed data from nearly 2.5 million U.S. military veterans who were followed for roughly 8.5 years. They found that as exposure to particulate matter air pollution increased, so did the risk of poorer kidney function, kidney disease and kidney failure. Particle pollution refers to a complex mix of extremely small particles, such as soot, dirt and smoke, and liquid droplets found in the air, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. It's already known that inhaling these particles can ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup, Renal and Genitourinary Disorders

Chlorine plus Pee equals Breathing Trouble for Waterpark Workers

Posted 21 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2017 – Another summer ends, and at least some of America's waterpark attendants may be breathing easier, a new report finds. The research – conducted at an unnamed indoor waterpark in Ohio last year – found that high levels of chlorine in water can mix with patrons' sweat and urine to create a toxic atmospheric brew. In fact, the investigation "found that waterpark employees were approximately four times more likely to have work-related [eye] and respiratory symptoms than were employees in other resort areas," said a team from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Among the 91 workers at the park who agreed to participate in the study, a third (29) were affected with at least three work-related symptoms such as irritated eyes and nose, coughing, wheezing, sore throat, shortness of breath or chest tightness. Twenty-four of those 29 workers were ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Poisoning, Respiratory Tract Disease

'Green Schoolyards' May Bring Better Health to Kids

Posted 20 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 – A "green schoolyard" might boost the health of children in your community, researchers report. "Green schoolyards can include outdoor classrooms, native gardens, storm water capture, traditional play equipment, vegetable gardens, trails, trees and more," Dr. Stephen Pont said in an American Academy of Pediatrics news release. He and his colleagues found that green schoolyards provide benefits in areas such as heart health, weight control, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and stress relief. "And outside of school time, these schoolyards can be open for the surrounding community to use, benefitting everyone," added Pont, medical director of the Texas Center for the Prevention and Treatment of Childhood Obesity. For their report, Pont's team summarized the findings of prior published studies on the potential benefits of green schoolyards. "We ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Respiratory Tract Disease

Kids' Colds Linked to Asthma, Lung Problems Later

Posted 19 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 – Kids who develop respiratory infections like colds or sinusitis may have a higher risk of asthma and reduced lung function later in life, a new study says. Researchers examined data from nearly 155,000 children in Europe. They were followed from birth through ages 4 to 15 years. Those who had an upper respiratory infection – such as a cold, sinusitis, laryngitis and tonsillitis – by age 5 had an increased risk of asthma later in life. Their risk was 1.5 times higher. Young children who had lower respiratory tract infections such as bronchitis, bronchiolitis, pneumonia and general chest infections saw their asthma risk double or quadruple. They were also more likely to later develop reduced lung function, according to the study. "These findings support the hypothesis that early life respiratory tract infections may influence the development of respiratory ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Sinusitis, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Asthma - Maintenance, Nasal Congestion, Cold Symptoms, Dyspnea, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Sore Throat, Asthma - Acute, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Bronchiectasis, Sinus Symptoms, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup, Allergic Asthma, Reversible Airways Disease

Minorities Exposed to Dirtier Air, U.S. Study Finds

Posted 18 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 18, 2017 – Nonwhite Americans are surrounded by more air pollution from traffic than whites are, a new study finds. While exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) fell among all Americans between 2000 and 2010, there was only a slight narrowing in differences between levels of exposure to the pollutant between nonwhites and whites. "The finding that shocks us is that when it comes to how much NO2 a person breathes, it's still race that matters," said senior study author Julian Marshall. He is professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Washington in Seattle. "At any income level – low to medium to high – there's a persistent gap by race, which is completely indefensible. It says a lot about how segregated neighborhoods still are and how things are segregated," he explained in a university news release. The estimated average annual NO2 exposure fell ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Poisoning, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Reversible Airways Disease, Bronchospastic Disease

Guinea Pigs Harbor a Hidden Health Hazard

Posted 8 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 – Been looking for a reason to turn down your child's pleas for a pet Guinea pig? Dutch researchers say the rodents may carry germs tied to serious pneumonia. The bacteria, Chlamydia caviae (C. caviae), normally causes pink eye in guinea pigs. But three adults in the Netherlands wound up hospitalized for pneumonia after contact with guinea pigs resulted in their infection with C. caviae. Two of the three patients had to be put on a ventilator in intensive care units (ICUs), although all three survived following treatment with antibiotics, doctors reported. C. caviae was not previously known as a bacteria that could infect humans, said the lead author of the report, Dr. Bart Ramakers. He is an intensive care doctor with Bernhoven Hospital in the Netherlands. "Doctors and veterinarians should be aware of the bacterium, especially now that we have demonstrated that ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Pneumonia, Chlamydia Infection, Respiratory Tract Disease, Psittacosis

Be Cautious Going Home After Hurricane Harvey

Posted 7 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 6, 2017 – As people return to flood-affected homes in the wake of Hurricane Harvey, they need to take precautions to stay safe and healthy, the American Thoracic Society (ATS) says. The massive storm left hundreds of thousands of homes and businesses in southeast Texas flooded and about 50,000 people displaced. Each year, there are more than 150 flood-related deaths in the United States and many of those deaths occur from electrocution, carbon monoxide poisoning or other accidents when residents return to flooded homes. In such situations, electricity and gas should be turned off immediately to avoid shocks and gas leaks, the ATS advised. All mud and water that has entered the home should be considered contaminated. Wear protective equipment such as masks, gloves and glasses until cleanup is complete. Soiled or saturated porous materials such as carpets and furniture ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Asthma - Maintenance, Allergic Rhinitis, Hay Fever, Respiratory Tract Disease

Nearly 4 Million Worldwide Die Each Year From Asthma, COPD

Posted 17 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 16, 2017 – Two major chronic lung diseases – asthma and COPD – kill nearly 4 million people worldwide annually, a new report finds. The study calculates that 3.2 million people died in 2015 from COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) – a group of lung conditions that includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis, often tied to smoking. Asthma caused another 400,000 deaths, the report found. While asthma is more common, COPD is much more deadly. And while both conditions can be treated, many people remain undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. In addition, in many countries, treatment – if it exists at all – may be at insufficient levels, the research team added. "Although much of the burden [from these illnesses] is either preventable or treatable with affordable interventions, these diseases have received less attention than other prominent non-communicable diseases like ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Asthma - Maintenance, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Dyspnea, Fluticasone, Qvar, Ribavirin, Asthma - Acute, Budesonide, Flovent, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Entocort, Tobramycin, Bronchial, Mometasone, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Entocort EC

Air Purifiers May Help the Smog-Stressed Heart

Posted 14 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 14, 2017 – High levels of air pollution can harm heart health, but air purifiers may protect against the threat, according to a small study from China. The study included 55 healthy college students who used real or fake air purifiers in their dormitory rooms. Researchers measured the students' indoor and outdoor exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5), a component of air pollution emitted from vehicles, factories, power plants, fires and smoking. Exposure to high PM2.5 levels increased students' stress hormones and triggered metabolic changes that may increase heart disease risk, the researchers said. Using air purifiers reduced indoor levels of PM2.5 by an average 82 percent and led to short-term declines in stress hormone levels. After 24 hours of air purifier use, PM2.5 levels were within the World Health Organization's safe range, the study found. The findings ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Bronchitis, Dyspnea, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup, Reversible Airways Disease

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Asthma, Cough, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Nasal Congestion, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Rhinitis, Bronchospasm Prophylaxis, Bronchiectasis, view more... Aspiration Pneumonia, Pulmonary Fibrosis, Hiccups, Dyspnea, Pleural Effusion, Respiratory Failure, Pulmonary Impairment, Pulmonary Heart or Vascular Disease, Croup, Mucous Plugging in Lung Disease, Hypereosinophilic Syndrome, Vocal Cord Dysfunction, Pleuropulmonary Infection, Mechanical Ventilation, Bronchospastic Disease, Berylliosis, Lymphangioleiomyomatosis, Respiratory Depression, Bronchopleural Fistula