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Respiratory Failure News

Respiratory Disease Death Rates Have Soared

Posted 29 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 – The number of Americans who die from chronic respiratory diseases has skyrocketed over the past 35 years, led in large part by deaths from COPD, a new report indicates. From 1980 through 2014, more than 4.6 million Americans died from a range of chronic respiratory illnesses, the researchers reported. While the risk was pegged at 41 deaths for every 100,000 people back in 1980, it rose to nearly 53 out of every 100,000 by 2014, representing a nearly 31 percent spike over 35 years. And the dismal news continued in the new report. Eighty-five percent of the deaths – 3.9 million people – were from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which moved up in that period of time to become the third leading cause of death, ahead of stroke, in the United States. Other chronic respiratory illnesses that saw dramatic increases included: particle-inhalation ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Pneumonia, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Fluticasone, Qvar, Ribavirin, Budesonide, Flovent, Entocort, Tobramycin, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Entocort EC, Mometasone, Bronchiectasis, Beclomethasone, Uceris, Pulmicort Flexhaler, Asmanex Twisthaler, Alvesco

Heart, Lung Problems May Not Always Need ICU Care

Posted 17 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 – The intensive care unit (ICU) may not improve the chances of survival for all patients with serious heart problems, a new study suggests. "We found that the ICU may not always be the answer. Now, we need to help doctors decide who needs the ICU and who doesn't," study lead author Dr. Thomas Valley said. He's a pulmonary and critical care researcher at the University of Michigan Medical School. Researchers examined 1.5 million Medicare records to determine outcomes for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart attack and worsening heart failure. Many patients with these conditions are admitted to an ICU. There was no difference in 30-day death rates between patients in the ICU and those who received regular inpatient care in another type of hospital unit, the study authors said. However, ICU care was almost $5,000 more for patients with ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Dyspnea, Myocardial Infarction, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Respiratory Tract Disease, Ischemic Heart Disease, Respiratory Failure, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Respiratory Depression, Respiratory Arrest, Left Ventriculography

Child Deaths Highlight Choking Dangers Posed by Grapes

Posted 21 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 – Young children can choke to death on whole grapes, warn the authors of a new report. Doctors in Scotland describe three choking cases – two of them fatal – that involved boys aged 5 and younger who were eating whole grapes. "There is general awareness of the need to supervise young children when they are eating ... but knowledge of the dangers posed by grapes and other similar foods is not widespread," according to Dr. Jamie Cooper and colleague Dr. Amy Lumsden. Cooper works in the emergency department at Royal Aberdeen Children's Hospital. Food accounts for more than half of choking deaths among children younger than 5, the study authors said. The top three food causes are hot dogs, candy and whole grapes. In one case cited in the report, a 5-year-old boy choked while eating whole grapes at an after-school club. First-aid efforts failed to dislodge the ... Read more

Related support groups: Poisoning, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Respiratory Failure

New Technique Keeps Donor Lungs Viable Longer: Study

Posted 18 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 – A technique that allows lungs destined for transplants to be preserved longer works well, a new Canadian study finds. The strategy, called ex-vivo lung perfusion (EVLP), allows preservation of lungs for up to 12 hours, instead of the standard six to eight hours. "We have been using EVLP ... to assess high-risk donor lungs [less healthy] for the last decade, and almost 300 patients have benefited from this technology at our centre to date," said study author Dr. Marcelo Cypel, a thoracic surgeon at Toronto General Hospital. With standard lung transplants, "donor lungs are transported cold to the hospital where they are warmed, evaluated and then cooled again until they are transplanted into the recipient," Cypel explained. The EVLP technique, which has now become more common, allows doctors to preserve lungs for longer periods by pumping them with a solution of ... Read more

Related support groups: Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Organ Transplant, Organ Transplant - Rejection Reversal, Respiratory Failure, Graft-versus-host disease

Heavy Drinking Might Harm the Lungs

Posted 5 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 – Heavy drinking may increase the risk of lung problems, a new study suggests. "Alcohol appears to disrupt the healthy balance in the lung," said study lead author Dr. Majid Afshar, of Loyola University Chicago. He is an assistant professor in the division of pulmonary and critical care medicine and department of public health sciences. Afshar's team analyzed data from more than 12,000 American adults. The researchers found that heavy drinkers (more than one drink a day for women and more than two drinks a day for men) and people who binge-drink at least once a month had less nitric oxide in their exhaled breath than non-drinkers. Binge-drinking is consuming four or more drinks per occasion for women and five or more drinks for men. Also, the researchers found that the more alcohol heavy drinkers consumed, the lower the level of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis

Health Tip: Need a Lung Function Test?

Posted 9 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

-- A lung function test measures how well your lungs are working, helping your doctor diagnose the cause and severity of any problems with your breathing. The U.S. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute says the test is designed to show: The amount of air that you can breathe into your lungs to see if it's in the normal range. The amount of air that you can exhale from your lungs, and how quickly you can do it. The ability of your lungs to bring oxygen to your blood. How strong the muscles that help you breathe are. Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Asthma - Maintenance, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Dyspnea, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Allergic Asthma, Respiratory Failure, Respiratory Arrest, Reversible Airways Disease, Bronchospastic Disease, Reversible Airways Disease - Maintenance

Smog's Health Effects Persist for Decades, Study Finds

Posted 10 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 – Air pollution can increase the risk of premature death, even decades later, one of the longest running air pollution studies suggests. British scientists found the negative health effects of air pollution – such as a higher risk of lung and heart disease – can persist for more than 30 years. The study authors suggested that more research into the long-term health effects of air pollution – often called smog – is needed. "Air pollution has well established impacts on health, especially on heart and lung disease," study author Dr. Anna Hansell, from Imperial College London, said in a university news release. "The novel aspects of our study are the very long follow-up time and the very detailed assessment of air pollution exposure, using air-quality measurements going back to the 1970s." The researchers monitored air pollution levels in areas of England and ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Heart Disease, Bronchitis, Cold Symptoms, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Dyspnea, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Vasomotor Rhinitis, Croup, Ischemic Heart Disease, Respiratory Failure, Infectious Heart Disease

Higher Fiber Intake May Improve Lung Function

Posted 29 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 28, 2016 – Eating a fiber-rich diet may help protect you against lung disease, a new study suggests. "Lung disease is an important public health problem, so it's important to identify modifiable risk factors for prevention," study author Corrine Hanson, an associate professor of medical nutrition at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, said in a journal news release. "However, beyond smoking very few preventative strategies have been identified. Increasing fiber intake may be a practical and effective way for people to have an impact on their risk of lung disease," she added. The findings were published recently in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society. Researchers looked at federal government data from almost 2,000 American adults. They were between 40 and 79 years old. The researchers found that 68 percent of those who had the highest fiber consumption ... Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Aspiration Pneumonia, Dietary Fiber Supplementation, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Failure

Coils in Lungs Might Boost Ability to Exercise With Emphysema

Posted 12 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 12, 2016 – Implanting coils in the lungs may help improve the ability to exercise in people with severe emphysema, a new study suggests. Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that damages the airways and makes it difficult to breathe. Current treatments for severe emphysema have limited effectiveness. Lung volume reduction surgery can help, but carries a risk of complications and death, the study authors explained. Dr. Gaetan Deslee, of Reims University Hospital in France, and colleagues recruited 100 patients for the study. Fifty patients received usual care – rehabilitation and bronchodilators with or without inhaled corticosteroids and oxygen. The remaining 50 received usual care and also had coils placed in their lungs. The researchers said the coils were placed in the lungs using an endoscope – a slender, flexible device inserted into ... Read more

Related support groups: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Bronchiectasis, Diagnosis and Investigation, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Failure, Respiratory Arrest

Implanted Lung Valves Show Promise in Some Emphysema Patients

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 9, 2015 – New research suggests that more careful selection of patients could help improve the success rate of valves implanted into the lungs of people with emphysema. The valves aim to improve breathing, allowing patients with the chronic lung disease to be more active and to perhaps survive longer. Previous research into the valves has been mixed, but the new Dutch study found that they work more effectively if physicians are more selective about which patients get them. "The results are relatively impressive," said lung physician Dr. Gary Hunninghake, an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School in Boston. "These are benefits that physicians would want to get, and patients might feel better. This could result in people being more enthusiastic about this technique." However, the valves come with a risk of serious side effects, the study authors noted, and the ... Read more

Related support groups: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Diagnosis and Investigation, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Failure, Mechanical Ventilation, Respiratory Arrest, Bronchospastic Disease

Agricultural Pesticides May Affect Kids' Breathing

Posted 3 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 3, 2015 – Early exposure to widely used pesticides may harm children's lungs, a new study says. Previous research has looked at the harmful effect of organophosphate pesticides – chemicals that target the nervous system – on adult agricultural workers. This new study looked at children living in an agricultural area where the organophosphates are used. "This is the first evidence suggesting that children exposed to organophosphates have poorer lung function," said study senior author Brenda Eskenazi, a professor of epidemiology and of maternal and child health at the University of California, Berkeley. For this study, researchers measured levels of organophosphate pesticides in urine samples collected on five occasions from 279 children in California's Salinas Valley between the ages of 6 months and 5 years. The area is an agricultural hub, producing lettuce, grapes, ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Asthma - Maintenance, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Sore Throat, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Diagnosis and Investigation, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Croup, Respiratory Failure, Reversible Airways Disease, Reversible Airways Disease - Maintenance

Shorter People Less Likely to Get Lung Transplants

Posted 19 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 – Short adults are much less likely than average-height adults to get a lung transplant, and they're more likely to die while waiting for one, the findings from a new study suggest. Women are particularly affected by this bias because they tend to be shorter than men, the researchers said. "Surgeons commonly try to match small transplant candidates with small donor lungs, because they believe it leads to better outcomes," study leader Dr. David Lederer, an associate professor of medicine and epidemiology at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City, said in a medical center news release. "But the latest evidence indicates that this approach causes short people to get fewer transplants and have worse outcomes. Small recipients can cope with larger lungs, and surgeons can reduce the size of lungs before transplant, with good results. So, there's no ... Read more

Related support groups: Organ Transplant, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure

Rule Changes Might Lead to More Lung Transplants for Kids

Posted 5 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 5, 2015 – Twice as many young people in the United States could get lung transplants if donor lungs were available from a wider geographic area, a new study contends. "Children are dying while waiting for an organ. Geography should be one less barrier to pediatric patients receiving a potentially lifesaving transplant," said senior study author Dr. Maryam Valapour. She is a senior lung investigator at the Cleveland Clinic's Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients and director of Lung Transplant Outcomes. Currently, donor lungs are first offered to transplant candidates near the donor hospital. If there are no local candidates, the lungs are offered beyond the local area in 500-mile radius increments. Child candidates are given priority for child donor lungs within a 1,000-mile radius of the donor hospital, followed by teens and then adults. Teen candidates get ... Read more

Related support groups: Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Organ Transplant, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Organ Transplant - Rejection Reversal, Respiratory Failure, Graft-versus-host disease, Rejection Prophylaxis

Smog Linked to Organ Rejection, Deaths in Lung Transplant Patients

Posted 29 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2015 – Living near busy roads with high levels of air pollution raises lung transplant patients' risk of organ rejection and death, but some antibiotics lower that risk, a new study shows. Researchers examined data gathered from more than 5,700 lung transplant patients in 10 European countries between 1987 and 2013. The analysis revealed that patients who lived in areas where air pollution was above maximum levels recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) were 10 percent more likely to die than those in areas with lower levels of pollution. But this increased risk of death was not seen among patients who took a class of antibiotics called macrolides, which include azithromycin (Zithromax) and clarithromycin (Biaxin), according to the study presented Tuesday at a meeting of the European Respiratory Society in Amsterdam. "Short and long-term exposure to air ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Zithromax, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Biaxin, Immunosuppression, Zithromax Z-Pak, MY-E, Z-Pak, Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Organ Transplant, Biaxin XL, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Respiratory Tract Disease, Pulmonary Impairment, Immunodeficiency, Dificid, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Organ Transplant - Rejection Reversal

Impotence Drug Aids Treatment of Rare Lung Disease: Study

Posted 26 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2015 – A combination treatment using the erectile dysfunction drug Cialis may greatly reduce death and hospitalization from an incurable lung disease that mainly affects women, a new clinical trial shows. Cialis combined with a blood pressure medication called ambrisentan (Letairis) significantly reduced the progression of pulmonary arterial hypertension, according to results published in the Aug. 27 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. The condition involves high blood pressure in the arteries leading into the lungs. People who took the combination therapy were half as likely to die, require hospitalization or have severe progression of their illness, when compared with people who only received one of the two drugs, researchers found. The results are so encouraging that the maker of Cialis, GlaxoSmithKline, has submitted them to the U.S. Food and Drug ... Read more

Related support groups: Cialis, Pulmonary Hypertension, Tadalafil, Adcirca, Letairis, Respiratory Failure, Ambrisentan

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