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Respiratory Failure News

New Technique Keeps Donor Lungs Viable Longer: Study

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 – A technique that allows lungs destined for transplants to be preserved longer works well, a new Canadian study finds. The strategy, called ex-vivo lung perfusion (EVLP), allows preservation of lungs for up to 12 hours, instead of the standard six to eight hours. "We have been using EVLP ... to assess high-risk donor lungs [less healthy] for the last decade, and almost 300 patients have benefited from this technology at our centre to date," said study author Dr. Marcelo Cypel, a thoracic surgeon at Toronto General Hospital. With standard lung transplants, "donor lungs are transported cold to the hospital where they are warmed, evaluated and then cooled again until they are transplanted into the recipient," Cypel explained. The EVLP technique, which has now become more common, allows doctors to preserve lungs for longer periods by pumping them with a solution of ... Read more

Related support groups: Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Organ Transplant, Organ Transplant - Rejection Reversal, Respiratory Failure, Graft-versus-host disease

Heavy Drinking Might Harm the Lungs

Posted 5 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 – Heavy drinking may increase the risk of lung problems, a new study suggests. "Alcohol appears to disrupt the healthy balance in the lung," said study lead author Dr. Majid Afshar, of Loyola University Chicago. He is an assistant professor in the division of pulmonary and critical care medicine and department of public health sciences. Afshar's team analyzed data from more than 12,000 American adults. The researchers found that heavy drinkers (more than one drink a day for women and more than two drinks a day for men) and people who binge-drink at least once a month had less nitric oxide in their exhaled breath than non-drinkers. Binge-drinking is consuming four or more drinks per occasion for women and five or more drinks for men. Also, the researchers found that the more alcohol heavy drinkers consumed, the lower the level of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis

Health Tip: Need a Lung Function Test?

Posted 9 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

-- A lung function test measures how well your lungs are working, helping your doctor diagnose the cause and severity of any problems with your breathing. The U.S. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute says the test is designed to show: The amount of air that you can breathe into your lungs to see if it's in the normal range. The amount of air that you can exhale from your lungs, and how quickly you can do it. The ability of your lungs to bring oxygen to your blood. How strong the muscles that help you breathe are. Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Asthma - Maintenance, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Dyspnea, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Allergic Asthma, Respiratory Failure, Reversible Airways Disease, Bronchospastic Disease, Respiratory Arrest, Reversible Airways Disease - Maintenance

Smog's Health Effects Persist for Decades, Study Finds

Posted 10 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 – Air pollution can increase the risk of premature death, even decades later, one of the longest running air pollution studies suggests. British scientists found the negative health effects of air pollution – such as a higher risk of lung and heart disease – can persist for more than 30 years. The study authors suggested that more research into the long-term health effects of air pollution – often called smog – is needed. "Air pollution has well established impacts on health, especially on heart and lung disease," study author Dr. Anna Hansell, from Imperial College London, said in a university news release. "The novel aspects of our study are the very long follow-up time and the very detailed assessment of air pollution exposure, using air-quality measurements going back to the 1970s." The researchers monitored air pollution levels in areas of England and ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Heart Disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Cold Symptoms, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Dyspnea, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Ischemic Heart Disease, Vasomotor Rhinitis, Respiratory Failure, Infectious Heart Disease

Higher Fiber Intake May Improve Lung Function

Posted 29 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 28, 2016 – Eating a fiber-rich diet may help protect you against lung disease, a new study suggests. "Lung disease is an important public health problem, so it's important to identify modifiable risk factors for prevention," study author Corrine Hanson, an associate professor of medical nutrition at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, said in a journal news release. "However, beyond smoking very few preventative strategies have been identified. Increasing fiber intake may be a practical and effective way for people to have an impact on their risk of lung disease," she added. The findings were published recently in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society. Researchers looked at federal government data from almost 2,000 American adults. They were between 40 and 79 years old. The researchers found that 68 percent of those who had the highest fiber consumption ... Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Aspiration Pneumonia, Dietary Fiber Supplementation, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure

Coils in Lungs Might Boost Ability to Exercise With Emphysema

Posted 12 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 12, 2016 – Implanting coils in the lungs may help improve the ability to exercise in people with severe emphysema, a new study suggests. Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that damages the airways and makes it difficult to breathe. Current treatments for severe emphysema have limited effectiveness. Lung volume reduction surgery can help, but carries a risk of complications and death, the study authors explained. Dr. Gaetan Deslee, of Reims University Hospital in France, and colleagues recruited 100 patients for the study. Fifty patients received usual care – rehabilitation and bronchodilators with or without inhaled corticosteroids and oxygen. The remaining 50 received usual care and also had coils placed in their lungs. The researchers said the coils were placed in the lungs using an endoscope – a slender, flexible device inserted into ... Read more

Related support groups: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Diagnosis and Investigation, Respiratory Failure, Respiratory Arrest

Implanted Lung Valves Show Promise in Some Emphysema Patients

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 9, 2015 – New research suggests that more careful selection of patients could help improve the success rate of valves implanted into the lungs of people with emphysema. The valves aim to improve breathing, allowing patients with the chronic lung disease to be more active and to perhaps survive longer. Previous research into the valves has been mixed, but the new Dutch study found that they work more effectively if physicians are more selective about which patients get them. "The results are relatively impressive," said lung physician Dr. Gary Hunninghake, an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School in Boston. "These are benefits that physicians would want to get, and patients might feel better. This could result in people being more enthusiastic about this technique." However, the valves come with a risk of serious side effects, the study authors noted, and the ... Read more

Related support groups: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Diagnosis and Investigation, Respiratory Failure, Mechanical Ventilation, Respiratory Arrest, Bronchospastic Disease

Agricultural Pesticides May Affect Kids' Breathing

Posted 3 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 3, 2015 – Early exposure to widely used pesticides may harm children's lungs, a new study says. Previous research has looked at the harmful effect of organophosphate pesticides – chemicals that target the nervous system – on adult agricultural workers. This new study looked at children living in an agricultural area where the organophosphates are used. "This is the first evidence suggesting that children exposed to organophosphates have poorer lung function," said study senior author Brenda Eskenazi, a professor of epidemiology and of maternal and child health at the University of California, Berkeley. For this study, researchers measured levels of organophosphate pesticides in urine samples collected on five occasions from 279 children in California's Salinas Valley between the ages of 6 months and 5 years. The area is an agricultural hub, producing lettuce, grapes, ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Asthma - Maintenance, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Sore Throat, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Diagnosis and Investigation, Respiratory Failure, Reversible Airways Disease, Reversible Airways Disease - Maintenance

Shorter People Less Likely to Get Lung Transplants

Posted 19 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 – Short adults are much less likely than average-height adults to get a lung transplant, and they're more likely to die while waiting for one, the findings from a new study suggest. Women are particularly affected by this bias because they tend to be shorter than men, the researchers said. "Surgeons commonly try to match small transplant candidates with small donor lungs, because they believe it leads to better outcomes," study leader Dr. David Lederer, an associate professor of medicine and epidemiology at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City, said in a medical center news release. "But the latest evidence indicates that this approach causes short people to get fewer transplants and have worse outcomes. Small recipients can cope with larger lungs, and surgeons can reduce the size of lungs before transplant, with good results. So, there's no ... Read more

Related support groups: Organ Transplant, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure

Rule Changes Might Lead to More Lung Transplants for Kids

Posted 5 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 5, 2015 – Twice as many young people in the United States could get lung transplants if donor lungs were available from a wider geographic area, a new study contends. "Children are dying while waiting for an organ. Geography should be one less barrier to pediatric patients receiving a potentially lifesaving transplant," said senior study author Dr. Maryam Valapour. She is a senior lung investigator at the Cleveland Clinic's Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients and director of Lung Transplant Outcomes. Currently, donor lungs are first offered to transplant candidates near the donor hospital. If there are no local candidates, the lungs are offered beyond the local area in 500-mile radius increments. Child candidates are given priority for child donor lungs within a 1,000-mile radius of the donor hospital, followed by teens and then adults. Teen candidates get ... Read more

Related support groups: Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Organ Transplant, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Organ Transplant - Rejection Reversal, Respiratory Failure, Graft-versus-host disease, Rejection Prophylaxis

Smog Linked to Organ Rejection, Deaths in Lung Transplant Patients

Posted 29 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2015 – Living near busy roads with high levels of air pollution raises lung transplant patients' risk of organ rejection and death, but some antibiotics lower that risk, a new study shows. Researchers examined data gathered from more than 5,700 lung transplant patients in 10 European countries between 1987 and 2013. The analysis revealed that patients who lived in areas where air pollution was above maximum levels recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) were 10 percent more likely to die than those in areas with lower levels of pollution. But this increased risk of death was not seen among patients who took a class of antibiotics called macrolides, which include azithromycin (Zithromax) and clarithromycin (Biaxin), according to the study presented Tuesday at a meeting of the European Respiratory Society in Amsterdam. "Short and long-term exposure to air ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Zithromax, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Biaxin, Immunosuppression, Zithromax Z-Pak, MY-E, Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Z-Pak, Organ Transplant, Respiratory Tract Disease, Erythrocin, Ery-Tab, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Biaxin XL, Immunodeficiency, Organ Transplant - Rejection Reversal

Impotence Drug Aids Treatment of Rare Lung Disease: Study

Posted 26 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2015 – A combination treatment using the erectile dysfunction drug Cialis may greatly reduce death and hospitalization from an incurable lung disease that mainly affects women, a new clinical trial shows. Cialis combined with a blood pressure medication called ambrisentan (Letairis) significantly reduced the progression of pulmonary arterial hypertension, according to results published in the Aug. 27 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. The condition involves high blood pressure in the arteries leading into the lungs. People who took the combination therapy were half as likely to die, require hospitalization or have severe progression of their illness, when compared with people who only received one of the two drugs, researchers found. The results are so encouraging that the maker of Cialis, GlaxoSmithKline, has submitted them to the U.S. Food and Drug ... Read more

Related support groups: Cialis, Pulmonary Hypertension, Tadalafil, Adcirca, Letairis, Respiratory Failure, Ambrisentan

Two More Deaths Reported in NYC Legionnaires' Disease Outbreak

Posted 10 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2015 – Two more deaths were reported Monday in the Legionnaires' disease outbreak in New York City. The number of reported cases also increased, from 100 to 113, officials from the New York Department of Mental Health and Hygiene said in a news release. The outbreak has been traced to water-filled cooling towers in the South Bronx. Health experts note that the elderly, smokers and those with respiratory conditions are most vulnerable to the potentially deadly bacteria. New York City health officials said last week that of those who had died, all were older individuals with other medical conditions. "There are probably going to be more cases because the disease has a long incubation period – 10 to 14 days," said Dr. Robert Glatter, an attending physician in the department of emergency medicine at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Another expert explained that the ... Read more

Related support groups: Respiratory Failure, Legionella Pneumonia

Legionnaire's Disease Most Deadly for Frail, Elderly, Experts Say

Posted 6 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2015 – As New York City health officials work to contain an outbreak of Legionnaires' disease, health experts note that the elderly, smokers and those with respiratory conditions are most vulnerable to the potentially deadly bacteria. So far, 97 people have been infected and eight have died in the current outbreak, which has been traced to cooling towers in a Bronx neighborhood, according to the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Of those who died, all were older individuals with other medical conditions. And the outbreak is not over, experts noted Thursday. "There are probably going to be more cases because the disease has a long incubation period – 10 to 14 days," said Dr. Robert Glatter, an attending physician in the department of emergency medicine at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Another expert explained that the disease is more ... Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure, Legionella Pneumonia

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Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Arrest, Respiratory Tract Disease

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nitric oxide, INOmax, caffeine / sodium benzoate