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COPD Deaths Down for Most Americans: CDC

Posted 8 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 8, 2016 – Fewer Americans are dying from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but not black women and the middle-aged, a new government report shows. Between 2000 and 2014, there was a 12 percent overall drop in deaths from the progressive lung disease, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Report co-author Hanyu Ni said the figures aren't unexpected, noting that "the declines in the COPD-related mortality are consistent with declines in the prevalence of current smoking for men and women in the United States." But, Ni added, the study only quantified death rate trends, and didn't look at the reasons behind those trends. Ni is an associate director for science with the CDC's division of vital statistics at the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. Dr. David Mannino, who's with the University of Kentucky's College of Public ... Read more

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Mixed Progress in Worldwide Fight Against HIV/AIDS

Posted 19 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 19, 2016 – The number of HIV/AIDS deaths worldwide each year has fallen since peaking in 2005, but the number of new HIV infections is up in 74 countries, according to a new study. Deaths from HIV/AIDS fell to 1.2 million in 2015 from 1.8 million in 2005. Though the number of new HIV infections has decreased since a peak of 3.3 million in 1997, it has been relatively stable at about 2.5 million a year for the past decade. Worldwide, new HIV infections fell just 0.7 percent a year between 2005 and 2015, compared to 2.7 percent a year between 1997 and 2005, the study found. Sub-Saharan Africa continued to be a trouble spot, accounting for three-quarters of new HIV infections (1.8 million) in 2015. Last year, south Asia had 8.5 percent (212,500) of new infections; southeast Asia, 4.7 percent (117,500); and east Asia, 2.3 percent (57,500). Between 2005 and 2015, the ... Read more

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Depression Plagues Many With COPD

Posted 17 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 17, 2016 – Struggling with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) may raise the risk of depression among patients with the incurable respiratory illness, two new studies suggest. One report, from scientists at Manchester Metropolitan University in England, found one in four patients with COPD suffered persistent depressive symptoms over the three years of the study. If untreated, depression can have a negative effect on the patients' overall health and the effectiveness of their treatment, the researchers noted. A second study from the University of Texas analyzed data from a random sample of 5 percent of Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with COPD between 2001 and 2011. The researchers found that 22 percent of those patients had one or more psychological disorders. The study also showed that the odds of 30-day readmission to the hospital were higher in patients with ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Fluticasone, Dysthymia, Qvar, Ribavirin, Budesonide, Flovent, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Entocort, Tobramycin, Mometasone, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Entocort EC, Acetylcysteine, Mucomyst, Beclomethasone, Pulmicort Flexhaler

Health Tip: Control Asthma

Posted 7 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Asthma medications can tame your symptoms and greatly improve your quality of life. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says benefits of controlling asthma include: Better breathing. Regaining the ability to participate in sports and other physical activities. Better sleep. Freedom from wheezing and coughing. Avoiding hospital stays. Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Asthma - Maintenance, Fluticasone, Asthma - Acute, Qvar, Ribavirin, Budesonide, Flovent, Entocort, Tobramycin, Mometasone, Entocort EC, Acetylcysteine, Beclomethasone, Mucomyst, Alvesco, Pulmicort Flexhaler, Pulmicort Turbuhaler, Uceris, Asmanex Twisthaler

Many Parents Ill-Informed About Kids' Asthma Meds

Posted 31 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 – Only half of parents of children with asthma fully understand the use of their youngsters' asthma medications, a new study finds. A survey of parents of 740 children with probable persistent asthma found just 49 percent knew what kind of medication their child was prescribed and how often to use it. Following recommended guidelines is key to controlling asthma symptoms, experts say. "Adherence to the guidelines has demonstrated improved outcomes: decreased hospitalizations, emergency department visits and outpatient visits," said study primary author Dr. Ann Chen Wu, of the Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute in Boston. Parents were asked which asthma controller medications their child was prescribed and how often they should be taken. Responses were compared to instructions from their child's health care provider. Records showed that 77 percent of the ... Read more

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Many Smokers Have COPD Symptoms, Without Diagnosis

Posted 18 May 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 – Many smokers have symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) even before they've been diagnosed with the lung condition, according to a new study. Symptoms of COPD include shortness of breath, coughing, difficulty exercising and history of asthma. COPD is the third leading cause of death in the United States, researchers said. Smoking is a major cause of the disease. "We found that a significant number of current and former smokers who don't meet the typical criteria for COPD [based on a breathing test] otherwise look and behave like patients who do carry a diagnosis of COPD," said study co-lead author Dr. Meilan Han, medical director of the University of Michigan Women's Respiratory Health Program. The study included more than 2,700 people. It included current or former smokers and people who never smoked. "We found significant respiratory ... Read more

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Health Tip: Create an Asthma Action Plan

Posted 16 May 2016 by Drugs.com

-- An asthma action plan can help people with asthma handle an attack quickly and safely. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends: Creating the action plan with your doctor's assistance. Including in your plan the asthma treatments taken daily, including the type of medications and when taken. Including a plan for long-term asthma control. Including a plan for an asthma attack. Noting when it's appropriate to visit the doctor or go to the emergency room. If the plan is for a child, giving the plan to anyone who cares for that child, including daycare providers and teachers. Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Albuterol, Asthma - Maintenance, Ventolin, Fluticasone, Asthma - Acute, Ribavirin, Qvar, Combivent, Flovent, Budesonide, Entocort, ProAir HFA, Tobramycin, Mometasone, Proventil, Entocort EC, Acetylcysteine, Beclomethasone, Mucomyst

COPD Discovery Might Improve Treatment

Posted 15 May 2016 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, May 15 2016 – Researchers say they've found a new way to predict how chronic obstructive pulmonary disease will progress, a discovery they believe could improve COPD treatment. Their research might help doctors determine which patients are less likely to respond to standard treatment and are at higher risk for disease advancement, the study authors explained. COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – is a chronic lung disease that makes it tough to breathe. It includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema, according to the American Lung Association. The new discovery concerns something called neutrophilic airway inflammation, which is associated with COPD. Neutrophils are white blood cells that are important for fighting infection. Scientists said that a type of neutrophil behavior called neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation in the lungs of COPD patients appears to ... Read more

Related support groups: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Fluticasone, Qvar, Ribavirin, Budesonide, Flovent, Entocort, Tobramycin, Mometasone, Entocort EC, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Acetylcysteine, Mucomyst, Beclomethasone, Pulmicort Flexhaler, Alvesco, Uceris, Pulmicort Turbuhaler, Asmanex Twisthaler

Alcohol More Harmful for People With HIV, Study Suggests

Posted 9 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 – Drinking alcohol may be more dangerous for people infected with HIV, a new study suggests. The effects of alcohol appear to be more pronounced for those with the virus that causes AIDS, even when the virus is suppressed with modern antiretroviral treatment (ART), the Yale University researchers reported. They noted that HIV patients who have just one or two drinks a day are at greater risk for death or alcohol-related health issues. The study involved patients treated by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs between 2008 and 2012. There were more than 18,000 HIV-positive patients and over 42,000 people not infected with the virus. The researchers investigated the link between drinking alcohol, death and other health issues the patients developed. They found the patients with HIV who drank even moderate amounts of alcohol were more likely to develop ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Alcohol Dependence, Tamiflu, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Alcoholism, Incivek, Hangover, Baraclude, Victrelis, Viread, Oseltamivir, Kaletra, Entecavir, Norvir, Tenofovir, Telaprevir, Prezista, Lamivudine, Reyataz, Boceprevir

CDC: Black Americans With HIV Still Less Likely to Get Ongoing Medical Care

Posted 5 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 – While HIV diagnoses dropped significantly over the past decade in the United States, blacks with HIV are less likely than whites or Hispanics to receive routine, ongoing care, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. From 2005 to 2014, annual HIV diagnoses fell 19 percent in the United States. Infections among black women dropped 42 percent during this period. Despite this progress in the fight against HIV, racial disparities persist, the CDC found. While black people make up 12 percent of the U.S. population, they accounted for nearly half of all HIV diagnoses in 2014. "CDC has been working for many years to eliminate the HIV disparities that exist within the black community," Dr. Eugene McCray, director of the CDC's Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, said in an agency news release. "While we are seeing signs of success, we must continue ... Read more

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New HIV Treatment Shows Promise in Early Research

Posted 23 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 – Preliminary new research raises the prospect that a recently discovered antibody – an important component of the immune system – could be enlisted to boost the body's response to HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. A single injection of the antibody, currently dubbed VRC01, dramatically reduced the level of HIV in the blood of people who hadn't yet been given antiretroviral drug treatment (ART). ART is the current standard treatment for managing HIV infections, according to the study's authors from the Vaccine Research Center at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in Bethesda, Md. But in people who'd already been treated with ART, the antibody injection had no effect on HIV levels, presumably because the ART therapy had already reduced the levels of HIV virus in their blood, the researchers said. And the researchers were quick to note ... Read more

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FDA Lifts Ban on Blood Donations by Gay Men

Posted 21 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 – Gay and bisexual men who have abstained from sex for one year will now be allowed to donate blood in the United States. The new policy, announced Monday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, reverses a three-decades-old ban on donations from this group of men that traces back to the start of the AIDS epidemic. "The FDA's responsibility is to maintain a high level of blood product safety for people whose lives depend on it," FDA Acting Commissioner Stephen Ostroff said in an agency news release. "We have taken great care to ensure this policy revision is backed by sound science and continues to protect our blood supply." The FDA said it was changing its policy based on data from other countries that show allowing such donations would not increase the risk of HIV-tainted blood entering America's blood supply. FDA officials have estimated that about half of the ... Read more

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Almost Half of American Adults With HIV Don't Take Meds: Report

Posted 24 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 24, 2015 – Almost half of American adults infected with HIV don't take medications that can prevent them from developing AIDS, a new government report shows. The statistics, based on data gathered from 2007 to 2012, are a few years out of date, so it's not clear whether the situation has changed. Still, the report – an analysis of people aged 18 to 59 – suggests a widespread lack of recommended care. "Based on what we know nowadays, everyone who's HIV-positive should be on therapy," said Dr. Carlos del Rio, co-director of the Center for AIDS Research at Emory University, in Atlanta. "This highlights the challenges we have ahead because we have such an unequal epidemic." The report, authored by Dr. Joseph Woodring of the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, estimated the prevalence of HIV infection based on a survey of more than 10,000 people. The survey found ... Read more

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Early Treatment With Flu Antivirals May Shorten Seniors' Hospital Stay

Posted 3 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 3, 2015 – Early antiviral treatment for seniors with severe cases of the flu may shorten their hospital stay and reduce the need for extended care after discharge, a new government study finds. "Flu can be extremely serious in older people, leading to hospitalization and, in some cases, long-term disability. This important study shows that people 65 and older should seek medical care early when they develop flu symptoms," Dr. Dan Jernigan, director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's influenza division, said in an agency news release on the study. People aged 65 and older are at high risk for serious flu complications and should be treated with antiviral drugs as early as possible, according to the CDC. In the study, CDC researchers analyzed data gathered from more than 250 hospitals in 13 states during three consecutive flu seasons (2010-2013), to ... Read more

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Many U.S. AIDS Patients Still Die When 'Opportunistic' Infections Strike

Posted 1 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2015 – Even after the advent of powerful medications for suppressing HIV, a new study finds that more than one-third of people in San Francisco who were diagnosed with an AIDS-related infection died within five years. "The main cause of mortality arises from people stopping treatment entirely," said Dr. Robert Grant, a professor at the University of California, San Francisco, who reviewed the findings but was not involved in the research. When HIV treatment lapses, so-called "opportunistic" infections and illnesses can arise, posing a real threat to patients' health, he explained. The bottom line, according to Grant, is that there is still "a long way to go" in prolonging the lives of Americans with HIV/AIDS. The new study was led by Dr. Sandra Schwarcz, associate professor of epidemiology and biostatistics at the University of California, San Francisco. She and her ... Read more

Related support groups: Harvoni, HIV Infection, Tamiflu, Atripla, Sovaldi, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Truvada, Stribild, Complera, Triumeq, Baraclude, Victrelis, Sofosbuvir, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare - Treatment, Viread, Kaletra, Oseltamivir, Entecavir

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