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Better Care Could Cut Deaths From Trauma by 20 Percent: Report

Posted 17 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 17, 2016 – Improved care could prevent one in every five deaths currently lost to traumatic injuries in the United States, a new federal report finds. Injuries from car crashes, gun violence, falls and other incidents remain the leading cause of death among Americans younger than 46, a committee from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine noted. Trauma's aftermath also costs the United States about $670 billion in medical care and lost productivity in 2013, the group said. And with incidents of domestic and international terrorism and "mass casualty" events increasingly in the spotlight, the United States could learn from the military's response to such incidents, the panel said. "With the decrease in combat and the need to maintain readiness for trauma care between wars, a window of opportunity now exists to integrate military and civilian trauma ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Fracture, bone, Spinal Cord Trauma, Compression Fracture of Vertebral Column, Radiation Injury of Bone

With Early Breast Cancer, Targeted Radiation Shows Promise

Posted 9 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 – For women with early stage breast cancer, targeted doses of radiation therapy may be as effective as standard radiation treatment of the entire breast, a new British study suggests. The research only tracked women for five years, so it isn't definitive. Still, "this contributes to a growing body of evidence that a large proportion of women over 50 years old with small breast cancers can avoid whole breast radiotherapy," said study co-author Dr. John Yarnold. He is a professor of clinical oncology with the Institute of Cancer Research in London. At issue: What is the best treatment for low-risk early breast cancer? Many studies have shown that surgery to remove the cancerous lump – but not the entire breast – followed by radiation of the whole breast reduces the chance of breast cancer returning, said Dr. Reshma Jagsi, who was not involved with the new ... Read more

Related support groups: Breast Cancer, Breast Cancer, Metastatic, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Nausea/Vomiting - Radiation Induced, History - Radiation Therapy, Radiation Injury of Bone

Study Says Radiation Often Overused in Late-Stage Lung Cancer

Posted 2 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 2, 2015 – Late-stage lung cancer patients in the United States often receive more radiation therapy than recommended, a new study finds. While radiation therapy can reduce pain and improve quality of life, unnecessary treatments increase costs and hospital visits, and can lead to radiation toxicity and difficulty swallowing, the researchers noted. "This study uncovered that there's a lot of treatment of late-stage lung cancer with palliative radiation that goes beyond what is recommended by several national guidelines and multiple clinical trials," said study author Dr. Matthew Koshy, a radiation oncologist at the University of Illinois Hospital. The researchers analyzed data from 47,000 advanced-lung cancer patients who received palliative radiation therapy – intended to ease their symptoms but not cure them – between 2004 and 2012. One in five also received ... Read more

Related support groups: Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Small Cell Lung Cancer, History - Radiation Therapy, Radiation Injury of Bone

They Overcame Childhood Cancer, But Now Obesity?

Posted 11 May 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 11, 2015 – Certain treatments may increase a childhood cancer survivor's risk of obesity later in life, a new study says. "The ability to identify patients at increased risk may guide selection of therapeutic protocols that will maximize treatment outcomes while simultaneously minimizing the risk of long-term complications among children diagnosed with cancer," said study co-leader Kirsten Ness, of St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis. The researchers looked at nearly 2,000 people who'd been diagnosed with childhood cancer at least 10 years earlier. They found that almost half who underwent cranial radiation were obese. This compared with just over 29 percent of those who did not receive that type of treatment. Cranial radiation is used to prevent or delay the spread of cancer to the brain. The risk of obesity among survivors treated with cranial radiation was ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Cancer, Prednisone, Methylprednisolone, Prednisolone, Hydrocortisone, Medrol, Cortisone, Dexamethasone, Triamcinolone, Betamethasone, Budesonide, Decadron, Entocort, Solu-Medrol, Entocort EC, Cortef, Medrol Dosepak, Celestone, Orapred

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