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Guidelines May Have Helped Curb ADHD Diagnoses in Preschoolers

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 – In a bit of good news, the rate of diagnoses for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among U.S. preschoolers has leveled off, a new study finds. At the same time, the prescribing rate of stimulant medications for these young patients has also stayed steady, a promising trend that researchers credit to treatment guidelines that were introduced in 2011. The guidelines, issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), called for a standardized approach to diagnosis, and recommended behavior therapy – not drugs – as the first-line therapy for preschoolers. "There [was] a concern that preschoolers get too much behavioral diagnosis and medications for behavior problems," explained study author Dr. Alexander Fiks. He is associate medical director of the Pediatric Research Consortium at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. One in every three children ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Dextroamphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Lisdexamfetamine, Dextrostat, Evekeo

Meds May Curb Risky Behaviors for Kids With ADHD

Posted 17 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 – Despite concerns that the stimulants used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) might raise the risk of drug abuse, new research suggests the medications are linked with less risky behaviors in teens. The research finds that ADHD medications are "effective in reducing the probability of these events," said study co-author Anna Chorniy, a postdoctoral associate at Princeton University in New Jersey. Chorniy and her co-author Leah Kitashima, a Ph.D. candidate at Clemson University in South Carolina, examined the Medicaid claims of nearly 150,000 children aged 4 to 19 who were diagnosed with ADHD in South Carolina between 2003 and 2013. The study results showed that children with ADHD who took medication were 7 percent less likely to have a substance abuse disorder and nearly 4 percent less likely to contract a sexually transmitted disease, ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo

ADHD Common Among College Students Who Misuse Stimulant Drugs

Posted 12 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 – College students who misuse stimulant drugs are more likely to have attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or other psychiatric problems, a new study shows. The study also found that immediate-release stimulants are more likely to be misused than extended-release versions of the drugs. A previous study found that nearly two-thirds of college students had been offered stimulants for non-medical use, and 31 percent had used them over a four-year period. The new Massachusetts General Hospital study included 300 undergraduates between the ages of 18 and 28 at Boston-area campuses. One-third misused stimulant drugs. Misusers were more likely to have been diagnosed with ADHD or to have related symptoms as children, such as being easily distracted and having trouble paying attention. As adults, they were more likely to have trouble following instructions and ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Drug Dependence, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo

Do ADHD Medicines Boost Substance Abuse Risk?

Posted 15 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 – Parents often worry that their children who take stimulants to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be at higher risk for substance abuse later. Now, a surprising new study finds that risk was actually lower when medicines such as Ritalin and Adderall were started earlier and taken longer. "Most notably, the risk of substance use in adolescents who had been treated at an earlier age and for a longer duration with stimulant ADHD medications was the same as for the general population of children," said study leader Sean Esteban McCabe. He is research faculty chair at the University of Michigan Institute for Research on Women and Gender. "The study found that the odds of reporting any substance use were over two times more likely among individuals who reported later onset [age 15 or older] and shorter duration [two years or less] of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Smoking, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Smoking Cessation, Drug Dependence, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Quillivant XR

Exercise May Help Ease Adult ADHD Symptoms

Posted 6 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 – A burst of moderate exercise may improve motivation and energy in adults with symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a small new study suggests. The research included 32 young men who hadn't been diagnosed with ADHD, but reported high levels of symptoms of the disorder. When the study volunteers completed a 20-minute session of leg cycling exercise, they reported lowered feelings of confusion, fatigue and depression before performing a mental task. While activity didn't seem to affect behavior symptoms such as attention or hyperactivity, the study authors said the research indicates exercise might help those with the disorder to function better. "There is now evidence that young adult men with symptoms of ADHD who engage in a single bout of moderate-intensity exercise are likely to benefit psychologically," said study author Patrick ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo, Adzenys XR-ODT, Metadate ER, QuilliChew ER

ADHD Meds May Pose Heart Risks for Some Kids

Posted 1 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 1, 2016 – Ritalin, a popular drug for treating attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), might increase the risk of an abnormal heart rhythm shortly after a young person starts taking it, a new study suggests. Children and teens who were prescribed methylphenidate – sold under the brand names Ritalin, Daytrana and Concerta – had a 61 percent increased risk of arrhythmias during the first two months of use, according to the analysis of South Korean patients. But most children on the medication should not experience heart problems, stressed senior study author Nicole Pratt, a senior research fellow at the Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Center at the University of South Australia. "In the average child, the risk of serious cardiovascular events is extremely small [three per 100,000 per year], and any absolute excess risk associated with ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Hypertension, Concerta, Ritalin, Arrhythmia, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Quillivant XR, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, QuilliChew ER, Aptensio XR, Executive Function Disorder

Lifestyle May Be Key to Improving ADHD in Kids

Posted 30 May 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 30, 2016 – Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are often treated with medications, such as Adderall or Ritalin. But a new study suggests that parents can also help their kids by promoting healthy lifestyle habits. For the study, researchers looked at 184 children with ADHD and 104 without the disorder. The investigators found that those with ADHD were less likely to adhere to healthy behaviors recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the National Sleep Foundation and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Those guidelines include no more than one to two hours of total screen time a day (TV, computers, video games); at least one hour of physical activity a day; limited intake of sugar-sweetened beverages; getting nine to 11 hours of sleep a night; and drinking seven to 10 cups of water daily, depending on age. The kids in the study were aged ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Evekeo, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Dyanavel XR, Adzenys XR-ODT, Metadate ER, QuilliChew ER, Aptensio XR

For ADHD, Start With Behavior Therapy, Not Drugs: CDC

Posted 3 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 – Behavior modification therapy is preferable to drugs for treating children 2 to 5 years old who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, U.S. health officials say. "Behavior therapy has been shown to help improve symptoms in young children with ADHD and can be as effective as medicine, but without the side effects," said Dr. Anne Schuchat, principal deputy director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Research has shown that the benefits of behavior therapy can last for years," she said Tuesday during a midday media briefing. Medicines such as Ritalin are appropriate for some children, Schuchat said. But behavior therapy doesn't have the side effects such as stomach aches, irritability, appetite loss and sleep problems often associated with ADHD medications, she said. Also, the effects of long-term use of ADHD medications by young ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Agitated State, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo

Could ADHD Drugs Lower Kids' Bone Density?

Posted 1 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 1, 2016 – Commonly prescribed drugs to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may affect bone density, a new study says. Researchers found that young people who take stimulants such as methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta) and Adderall have lower bone density than their peers. This could have serious consequences later in life, the study suggests. "Adolescence and young adulthood are critically important times for accruing peak bone mass – the largest and densest bone," said the study's lead investigator, Dr. Alexis Feuer, a pediatric endocrinologist at Weill Cornell Medicine in New York City. "Failure to obtain adequate bone mass by early adulthood may result in an increased fracture risk or even the development of osteoporosis later in adulthood." Using data from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, researchers examined the effects of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Osteoporosis, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Fracture, bone, Methylin, Daytrana, Prevention of Osteoporosis, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Evekeo, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR

Most Teens Who Abuse ADHD Meds Get Them From Others

Posted 8 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 8, 2016 – Abuse of ADHD stimulant drugs such Ritalin or Adderall is on the rise, and a new study finds that most teens who abuse the drugs get them from someone else. An expanding market for drugs to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), "coupled with the increasing rates of ADHD diagnosis, provides greater availability of these drugs," study lead author Yanning Wang, from the University of Florida in Gainesville, said in a university news release. "This raises concerns about the possible non-medical use or abuse of these medications," which include drugs such Adderall, Concerta and Ritalin, she added. According to the U.S. National Institutes of Health, when these drugs are abused they can boost blood pressure and heart rate, and interfere with sleep and appetite. The new study focused on surveys of more than 11,000 American children and teens conducted ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Drug Dependence, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo, Dyanavel XR

ADHD Meds Tied to Lower Bone Density in Kids

Posted 3 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 3, 2016 – Children on medications for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have lower bone density than their peers, a new U.S. study suggests. Using data from a government health survey, researchers found that children taking ADHD medications had, on average, lower bone density in the hip and lumbar spine (lower back) than kids not on the drugs. These prescription medications included stimulants such as Ritalin and Adderall, and nonstimulants, like Strattera. Experts said it's not clear that the medications themselves actually thin kids' bones, as the study only showed an association, and there could be other explanations for the connection. "I'm in no way saying that kids shouldn't be on these medications," said Dr. Jessica Rivera, the senior researcher on the study and an orthopedic surgeon with the U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research, at Fort Sam ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Strattera, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Atomoxetine, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo, Dyanavel XR

Young Athletes Pressured by Parents May Resort to 'Doping'

Posted 1 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 – Young male athletes under parental pressure to succeed are more likely to use banned substances to boost their sports performance, a new study finds. Researchers at the University of Kent in England asked 129 young male athletes, average age 17, about their attitudes on "doping" – the use of prohibited drugs, such as steroids, hormones or stimulants, to boost athletic ability. These substances, sometimes called performance-enhancing drugs, can potentially alter the human body and biological functions. However, they can be extremely harmful to a person's health, experts warn. In addition, the study participants were also asked about four different aspects of perfectionism. The four areas were: parental pressure; self-striving for perfection; concerns about making mistakes; and pressure from coaches. Only parental pressure was linked to positive feelings about ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Phentermine, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Testosterone, Amphetamine, Adipex-P, Strattera, Nuvigil, Focalin, Caffeine, Provigil, AndroGel, Methylphenidate, Dextroamphetamine, Focalin XR, Methamphetamine, Testim

Could Adults' Expectations Drive Up ADHD Diagnoses in Kids?

Posted 23 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 – Rates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have risen globally, and adults' unreasonable expectations of young children could be one reason why, researchers suggest. Reporting in the Feb. 22 issue of JAMA Pediatrics, researchers from the University of Miami point to evidence that the rise in ADHD diagnoses coincided with ever-growing demands on young children's attention and focus. Since the 1970s, the researchers said, elementary school children have been getting more and more homework, while preschoolers have spent more time in full-day programs – and getting coached in reading and numbers by mom and dad. During those same years, the prevalence of ADHD doubled in the United States. Of course, many other things have also changed since the 1970s, and it's not possible to pin the rise of ADHD on any one trend, said lead researcher Dr. Jeffrey ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Diagnosis and Investigation, Quillivant XR, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, QuilliChew ER, Aptensio XR, Executive Function Disorder

Behavioral Therapy Beats Drugs as First-Line Treatment for ADHD: Researchers

Posted 18 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

Behavioral therapy should be used before medication in treating children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to new research. One paper found that children's ADHD problems improve faster when their first therapy is behavioral – such as being taught basic social skills – rather than medication, The New York Times reported. Another paper said using behavioral therapy first is less expensive over time. Medications were most effective when used as supplemental, second-line treatment for children with ADHD who required the drugs. In many cases, the drugs were effective at doses lower than normally prescribed, according to the findings in the Journal of Child & Adolescent Psychology. If the effectiveness of the behavior therapy-first approach is confirmed in larger studies, experts say it could change standard medical practice for children with ADHD, which ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Social Anxiety Disorder, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Quillivant XR, Ritalin-SR, Evekeo, QuilliChew ER, Metadate ER

More College Students Misusing ADHD Med as Study Aid

Posted 16 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 – College students aiming for an academic edge may explain a surge in the misuse of a stimulant commonly prescribed for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), new research suggests. Among U.S. adults, the number of Adderall prescriptions stayed stable from 2006 to 2011, but misuse of the drug jumped 67 percent and related visits to emergency rooms went up by 156 percent, researchers found. "The majority of adults who are using Adderall nonmedically are in the age range of 18 to 25," said lead researcher Dr. Ramin Mojtabai, a professor of mental health at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. Most get the pills from friends or relatives who have prescriptions, the study found. Mojtabai and his team suspect college students use Adderall to help them stay up all night to cram for exams. Similarly, young working adults may use it to ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER, QuilliChew ER, Aptensio XR

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