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Smoking Rates Drop After Global Tobacco Treaty

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 22, 2017 – After 180 countries agreed to a global tobacco control treaty in 2005, there was a 2.5 percent decrease in smoking worldwide during the next decade, a new study shows. All of the participating countries agreed to the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). Signing countries committed to introducing policies such as high tobacco taxes and smoke-free public spaces. They also agreed to warning labels, advertising bans, and support for smoking cessation services. "The study provides strong evidence that the FCTC has led to a significant increase in the implementation of tobacco control measures," said study co-author Geoffrey Fong, professor of psychology and health studies at the University of Waterloo in Canada. He and his colleagues reviewed data from 116 countries that signed the treaty and 10 that didn't. Overall, smoking ... Read more

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1 in 4 Teens Exposed to Secondhand E-Cig Vapors: Report

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 20, 2017 – One-quarter of U.S. middle and high school students say they've been exposed to potentially dangerous secondhand e-cigarette vapors, a federal government study shows. E-cigarette vapors can contain harmful substances such as nicotine, according to the U.S. Surgeon General. E-cigarette devices can also be used for marijuana and other illicit drugs. Researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analyzed data from the 2015 National Youth Tobacco Survey. They found that more than 24 percent of middle and high school students said they had been exposed to e-cigarette vapors in an indoor or outdoor location at least once in the previous 30 days. That amounted to 6.5 million students. Rates of exposure for specific groups were: almost 22 percent among males; close to 27 percent among females; 24.5 percent among Hispanics; 27 percent among ... Read more

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Smokers Prone to Problems After Joint Replacement: Study

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 16, 2017 – Quitting smoking before knee or hip replacement surgery may cut the risk of complications after surgery, a new study suggests. Instead of just telling people to quit smoking, these findings suggest that doctors should guide people into pre-surgery smoking-cessation programs for smokers, the researchers said. "We've known that smokers do worse than non-smokers after joint replacements, and now this research shows there's good early evidence that quitting smoking before surgery may improve their outcomes," said study author Dr. Amy Wasterlain. She's a fourth-year orthopaedic surgery resident at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City. "Not every risk factor can be reduced before a joint replacement, but smoking status is one that should be a top priority for orthopedic surgeons and their patients," she added in an NYU news release. The study included more ... Read more

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Many Smokers Switch to E-Cigs After Tobacco-Related Illness

Posted 1 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 28, 2017 – Tobacco-related illnesses may lead some smokers to switch to electronic cigarettes, new research indicates. Smokers with breathing problems who can't quit altogether may perceive e-cigarettes as somewhat safer than tobacco cigarettes, the researchers said. "Smokers with asthma, COPD or cardiovascular disease probably use e-cigarettes for the same reasons as other adults: to quit cigarettes, reduce cigarette consumption, or reduce the harms from smoking," said lead investigator Dr. Gina Kruse. The finding stems from responses to the 2014 and 2015 U.S. National Health Interview Surveys. The back-to-back surveys involved roughly 70,000 respondents. "This large sample provides the first national estimates of the prevalence of e-cigarette use among U.S. adults with medical comorbidities [additional health conditions or illnesses]," said Kruse, an assistant professor ... Read more

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Health Tip: Culprits Behind Stained Teeth

Posted 14 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

-- If your teeth aren't bright white, the foods you eat or habits such as smoking may be to blame. The American Dental Association mentions these potential factors for stained teeth: Drinking red wine, coffee or tea. Using tobacco. Getting older, which leads to enamel wear and allows yellowish dentin to show through. Using an antihistamine, high-blood pressure medication, some chemotherapy drugs or antipsychotic medication. Some children who take certain antibiotics also may have tooth discoloration. Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Benadryl, Oral and Dental Conditions, Hydroxyzine, Zyrtec, Smoking Cessation, Promethazine, Toothache, Claritin, Loratadine, Allegra, Diphenhydramine, Phenergan, Nicotine, Cetirizine, Vistaril, Cyproheptadine, Atarax, Gingivitis, Fexofenadine

E-Cigs May Be 'Bridge' to Teens' Tobacco Use

Posted 8 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 8, 2017 – Nonsmoking teens who use e-cigarettes appear to be more likely to light up regular tobacco cigarettes, a new study suggests. The research included 347 teens who were surveyed in 2014 at ages 17 to 18 and again in 2015. First, researchers looked at those who said they'd never smoked a tobacco cigarette. In this group, those who reported using an e-cigarette at least once in the past 30 days in the first survey had a four times higher risk of having smoked a tobacco cigarette in the period between the two surveys, compared to those who had never used an e-cigarette. Next, the researchers looked at those who said they had already tried smoking a tobacco cigarette. In this group, rates of tobacco cigarette use within the past 12 months were more than doubled for those who had used e-cigarettes compared to those who didn't. The study also found that e-cigarette use ... Read more

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Toxic Metals Found in E-Cigarette Liquid

Posted 8 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 8, 2017 – Electronic cigarette liquids can contain high levels of toxic and potentially cancer-causing metals, a new study suggests. "We do not know if these levels are dangerous, but their presence is troubling and could mean that the metals end up in the aerosol that e-cigarette users inhale," said study leader Ana Maria Rule, of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. Rule is an assistant scientist in the department of environmental health and engineering. She and her colleagues analyzed the liquid of five brands of so-called first-generation e-cigarettes, which resemble traditional cigarettes. (Newer e-cigarettes look like small cassette recorders with mouthpieces.) The researchers found liquids in those brands contained the heavy metals cadmium, chromium, lead, manganese and nickel. These metals are toxic when inhaled, the researchers said. In ... Read more

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E-Cigarettes May Be Less Toxic Than Tobacco, Study Suggests

Posted 6 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 6, 2017 – Smokers who switch to e-cigarettes can substantially reduce their intake of toxic chemicals and carcinogens – but only if they completely quit smoking tobacco, a new study reports. "Our study shows that bodily level exposure to established and important smoking-related carcinogens and toxicants is reduced by between 56 percent to 97 percent in long-term e-cigarette users who have stopped smoking completely, compared with tobacco cigarette smokers," said lead researcher Lion Shahab. Smokers who switched to e-cigarettes cut their intake of toxins and carcinogens as much as those who quit smoking by using nicotine replacements like the patch, gum or lozenges, said Shahab. He is a senior lecturer at University College London in England. The study was funded by Cancer Research UK. Experts not involved with the study view the findings differently. E-cigarette ... Read more

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1 in 4 Teen E-Cigarette Users Has Tried 'Dripping'

Posted 6 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 6, 2017 – One-quarter of U.S. teen e-cigarette users have experimented with "dripping" – a new vaping method that produces thicker clouds of vapor, researchers report. Regular electronic cigarettes produce inhalable vapor by gradually drawing liquid into a heating coil through an automatic wick, explained lead researcher Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin. "Dripping" involves placing drops of e-liquid directly onto the exposed heating coil of an e-cigarette or atomizer, and then immediately inhaling the cloud of vapor produced, said Krishnan-Sarin, a professor of psychiatry at Yale University School of Medicine in New Haven, Conn. "They say it makes the flavors taste better and gives you a stronger hit," Krishnan-Sarin said. She said she learned about the practice while talking with teenagers, and decided to ask about it in a survey on e-cigarette use among high school students. The ... Read more

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Too Few Current, Former Smokers Screened for Lung Cancer

Posted 2 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 2, 2017 – Most current and former smokers in the United States don't get screened for lung cancer even though they're at increased risk for the deadly disease, a new study reveals. The findings highlight the need to educate doctors and at-risk patients about lung cancer screening, according to the American Cancer Society researchers. Their analysis of federal government data found that the proportion of eligible current and former smokers who underwent lung cancer screening in the past 12 months remained low – 3.3 percent in 2010 to 3.9 percent in 2015. The researchers calculated that of the 6.8 million current and former smokers eligible for lung cancer screening in 2015, only 262,700 received it. "The reasons for the low uptake in screening are probably varied, and likely include lack of knowledge among both smokers and doctors as to screening recommendations, as well ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Small Cell Lung Cancer, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

E-Cigarettes Linked to Potential Heart Trouble

Posted 1 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 1, 2017 – A small study suggests that people who use e-cigarettes regularly may face an increased risk for heart disease. Researchers said they found that 23 e-cigarette users were more likely to have two early indicators of heart risk than 19 people who did not "vape." "This is the first study to look at these cardiac risk factors in habitual e-cigarette users. The results were a bit surprising, since it is widely believed that e-cigarettes are less harmful than tobacco cigarettes," said study co-author Dr. Holly Middlekauff. She is a professor with the division of cardiology at the University of California, Los Angeles. Instead, she said, "we found the same types of abnormalities in our e-cigarette users that are reported in tobacco cigarette smokers, and these abnormalities are associated with increased cardiac risk." Middlekauff stressed that the study only shows an ... Read more

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What You Don't Know About Cancer Can Kill You

Posted 1 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 1, 2017 – Cancer isn't inevitable, but many Americans don't know that several lifestyle factors affect their risk of developing the disease, a new survey finds. Only one in two Americans is aware that obesity can raise the risk of cancer. And fewer than half understand that alcohol, inactivity, processed meat, eating lots of red meat and low consumption of fruits and vegetables are linked to cancer risk, the researchers said. "There is a clear crisis in cancer prevention awareness," said Alice Bender, head of nutrition programs at the American Institute for Cancer Research. A larger percentage of Americans mistakenly believe that stress, fatty diets and other unproven factors are linked with cancer, according to the institute's 2017 Cancer Risk Awareness Survey. "It's troubling that people don't recognize alcohol and processed meats increase cancer risk," Bender said in ... Read more

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Smoking Costs World $1.4 Trillion a Year in Disease, Lost Productivity

Posted 31 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 – Nearly 6 percent of the world's health-care spending is tied to smoking, a new study reports. That amounted to $1.4 trillion worldwide in 2012, with developing nations shouldering 40 percent of the burden, the researchers said. "Smoking imposes a heavy economic burden throughout the world, particularly in Europe and North America where the tobacco epidemic is most advanced," the study authors wrote. Mark Goodchild, of the World Health Organization (WHO), led the analysis of data from 152 countries, representing 97 percent of the world's smokers. The researchers considered direct costs – such as medical treatment – as well as indirect ones – such as lost productivity and disability – to estimate the overall cost of smoking. To make that estimate, the investigators reviewed 33 studies of direct costs along with data from the WHO and the World Bank. Goodchild ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

1 in 4 U.S. Adults, 1 in 10 Teens Use Tobacco

Posted 26 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – Despite the dangers, many American adults and teens still use tobacco products, a new study finds. Researchers looked at more than 46,000 people and found that 28 percent of American adults currently use some form of tobacco, while 9 percent of teens said they used tobacco in the past month. Tobacco products included cigarettes, cigars, cigarillos, filtered cigars, pipe tobacco, hookahs, snus pouches and other smokeless tobacco. Even more worrisome, 40 percent of tobacco users turned to more than one product, with cigarettes and e-cigarettes being the most common combination, the researchers said. "We know with certainty that cigarette smoking is incredibly harmful," said lead researcher Andrew Hyland. He is chairman of the department of health behavior at Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, N.Y. "Cigarette smoking is responsible for 480,000 deaths in ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

U.S. Cancer Deaths Decline Over Three Decades

Posted 24 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 – While cancer death rates have dropped 20 percent overall in the United States since 1980, high death rates persist in pockets throughout the country, a new report finds. "Death rates differ dramatically between different types of cancers, and certain regions saw great progress in reducing cancer deaths and others fell behind," said lead researcher Dr. Christopher Murray. In all, 160 counties showed increases in cancer death rates between 1980 and 2014, noted Murray, director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington in Seattle. For example, lung cancer kills more people in the United States than any other cancer, but death rates are more than 20 times higher in some parts of the country than others, he said. "Fewer Americans smoke today than in previous decades, but parts of the South and many rural areas still show high ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Smoking, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

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