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Coming Soon: A Faster Test for Antibiotics Against UTIs?

Posted 4 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 4, 2017 – Urinary tract infections (UTIs) plague millions of Americans each year. Now, researchers say they've developed a test that can tell in minutes whether or not a particular antibiotic can clear up the problem. The issue is an important one, doctors say, since many of the bacteria behind UTIs have grown resistant to certain antibiotics. And, left untreated, these infections can have serious effects, especially in the frail and elderly. "We live in an era of multidrug-resistant bacteria, so-called 'superbugs' that can cause life-threatening infections," said infectious disease specialist Dr. Sunil Sood, who reviewed the new study. "Modern molecular techniques to distinguish bacteria that are resistant from those that are susceptible to common antibiotics could be lifesaving," said Sood. He is chair of pediatrics at Northwell Health's Southside Hospital in Bay ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Bactrim, Bladder Infection, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Bactrim DS, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Prevention of Bladder infection, Septra, SMZ-TMP DS, Ciprodex, Sulfatrim, Septra DS, Candida Urinary Tract Infection, Cotrimoxazole, Cystitis Prophylaxis, Polytrim, Urinary Alkalinization

Catheters Often to Blame for Blood Infections After Dialysis

Posted 30 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 30, 2017 – Tubes called catheters that are used to draw and return blood to the body during dialysis appear to cause the majority of bloodstream infections in people receiving dialysis for kidney problems, a new study finds. Three-quarters of bloodstream infections in dialysis patients were related to accessing their blood, the 2014 U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data showed. The information came from more than 6,000 outpatient dialysis centers in 2014. There were nearly 30,000 bloodstream infections reported, the study found. The analysis also found that 63 percent of all bloodstream infections and 70 percent of access-related bloodstream infections occurred in patients with a central venous catheter – also called a central line. Other dialysis complication rates were also highest among patients using central venous catheters, the findings showed. ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Macrobid, Macrodantin, Methenamine, Hiprex, Methicillin, Cystex, Fosfomycin, Monurol, Urex, Methylene Blue, Uroqid-Acid No 2, Mandelamine, Nalidixic Acid, Tija, Visqid AA, Oxytetracycline/Phenazopyridine/Sulfamethizole

U.S. Hospitals Still Prescribe Too Many Antibiotics: Study

Posted 15 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – About 20 percent of U.S. hospital patients who receive antibiotics experience side effects from the drugs, researchers report. The new study included nearly 1,500 hospitalized adults who were prescribed antibiotics. The findings revealed that one-fifth of those who experienced antibiotic-related side effects didn't require the drugs in the first place. The results add to growing evidence that antibiotics are overused, according to the Johns Hopkins Hospital researchers. "Too often, clinicians prescribe antibiotics even if they have a low suspicion for a bacterial infection, thinking that even if antibiotics may not be necessary, they are probably not harmful. But that is not always the case," said Dr. Pranita Tamma. She is director of the hospital's Pediatric Antimicrobial Stewardship Program. Antibiotics can cause real harm and doctors should always consider ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Sulfamethoxazole, Bacterial Skin Infection, Macrobid, Levofloxacin, Minocycline, Bactrim DS, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Tetracycline, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim

Staph Aureus Rates Of Resistance To Certain Antibiotics Show A Decrease Over Time

Posted 14 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 13, 2017 – Staphylococcus aureus infections among U.S. hospital patients have been less resistant to key antibiotics in recent years, a new study finds. Between 2009 and 2015, researchers tested antibiotic resistance in more than 19,000 S. aureus samples from 42 medical centers nationwide. "Results showed that S. aureus' rates of resistance to certain antibiotics decreased over time, which isn't often seen," study co-author Dr. Helio Sader said in an American Society for Microbiology news release. Sader is senior director of microbiology and surveillance at JMI Laboratories in North Liberty, Iowa. Rates of S. aureus resistance to the antibiotic oxacillin (Bactocill) fell from 47.2 percent in 2009 to 43.6 percent in 2015 to 42.2 percent in 2016. S. aureus resistance to other antibiotics, such as levofloxacin (Levaquin), clindamycin (Cleocin) and erythromycin, also ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Clindamycin, Bactrim, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Levofloxacin, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Bactrim DS, Vancomycin, Tetracycline, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Pylera, Zyvox, Cleocin, Septra, MY-E

Safeguards May Be Reducing Serious Catheter Infections

Posted 23 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 – Improved catheter safety measures in hospitals significantly reduce bloodstream infections and health care costs, a new study indicates. "Safety interventions are a win-win for both patients and hospitals," said study leader Dr. Teryl Nuckols of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. She is director of the center's division of general internal medicine. More than 60,000 primary bloodstream infections related to central venous catheters occur each year in the United States. About 12 percent of these infections end in death, according to background notes with the study. These catheters, also known as central lines, are widely used in intensive care units. They're placed in large veins in the arm, chest, neck or groin to deliver medications, fluids or blood to patients. To prevent serious infections, hospitals have introduced new safety procedures in recent ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Urinary Tract Infection, Bladder Infection, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Macrobid, Kidney Infections, Elmiron, Phenazopyridine, Prevention of Bladder infection, Macrodantin, Potassium Citrate, Pyridium, Sodium Bicarbonate, Bethanechol, Methenamine, Hiprex, Azo-Standard, Candida Urinary Tract Infection, Cystitis Prophylaxis

Health Tip: Prevent Antibiotic Resistance

Posted 9 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Antibiotic resistance applies when bacteria are no longer eliminated by a medicine that's supposed to kill them. Experts blame the problem on improper use of antibiotic medications. Here's what you can do to help, according to the World Health Organization: Only take antibiotics when prescribed by a health professional. Always finish the entire supply of antibiotics. Stopping too soon may allow the bacteria to continue living. Never save antibiotics for later use or use leftover antibiotics, and never share antibiotics with someone else. To help reduce the risk of infection in the first place, wash your hands often, get vaccinations and limit your contact with sick people. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Macrobid, Bacterial Skin Infection, Levofloxacin

CDC: Too Many Antibiotics Still Being Prescribed in U.S.

Posted 19 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – Despite growing concerns about creating drug-resistant bacteria, overprescribing of antibiotics in U.S. hospitals didn't drop between 2006 and 2012, according to a new federal report. Over that time period, 55 percent of patients received at least one dose of antibiotics during their hospital stay, whether it was needed or not, researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. "Antibiotic use remains common, and use of the most powerful antibiotics is rising," said lead researcher James Baggs, a CDC epidemiologist. Although the use of antibiotics remained about the same during the study period, a significant increase was seen in the use of newer antibiotics, Baggs said. "Because inappropriate antibiotic use increases the risk of antibiotic resistance and other side effects, continued monitoring of antibiotic use is critical to future ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Sulfamethoxazole, Bacterial Skin Infection, Macrobid, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Levofloxacin, Minocycline, Bactrim DS, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate

U.S. Officials Confirm Superbug Resistant to All Antibiotics

Posted 27 May 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 – U.S. researchers have identified the nation's first patient with an infection resistant to all existing antibiotics. Scientists have warned for years the day could come when "superbugs" resisted all last-resort antibiotics. This new case, involving a 49-year-old Pennsylvania woman, suggests that day may soon be here. "It is the end of the road for antibiotics unless we act urgently," Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said at a National Press Club event in Washington, D.C., on Thursday. Although the patient survived, it's feared the resistance could spread to other bacteria, according to media reports. The woman was treated last month for a urinary tract infection at a military clinic in Pennsylvania. The culprit was identified as E. coli bacteria. It's a common type of germ. But in this case, tests showed it was ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Bladder Infection, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Macrobid, Prevention of Bladder infection, Macrodantin, Methenamine, Hiprex, Cystitis Prophylaxis, Cystex, Fosfomycin, Ertapenem, Meropenem, Invanz, Monurol, Urex, Methylene Blue, Cilastatin/Imipenem, Mandelamine

Antibiotic Resistance Common in Kids' Urinary Tract Infections

Posted 16 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 – Many kids who develop urinary tract infections tied to the E. coli bacteria are now failing to respond to antibiotic treatment, a new review warns. The culprit, according to the British researchers: Drug resistance, following years of over-prescribing and misusing antibiotics. "Antimicrobial resistance is an internationally recognized threat to health," noted study author Ashley Bryce, a doctoral fellow at the Center for Academic Primary Care at the University of Bristol in the U.K. And that threat is of particular concern among young patients, the authors said, given that E. coli-driven urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common forms of pediatric bacterial infections. Young children are more vulnerable to complications including kidney scarring and kidney failure, so they require prompt, appropriate treatment, added Bryce and co-author ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Amoxicillin, Bactrim, Bladder Infection, Augmentin, Trimethoprim, Kidney Infections, Bactrim DS, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Prevention of Bladder infection, Amoxil, Septra, SMZ-TMP DS, Prevpac, Sulfatrim, Septra DS, Cotrimoxazole, Cystitis Prophylaxis, Polytrim

Patients Can Self-Administer IV Antibiotics at Home: Study

Posted 25 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 24, 2015 – Patients can be taught to safely self-administer long-term intravenous antibiotics at home, without the help of a health care worker, a new study suggests. The finding could have a significant impact on uninsured patients who might otherwise spend weeks in a hospital receiving IV care, according to researchers at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. "This really taps into human potential, giving a voice to the uninsured at the same time that it offers an opportunity for enormous cost savings to hospitals," study first author Dr. Kavita Bhavan, assistant professor of internal medicine, said in a medical center news release. Some infections require treatment with IV antibiotics for six weeks or more. Patients with insurance typically go home or to a nursing home and have their antibiotics administered by a home health care worker or ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Macrobid, Levofloxacin

Health Tip: Understanding Antibiotics

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

-- By taking an antibiotic as prescribed, you can get well faster and help prevent germs from becoming resistant to your medication. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers these antibiotic guidelines: Never skip a dose of antibiotic. Always take it on schedule, as directed. Never stop taking an antibiotic early. Always take the entire prescription, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Never save any antibiotic medication for a future illness. Never take an antibiotic that was prescribed for another person. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Clindamycin, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Flagyl, Augmentin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Valtrex, Acyclovir, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin

Better Control of Drug-Resistant Germs Could Save Thousands of Lives: CDC

Posted 4 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2015 – An immediate, focused effort to halt the spread of antibiotic-resistant germs could save tens of thousands of lives and prevent hundreds of thousands of new infections over the next five years, a new government report suggests. As many as 37,000 lives could be saved, and 619,000 new infections prevented, if community health departments and health care facilities form tight support networks to quickly identify and address emerging outbreaks of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, said report author Dr. John Jernigan. He directs the Office of HAI (Health care-Associated Infections) Prevention Research and Evaluation at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "When health care facilities and health departments in a community work together to share information about resistance, and then use that information to guide and target prevention efforts, then we ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Clindamycin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Flagyl, Augmentin, Levaquin, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Nystatin, Clarithromycin

Medicines Are Biggest Culprit in Fatal Allergic Reactions: Study

Posted 10 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 – Although food allergies have garnered a lot of attention lately, a new study reports that medications are actually the biggest cause of sudden deaths related to allergy. Over a little more than a decade, nearly 60 percent of the allergy-related deaths were caused by medications, while less than 7 percent were caused by food allergies, the study found. "Medications can be dangerous," said study researcher Dr. Elina Jerschow, director of the Drug Allergy Center at Montefiore Medical Center and assistant professor of medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, in New York City. While research from other countries has reported medications as a major culprit in anaphylaxis-related deaths, Jerschow said, the problem has been less defined in the United States. One reason is that there is no national registry for anaphylaxis deaths, she said. The study was ... Read more

Related support groups: Depo-Provera, Provera, Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Doxycycline, Clindamycin, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Methotrexate, Penicillin, Bactrim, Cipro, Accutane, Ciprofloxacin, Flagyl, Augmentin, Lupron, Levaquin, Keflex, Medroxyprogesterone

Informed Patients Can Help Stem Antibiotic Overuse

Posted 13 Sep 2013 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 13 – A local, low-cost information campaign that was primarily aimed at patients – although involving doctors and pharmacists as well – helped reduce antibiotic prescribing, according to a new study from Italy. Overuse of antibiotics is considered a major global public health concern because it can lead to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Unnecessary and inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics is common. This study, published Sept. 12 on BMJ.com, looked at an antibiotic education campaign implemented by local health officials in the provinces of Modena and Parma in 2011 to 2012. Nearby provinces where no such campaigns were implemented acted as a control group. Italy has one of the highest levels of antibiotic use in Europe, according to a journal news release. The campaign was designed to inform the general population that antibiotics are necessary in ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Penicillin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Macrobid, Minocycline, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS

Probiotics Not Warranted for Seniors Taking Antibiotics: Study

Posted 8 Aug 2013 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 8 – Giving probiotics to older adults who are prescribed antibiotics does not reduce their risk of diarrhea, a new study finds. Diarrhea is a common and sometimes life-threatening side effect of antibiotics in elderly patients. Some previous research has suggested that giving these patients probiotic supplements might lower the risk of diarrhea, and the practice has become routine in some hospitals. This study included nearly 3,000 hospital patients, aged 65 and older, in Great Britain who had been prescribed one or more antibiotics. About half of the patients took one probiotic capsule a day for 21 days, while the other patients took a placebo. Both groups of patients had similar rates of diarrhea (about one in 10), and its frequency and severity were similar in both groups, according to the study, which was published Aug. 7 in the journal The Lancet. It is believed ... Read more

Related support groups: Doxycycline, Clindamycin, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Macrobid, Levofloxacin, Minocycline, Bactrim DS

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