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Prematurity / Underweight in Infancy News

Little Weight Gain in Pregnancy Tied to Schizophrenia Risk in Kids: Study

Posted 2 days 5 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 22, 2017 – Gaining too little weight during pregnancy may increase the odds that a child will develop schizophrenia later in life, Swedish researchers suggest. Past research has shown that pregnant women in areas of famine are more likely to have children who suffer from mental disorders, including schizophrenia. The new study found a 30 percent increased risk for schizophrenia in children of underweight women in an industrialized country. "Even in a wealthy, well-fed population like Sweden, there are still mothers unable to meet the nutritional requirements for safe pregnancies," lead researcher Euan Mackay said. Mackay is a research assistant at the Karolinska Institute's division of epidemiology of mental health in Stockholm. Mackay cautioned that these findings cannot prove that women who don't gain enough weight during pregnancy are putting their child at risk for ... Read more

Related support groups: Seroquel, Abilify, Weight Loss, Schizophrenia, Latuda, Zyprexa, Risperidone, Risperdal, Schizoaffective Disorder, Geodon, Quetiapine, Saphris, Seroquel XR, Psychosis, Olanzapine, Delivery, Invega, Clozapine, Rexulti, Aripiprazole

Kids Born to Older Moms Score Higher on Thinking Tests

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 20, 2017 – Children born to older moms today have better thinking skills than those with younger mothers, a new study suggests. The opposite was true 40 or 50 years ago – a shift researchers say mirrors changing trends in parenting. Women today tend to be older when they have their first child and, on average, first-borns do better on cognitive ability tests, which measure thinking skills. This may be because they get more attention from parents than siblings born after them. "Cognitive ability is important in and of itself but also because it is a strong predictor of how children fare in later life – in terms of their educational attainment, their occupation and their health," said study author Alice Goisis. She is a researcher at the London School of Economics and Political Science. In the past, older moms were likely to be having their third or fourth child, ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

'Love Hormone' Helps Dads and Babies Bond

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 – The "love hormone" oxytocin may program fathers to bond with their young children, a new study suggests. "Our findings add to the evidence that fathers, and not just mothers, undergo hormonal changes that are likely to facilitate increased empathy and motivation to care for their children," said study lead author James Rilling of Emory University in Atlanta. Oxytocin is a naturally occurring hormone. MRI brain scans revealed that dads who received boosts of the hormone through a nasal spray had increased activity in brain areas associated with reward and empathy when looking at pictures of their toddlers, Rilling's team said. The findings also "suggest that oxytocin, known to play a role in social bonding, might someday be used to normalize deficits in paternal motivation, such as in men suffering from post-partum depression," Rilling said in a university news ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Oxytocin, Premature Labor, Pitocin, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Syntocinon, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Lingering Baby Weight? Don't Blame the Pregnancy

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 – Women have long blamed pregnancy for weight gains that linger after their babies are born, but a new study suggests the demands of motherhood might be to blame. "We found that by one or two years after birth, women who had children were very similar [in weight gain] to those who did not," said lead researcher Olga Yakusheva. She is an associate professor of nursing at the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor. However, "from that time on, women with children were gaining weight at a faster rate than women without," she added. Yakusheva has a theory, which wasn't tested or proven in the study, about why. "Mothers tend to put the needs of their children first, so they might not be exercising or taking care of themselves," she said in a statement. "It might also be little things like finishing the food on their child's plate or spending more time sitting with their ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Delivery, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Lactation Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Pregnancy-Linked Diabetes Poses Risks for Mom, Baby

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 16, 2017 – Diabetes that develops during pregnancy – known as gestational diabetes – carries health risks for both the mom-to-be and her baby, new research confirms. A team of French researchers analyzed data from more than 700,000 births in France occurring after 28 weeks of pregnancy in 2012. Compared to other pregnant women, those with gestational diabetes were 30 percent more likely to experience preterm birth, 40 percent more likely to require a C-section, and 70 percent more likely to have preeclampsia/eclampsia, a dangerous spike in blood pressure. Risks weren't confined to the mother, however. Babies born to women with gestational diabetes were 80 percent more likely to be of significantly larger-than-average size at birth; 10 percent more likely to suffer respiratory issues; 30 percent more likely to experience a traumatic birth, and 30 percent more likely to ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Insulin, Insulin Resistance, Delivery, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Premature Labor, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Gestational Diabetes, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

More 'Extreme Preemies' Are Surviving

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 – Babies born very early – between 22 and 24 weeks of pregnancy – are more likely to survive now than a decade or so ago, new research shows. These extremely premature infants are also slightly more likely to avoid serious health complications now. But it's still a rough road for these infants, who often weigh in at less than 2 pounds at birth. Just one in three survive, and many face challenges. In a study that looked at a 12-year span, "survival increased and more infants went on to not have signs of developmental delay when tested around age 2," said lead author Dr. Noelle Younge. She's a neonatologist and assistant professor of pediatrics at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C. Yet much progress remains to be made, Younge acknowledged. Her research team reviewed the records of more than 4,200 infants born at 22 to 24 weeks of pregnancy, ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

The Motherlode of 'Mother Love' Chemicals

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – The feel-good brain chemical dopamine appears to play a role in the development of a healthy bond between a mother and baby, a new study suggests. Dopamine may motivate moms to do more for their children because it makes mothers feel better, researchers said. And this may not end when babies get older. "It is very likely that the processes we observed between mothers and their infants continues through the life span as their children grow," said study co-author Lisa Feldman Barrett. She's a psychology professor at Northeastern University in Boston. "It may also be the case that this process supports people as they provide care and nurture to one another in close relationships," she added. Previously, research has linked mother-baby bonding to the hormone oxytocin. In this study, the researchers wanted to learn more about what goes on in the brain that helps ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Tiny Babies May Face Mental Health Problems Later

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – Extremely low birth weight babies may be at increased risk for mental health problems later in life, a new review suggests. Researchers examined 41 studies conducted from 1990 to 2016. The studies included more than 2,700 extremely low birth weight babies (less than 1,000 grams, or just over 2 pounds) and more than 11,000 normal birth weight babies in the United States, Canada and 10 other countries. The extremely low birth weight babies had a higher risk for certain mental health problems. As children, they were more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and as teens they had a greater risk of ADHD and social problems, the researchers found. Compared to adults who were born at a normal weight, those born at an extremely low weight had higher rates of anxiety, depression and shyness, and markedly lower levels of social functioning, ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Adderall, Anxiety and Stress, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Autism, Delivery, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine

Daily Aspirin May Help Prevent Some Recurrent Miscarriages

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 9, 2017 – Miscarriage is an often unexpected and traumatic event for a woman and her partner. But new research suggests that something as simple as taking a daily low-dose aspirin could help prevent a recurrence. The intervention appears to help boost live births in women with high levels of inflammation who previously lost a pregnancy, according to a research team from the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). One obstetrician-gynecologist said the practice is already in use in cases involving women who've miscarried in the past. "Doctors have often used baby aspirin in these patients to help achieve a healthy pregnancy," said Dr. Jennifer Wu, an ob/gyn at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City who reviewed the new findings. "This study upholds a scientific theory to this treatment." The research was led by Lindsey Sjaarda, a staff ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Excedrin, Delivery, Aggrenox, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Arthritis Pain, Ecotrin, Fiorinal with Codeine, Labor Induction, Bayer Aspirin, Premature Labor, Arthritis Pain Formula, Soma Compound, Norgesic, Excedrin Extra Strength, Norgesic Forte, Percodan, Anacin

Preemies Bombarded With Noise in First Weeks of Life

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 9, 2017 – Hospitals are noisy – maybe too noisy for the tiniest patients, a new study suggests. Researchers found that premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are exposed to potentially harmful noise levels – sometimes twice the maximum levels recommended by a leading group of U.S. pediatricians. "Often the noise we measured was coming from medical equipment that is essential to the baby's survival. And this type of equipment is used in NICU units around the world," said study first author Bobbi Pineda. She's an assistant professor of occupational therapy and of pediatrics at Washington University in St. Louis. On the other hand, preemies in private rooms may miss out on beneficial sounds, such as language and music, that boost early learning, the study found. The researchers placed sound monitoring devices at the bedsides of 58 premature infants in ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Certain Bacteria May Affect Preterm Birth Risk

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – Certain types of bacteria in a pregnant woman's cervix and vagina can affect her risk of preterm birth, a new study finds. The discovery could lead to new ways to prevent preterm birth (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) either by getting rid of bad bacteria or boosting protective bacteria, according to the researchers. For the study, the investigators analyzed vaginal swabs from 2,000 expectant mothers at three different points in pregnancy. The researchers found that specific types of bacteria – such as certain bifidobacterium and lactobacillus species – lowered the risk of preterm birth. They also found that other types of bacteria – specifically several anaerobic bacteria – greatly increased the risk. If further research confirms the findings, it could lead to new treatments to reduce the risk of preterm birth, the study authors suggested. "For the first time ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Do Weekend Deliveries Pose Risks for Moms?

Posted 2 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 1, 2017 – New research suggests that for pregnant women, a weekend delivery could mean a slightly increased risk of complications, including maternal death. While the rate of deaths was higher on weekends, the researchers stressed that any one woman's risk is quite small. Women don't need to think: "Oh gosh, I'm going into labor on Saturday, I'm going to die," said lead researcher Dr. Steven Clark. He's a professor of obstetrics and gynecology and maternal-fetal medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. "The actual differences in the risk of death are extremely small, and the majority of women are going to be fine no matter when they deliver," Clark said. For the study, researchers reviewed outcomes from more than 45 million pregnancies in the United States between 2004 and 2014. They found a slightly increased risk of death among mothers who delivered over the ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Toxins in Your Fast-Food Packaging?

Posted 1 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 1, 2017 – Many grease-resistant fast-food wrappers and boxes contain potentially harmful chemicals that can leach into food, a new study contends. Testing on more than 400 samples from restaurants nationwide revealed that nearly half of fast-food wrappers and one out of five paperboard food boxes contained detectable levels of fluorine, said lead researcher Laurel Schaider. She's an environmental chemist at the Silent Spring Institute in Newton, Mass. Previous studies have linked some fluorinated chemicals such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) to kidney and testicular cancer, low birth weight, thyroid disease, decreased sperm quality, pregnancy-induced high blood pressure, and immune system problems in children, the study authors said in background notes. Major U.S. manufacturers voluntarily phased out PFOA and PFOS for most uses ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Thyroid Disease, Renal Cell Carcinoma, Immunosuppression, Poisoning, Premature Labor, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Testicular Cancer, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Health Tip: Choose Safe Personal Care Products

Posted 27 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

-- Parents should pay attention to any chemicals that are included in a child's personal care products, such as lotion or body wash. The Environmental Working Group suggests that parents: Always read ingredient labels, and don't blindly trust marketing claims. Choose products that don't contain fragrance. Avoid use of baby powder. Avoid products that contain the chemicals: 2-Bromo-2-Nitropropane-1,3 Diol; BHAl; sodium borate; DMDM Hydantoin; oxybenzone; triclosan. Read more

Related support groups: Dry Skin, Biafine, Skin Care, Premature Labor, Aquaphor, Aveeno, Hylatopic, Complex-15, CeraVe, Eucerin, Cetaphil Cleanser, Replens, Concept, Lubriderm, EpiCeram, Emollients, Triclosan, Bag Balm, Moisturel, Phisoderm

Should Pregnant Women Always Be Treated for Underactive Thyroid?

Posted 26 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – Many women may be affected by an underactive thyroid gland, but new research suggests that treating it in pregnancy comes with benefits and potential harm. "Our findings lead us to believe that overtreatment could be possible," study co-author and Mayo Clinic endocrinologist Juan Brito Campana said in a Mayo news release. Campana and his colleagues advise a more nuanced approach when deciding whether or not to treat a pregnant woman for a mildly underactive thyroid. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck that produces hormones vital to metabolism, growth and maturation. But the gland can produce too much hormone (hyperthyroidism) or two little (hypothyroidism), according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health. A mildly underactive thyroid gland – "subclinical hypothyroidism" – causes a slight rise in levels of thyroid stimulating hormone ... Read more

Related support groups: Levothyroxine, Synthroid, Hypothyroidism, Underactive Thyroid, Levoxyl, Delivery, Levothroid, Eltroxin, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Tirosint, Toxemia of pregnancy, Euthyrox, Oroxine, Levothyrox, Gestational Diabetes, Eutroxsig, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity

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