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Prematurity / Underweight in Infancy News

AHA: Preterm Birth Could Warn of Mom's Future Heart Risks

Posted 3 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 23, 2018 (American Heart Association) – A preterm birth may serve as an early warning of a woman's future risk of a heart attack or stroke, according to a new study. The findings, published May 23 in the American Heart Association journal Hypertension, found that women who gave birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy may be more likely to see their blood pressure rise throughout their ...

Closing Fossil Fuel Plants Tied to Fewer Preterm Births

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 22, 2018 – Closing coal and oil plants may lead to fewer premature births and improved fertility in neighboring communities, according to two new studies. Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley found that preterm deliveries dropped 20 percent to 25 percent in California after eight power plants closed down between 2001 and 2011. "We were excited to do a good news story ...

Mom-to-Be's Pot Use Tied to Changes in Baby's Size, Behavior

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 22, 2018 – Smoking marijuana during pregnancy has been linked to smaller weights and irritable behavior in infants, new research suggests. And if a pregnant woman smokes tobacco along with marijuana, the effects on the baby are even worse, the study authors said. "A lot of women who are smoking cigarettes are smoking in combination with marijuana. Women who smoked both cigarettes ...

More Than 1 Day of First-Trimester Bleeding Ups Odds for Smaller Baby

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 10, 2018 – Some first-trimester bleeding occurs in up to 1 in every 4 pregnancies. Now, new research suggests that if bleeding extends beyond a day there could be implications for baby's birth weight. The study involved more than 2,300 healthy, non-obese pregnant women. Babies born at term to women who experienced more than a day of bleeding early in their pregnancy were, on ...

Fetal Immune System May Trigger Premature Birth: Study

Posted 25 Apr 2018 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 25, 2018 – Most potential explanations of premature birth revolve around the mother, and what might cause her body to reject her developing fetus. But what if it's the other way around? A new study suggests some preterm births occur because the fetus rejects the mother, after its immune system is triggered too early and senses maternal cells as foreign invaders. Researchers ...

Why Some 'Preemies' Grow Up to Have Weaker Hearts

Posted 24 Mar 2018 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 23, 2018 – The hearts of adults who were premature babies pump less blood during exercise than adults who were full-term babies, a small study finds. That might help explain why some people born prematurely are at greater risk for heart failure later in life, the study authors said. The study included 47 adults who were born prematurely (before 37 weeks' gestation) and 54 adults ...

For Female Soldiers, Deployment May Up Risk for Premature Birth

Posted 3 Mar 2018 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 2, 2018 – American soldiers who have babies after a recent deployment are at increased risk of preterm birth, a new study suggests. The finding comes from the analysis of data on nearly 12,900 births to U.S. soldiers from 2011 to 2014. Overall, just over 6 percent of the births were premature – three or more weeks early. That rate is lower than in the general population. However, ...

Health Tip: Make Sure Babies Eat Right

Posted 23 Feb 2018 by Drugs.com

-- A baby's nutritional balance during the first 1,000 days of life is critical to lifelong mental health and development, the American Academy of Pediatrics says. Sufficient amounts of key minerals, vitamins, proteins and certain fats during the infant and toddler years is key to avoiding permanent loss of brain function, the academy said. The AAP policy statement recommends: Doctors should ...

Babies Face Higher SIDS Risk in Certain States

Posted 12 Feb 2018 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 12, 2018 – Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) claims the lives of some 3,500 babies in the United States each year, but its toll is far heavier in some states than others, health officials report. "Despite continued updates and refinements to the American Academy of Pediatrics' safe sleep recommendations, declines in [SIDS] have slowed since 1999," said lead researcher Alexa Erck ...

MS Drug Tysabri (Natalizumab) Poses Hard Choices for Women Wanting Children

Posted 8 Feb 2018 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 8, 2018 – A powerful multiple sclerosis drug presents women with a tough dilemma if they would like to have children, a pair of new studies suggests. Those who take Tysabri (natalizumab) to manage their MS are more likely to suffer a relapse during pregnancy if they stop taking the drug before they conceive, the first study found. But if a woman remains on Tysabri while trying to ...

Too Many Babies Still Die Needlessly of SIDS, CDC Says

Posted 9 Jan 2018 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 9, 2018 – Many parents still regularly risk their babies' lives as they put them to bed, according to a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Analyzing data from the states, the CDC found that parents continue to practice unsafe habits that have been associated with sleep-related infant deaths, including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). For ...

Child Death Rate Higher in U.S. Than Other Wealthy Nations

Posted 8 Jan 2018 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 8, 2018 – The United States has had the smallest decline in child death rates among wealthy nations over the past 50 years, despite spending more on health care per child than the other countries, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed child death rates from 1961 to 2010 in the United States and 19 other economically similar countries, including Canada, Australia, Germany, Italy ...

Cervical Device May Help Lower Preemie Birth Risk

Posted 19 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 19, 2017 – Women with a relatively short cervix are at higher risk of preterm delivery, but new research shows that a cervical device may cut that risk substantially. The Italian study included 300 women with a short cervix. Half of them used a small silicone ring called a cervical pessary, while the other half acted as a "control" group and did not use the device. A cervical ...

Nearby Fracking Linked to Low Birth Weights

Posted 13 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 13, 2017 – Newborn babies face a greater risk of health problems if they live close to a "fracking" site, a new large-scale study contends. Women were 25 percent more likely to deliver low birth weight babies after hydraulic fracturing operations commenced within a half-mile of their homes, said the study's lead researcher, Janet Currie. She directs Princeton University's Center ...

Breathing Trouble May Follow Preemies to Adulthood

Posted 1 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 1, 2017 – People who were born prematurely may have smaller-than-normal airways in adulthood, which can cause respiratory problems, researchers say. Premature birth is associated with poorer heart and lung function, but the reasons why have not been fully understood. In a new study, investigators compared adults who were born eight weeks or more early with people who were born at ...

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