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Prematurity / Underweight in Infancy News

MRIs Might Help Guide Preemies' Neurological Care

Posted 10 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 – MRI scans shortly after birth might help determine which premature babies have sustained a brain injury that will affect their development, a new study reports. It appears that doctors can predict which premature infants will suffer from future motor, thinking and language problems by using MRI scans to identify specific injuries to the white matter in their brain, said senior researcher Dr. Steven Miller. Miller is head of neurology at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Canada. Fluctuations in blood pressure that occur regularly in preemies might cause a lack of blood flow or oxygen to the brain, damaging the white matter, Miller explained. In addition, said Dr. Gregory Lodygensky, a clinical investigator at the University of Montreal, white matter injuries also occur due to inflammation and infection suffered by the very vulnerable infants. ... Read more

Related support groups: Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Head Imaging, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome a Global Problem: Report

Posted 1 day 20 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 – About 119,000 children worldwide are born each year with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), a new report finds. The syndrome refers to a group of conditions that include poor growth for the baby both in the womb and after birth, and mental, physical and developmental problems for the child that can last through adulthood, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Globally, an average of nearly 10 percent of women drink alcohol during pregnancy. But, the rate is as high as 45 percent in some countries, said researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) in Toronto. The five countries with the highest alcohol use in pregnancy were Russia, United Kingdom, Denmark, Belarus and Ireland. As a region, Europe had a 2.6 higher prevalence of the syndrome than the global average. The lowest levels of drinking during pregnancy and fetal alcohol ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Delivery, Hangover, Premature Labor, Hydrocephalus, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Fetal Maturation

For a Colicky Baby, You Might Give Acupuncture a Try

Posted 2 days 13 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 – For beleaguered parents desperate to soothe a colicky baby, Swedish researchers have a novel suggestion – acupuncture. After two weeks of treatment, about two-thirds of babies given acupuncture no longer had colic compared to just over a third of infants who didn't have the needle treatment, lead researcher Kajsa Landgren said. She's a lecturer at Lund University in Lund, Sweden. "Infantile colic is common, and there is no medical treatment, causing desperate parents to seek complementary medicine like acupuncture," she said. Colic is a catchall term for otherwise healthy babies who cry for more than three hours a day, three or more days a week. The cause of colic is typically unknown. As many as 20 percent of babies may have colic, the researchers said. No specific treatment or medicine is available. Typical treatment usually consists of comforting the baby by ... Read more

Related support groups: Gas, Gastrointestinal Disorders, Delivery, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Study Casts Doubt on Long-Used Morning Sickness Drug

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 5, 2017 – A drug commonly prescribed to ease the nausea of morning sickness may not be as effective as once believed, a new analysis suggests. Diclectin (pyridoxine-doxylamine) has been prescribed for millions of pregnant women for years. But an unpublished study from the 1970s used by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and Health Canada to approve the drug may have overstated its benefits, the Canadian researchers behind the new research said. Study co-author Dr. Nav Persaud, a family physician at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto, said the earlier study's data about the effectiveness of Diclectin is shaky at best. "We found two main problems with the [unpublished] study. Data was missing for 31 percent of participants. There are questions about the integrity of the data," Persaud said. "The approval and prescribing of this medication are based on this study. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Unisom, Alka-Seltzer, Doxylamine, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Vitamin B6, Night Time, All-Nite, Sleep Aid, Diclegis, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Nyquil Cold & Flu, Doxylamine/pyridoxine, Dextromethorphan/Doxylamine, Lortuss DM, Doxylamine/phenylephrine, Tylenol Sinus NightTime, Acetaminophen/Doxylamine/Phenylephrine, Bonjesta

Home Visits Can Help New Parents

Posted 27 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 26, 2016 – A home visit program for new parents helped reduce their use of medical services for their infants, a new study finds. The research included 244 first-time parents living in New Mexico. The parents were randomly assigned to either a control group that received no additional help, or were enrolled in a program in which health care workers and parent educators made home visits during the infant's first year. Compared to those in the control group, parents in the home visit group were a third less likely to take their infants to the emergency room. Parents who received home visits were also 41 percent less likely to take their infants to a primary care doctor nine or more times during the first year, the study found. Typically, an infant is expected to have seven well-child visits during the first year, according to American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations. ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Health Tip: Before Baby Arrives

Posted 26 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

-- There's so much to do before baby arrives. So if you find a little extra time before the big day, take care of a few necessary to-dos. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests: Create a list of people to whom you'll send birth announcements. Prepare several days' worth of meals and freeze them for after baby is born. Interview candidates for any needed help, such as housekeeping and child care services. Ask family members and friends if they can help. Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Apnea of Prematurity, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance

Delay in Clamping Umbilical Cord Benefits Babies, Doctors Say

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 – The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends waiting at least 30 to 60 seconds after birth to clamp a healthy newborn's umbilical cord, citing potential health benefits. The new guideline is a change from 2012, when ACOG expressed uncertainty about the value of delaying clamping. The group now says research suggests healthy infants can benefit from getting more blood from the placenta through the umbilical cord. "While there are various recommendations regarding optimal timing for delayed umbilical cord clamping, there has been increased evidence that shows that the practice in and of itself has clear health benefits for both preterm and term infants," Dr. Maria Mascola, lead author of the guidelines, said in an ACOG news release. "And, in most cases, this does not interfere with early care, including drying and stimulating for ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Mothers of Kids With Severe Birth Defects May Have Shorter Lives: Study

Posted 20 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 – A mother raising a child with a major birth defect may face a higher risk of dying early compared with a mother whose child doesn't have a birth defect, Danish research suggests. But, the researchers added, the risk of early death was "marginal." The finding is based on a review involving more than 455,000 Danish mothers. Some had given birth to children with single- or multiple-organ birth defects, including genetic conditions, such as heart or kidney disease, and/or structural anomalies, such as a cleft palate. The result: raising a child with a birth defect was associated with a higher – though still low – maternal risk for dying from heart disease or respiratory illness. "It's important to say that young women just don't die very frequently," stressed study lead author Dr. Eyal Cohen. He's a physician in the department of pediatrics with The Hospital for ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Hydrocephalus, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Used Safely, Donor Breast Milk Can Help Preemie Babies

Posted 19 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 – Tiny preemies can benefit from donated breast milk – if it's given in the hospital with proper safety measures, a leading pediatricians' group says. However, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) also warned parents against informal "milk-sharing," or buying breast milk online. It's the first time the academy has issued a policy statement on donor breast milk, which is being used by a growing number of U.S. hospitals – mainly in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Specialists welcomed the report, saying it highlights an important measure for improving tiny preemies' health. It could serve as a "wake-up call" to hospitals that are not yet using donor breast milk, said Diane Spatz, director of the breast-feeding and lactation program at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Recent research has found that more NICUs are starting to offer donor milk. But ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Lactation Augmentation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Fewer Babies in Poor Families Are Overweight: CDC

Posted 13 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 13, 2016 – The percentage of overweight babies in poor families in the United States may be on the decline, a new study suggests. Researchers found that fewer babies enrolled in the federal Women, Infants and Children (WIC) nutritional assistance program had a high "weight-for-length" in 2014, when compared with 2010. The percentage went from 14.5 percent to just over 12 percent in that period. The WIC program helps low-income pregnant women, new mothers and children up to age 5. With federal funding, states provide those families with supplemental foods, nutrition education and health care referrals. Researchers said the new findings are "encouraging." High weight, even in infancy, has been linked to an increased risk of obesity later on, said study author David Freedman. He is a researcher with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. And children in ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Delivery, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

'Kangaroo Mother Care' May Improve Preemies' Lives Into Adulthood

Posted 12 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 12, 2016 – When Einat Zemach's son was born early at 32 weeks' gestation, she and her husband would snuggle him skin-to-skin upon their chests for two or three hours at a time. They did the same for their second born, a daughter delivered at 34 weeks' gestation. The Melbourne, Australia, stay-at-home mom was told "kangaroo care" would keep her premature babies warm, help them breathe better and promote bonding with mom and dad. "I could sit like that with them for hours," said the 37-year-old. Now, a new study suggests "kangaroo mother care" – a more intense version involving nearly round-the-clock skin-to-skin contact and exclusive or near-exclusive breast-feeding – may extend and enhance the lives of these vulnerable infants well into adulthood. Premature and low birth weight babies nursed and nestled on their mothers' bosoms were much more likely to live into their ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Just How Safe Is That Baby Teether?

Posted 7 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 – A chemical that's banned from baby bottles and children's drinking cups is still widely used in baby teethers, a new study finds. Researchers in the United States who tested five dozen baby teethers found all of them contained bisphenol-A (BPA) and other endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Studies in animals have shown that endocrine disruptors interfere with hormones and cause developmental, reproductive and neurological harm, according to the study authors. Although most of the teethers were labeled BPA-free or non-toxic, all of them contained BPA, the study found. BPA is banned from children's drinking utensils in the United States and much of Europe. The teethers also contained a range of parabens and the antimicrobial agents triclosan and triclocarban, which are also endocrine disruptors, the researchers said. "The findings could be used to develop ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Poisoning, Premature Labor, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Triclosan, Cesarean Section, Apnea of Prematurity, Lactation Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Cetaphil Antibacterial, Digiclean E, Aktif, Milk Ejection, Gel-X, Triclotrex-B, Asept, Septi-Soft, Cadisept, Digiclean, Aquasept

C-Sections May Be Causing Evolutionary Changes

Posted 5 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 – Why is it so difficult and painful for human females to give birth? Researchers have developed a new theory: Evolution favored small female pelvises and large newborns for good reasons. And, the researchers said, the rise of cesarean sections – the surgical delivery of a baby – in recent decades may be contributing to an even bigger gap between the size of newborns and their mothers' pelvises. In fact, the researchers estimate that the regular use of C-sections has led to a 10 to 20 percent increase in the gap between female pelvis width and babies' size. "Evolution is happening even in our modern society," said study lead author Philipp Mitteroecker, an assistant professor with the Department of Theoretical Biology at the University of Vienna, Austria. But, the human female pelvis has remained small, despite evolution, the researchers said. "The dimensions of ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Could Low Vitamin D Levels at Birth Mean Higher MS Risk?

Posted 2 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 – Newborns with low levels of vitamin D may have higher odds of developing multiple sclerosis (MS) later in life, new research suggests. Vitamin D deficiency is common among the general population, including pregnant women. But the researchers said it's too soon to routinely recommend "sunshine vitamin" supplements for mothers-to-be. "The study does not prove that increasing vitamin D levels reduces the risk of MS. Further studies are needed to confirm our results," said study leader Dr. Nete Munk Nielsen, a researcher at the Statens Serum Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark. About 2.5 million people worldwide have MS. It's a chronic disease of the central nervous system characterized by damage to myelin, the fatty substance coating nerve fibers. MS symptoms vary, but can include walking difficulties, fatigue, numbness and vision problems. A growing body of evidence ... Read more

Related support groups: Multiple Sclerosis, Vitamin D Deficiency, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Delivery, Chronic Spasticity, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Caltrate 600 with D, Vitamin D Insufficiency, Spasticity, Upper Limb Spasticity, Citracal + D, Calcium/Vitamin D, Citracal Petites, Oysco 500 with D, Calcium 600 D, Calcarb with D, Lower Limb Spasticity, Spinal Spasticity, Citracal Creamy Bites, Oyster Shell Calcium

Do Women Who Have Kids Later Live Longer?

Posted 18 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 – In what's believed to be the first study of its kind, research suggests that women who give birth for the first time at age 25 or older are more likely to live to 90. The researchers also found that women who survived to 90 were more likely to be college graduates, married and have a higher income. "Our study results don't suggest women should delay childbearing, because it's not clearly known why the results suggest [the link to] longevity," said study author Aladdin Shadyab. He's a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine. "Also, a likely explanation is that women who have a child at an older age are usually of higher social and economic status," Shadyab added. "We know from [prior] research that these people are also likely to live longer." While the average American woman giving birth for the first time today is ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

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