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Can Dirty Diapers Offer Clues to the Infant Brain?

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 – Babies' diapers may hold clues to their brain development, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed fecal samples from dozens of 1-year-olds and assessed their thinking (cognitive) skills a year later. The results revealed a link between certain types of microbes in the infants' feces and higher levels of brain development at age 2. "The big story here is that we've got one group of kids with a particular community of bacteria that's performing better on these cognitive tests," said Rebecca Knickmeyer. She's an associate professor of psychiatry at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine at Chapel Hill. "Are the bacteria actually 'communicating' with the developing brain? That's something that we are working on now, so we're looking at some signaling pathways that might be involved," Knickmeyer said in a university news release. "Another possibility ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Good Diet, Exercise While Pregnant Could Cut C-section Risk

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 – Eating a healthy diet and exercising during pregnancy isn't just good for the developing baby. A new analysis of 36 studies including a total of more than 12,500 women suggests these behaviors can also lower a mom-to-be's chances of having a Cesarean-section delivery or developing diabetes while pregnant. Overall, healthy habits reduced the risk of needing a C-section by about 10 percent, said study author Shakila Thangaratinam. She's a professor of maternal and perinatal health at Queen Mary University of London. A healthy lifestyle also reduced a woman's risk of developing diabetes during pregnancy – known as gestational diabetes – by 24 percent, the findings showed. Not surprisingly, healthy habits also trimmed the possibility of excess weight gain during pregnancy. "Based on all the evidence to date, what we found was a healthy diet and moderate ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Cervical Ripening, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

No Sign That Antidepressants in Pregnancy Harm Kids' Brains: Study

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 – For women battling depression, the decision over whether or not to continue their antidepressant during a pregnancy can be a difficult one. Now, reassuring news: A new study finds little risk of intellectual disability in children whose mothers take these pills while pregnant. The data "provides more information for clinicians to evaluate the risks in pregnant women taking antidepressants," said study co-author Abraham Reichenberg. He is a professor of psychiatry at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, in New York City. The new findings "should be factored into other considerations, such as the increased risk for the mother if [she is] not medicated, the drug's side effects, and other medical conditions," Reichenberg explained in a hospital news release. One specialist in the developing brain stressed that going without a needed antidepressant during ... Read more

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Do Moms Who Smoke in Pregnancy Raise Their Odds for a Troubled Teen?

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 – Expectant mothers have been warned for years to avoid cigarettes. Now researchers report another reason to follow that advice: Teens and young adults whose mothers smoked during pregnancy may be more likely to break the law and be antisocial. The study included thousands of people in New England who were followed from birth into their 30s. The research wasn't designed to prove cause-and-effect. However, kids of women who smoked an extra pack of cigarettes a day had a 30 percent increased risk of three or more symptoms of conduct disorder as a teen, and a more than threefold increased risk of three or more symptoms of antisocial personality disorder as a young adult, the investigators found. These children also had a more than double increased risk of having a record of non-violent offenses as a teen and of committing a violent offense as a young adult, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Wellbutrin, Bupropion, Smoking, Chantix, Wellbutrin XL, Smoking Cessation, Wellbutrin SR, Nicotine, Zyban, Delivery, Champix, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Aplenzin, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Budeprion, Premature Labor, Budeprion XL, Commit

Widening 'Race Gap' in U.S. Infant Deaths

Posted 3 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 3, 2017 – The death rate for black infants in the United States has risen in recent years, while the rate for white infants continues to decline, a new study finds. "The sustained progress in reducing infant mortality among black infants since 2005 has stalled in the past few years. This has led to increases in the absolute inequality in infant mortality between black and white infants during the past three years," said a team led by Corinne Riddell of McGill University in Montreal. One U.S. pediatrician who reviewed the findings said it's unclear why this racial gap in infant deaths is widening. "Infant mortality and racial disparities in this outcome are very complex phenomena, and seem to involve both medical care access and other social factors," said Dr. Michael Grosso, chair of pediatrics at Huntington Hospital in Huntington, N.Y. "We should also wonder whether the ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Teen Birth Rate Drops Again to All-Time Low: CDC

Posted 30 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 30, 2017 – Teen births in the United States dropped to a record low last year, falling 9 percent from 2015, U.S. health officials reported Friday. The overall birth rate declined, too, dropping 1 percent between 2015 and 2016, according to preliminary data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The total number of births in 2016 was 3,941,109. Moreover, the fertility rate declined to 62 births per 1,000 among women of childbearing age – a record low for the nation, researchers found. Births among 15-to 19-year-olds have declined dramatically since 2007 – more than 50 percent, said lead researcher Brady Hamilton, a statistician at CDC's National Center for Health Statistics. "It's really quite astounding for a demographic rate in an age group to decline that much," he added. The teen birth rate was 20.3 births per 1,000 female teens in 2016, compared to ... Read more

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Most Mothers Have Been Victims of 'Mommy-Shaming,' Poll Finds

Posted 19 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 19, 2017 – "You're doing that wrong!" Sound familiar, Moms? It should: A new poll finds that six out of 10 American mothers say they've been criticized for their parenting skills. It's called mommy-shaming, and it goes viral when it happens to the famous. Actress Reese Witherspoon was shamed for giving her toddler cinnamon rolls for breakfast, and model Coco Rocho was judged for giving her baby formula. But a nationwide poll of 475 mothers finds it's a familiar experience for most with kids under age 5 – and the source of the shaming is most often a woman's own parents. Major areas of criticism include discipline (70 percent); diet and nutrition (52 percent); sleep (46 percent); breast- versus bottle-feeding (39 percent); safety (20 percent); and child care (16 percent). "Our findings tap into the tensions moms face when parenting advice leads to more stress than ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Premature Labor, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Health Tip: Considering Bed Sharing With Your Baby?

Posted 19 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

-- The American Academy of Pediatrics doesn't recommend bed sharing for babies, especially if: The baby is younger than 4 months, or was born at a low birth weight or prematurely. Any user of the bed is a smoker, even if there is no smoking in bed. Parents have taken any kind of drug that could interfere with the ability to awaken easily. A bed user is not the baby's parent. If the bed includes soft blankets, bedding or pillows. Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Higher Pregnancy Weight Tied to Raised Odds for Birth Defects

Posted 15 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – Women who are overweight or obese when they become pregnant face an elevated risk of having a baby with a major birth defect, new Swedish research warns. And the greater the excess pounds, the higher the apparent risk, the study authors said. The risk that a newborn will be found to have a major birth defect during the first year of life "progressively increases with a mother's overweight and degree of obesity," said lead investigator Dr. Martina Persson. She's a senior research fellow with the clinical epidemiology unit at Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. The research team concluded that while it's impossible to prove a direct cause-and-effect relationship, it does appear that there is an ever-increasing association between birth defect risk and rising maternal weight. But Persson added that the absolute risk for obesity-related birth defects is ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Premature Labor, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Medical Costs Soar for U.S. Babies Born Addicted to Opioids

Posted 15 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – The number of U.S. newborns hospitalized for opiate withdrawal has spiked sharply in recent years – and so has the cost of treating them, a new study shows. In fact, the national bill for caring for these fragile newborns now runs in the hundreds of millions of dollars, the study found. Researchers have known that the U.S. epidemic of painkiller abuse is extending to infants. Recent studies have charted a steep rise in so-called neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), the researchers said. Most often, newborns suffer the condition because their mother took opioid painkillers – such as OxyContin or Vicodin – during pregnancy. Babies are born dependent on the drugs and quickly develop withdrawal symptoms. That can mean a host of problems, from tremors and seizures, to breathing difficulty, to diarrhea and poor feeding. Last year, a federal study found that the ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Tramadol, Methadone, OxyContin, Vicodin, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Codeine, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Opana ER, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Drug Dependence, Butrans, Ultram

Many Preemies Don't Struggle in School

Posted 12 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 12, 2017 – Parents of premature babies may find reassurance in a new study that says most will do just fine later in school. "What excites me about this study is that it changes the focus for the clinician and families at the bedside from just focusing on the medical outcomes of the child to what the future educational outcomes might be for a child born early," said study first author Dr. Craig Garfield. He's an associate professor of pediatrics and of medical social sciences at Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. The study included 1.3 million babies born in Florida between 1992 and 2002. Babies born at 23 or 24 weeks tended to score well below full-term infants (born 39 to 40 weeks) on standardized tests. But these preemies' mental functioning was near normal, two-thirds were ready for kindergarten on time, and nearly 2 percent achieved ... Read more

Related support groups: Premature Labor, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Antidepressants During Pregnancy Safe for Baby: Study

Posted 7 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 7, 2017 – Expectant mothers, if you're taking an antidepressant it won't make your newborn cranky or at higher risk for other problems, researchers report. Northwestern University researchers divided 214 new moms into three groups: those with a mood disorder who were not using an antidepressant; those who were taking a serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) antidepressant; and those without a mood disorder who were not on an antidepressant. At two to four weeks after birth, babies in all three groups had similar rates of irritability, difficulty feeding, sleep disturbances and respiratory problems, the study found. The issues affected 3 out of 10 babies in each group. Instead, preterm birth was the major risk factor for what is known as Neonatal Discontinuation Syndrome (NDS). Babies with NDS get agitated, restless, cry excessively and may be rigid or have tremors. Many ... Read more

Related support groups: Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Sertraline, Pristiq, Amitriptyline, Venlafaxine, Fluoxetine, Effexor XR, Mirtazapine, Escitalopram, Savella, Remeron, Nortriptyline, Elavil

Pregnancy Weight Gain: Too Much or Too Little Is Unhealthy

Posted 6 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 6, 2017 – Gaining too much or too little weight during pregnancy can harm both baby and mom, researchers say. In a review of more than 1.3 million pregnancies, investigators found that 47 percent of women gained too much weight. And, 23 percent did not gain enough weight to meet recommended levels. "Healthy recommended pregnancy weight gain depends on a mother's starting weight, with women with a higher weight recommended to gain less in pregnancy," said lead researcher Dr. Helena Teede. "Regardless of a mother's starting weight, unhealthy weight gain in pregnancy is now very common and carries significant health risks for mothers and babies," said Teede, a professor of women's health at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia. Weight gain below the recommended amount was associated with a higher risk of having a small baby and preterm delivery, the researchers found. ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths May Be Underestimated: Study

Posted 5 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 5, 2017 – U.S. medical examiners and coroners may not accurately classify some sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs) because they don't all follow the same procedures when investigating and classifying such deaths, according to new research. The study surveyed nearly 400 medical examiners and coroners in 2014. It raises doubts about the reliability of current SUID reporting, given the possibility that a significant number of SUID cases are being misattributed to other causes of infant death, the researchers said. "Death investigation guidelines exist," said study lead author Carrie Shapiro-Mendoza, a senior scientist in the maternal and infant health branch of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. She noted that the CDC itself has a classification system with standards for how cause-of-death should be decided during a death investigation. "[But] U.S. ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Hospital 'Baby Boxes' May Help Prevent SIDS in Newborns

Posted 26 May 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 – Child care experts say it's dangerous for infants to sleep in the same bed with their parents. Now, researchers report that "baby boxes" and parent education can help reduce the unsafe practice. Bed-sharing is linked with sleep-related deaths in babies, including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and accidental suffocation and strangulation, according to background information with this study. For the study, researchers at Temple University Hospital in Philadelphia recruited more than 2,700 new mothers. Half were instructed face-to-face about safe infant sleep and given a baby box (a cardboard bassinet) with a firm mattress. The other half received only standard nursing discharge instructions with information about safe infant sleep. The combination of baby box and face-to-face instructions reduced the rate of bed-sharing by 25 percent during infants' first ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Premature Labor, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Lactation Augmentation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

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