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Don't Punish Pregnant Women for Opioid Use, Docs Say

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 20, 2017 – Prevention and treatment, not legal action, should be the focus when dealing with pregnant women who use opioids, a leading pediatricians' group says. Some states prosecute and jail pregnant women for substance abuse, but the new statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) warns that punitive measures have no health benefits for mother or child and may deter women from seeking help. "Over the last two decades, use of opioids surged throughout the U.S., and as they did, we have seen an increase in opioid-related complications in nearly every population, including pregnant women and their infants," statement co-author Dr. Stephen Patrick said in an AAP news release. "Our response should be grounded in public health. We should be bolstering efforts targeted at primary prevention, like prescription drug-monitoring programs, and expanding treatment ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Codeine, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Kadian, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Cheratussin AC, Tylenol with Codeine, Delivery

'Love Hormone' Helps Dads and Babies Bond

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 – The "love hormone" oxytocin may program fathers to bond with their young children, a new study suggests. "Our findings add to the evidence that fathers, and not just mothers, undergo hormonal changes that are likely to facilitate increased empathy and motivation to care for their children," said study lead author James Rilling of Emory University in Atlanta. Oxytocin is a naturally occurring hormone. MRI brain scans revealed that dads who received boosts of the hormone through a nasal spray had increased activity in brain areas associated with reward and empathy when looking at pictures of their toddlers, Rilling's team said. The findings also "suggest that oxytocin, known to play a role in social bonding, might someday be used to normalize deficits in paternal motivation, such as in men suffering from post-partum depression," Rilling said in a university news ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Oxytocin, Premature Labor, Pitocin, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Syntocinon, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Lingering Baby Weight? Don't Blame the Pregnancy

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 – Women have long blamed pregnancy for weight gains that linger after their babies are born, but a new study suggests the demands of motherhood might be to blame. "We found that by one or two years after birth, women who had children were very similar [in weight gain] to those who did not," said lead researcher Olga Yakusheva. She is an associate professor of nursing at the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor. However, "from that time on, women with children were gaining weight at a faster rate than women without," she added. Yakusheva has a theory, which wasn't tested or proven in the study, about why. "Mothers tend to put the needs of their children first, so they might not be exercising or taking care of themselves," she said in a statement. "It might also be little things like finishing the food on their child's plate or spending more time sitting with their ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Delivery, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Lactation Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Hey Fellas, Depression Can Strike Expectant and New Dads, Too

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 16, 2017 – Depression in and just after pregnancy is most often associated with moms-to-be, but a new study shows expectant dads can have similar symptoms. Expectant and new fathers who are in poor health or have high levels of stress are at increased risk for depression, the New Zealand research showed. Many men may not realize pregnancy-linked depression can hit them too. "It is important to recognize and treat symptoms among fathers early and the first step in doing that is arguably increasing awareness," said a team led by Lisa Underwood of the University of Auckland. The research involved more than 3,500 men, average age 33, who were interviewed while their partner was in the third trimester of her pregnancy. The men were then re-interviewed nine months after the birth of their child. Elevated depression symptoms were reported by 2.3 percent of the men during their ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Pregnancy-Linked Diabetes Poses Risks for Mom, Baby

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 16, 2017 – Diabetes that develops during pregnancy – known as gestational diabetes – carries health risks for both the mom-to-be and her baby, new research confirms. A team of French researchers analyzed data from more than 700,000 births in France occurring after 28 weeks of pregnancy in 2012. Compared to other pregnant women, those with gestational diabetes were 30 percent more likely to experience preterm birth, 40 percent more likely to require a C-section, and 70 percent more likely to have preeclampsia/eclampsia, a dangerous spike in blood pressure. Risks weren't confined to the mother, however. Babies born to women with gestational diabetes were 80 percent more likely to be of significantly larger-than-average size at birth; 10 percent more likely to suffer respiratory issues; 30 percent more likely to experience a traumatic birth, and 30 percent more likely to ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Insulin, Insulin Resistance, Delivery, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Premature Labor, Gestational Diabetes, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

More 'Extreme Preemies' Are Surviving

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 – Babies born very early – between 22 and 24 weeks of pregnancy – are more likely to survive now than a decade or so ago, new research shows. These extremely premature infants are also slightly more likely to avoid serious health complications now. But it's still a rough road for these infants, who often weigh in at less than 2 pounds at birth. Just one in three survive, and many face challenges. In a study that looked at a 12-year span, "survival increased and more infants went on to not have signs of developmental delay when tested around age 2," said lead author Dr. Noelle Younge. She's a neonatologist and assistant professor of pediatrics at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C. Yet much progress remains to be made, Younge acknowledged. Her research team reviewed the records of more than 4,200 infants born at 22 to 24 weeks of pregnancy, ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Does a Baby's Sex Affect Mom's Immunity During Pregnancy?

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 14, 2017 – A baby's gender might affect a pregnant woman's immune system, a new study suggests. For the study, researchers checked levels of immune markers called cytokines in the blood of 80 pregnant women. The researchers found no differences in cytokine levels based on fetal sex. But they did find that "the immune cells of women carrying female fetuses produced more pro-inflammatory cytokines when exposed to bacteria," said principal investigator Amanda Mitchell. "This means that women carrying female fetuses exhibited a heightened inflammatory response when their immune system was challenged, compared to women carrying male fetuses," she explained. Mitchell is a postdoctoral researcher at Ohio State University's Institute for Behavioral Medicine Research. The researchers explained that inflammation is critical in the body's response to viruses, bacteria and chronic ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Female Infertility, Delivery, Ovulation Induction, Premature Labor, Primary Ovarian Failure, Follicle Stimulation, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

The Motherlode of 'Mother Love' Chemicals

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – The feel-good brain chemical dopamine appears to play a role in the development of a healthy bond between a mother and baby, a new study suggests. Dopamine may motivate moms to do more for their children because it makes mothers feel better, researchers said. And this may not end when babies get older. "It is very likely that the processes we observed between mothers and their infants continues through the life span as their children grow," said study co-author Lisa Feldman Barrett. She's a psychology professor at Northeastern University in Boston. "It may also be the case that this process supports people as they provide care and nurture to one another in close relationships," she added. Previously, research has linked mother-baby bonding to the hormone oxytocin. In this study, the researchers wanted to learn more about what goes on in the brain that helps ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Tiny Babies May Face Mental Health Problems Later

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – Extremely low birth weight babies may be at increased risk for mental health problems later in life, a new review suggests. Researchers examined 41 studies conducted from 1990 to 2016. The studies included more than 2,700 extremely low birth weight babies (less than 1,000 grams, or just over 2 pounds) and more than 11,000 normal birth weight babies in the United States, Canada and 10 other countries. The extremely low birth weight babies had a higher risk for certain mental health problems. As children, they were more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and as teens they had a greater risk of ADHD and social problems, the researchers found. Compared to adults who were born at a normal weight, those born at an extremely low weight had higher rates of anxiety, depression and shyness, and markedly lower levels of social functioning, ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Adderall, Anxiety and Stress, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Amphetamine, Autism, Dysthymia, Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine

Daylight Savings Time May Lower Chances of IVF Success for Some: Study

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 10, 2017 – Daylight savings time may be associated with an increased risk of miscarriage among some women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), a new study suggests. Boston Medical Center (BMC) researchers found that miscarriage rates in IVF patients who had a prior miscarriage were much higher among those who received an embryo 21 days after the spring time change than those whose embryo transfers were conducted before or nowhere near the time change. The study did not prove that daylight savings time causes IVF success rates to drop. And there was no link found between miscarriage rates and the fall time change or even the different seasons of the year. The study may improve understanding of how circadian rhythm changes affect fertility and reproduction, according to the researchers. "To our knowledge, there are no other studies looking at the effects of daylight ... Read more

Related support groups: Female Infertility, Ovulation Induction, Premature Labor, Primary Ovarian Failure, Follicle Stimulation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Daily Aspirin May Help Prevent Some Recurrent Miscarriages

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 9, 2017 – Miscarriage is an often unexpected and traumatic event for a woman and her partner. But new research suggests that something as simple as taking a daily low-dose aspirin could help prevent a recurrence. The intervention appears to help boost live births in women with high levels of inflammation who previously lost a pregnancy, according to a research team from the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). One obstetrician-gynecologist said the practice is already in use in cases involving women who've miscarried in the past. "Doctors have often used baby aspirin in these patients to help achieve a healthy pregnancy," said Dr. Jennifer Wu, an ob/gyn at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City who reviewed the new findings. "This study upholds a scientific theory to this treatment." The research was led by Lindsey Sjaarda, a staff ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Excedrin, Delivery, Aggrenox, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Ecotrin, Arthritis Pain, Premature Labor, Fiorinal with Codeine, Labor Induction, Bayer Aspirin, Arthritis Pain Formula, Soma Compound, Norgesic, Excedrin Extra Strength, Norgesic Forte, Percodan, Anacin

Preemies Bombarded With Noise in First Weeks of Life

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 9, 2017 – Hospitals are noisy – maybe too noisy for the tiniest patients, a new study suggests. Researchers found that premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are exposed to potentially harmful noise levels – sometimes twice the maximum levels recommended by a leading group of U.S. pediatricians. "Often the noise we measured was coming from medical equipment that is essential to the baby's survival. And this type of equipment is used in NICU units around the world," said study first author Bobbi Pineda. She's an assistant professor of occupational therapy and of pediatrics at Washington University in St. Louis. On the other hand, preemies in private rooms may miss out on beneficial sounds, such as language and music, that boost early learning, the study found. The researchers placed sound monitoring devices at the bedsides of 58 premature infants in ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Obstetric Complications Tied to Slightly Upped Risk for Autism

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – Complications that occur late in pregnancy or during delivery may slightly raise a child's risk for autism, a new study suggests. Researchers found that infants who were exposed to maternal high blood pressure during pregnancy – a condition called pre-eclampsia – were at higher odds for developing an autism disorder. So were children who experienced oxygen deprivation at birth (asphyxia), or those who faced other problems around the time of delivery. However, the study wasn't able to prove cause-and-effect, and one autism expert stressed that the findings shouldn't unduly worry most women. In absolute terms, "the risk of an autism spectrum disorder was still exceedingly low among women who had one or more pregnancy complications," said Dr. Andrew Adesman. He's chief of developmental and behavioral pediatrics at Cohen Children's Medical Center in New Hyde Park, ... Read more

Related support groups: Autism, Delivery, Asperger Syndrome, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Certain Bacteria May Affect Preterm Birth Risk

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – Certain types of bacteria in a pregnant woman's cervix and vagina can affect her risk of preterm birth, a new study finds. The discovery could lead to new ways to prevent preterm birth (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) either by getting rid of bad bacteria or boosting protective bacteria, according to the researchers. For the study, the investigators analyzed vaginal swabs from 2,000 expectant mothers at three different points in pregnancy. The researchers found that specific types of bacteria – such as certain bifidobacterium and lactobacillus species – lowered the risk of preterm birth. They also found that other types of bacteria – specifically several anaerobic bacteria – greatly increased the risk. If further research confirms the findings, it could lead to new treatments to reduce the risk of preterm birth, the study authors suggested. "For the first time ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Can Pregnancy Harm Your Heart?

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 2, 2017 – Pregnancy might affect a woman's risk of future heart problems, two new studies suggest. A woman's risk of atrial fibrillation – an abnormal heart rhythm – rises with each pregnancy, up to a nearly 50 percent increased risk with six or more pregnancies, according to the results from one study. "There's something about pregnancy itself that predisposes women toward this risk," said lead author Dr. Jorge Wong. He's a cardiologist with the Population Health Research Institute at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. Meanwhile, a second study reports that women who experience a preterm delivery have a 40 percent higher increased risk of heart attack or stroke later in life. Neither of these studies proves a direct cause-and-effect relationship between pregnancy and heart problems, both teams of researchers noted. For the heart rhythm report, researchers ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Heart Disease, Postcoital Contraception, Angina, Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

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