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Could New 'Talk Therapy' Cut Cost of Treating Depression?

Posted 3 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 – A simpler and less expensive form of talk therapy is as effective as the gold-standard treatment – cognitive behavioral therapy – for treating depression in adults, a new study suggests. The researchers found that so-called behavioral activation therapy treats depression just as well as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). But behavioral activation can be provided by mental health workers with minimal training and is significantly cheaper, the study authors contended. Cognitive behavioral therapy is provided by highly trained and highly paid specialists. In many countries, CBT is available only to patients who can afford it or who have health insurance, and waiting lists can be long. For example, in the United States, only about one-fourth of people with depression have received any form of psychological therapy in the last 12 months, the researchers said. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Major Depressive Disorder, Sertraline, Pristiq, Amitriptyline, Fluoxetine, Venlafaxine, Effexor XR, Mirtazapine, Savella, Remeron, Escitalopram

Depression Strikes Nearly 3 Million U.S. Teens a Year

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 7, 2016 – In just one year, almost 3 million U.S. teens suffered a major bout of depression, a new government report shows. "Adolescence is a critical time in a person's development, and battling with depression can be devastating for teens unless they receive effective treatment," said Paolo del Vecchio, director of the Center for Mental Health Services at the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). "Effective treatment is available, but parents, teachers and all concerned members of the community must work to assure that adolescents in need get help," del Vecchio said in an agency news release. These young people feel depressed and lose interest in their activities for at least two weeks. They may also have trouble sleeping, eating or concentrating, the agency explained. The overall rate of depression among young people jumped to 11 ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Major Depressive Disorder, Sertraline, Pristiq, Amitriptyline, Bupropion, Viibryd, Fluoxetine, Venlafaxine, Effexor XR, Wellbutrin XL

Job Hunting? Maybe a Therapist Can Help

Posted 20 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 20, 2016 – The unemployed may find help for their job search in an unexpected place – a therapist's office. A type of counseling called cognitive behavioral therapy teaches skills that might help people who are unemployed get a job, a new study suggests. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can be used to help people with depression. This type of therapy teaches people to identify negative thoughts and replace them with positive ones. "Searching for a job is difficult in any circumstance, but it may be even more difficult for people who are depressed," said study co-author Daniel Strunk, an associate professor of psychology at Ohio State University. "But we found that there are specific skills that can help not only manage the symptoms of depression but also make it more likely that a person will receive a job offer," Strunk said in a university news release. The study ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Neurotic Depression, Depressive Psychosis

Health Tip: Get Enough Sleep

Posted 4 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Not getting enough sleep can worsen depression, experts say. What can you do to improve both? The National Sleep Foundation suggests: Don't ignore symptoms of depression. See a doctor for treatment, which may mean medication, psychological therapy or both. Go to bed at the same time each night, and wake up at the same time each morning. Exercise daily, and practice relaxation techniques such as meditation or deep breathing. Don't use nicotine, alcohol or caffeine, especially in the evening. Don't watch TV or use a computer in the bedroom. Use a white noise machine or earplugs to block out noise. Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Major Depressive Disorder, Fatigue, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Depressive Psychosis

Scans Spot Brain Region That Misfires in Depressed People

Posted 31 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 31, 2016 – A part of the brain that responds to bad experiences acts in an unexpected way in people with depression, a small study finds. One theory suggested that the pea-sized structure called the habenula was overactive in people with depression, so researchers decided to test that hypothesis. The investigators scanned the brains of 25 people with depression and 25 people who never had depression while they were shown images associated with receiving or not receiving a shock. "Surprisingly, we saw the exact opposite of what we predicted," said study senior author Jonathan Roiser. "In people with depression, habenula activity actually decreased when they thought they would get a shock. This shows that in depressed people the habenula reacts in a fundamentally different way," he explained. "Although we still don't know how or why this happens, it's clear that the theory ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Neurotic Depression, Diagnosis and Investigation, Depressive Psychosis, Head Imaging

States With More Gun Owners Have More Gun-Related Suicides: Study

Posted 20 May 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 – In states where there are more gun owners, there are also more gun-related suicides, a new U.S. study finds. Looking at 33 years' worth of data, the researchers found that states with more gun owners generally had more suicides by firearm among both men and women. Men in those states also had higher overall suicide rates. The findings do not prove that guns lead to more suicides, said lead researcher Dr. Michael Siegel, a professor at the Boston University School of Public Health. However, his team considered many other factors that could affect a state's suicide patterns – including unemployment levels, divorce rates, crime and residents' typical alcohol intake. And still, suicide rates rose in tandem with gun ownership, Siegel noted. For every 10-percentage-point increase in a state's gun ownership level, the rate of gun-related suicides among men rose by 3 ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Neurotic Depression

Scientists Test 'Magic Mushroom' Chemical for Tough-to-Treat Depression

Posted 17 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 – A hallucinogenic compound found in "magic mushrooms" shows promise in treating depression, a small, preliminary study found. "Depression continues to affect a large proportion of the population, many of whom do not respond to conventional treatments," said Dr. Scott Krakower, a psychiatrist who reviewed the study. "Although this was a small study, it does offer hope for new, unconventional treatments, to help those who are battling with severe depression," said Krakower, who is chief of psychiatry at Zucker Hillside Hospital in Glen Oaks, N.Y. The new trial included 12 people with moderate to severe depression who had been resistant to standard treatment. All of the patients were given the compound psilocybin, found in hallucinogenic mushrooms. Three months after treatment, seven patients had reduced symptoms of depression, according to a team led by Dr. Robin ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Neurotic Depression, Depressive Psychosis

Could Inducing Brief, Mild 'Fever' Help Ease Depression?

Posted 16 May 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 – Temporarily raising the body temperature of people who are depressed seems to ease symptoms for up to six weeks, a small new study finds. The treatment, known as whole-body hyperthermia, essentially gives patients a mild, transient fever, the researchers explained. Similar to some antidepressant drugs, the treatment is thought to work by activating a part of the brain that produces the chemical serotonin. This brain region is less active in people with depression, the researchers explained. "Our hope is to find better and faster-acting treatments for depression than the antidepressants currently in use," said lead researcher Dr. Charles Raison of the University of Wisconsin. "We think that using heat to stimulate the skin activates serotonin-producing cells in the mid-brain, which then produce a change in how the brain functions," he explained in a university ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Trazodone, Major Depressive Disorder, Sertraline, Pristiq, Fever, Amitriptyline, Bupropion, Viibryd, Fluoxetine, Venlafaxine

Study: Ex-NFL Players Aren't at Greater Risk for Suicide

Posted 11 May 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 – Professional football players aren't at greater risk of suicide than the general U.S. population, federal health officials report, although players are far likelier to suffer concussions. For the study, the researchers calculated the suicide death rate for 3,439 retired National Football League players who played for at least five seasons between 1959 and 1988. Previous studies have suggested that different football positions carry different risks. To account for this possibility, the researchers divided the players into two groups. The first group included athletes who played positions involving speed, such as running back, wide receiver and quarterback. The other group included those who played positions that didn't rely on speed, such as offensive and defensive linemen. Punters and kickers were excluded from the study because these positions rarely involve ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Head Injury, Dysthymia, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Depressive Episode May Not Always Follow Mania in Bipolar Disorder

Posted 10 May 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 9, 2016 – While many may associate bipolar disorder with episodes of mania followed by periods of depression, a new study suggests that's often not the case. Researchers say states of anxiety are equally as likely as to follow manic episodes as depression. The finding might have implications for better treatment, the research team said. "For years, we may have missed opportunities to evaluate the effects of treatments for bipolar disorder on anxiety," said study lead author Dr. Mark Olfson, a professor of psychiatry at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City. "The results of our study suggest that researchers should begin to ask whether, and to what extent, treatments for bipolar disorder relieve anxiety as well as mania and depression," he added in a university new release. According to the study authors, about 5.7 million Americans have bipolar disorder, which ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Mania, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Neurotic Depression, Depressive Psychosis

Mindfulness Therapy May Help Ease Recurrent Depression

Posted 27 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 27, 2016 – Mindfulness therapy may help reduce the risk of repeated bouts of depression, researchers report. One expert not connected to the study explained the mindfulness approach. "Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy enhances awareness of thoughts and emotions being experienced, and enables development of skills to better cope with them," said Dr. Ami Baxi, a psychiatrist who directs adult inpatient services at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. In the new study, a team led by Willem Kuyken, of the University of Oxford in England, analyzed the findings of nine published studies. The research included a total of almost 1,300 patients with a history of depression. The studies compared the effectiveness of mindfulness therapy against usual depression care and other active treatments, including antidepressants. After 60 weeks of follow-up, those who received ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Depressive Psychosis

Omega-3 Fish Oil Supplements Might Boost Antidepressants' Effects

Posted 26 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 26, 2016 – Omega-3 fish oil supplements may improve the effectiveness of antidepressants, new research suggests. Researchers reviewed the findings of eight clinical trials worldwide, as well as other evidence, and concluded that the supplements appear to help battle depression in people already on medication. "Omega-3 fish oil – in combination with antidepressants – had a statistically significant effect over a placebo," said study leader Jerome Sarris. He is head of the ARCADIA Mental Health Research Group at the University of Melbourne in Australia. The study looked at the result of trials where patients battling depression took either a standard antidepressant plus a form of omega-3 fish oil, versus the antidepressant plus an inactive placebo. "The difference for patients taking both antidepressants and omega-3, compared to a placebo, was highly significant," Sarris ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Major Depressive Disorder, Sertraline, Pristiq, Fluoxetine, Venlafaxine, Effexor XR, Mirtazapine, Savella, Escitalopram, Remeron, Paroxetine

ER Screenings Could Help Prevent Suicide: Study

Posted 11 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 11, 2016 – Routine screening of emergency room patients for suicide risk might be an effective way to prevent it, a new study suggests. Nurses at eight ERs were trained to screen patients for three suicide risk factors: depression, suicidal thoughts and previous suicide attempts. Over five years, suicide screenings rose from 26 percent to 84 percent, and detection of patients at risk of suicide increased from nearly 3 percent to 5.7 percent, the University of Massachusetts Medical School researchers found. The study was published in the April issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. "Our study is the first to demonstrate that near-universal suicide risk screening can be done in a busy [emergency department] during routine care," lead author Edwin Boudreaux said in a university news release. Boudreaux is vice chairman of research in the department of emergency ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Neurotic Depression, Depressive Psychosis

Genes May Link Risks for Pot Use, Depression

Posted 30 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 30, 2016 – A genetic risk for marijuana dependence may be associated with a higher inherited risk for major depression, according to a new study. Researchers analyzed the gene profiles of more than 14,000 people and identified several genetic variants that significantly boost the risk of marijuana dependence. According to the researchers, it's the first study to pinpoint those variants. The investigators also examined whether people with some forms of mental illness might also be at higher risk for marijuana dependence, as they are for alcohol and other substances. "We were surprised to find a genetic risk overlap between cannabis dependence and major depression," said study senior author Dr. Joel Gelernter, a professor of psychiatry, genetics and of neuroscience at Yale University, in New Haven, Conn. The findings might also help explain why many people with ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Cannabis, Neurotic Depression, Depressive Psychosis

ER Docs Only Ask Half of Suicidal Patients About Guns, Study Shows

Posted 28 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 25, 2016 – Only half of suicidal patients in U.S. emergency departments (EDs) are asked if they have access to guns, a new study finds. National guidelines say doctors should ask suicidal patients about their access to guns or other deadly items, the researchers noted. They interviewed more than 1,300 emergency department patients in seven states who had either attempted suicide or were thinking about it. The investigators also examined the patients' medical charts. "We found in about 50 percent of cases there is no documentation by the doctor that anyone asked the patients about firearms access. That means there is a large group of patients we are missing a chance to intervene for," study lead author Dr. Emmy Betz, from the University of Colorado School of Medicine, said in a university news release. About 25 percent of the patients who had guns at home said they kept at ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Depressive Psychosis

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