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Antidepressants in Pregnancy Tied to Slight Increase in Autism

Posted 2 days 19 hours ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 – In the long-standing debate over whether antidepressants are safe to take during pregnancy, a new study suggests that exposure to the drugs in the womb might bump up a child's risk of autism. The risk of autism was 45 percent higher for kids whose moms took antidepressants compared to kids born to mothers with psychiatric disorders who weren't prescribed antidepressants, the study found. "We found consistent results pointing towards a small effect of antidepressants with autism, especially higher functioning forms of autism without intellectual disability," said lead researcher Dheeraj Rai. He is a senior lecturer in psychiatry with the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom. "We think it is important to keep in mind the absolute risk, which is small," Rai said. "Over 95 percent of women in the study who took antidepressants during pregnancy did not have ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Major Depressive Disorder, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Sertraline, Pristiq, Amitriptyline, Venlafaxine, Fluoxetine, Effexor XR, Mirtazapine, Escitalopram, Savella, Remeron

Med Switch Not Always Best Choice With Tough Depression

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 – Switching to another antidepressant may not be the best way to help depression patients who don't respond to the first antidepressant they take, a new study indicates. Among more than 1,500 depression patients at 35 U.S. Veterans Health Administration medical centers, better symptom relief was achieved when people were prescribed an antipsychotic medication or a second antidepressant rather than being switched to another antidepressant, the researchers found. "We found that among three strategies evaluated in this study, evidence of the greatest symptom benefit was provided by adding an antipsychotic to previous antidepressant therapy," said study author Dr. Somaia Mohamed. She is an associate clinical professor of psychiatry at Yale University School of Medicine. The researchers found that 29 percent of patients who took the antipsychotic drug aripiprazole ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Major Depressive Disorder, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Sertraline, Pristiq, Amitriptyline, Venlafaxine, Fluoxetine, Effexor XR, Escitalopram, Savella, Nortriptyline, Elavil

Electric Brain Stimulation No Better Than Meds For Depression: Study

Posted 28 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 28, 2017 – For people who battle depression and can't find relief, stimulating the brain with electric impulses may help. But a new study by Brazilian researchers says it's still no better than antidepressant medication. In a trial that pitted transcranial, direct-current stimulation (tDCS) against the antidepressant escitalopram (Lexapro), researchers found that lessening of depression was about the same for either treatment. "We found that antidepressants are better than tDCS and should be the treatment of choice," said lead researcher Dr. Andre Brunoni. He's director of the Service of Interdisciplinary Neuromodulation at the University of Sao Paulo. "In circumstances that antidepressant drugs cannot be used, tDCS can be considered, as it was more effective than placebo," he said. The researchers used the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale. This test has a score range ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Major Depressive Disorder, Escitalopram, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Neurotic Depression, Depressive Psychosis, Diagnosis and Investigation

Depression Can Slow Hospital Patients' Recovery: Study

Posted 9 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 9, 2017 – Depression affects about one-third of hospital patients and could slow their recovery, researchers report. Their review of 20 studies on depression screening in hospitals showed that 33 percent of patients had symptoms of depression. Patients with depression are less likely to take their medications and keep all recommended appointments after leaving the hospital, potentially leading to longer hospital stays and an increased risk of readmission, according to study lead author Dr. Waguih William IsHak. He's an associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral neurosciences at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. The findings underscore the importance of screening hospital patients for depression, he said. "Upon admission to the hospital, patients are screened for all kinds of medical issues such as abnormalities in blood pressure, cholesterol and blood ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia

After Suicide Attempt, a Phone Call Could Save a Life

Posted 7 May 2017 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, May 7, 2017 – A simple phone call can make a big difference to someone who's attempted suicide and may be contemplating another try. A new study found that follow-up phone calls after a suicidal patient was discharged from a hospital emergency department reduced future suicide attempts by 30 percent. The study included nearly 1,400 patients in eight locations across the United States who were provided with interventions that included specialized screening, safety planning guidance and follow-up phone calls. "People who are suicidal are often disconnected and socially isolated. So any positive contact with the world can make them feel better," said study co-author Dr. Michael Allen. He's a professor of psychiatry and emergency medicine at the University of Colorado Anschutz. Allen is also medical director of Rocky Mountain Crisis Partners in Denver, which has implemented a ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Neurotic Depression, Depressive Psychosis

Studies Question Link Between Mom's Antidepressant Use, Autism in Kids

Posted 18 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 18, 2017 – Taking antidepressants during pregnancy doesn't appear to raise a child's risk of autism, once other factors that could influence the risk are taken into account, two new studies suggest. "For a woman who needs to take this medication for her mental health and for her psychiatric stability, these results certainly suggest she shouldn't go without treatment," said Dr. Simone Vigod, senior author of one study and a psychiatrist at Women's College Hospital in Toronto. Depression during pregnancy can be dangerous for both mother and child. Pregnant women with untreated depression are more likely to have severe postpartum depression, and their children are more likely to be born prematurely or at a low birth weight, Vigod said. But earlier studies found a significant association between first-trimester exposure to antidepressants and autism spectrum disorder in ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Major Depressive Disorder, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Sertraline, Pristiq, Amitriptyline, Venlafaxine, Fluoxetine, Effexor XR, Escitalopram, Savella, Nortriptyline, Elavil

U.S. Suicide Rates Rising Faster Outside Cities

Posted 16 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 16, 2017 – Although the U.S. suicide rate has been rising gradually since 2000, suicides in less urban areas are outpacing those in more urban areas, according to a new federal report. "Geographic disparities in suicide rates might be associated with suicide risk factors known to be highly prevalent in less urban areas, such as limited access to mental health care, made worse by shortages in behavioral health care providers in these areas, and greater social isolation," the researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention wrote. It's also possible that economic pressures may have played a role, the study authors noted. The biggest increase in the suicide gap occurred beginning in 2007-2008, when the U.S. economy was experiencing a severe recession. Another possibility the researchers pointed to is the country's opioid epidemic. In the early years of ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Neurotic Depression, Depressive Psychosis

Can Supplements Ward Off the 'Baby Blues'?

Posted 13 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 13, 2017 – After childbirth, many new moms experience the "baby blues." Now, researchers suggest that just three days of an experimental dietary supplementation may vanquish the temporary sadness. "Women who take the supplement don't get sad" in the early days of motherhood, said Dr. Jeffrey Meyer, co-author of a study testing this blues-banishing regimen. "We also see this as a promising way to try to prevent postpartum depression," said Meyer. He is a professor of psychiatry at the University of Toronto and co-creator of the product. Postpartum blues – a milder condition than postpartum depression – is thought to affect about 75 percent of women in the first week after giving birth. It can be considered a "normal phase" marked by anxiety, moodiness and crying, said Dr. Teri Pearlstein, a professor of psychiatry and human behavior at Brown University. "The symptoms can ... Read more

Related support groups: Postpartum Depression, Delivery, Tryptophan, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Tyrosine, Tryptan, Aminomine, L-Tyrosine

Sinus Trouble Can Lead to Depression, Lost Work

Posted 10 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 10, 2017 – People who are depressed due to chronic sinus infections are less productive, according to a new study. They're more likely to miss work or school than those with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who aren't depressed, researchers found. Scientists said their findings could lead to targeted therapy to help improve patients' overall quality of life. "We found that of all symptoms related to CRS – sinus, nasal or otherwise – the severity of depressed mood and depression symptomatology was the predominant factor associated with how often our CRS patients missed work or school due to their CRS," said senior author Dr. Ahmad Sedaghat. He is a sinus surgeon at Massachusetts Eye and Ear and assistant professor of otolaryngology at Harvard Medical School. CRS is a common illness that interferes with breathing and sleeping. The study authors identified three other issues ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Sinusitis, Postpartum Depression, Flonase, Dysthymia, Nasonex, Afrin, Nasacort, Veramyst, Oxymetazoline, Astelin, Omnaris, Sinus Symptoms, Azelastine, Dymista, Nasacort AQ, Otrivin, 4-Way, Tetrahydrozoline

Patients Often Reject Drug-Only Psychiatric Treatment

Posted 6 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 6, 2017 – Mental health patients are more likely to reject treatment if it involves only drugs, a new study finds. Some experts believe talk therapy should be the first treatment option for many mental health disorders. The new finding – from a review of 186 prior studies – supports that stance, the researchers said. "Patients often desire an opportunity to talk with and work through their problems with a caring individual who might be able to help them better face their emotional experiences," said study co-author Roger Greenberg. He's a professor of psychology at the State University of New York's Upstate Medical University. Greenberg and his colleagues analyzed 186 studies of patients who sought help for mental health conditions. Overall, the average treatment refusal rate was more than 8 percent. Patients offered drug therapy alone were almost twice as likely to ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Major Depressive Disorder, Seroquel, Celexa, Citalopram, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Paxil, Sertraline, Abilify, Pristiq

'Love Hormone' Helps Dads and Babies Bond

Posted 17 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 – The "love hormone" oxytocin may program fathers to bond with their young children, a new study suggests. "Our findings add to the evidence that fathers, and not just mothers, undergo hormonal changes that are likely to facilitate increased empathy and motivation to care for their children," said study lead author James Rilling of Emory University in Atlanta. Oxytocin is a naturally occurring hormone. MRI brain scans revealed that dads who received boosts of the hormone through a nasal spray had increased activity in brain areas associated with reward and empathy when looking at pictures of their toddlers, Rilling's team said. The findings also "suggest that oxytocin, known to play a role in social bonding, might someday be used to normalize deficits in paternal motivation, such as in men suffering from post-partum depression," Rilling said in a university news ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Postpartum Depression, Delivery, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders, Oxytocin, Premature Labor, Pitocin, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Syntocinon, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Hey Fellas, Depression Can Strike Expectant and New Dads, Too

Posted 16 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 16, 2017 – Depression in and just after pregnancy is most often associated with moms-to-be, but a new study shows expectant dads can have similar symptoms. Expectant and new fathers who are in poor health or have high levels of stress are at increased risk for depression, the New Zealand research showed. Many men may not realize pregnancy-linked depression can hit them too. "It is important to recognize and treat symptoms among fathers early and the first step in doing that is arguably increasing awareness," said a team led by Lisa Underwood of the University of Auckland. The research involved more than 3,500 men, average age 33, who were interviewed while their partner was in the third trimester of her pregnancy. The men were then re-interviewed nine months after the birth of their child. Elevated depression symptoms were reported by 2.3 percent of the men during their ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Delivery, Dysthymia, Premature Labor, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Early Family Deaths May Create 'Grief Gap' for Blacks

Posted 23 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 – Black Americans tend to lose a parent, other close relatives and spouses at earlier ages than whites, creating a potentially devastating "grief gap," new research suggests. Studying more than 42,000 racially diverse Americans, the researchers found that death strikes black families significantly earlier than whites on average. "Blacks were three times more likely to lose a mother, twice as likely to lose a father, and 2.5 times more likely to lose a child by age 30," said study lead author Debra Umberson. "And they're 90 percent more likely to experience four or more family deaths by age 60." The full effect is unclear, said Umberson, a professor of sociology at the University of Texas at Austin. Still, earlier research has shown that the death of a parent, child or spouse is the most stressful life event you can experience, which can lead to other stressors ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia

Gestational Diabetes a Risk Factor for Postpartum Depression: Study

Posted 23 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 – Gestational diabetes and a previous bout of depression can increase a first-time mother's risk of postpartum depression, a new study suggests. The analysis of data from more than 700,000 women in Sweden showed that gestational diabetes (developing diabetes during pregnancy) alone raised the risk for postpartum depression. However, that risk rose even more if a woman had previously been diagnosed with depression. "Most practitioners think of these as two isolated and very different conditions, but we now understand gestational diabetes and postpartum depression should be considered together," said study lead author Michael Silverman. He's an assistant professor of psychiatry at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City. "While having diabetes increases [postpartum depression] risk for all women, for those women who have had a past depressive ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Major Depressive Disorder, Insulin, Diabetes, Type 1, Postpartum Depression, Insulin Resistance, Diabetes Mellitus, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Gestational Diabetes

Obamacare Covered More People With Mental Illness, Addictions

Posted 20 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 – More Americans with mental illness and substance abuse disorders got health insurance after the Affordable Care Act was introduced, a new study shows. However, these patients still face significant barriers to treatment, the Johns Hopkins researchers added. "The Affordable Care Act has been very effective in reducing the uninsured rate in this vulnerable population, where there is a real need to get people into services," said study leader Brendan Saloner. He's an assistant professor in the department of health policy and management. "We got more people covered, but we didn't make dramatic progress in closing the under-treatment gap," Saloner said in a university news release. "We need to find ways to take the next step and ensure people are seeing the providers who can help them." For the study, researchers reviewed data from nearly 30,000 adults, aged 18 to ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Major Depressive Disorder, Seroquel, Celexa, Opiate Dependence, Citalopram, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Paxil, Trazodone, Sertraline, Abilify

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