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Related terms: Bronchopneumonia, Community-acquired pneumonia, Acute Pneumonia

Is It Flu, or Is It Valley Fever?

Posted 28 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 28, 2016 – Early diagnosis of a potentially fatal fungal infection called valley fever can help patients, but too many are misdiagnosed, experts say. Doctors should suspect valley fever in patients with pneumonia or ongoing flu-like symptoms who live in or have visited the west or southwest United States, especially Arizona and central California, according to updated guidelines from the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Each year, about 150,000 people get the often-overlooked infection, and about 160 die from it, the society says. "Valley fever is underdiagnosed in part because past guidelines were directed to the specialists, whereas most of these patients initially see their primary care physicians, many of whom aren't aware just how common this infection is," guidelines lead author Dr. John Galgiani said in a society news release. The fungi that cause valley ... Read more

Related support groups: Fever, Influenza, Pneumonia, Infectious Mononucleosis, Mononucleosis

FDA Medwatch Alert: Fluoroquinolone Antibacterial Drugs for Systemic Use: Drug Safety Communication - Warnings Updated Due to Disabling Side Effects

Posted 26 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

ISSUE: FDA approved changes to the labels of fluoroquinolone antibacterial drugs for systemic use (i.e., taken by mouth or by injection). Includes the following currently available fluoroquinolones: Avelox (moxifloxacin) Cipro (ciprofloxacin) Cipro extended-release (ciprofloxacin extended-release) Factive (gemifloxacin) Levaquin (levofloxacin) Ofloxacin (generic brand) These medicines are associated with disabling and potentially permanent side effects of the tendons, muscles, joints, nerves, and central nervous system that can occur together in the same patient. As a result, FDA revised the Boxed Warning, FDA’s strongest warning, to address these serious safety issues. In addition, FDA updated other parts of the drug label including the Warnings and Precautions and Medication Guide sections. FDA has determined that fluoroquinolones should be reserved for use in patients who have no o ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Bacterial Infection, Sinusitis, Cipro, Bronchitis, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Pneumonia, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Ofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Gemifloxacin, Floxin, Factive, Cipro XR, Anthrax, Cipro IV, Plague, Floxin IV

FDA Updates Warnings for Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics

Posted 26 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

July 26, 2016 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved safety labeling changes for a class of antibiotics, called fluoroquinolones, to enhance warnings about their association with disabling and potentially permanent side effects and to limit their use in patients with less serious bacterial infections. “Fluoroquinolones have risks and benefits that should be considered very carefully,” said Edward Cox, M.D., director of the Office of Antimicrobial Products in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. “It’s important that both health care providers and patients are aware of both the risks and benefits of fluoroquinolones and make an informed decision about their use.” Fluoroquinolones are antibiotics that kill or stop the growth of bacteria. While these drugs are effective in treating serious bacterial infections, an FDA safety review found that both oral and inj ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Bacterial Infection, Sinusitis, Cipro, Bronchitis, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Pneumonia, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Ofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Gemifloxacin, Floxin, Factive, Cipro XR, Anthrax, Cipro IV, Plague, Floxin IV

Health Tip: Need a Lung Function Test?

Posted 9 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

-- A lung function test measures how well your lungs are working, helping your doctor diagnose the cause and severity of any problems with your breathing. The U.S. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute says the test is designed to show: The amount of air that you can breathe into your lungs to see if it's in the normal range. The amount of air that you can exhale from your lungs, and how quickly you can do it. The ability of your lungs to bring oxygen to your blood. How strong the muscles that help you breathe are. Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Asthma - Maintenance, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Dyspnea, Asthma - Acute, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Respiratory Tract Disease, Bronchiectasis, Allergic Asthma, Respiratory Failure, Reversible Airways Disease, Bronchospastic Disease, Respiratory Arrest, Reversible Airways Disease - Maintenance

Allergan Receives FDA Approval of Teflaro (ceftaroline fosamil) for Pediatric Patients

Posted 8 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

DUBLIN, May 31, 2016 /PRNewswire/ – Allergan plc (NYSE: AGN), a leading global pharmaceutical company, today announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the company's supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for Teflaro (ceftaroline fosamil), granting new indications for pediatric patients 2 months of age to less than 18 years of age with acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI), including infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae and other designated susceptible bacteria. "The impact of ABSSSI and CABP among children is significant, as these infections often require hospitalization and are met with limited pediatric treatment options, particularly as resistance increases among the pathogens that cause these infections," said ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia, Skin and Structure Infection, Teflaro, Ceftaroline

Theravance Biopharma Announces FDA Approval of Expanded Label for Vibativ (telavancin)

Posted 10 May 2016 by Drugs.com

DUBLIN, IRELAND – (Marketwired) – 05/09/16 – Theravance Biopharma, Inc. (NASDAQ: TBPH) ("Theravance Biopharma" or the "Company") today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the Company's supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for Vibativ (telavancin) to expand the product's label to include data describing the treatment of patients with concurrent Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) bacteremia in both of the antibiotic's currently approved indications in the United States. Vibativ is approved in the U.S. for the treatment of adult patients with hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (HABP/VABP) caused by susceptible isolates of S. aureus when alternative treatments are not suitable. In addition, Vibativ is approved in the U.S. for the treatment of adult patients with complicated skin & skin structure infections (cSSSI) caused ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia, Skin and Structure Infection, Bacteremia, Vibativ, Telavancin

Climate Change May Mean More Smoggy Days to Come: Study

Posted 21 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 21, 2016 – Climate change could cause many major American cities to experience more days with heavy ozone pollution in the coming decades, a new study predicts. If emission rates continue unchecked, regions within the United States could experience between three and nine additional days of unhealthy ozone levels between May and September by 2050, the study authors said. The researchers are concerned that climate change could undo the progress made under the Clean Air Act to rid U.S. skies of air pollution. "We found, in fact, that climate change could be a monkey wrench in our plans," said study co-author Loretta Mickley. She is a senior research fellow at Harvard's School of Engineering and Applied Sciences in Cambridge, Mass. "The number of bad ozone days per summer could double – could increase by as much as a week – by the 2050s," she said. California, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Sinusitis, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Cold Symptoms, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Allergic Asthma, Croup, Bronchospastic Disease

Doctors Issue Call to Combat Climate Change

Posted 18 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 18, 2016 – Climate change is already harming people's health by promoting illnesses linked to warmer temperatures and changing weather patterns, a leading group of U.S. doctors says in a new position paper. As a result, the American College of Physicians (ACP) is calling for "aggressive, concerted" action to fight climate change by curbing man-made greenhouse gas emissions. Respiratory illnesses, heat stroke and infectious diseases like Zika virus, dengue fever and cholera are flourishing as global temperatures rise, said Dr. Wayne Riley, president of the college. "Our climate is already changing and people are already being harmed. If we don't begin to address climate change, we're going to see more and more manifestations of these health problems," Riley said. "There is clear, compelling scientific consensus that climate change is real," he added. "There is no dispute." ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety and Stress, Migraine, Allergies, Major Depressive Disorder, Asthma, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Sinusitis, Migraine Prevention, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Asthma - Maintenance, Cold Symptoms, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Dyspnea, Migraine Prophylaxis, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders

Lung Ultrasound May Be Best to Spot Pneumonia in Kids: Study

Posted 13 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 13, 2016 – Lung ultrasounds may offer a safer, yet equally effective, alternative to chest X-rays for diagnosing pneumonia in children, researchers report. "Ultrasound is portable, cost-saving and safer for children than an X-ray because it does not expose them to radiation," explained study leader Dr. James Tsung. He is an associate professor in the departments of emergency medicine and pediatrics at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, in New York City. The study included 191 emergency department patients aged 21 and younger who were randomly assigned to either an investigational group or a control group. Patients in the investigational group had lung ultrasound and, if additional verification was needed, a follow-up chest X-ray. Those in the control group had a chest X-ray followed by lung ultrasound. The patients in the investigational group had nearly 39 ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Pneumonia, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Respiratory Tract Disease, Diagnosis and Investigation, Streptococcal Pneumonia

Life-Saving Health Care in Poor Nations Would Cost $5 Per Person: Study

Posted 10 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, April 10, 2016 – The cost of health care that could save the lives of millions of children and their mothers every year would be less than $5 per person, researchers report. The money would expand basic health services – such as birth control, nutritional supplements and medication to treat serious illnesses such as pneumonia and malaria – in 74 low- and middle-income countries. Those countries account for more than 95 percent of mother and child deaths each year, according to the study published April 9 in The Lancet. The researchers reported that, worldwide, in 2015 nearly 6 million children under age 5 died, as did more than 300,000 women from pregnancy-related causes. "Many of these deaths could be prevented if high-impact and affordable solutions reached the populations that needed them most," study leader Dr. Robert Black said in a John Hopkins University news release. ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia, Malaria, Malaria Prevention, Malaria Prophylaxis

VA Hospital Care Improving, Study Suggests

Posted 9 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 – Veterans Affairs hospitals seem to do just as well as other U.S. hospitals when it comes to treating older men with heart disease or pneumonia, a new study suggests. The findings, published online Feb. 9 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, were called "reassuring" in light of recent negative news about the nation's VA health care system. Researchers found that between 2010 and 2013, men treated for a heart attack, heart failure or pneumonia at a VA hospital were slightly less likely to die in the next month, compared to similar men treated at a non-VA center. They were, on the other hand, somewhat more likely to be readmitted to the hospital in that same time frame. Still, the differences between the VA and non-VA groups were so small – usually less than 1 percentage point – that the outcomes really are comparable, said senior researcher Dr. ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Pneumonia, Atherosclerosis, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Ischemic Heart Disease

Americans 100 and Older Are Living Even Longer Now

Posted 21 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 21, 2016 – The more than 72,000 Americans who have celebrated 100 birthdays or more are now surviving longer, a new federal report shows. Although death rates for centenarians were on the rise between 2000 and 2008, that has since changed, the study found. According to researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, death rates for the oldest Americans charted a steady decline between 2008 and 2014. This trend held for both genders and across races and ethnicities, the data showed. The leading causes of death for people living to be 100 have also shifted somewhat over the last decade. According to the CDC analysis, heart disease, stroke, flu/pneumonia, cancer and Alzheimer's disease were the top five leading causes of death for the oldest old in 2000. However, by 2014, "heart disease was still the leading cause of death, but Alzheimer's disease became ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Heart Disease, Influenza, Ischemic Stroke, Pneumonia, Transient Ischemic Attack, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Heart Disease

Smokers With Pneumonia at Risk for Lung Cancer: Study

Posted 14 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 14, 2016 – Smokers diagnosed with pneumonia may be at greater risk for developing lung cancer, a new study suggests. Researchers found that 9 percent of smokers admitted to the hospital for pneumonia developed lung cancer within one year, so they recommend early screening for the disease among heavy smokers treated for pneumonia. "Lung cancer is truly aggressive. The only chance of recuperation is if it's caught before it begins to cause any symptoms at all. The idea is to find the tumor well in advance," said study leader Dr. Daniel Shepshelovich, from Tel Aviv University's Sackler Faculty of Medicine and the Rabin Medical Center, in Israel. "Previous studies have shown that a low-dose radiation CT scan conducted once a year on heavy smokers has the potential to lower lung cancer mortality rates," he said in a university news release. "But this requires huge resources, ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Pneumonia, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Small Cell Lung Cancer, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Streptococcal Pneumonia, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep, Bronchogenic Carcinoma

Agricultural Pesticides May Affect Kids' Breathing

Posted 3 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 3, 2015 – Early exposure to widely used pesticides may harm children's lungs, a new study says. Previous research has looked at the harmful effect of organophosphate pesticides – chemicals that target the nervous system – on adult agricultural workers. This new study looked at children living in an agricultural area where the organophosphates are used. "This is the first evidence suggesting that children exposed to organophosphates have poorer lung function," said study senior author Brenda Eskenazi, a professor of epidemiology and of maternal and child health at the University of California, Berkeley. For this study, researchers measured levels of organophosphate pesticides in urine samples collected on five occasions from 279 children in California's Salinas Valley between the ages of 6 months and 5 years. The area is an agricultural hub, producing lettuce, grapes, ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Asthma - Maintenance, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Sore Throat, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Croup, Diagnosis and Investigation, Respiratory Failure, Reversible Airways Disease, Reversible Airways Disease - Maintenance

Health Tip: Who Gets Pneumonia?

Posted 3 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

-- Anyone can get pneumonia, but your age and general health are risk factors for the dangerous infection. The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute says other risk factors include: Being a child under age 2. The immune systems of young children are still developing. Being an adult over age 65. Having asthma, bronchitis or COPD. Having cystic fibrosis. Having a weakened immune system. Having sickle cell anemia, diabetes or heart failure. Having trouble coughing, following a stroke. Being in a hospital's intensive care unit, especially if on a ventilator. Having had the flu recently. Smoking or alcohol abuse. Read more

Related support groups: Hydrocodone, Cough, Codeine, Sinusitis, Pneumonia, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Dry Cough, Dextromethorphan, Benzonatate, Sore Throat, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Delsym, Tessalon, Tessalon Perles, Hysingla ER, Respiratory Tract Disease, Aspiration Pneumonia, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Zohydro ER

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Pneumocystis Pneumonia, Pneumonia with Cystic Fibrosis, Streptococcal Pneumonia, Pleuropulmonary Infection

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