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Related terms: Bronchopneumonia, Community-acquired pneumonia, Acute Pneumonia

Kids' Colds Linked to Asthma, Lung Problems Later

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 – Kids who develop respiratory infections like colds or sinusitis may have a higher risk of asthma and reduced lung function later in life, a new study says. Researchers examined data from nearly 155,000 children in Europe. They were followed from birth through ages 4 to 15 years. Those who had an upper respiratory infection – such as a cold, sinusitis, laryngitis and tonsillitis – by age 5 had an increased risk of asthma later in life. Their risk was 1.5 times higher. Young children who had lower respiratory tract infections such as bronchitis, bronchiolitis, pneumonia and general chest infections saw their asthma risk double or quadruple. They were also more likely to later develop reduced lung function, according to the study. "These findings support the hypothesis that early life respiratory tract infections may influence the development of respiratory ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Sinusitis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Asthma - Maintenance, Nasal Congestion, Cold Symptoms, Dyspnea, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Sore Throat, Asthma - Acute, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Bronchiectasis, Sinus Symptoms, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup, Allergic Asthma, Reversible Airways Disease

Guinea Pigs Harbor a Hidden Health Hazard

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 – Been looking for a reason to turn down your child's pleas for a pet Guinea pig? Dutch researchers say the rodents may carry germs tied to serious pneumonia. The bacteria, Chlamydia caviae (C. caviae), normally causes pink eye in guinea pigs. But three adults in the Netherlands wound up hospitalized for pneumonia after contact with guinea pigs resulted in their infection with C. caviae. Two of the three patients had to be put on a ventilator in intensive care units (ICUs), although all three survived following treatment with antibiotics, doctors reported. C. caviae was not previously known as a bacteria that could infect humans, said the lead author of the report, Dr. Bart Ramakers. He is an intensive care doctor with Bernhoven Hospital in the Netherlands. "Doctors and veterinarians should be aware of the bacterium, especially now that we have demonstrated that ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Pneumonia, Chlamydia Infection, Respiratory Tract Disease, Psittacosis

Heart Risk Up if Hospitalized for Pneumonia or Sepsis

Posted 12 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 11, 2017 – Adults who've been hospitalized with pneumonia or sepsis have a higher risk of heart disease, a new European study reports. Researchers examined data from nearly 237,000 Swedish men. They were followed from age 18 into middle age. The study found that those admitted to the hospital with pneumonia or sepsis (a bacterial infection of the blood) had a six times higher risk of heart disease in the following year. The rate dropped significantly during the second and third years, but was still more than double. And, by the fourth and fifth years, the risk remained almost two times higher in those who'd been hospitalized for sepsis or pneumonia compared to those who hadn't. The study was published recently in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. While most patients with sepsis or pneumonia recover from these conditions, many still have inflammation after the ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Lisinopril, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Losartan, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Benicar, Pneumonia, Diovan, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Angina, Ramipril, Cozaar, Enalapril, Valsartan, Micardis

Drug for Kidney Disease Tied to Infection Risk

Posted 1 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 1, 2017 – A drug used for some cases of kidney disease can raise the risk of serious infections, researchers say. A clinical trial was stopped early when researchers discovered that patients on the drug – a corticosteroid called methylprednisolone – suffered a concerning number of serious side effects. Most often, that meant severe infections, including pneumonia and meningitis. Overall, nearly 15 percent of patients on the drug had a serious "adverse event" over two years, the investigators found. That compared with 3 percent of patients given placebo pills, the researchers reported. The study focused on patients with a form of kidney disease called immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy. It arises when IgA – an immune system protein – builds up in the kidneys, leading to inflammation. Methylprednisolone and other corticosteroids suppress the immune system and quell ... Read more

Related support groups: Methylprednisolone, Pneumonia, Renal Failure, Medrol, Chronic Kidney Disease, Meningitis, Solu-Medrol, Medrol Dosepak, MethylPREDNISolone Dose Pack, Depo-Medrol, Diagnosis and Investigation, IgA Nephropathy, A-methapred, Methylprednisolone Topical, Med-Jec-40, Dep Medalone 80, Methylcotol, Medralone, Methylpred DP, Medralone 80

Reducing Repeat Hospitalizations Doesn't Harm Patients: Study

Posted 18 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 – Under Obamacare, efforts were made to cut the number of times patients needed to head back to the hospital after discharge. But would a reduction in these "readmissions" leave patients more vulnerable at home, raising death rates? A new study suggests that didn't happen. Reducing hospital readmission rates for heart attack, heart failure and pneumonia didn't increase death rates, the researchers said. As part of the Affordable Care Act, U.S. hospitals face significant financial penalties if they have too many readmissions. Since enactment of the health care law, also known as Obamacare, readmission rates within 30 days after patient discharge have been significantly reduced. To find out how that might affect death rates, researchers analyzed data on Medicare patients hospitalized for heart attack, heart failure or pneumonia between 2008 and 2014. Reductions in ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Pneumonia, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Myocardial Infarction, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Many Parts of the World Lack Soap for Hand-Washing

Posted 6 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 – For many families in poor countries, soap is a luxury that they do without, a new study finds. Hand-washing with soap can help prevent the spread of diseases, especially pneumonia and diarrhea. These ills caused about 1.6 million child deaths worldwide in 2013, the researchers said. "Hand-washing prevents leading causes of the 6 million deaths that occur annually in young children around the world. Never before has hand-washing been systematically measured in so many countries," said study co-author Dr. Pavani Ram. She is director of the University at Buffalo's Community for Global Health Equity in New York. "These data are useful to public health programs and policy makers because they underscore the deep inequities that persist globally and within countries, contributing to these preventable child deaths among people living in poverty and in rural areas in ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Influenza, Pneumonia, Cold Symptoms, Bacterial Skin Infection, Sore Throat

First-Try Antibiotics Now Fail in 1 in 4 Adult Pneumonia Cases

Posted 22 May 2017 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, May 21, 2017 – The first prescription of an antibiotic that the average U.S. adult with pneumonia receives is now ineffective in about a quarter of cases, a new study finds. In these cases, more or different antibiotics were needed, or the patient's condition worsened to require ER admission or hospitalization within a month of the antibiotics being taken, the research team said. The results are "concerning," because "pneumonia is the leading cause of death from infectious disease in the United States," said lead researcher Dr. James McKinnell, an infectious disease specialist at LA BioMed, a California-based research foundation. Speaking in a news release from the American Thoracic Society, he added that, "the additional antibiotic therapy noted in the study increases the risk of antibiotic resistance and complications like C. difficile infection, which is difficult to treat ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Pneumonia, Dyspnea, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Pneumonia with Cystic Fibrosis

Houston, You Have a 'Superbug'

Posted 16 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 – A type of bacteria that's resistant to many widely used antibiotics is unusually common among people in Houston, new research reveals. The superbug, known as Klebsiella pneumoniae, is particularly prevalent in this city of 6 million people, according to scientists. "Finding the otherwise uncommon strain in our city was a very surprising discovery," said the study's senior author, Dr. James Musser. He is chair of pathology and genomic medicine at Houston Methodist Hospital. "We urgently need to identify potential vaccine targets or other new treatments, and develop new and rapid diagnostic techniques," he said in a hospital news release. K. pneumoniae normally lives in the human intestines where it doesn't cause any trouble. However, in other parts of the body and outside the body, the bacteria can cause serious infections. Hospitalized patients are at ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Pneumonia, Bacterial Skin Infection, Wound Infection

Xanax, Valium May Boost Pneumonia Risk in Alzheimer's Patients

Posted 10 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 10, 2017 – Alzheimer's patients given sedatives such as Valium or Xanax may have an increased risk for pneumonia, a new study warns. People with Alzheimer's disease are often given these drugs, called benzodiazepines, over the long term, the researchers said. Examples of benzodiazepines include alprazolam (Xanax), clonazepam (Klonopin), diazepam (Valium), and lorazepam (Ativan). "An increased risk of pneumonia is an important finding to consider in treatment of patients with Alzheimer disease. Pneumonia often leads to admission to hospital, and patients with dementia are at increased risk of death related to pneumonia," Dr. Heidi Taipale, of Kuopio Research Center of Geriatric Care at the University of Eastern Finland, and co-authors wrote. For the study, the researchers reviewed data from nearly 50,000 Alzheimer's patients in Finland. The patients' average age was 80 and ... Read more

Related support groups: Xanax, Klonopin, Clonazepam, Ativan, Valium, Lorazepam, Alprazolam, Diazepam, Pneumonia, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Xanax XR, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Klonopin Wafer, Alprazolam Intensol, Niravam, Diastat, Diastat AcuDial, Valrelease, Diazepam Intensol

Vitamin D Linked to Lower Risk of Respiratory Infections

Posted 16 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 16, 2017 – There's preliminary evidence that adequate amounts of vitamin D might help lower rates of respiratory infections. These infections include colds, bronchitis and pneumonia, the researchers said. In a review of past trials of people taking vitamin D supplements, researchers from Queen Mary University in London found that supplementation was linked to a 12 percent reduction in the proportion of people having an "acute respiratory infection." The researchers said their findings "support the introduction of public health measures such as food fortification to improve vitamin D status in settings where profound vitamin D deficiency is common." But not everyone agrees with the authors of the review, which was published Feb. 15 in the BMJ. The results are inconclusive and need to be confirmed in carefully controlled clinical trials, said Mark Bolland from the ... Read more

Related support groups: Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Cold Symptoms, Vitamin D Deficiency, Sore Throat, Caltrate 600 with D, Calcium/Vitamin D, Citracal + D, Citracal Petites, Oysco 500 with D, Rickets, Calcium 600 D, Calcarb with D, Oyster Shell Calcium, Citracal Creamy Bites, Calcet, Dical Captabs, Oysco D, Dicalphos plus D, Oyster Shell Calcium with Vitamin D

8 Ways to Help Kids Dodge Germs

Posted 9 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 8, 2017 – There are a number of ways parents can help give a boost to their child's immune system, a family doctor suggests. "The immune system helps us fight infections," said Dr. Palak Shroff, a family medicine specialist at University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center. "Immunity develops over time, so the more someone gets exposed, the more the immune system develops," Shroff explained in a center news release. "Kids' whole environment is new, but over time, their immunity will develop and get better," she added. Shroff suggested eight keys to helping children minimize their risk of catching every cold and virus that comes their way: Breast-feeding is the first step. It is an important way to help your child develop a strong immune system. "During breast-feeding, the mother's immunity transfers to the child," Shroff said. Vaccination is another crucial factor. ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Obesity, Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Cough, Fatigue, Bacterial Infection, Influenza, Smoking, Pneumonia, Smoking Cessation, Bacterial Skin Infection, Pseudoephedrine, Flonase, Phenylephrine, Nasonex, Skin and Structure Infection, Human Papilloma Virus, Cough and Nasal Congestion, BCG

Flu Shot May Curb Respiratory Infections in People With Heart Failure

Posted 2 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 2, 2017 – Flu and pneumonia vaccines may reduce heart failure patients' risk of dangerous respiratory infections, a new review suggests. More than 5 million Americans have heart failure, when the heart is too weak to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. Respiratory infections are the leading cause of hospitalization for people with heart failure. These infections are associated with high death rates in a hospital, the review authors said. The researchers reviewed studies published from January 1990 to July 2016. These studies suggested that flu and pneumonia vaccines seem to help protect people with heart failure from life-threatening respiratory infections. People older than 65 with heart failure may benefit more from high-dose vaccination, the researchers said. "Vaccination represents a low-cost intervention that may be able to prevent the significant disease, ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Pneumonia, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Prevnar 13, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup, FluLaval, Pneumovax 23, Afluria, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, FluMist, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Fluzone, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Influenza Prophylaxis, Pneumococcal 13-valent Conjugate Vaccine, Flucelvax

U.S. Death Toll From Infectious Diseases Unchanged: Study

Posted 22 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 – The war against infectious diseases – medicine versus microbes – has been holding steady, with the U.S. death rate from these diseases about the same now as it was in 1980, new research says. But some of the specific disease threats have changed over the years, the study authors noted. Researchers found that the national death rate from infections stood at almost 46 deaths per 100,000 people in 2014. That compared with 42 per 100,000 in 1980. There were some major shifts during that time, however. The overall death rate went as high as 63 per 100,000 in 1995, owing to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, according to the study. AIDS deaths declined from then on, with the introduction of the "drug cocktails" that have turned HIV into a manageable chronic disease. But while there was progress against HIV, deaths from pneumonia and flu complications held steady over the ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Influenza, Pneumonia, HIV Infection, Clostridial Infection, Viral Infection, West Nile Virus, Prevention of Clostridium Difficile Infection Recurrence, Adjunct to Antibiotic Therapy

CDC Reveals Top 5 Causes of Death

Posted 18 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 – Heart disease tops the list of what's most likely to kill you or someone you love, U.S. health officials reported Thursday. The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released data naming the five leading causes of death among Americans under age 80 for 2014. After heart disease, cancer was the most likely cause of death. Rounding out the list were stroke; chronic lower respiratory diseases, such as asthma, bronchitis and emphysema; and accidents, the report said. Nearly two-thirds of deaths in the United States were caused by these five diseases or conditions. And many of these deaths were preventable. Thirty percent of heart disease deaths, 15 percent of cancer deaths, 28 percent of stroke deaths, 36 percent of chronic lower respiratory disease deaths, and 43 percent of accident deaths were preventable, the CDC researchers said. The good news in ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Heart Disease, Breast Cancer, Heart Attack, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Lung Cancer, Myocardial Infarction, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Kids Can Beat 'Complex' Pneumonia Without IV Antibiotics: Study

Posted 17 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 – Antibiotics taken orally are as effective – and doubtless much more welcome – than intravenous antibiotics for children recovering at home from complex pneumonia, a new study finds. Youngsters with complex pneumonia typically have to take antibiotics for one to three weeks after they leave the hospital, the researchers noted. To see if one medication method outperformed the other, the investigators looked at more than 2,100 children treated for complex pneumonia at 36 U.S. hospitals. Not only were oral antibiotics as effective as IV ones, they also avoided the risk of infection and other complications related to so-called peripherally inserted central venous catheters ("PICC lines"), which are used to administer intravenous antibiotics, the researchers said. "PICC line complications can be serious, resulting in hospital readmission, additional procedures and ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Pneumonia, Augmentin, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Minocycline, Clavulanate, Bactrim DS, Cefdinir, Tetracycline, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate

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