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Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis News

Vaccine Campaign in Poor Countries to Save 20 Million Lives

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 – In poor countries, childhood vaccines will save 20 million lives and $350 billion in health care costs by 2020, a new study says. "Vaccination is generally regarded to be one of the most cost-effective interventions in public health," said study leader Sachiko Ozawa, an associate professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's School of Pharmacy. "Decision-makers need to appreciate the full potential economic benefits that are likely to result from the introduction and sustained use of any vaccine or vaccination program," she said in a university news release. Researchers examined the impact of Gavi, a global vaccine alliance launched in 2000 to provide vaccines to children in the world's poorest nations. Gavi has contributed to the immunization of 580 million children and has operated mainly in the 73 countries included in the analysis. The study ... Read more

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Decline in Kids' Ear Infections Linked to Pneumococcal Vaccine

Posted 7 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 7, 2017 – American kids' ear infections dropped threefold over 10 years, compared to the 1980s, largely due to pneumococcal vaccines that protect against one type of bacteria that causes them, a new study suggests. However, the study, which tracked more than 600 children from 2006 to 2016, also found a shift in the bacteria now triggering greater numbers of ear infections. The investigators also found that these germs are not killed by amoxicillin, the top-recommended antibiotic for the condition. "The magnitude of the drop in the occurrence of ear infections was more than I expected," said study author Dr. Michael Pichichero. He's director of the Rochester General Hospital Research Institute in Rochester, N.Y. "The second big finding is we've got this shift in the No. 1 bacteria. If something is not done, I would expect ear infections to come back in frequency," ... Read more

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Hearing Loss Rates Holding Steady for U.S. Teens: Study

Posted 27 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 – There's good and bad news from a new study on the noise blasted in American teenagers' ears – more kids are listening to music via earphones than ever before, but rates of hearing loss have not increased. Still, "the overall take-home message ... is that not only are the elderly at danger of significant hearing loss – so are our children, at a time in their lives when education is key to their success in life," said hearing expert Dr. Darius Kohan, who reviewed the new study. He directs otology/neurotology at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. The new research was led by Dr. Brooke Su and Dr. Dylan Chan of the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). They noted that the number of teens listening to loud music through headphones is on the rise, and even minor hearing loss in children and teenagers can take a toll on their school performance. Health ... Read more

Related support groups: Hearing Loss, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Influenza Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis

Time to Catch Up on Reading, Writing and Routine Shots

Posted 26 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 – Of all the items on your child's back-to-school checklist, getting vaccinated is probably your kid's least favorite. But those shots are essential for keeping children healthy, pediatricians say. Vaccination requirements may vary somewhat from state to state. But all 50 states and Washington, D.C., require children to be vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough (pertussis), polio, measles and rubella. If your child hasn't already been vaccinated according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommended schedule, it's not too late, said Dr. David Kimberlin. He is vice chair of pediatrics and co-director of the University of Alabama at Birmingham's division of pediatric infectious diseases. "The best way to treat diseases is to prevent them in the first place, and the diseases on the vaccine schedule are all preventable for ... Read more

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Flu Shot May Curb Respiratory Infections in People With Heart Failure

Posted 2 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 2, 2017 – Flu and pneumonia vaccines may reduce heart failure patients' risk of dangerous respiratory infections, a new review suggests. More than 5 million Americans have heart failure, when the heart is too weak to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. Respiratory infections are the leading cause of hospitalization for people with heart failure. These infections are associated with high death rates in a hospital, the review authors said. The researchers reviewed studies published from January 1990 to July 2016. These studies suggested that flu and pneumonia vaccines seem to help protect people with heart failure from life-threatening respiratory infections. People older than 65 with heart failure may benefit more from high-dose vaccination, the researchers said. "Vaccination represents a low-cost intervention that may be able to prevent the significant disease, ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Pneumonia, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Prevnar 13, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup, FluLaval, Pneumovax 23, Afluria, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Fluzone, FluMist, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Influenza Prophylaxis, Flucelvax, Flublok Quadrivalent

Health Tip: Getting Your Child Vaccinated

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Vaccinations are a necessary part of keeping your child healthy, but the pain and fear may be difficult to endure. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests: Talk to the pediatrician about ways to manage your child's pain. Distract a young child during the shot by singing a song, blowing bubbles or playing a game. Act the doctor about using a numbing spray or cream. Breast-feed or offer a pacifier to babies during vaccination. Stay calm and reassure your child that everything is OK. Read more

Related support groups: Maintain, Lidoderm, Orajel, BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Anbesol, Pramoxine, Emla, Tetanus Toxoid, Xylocaine Jelly, Vivotif Berna, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Phenol, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, FluLaval

Pfizer Receives FDA Approval for Prevnar 13 in Adults Age 18 Through 49

Posted 21 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

July 12, 2016 - Pfizer Inc. (NYSE:PFE) today announced that Prevnar 13 (Pneumococcal 13-valent Conjugate Vaccine [Diphtheria CRM197 Protein]) received U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for an expanded age indication to include adults 18 through 49 years of age, in addition to the already approved indication for adults 50 years and older, for active immunization for the prevention of pneumonia and invasive disease caused by 13 Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F). Prevnar 13 is the only pneumococcal vaccine approved across the lifespan. With today’s decision Prevnar 13 is approved for: Adults 18 years of age and older for the prevention of pneumococcal pneumonia and invasive disease caused by 13 Streptococcus pneumoniae strains in the vaccine Children 6 weeks through 17 years of age (prior to the 18th b ... Read more

Related support groups: Prevnar 13, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Pneumococcal 13-valent Conjugate Vaccine

Childhood Vaccinations Rarely Spur Seizures, Study Finds

Posted 6 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 6, 2016 – Certain vaccines can trigger fever-related seizures in young children, but the risk is so low that pediatricians might see one case every five to 10 years, a new study estimates. It has long been known that some vaccines carry a small seizure risk. But the researchers said the new report offers some hard numbers. And it suggests that even when babies and toddlers get three vaccines at once, they only develop fever-related seizures at a rate of 30 per 100,000 – at most. The findings should be "reassuring" to parents, said lead researcher Dr. Jonathan Duffy, of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Looking at the big picture, the benefits of vaccination are much greater than the risk of febrile [fever-related] seizures," Duffy said. Up to 5 percent of young children will have a fever-related seizure at some point, according to the CDC. It usually ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Fever, Seizure Prevention, BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Seizure Prophylaxis, Tetanus Toxoid, Vivotif Berna, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, FluLaval, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Pneumovax 23, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Twinrix

With Flu Shot, Timing May Be Everything

Posted 26 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 26, 2016 – Flu shots may be more effective when people get them in the morning than in the afternoon, a new study suggests. British researchers assessed 276 people 65 and older who received vaccinations against three different flu strains between 2011 and 2013. The patients received the vaccines either between 9 a.m. and 11 a.m., or 3 p.m. and 5 p.m. People in the morning group had a much larger increase in antibodies against two of the flu strains one month after vaccination, the researchers found. However, with the third flu strain, there was no significant difference between the morning and afternoon groups. "We know that there are fluctuations in immune responses throughout the day and wanted to examine whether this would extend to the antibody response to vaccination," said lead investigator Anna Phillips. She's with the University of Birmingham's School of Sport, ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Prevnar 13, Influenza A, Avian Influenza, FluLaval, Pneumovax 23, Afluria, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Fluzone, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, FluMist, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Pneumococcal 13-valent Conjugate Vaccine, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Flucelvax, Flublok 2015-2016, Fluzone 2015-2016, Flushield, FluLaval Quadrivalent, Afluria 2015-2016

One in Five Pediatricians Drops Families Who Refuse Vaccines: Survey

Posted 2 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 – One of every five U.S. pediatricians regularly drops families who refuse to have their children vaccinated, a new survey shows. Doctors in the South and Northeast were more likely to take this hardline stance, said study lead author Dr. Sean O'Leary, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at Children's Hospital Colorado in Denver. But O'Leary said he's heard anecdotally that pediatricians across the nation have come under pressure to refuse to take on unvaccinated children, following the Disneyland measles outbreak that occurred earlier this year. "I'm hearing the practice has become more common, particularly in California, following the outbreak," O'Leary said. "Parents say, 'I don't want to take my child to a clinic with non-vaccinators and expose them to risk,' so there is parental pressure on some pediatricians." An ongoing medical debate continues to ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Influenza Prophylaxis, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Rubella Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis, Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis

Childhood Vaccines Debate Rekindled at GOP Presidential Debate

Posted 18 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2015 – Some parents' long-simmering concerns over the safety of childhood vaccines received unexpected – and, in some quarters, unwelcome – notice during the second Republican presidential candidates' debate. While the link between vaccines and autism has long been discredited, an exchange toward the debate's end addressed a more recent parental concern – whether children are receiving too many vaccines too soon. And the potential fallout from that exchange has infectious-disease experts worried. Candidates Ben Carson and Rand Paul – both doctors – both argued Wednesday night that children probably are receiving too many vaccinations in too short a time, and that parents ought to have the right to deviate from the recommended schedule. The candidates said vaccines are safe and important, and dismissed fears that some vaccines might cause autism, but argued for ... Read more

Related support groups: Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Measles Virus Vaccine, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine/Varicella Virus Vaccine, Influenza Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, ProQuad, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine, Rubella Prophylaxis, Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis, Measles Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine, Measles Prophylaxis, Attenuvax, Mumps Prophylaxis, M-R-Vax II

Start of School Year Calls for Vaccine Check

Posted 21 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2015 – With the start of a new school year, many parents are searching for vaccination records and hoping they're current, but what does "up-to-date" look like these days? That depends on whether it's what the school requires or what pediatric experts recommend. "Not all vaccines that we recommend on the schedule are required by schools," said Wendy Sue Swanson, a pediatrician at Seattle Children's Hospital. "But schools help us keep up-to-date and have an annual assessment" of vaccine status. Swanson explained that during childhood, three key school transitions coincide with vaccine schedules. The first, she said, is when a child enters kindergarten. Then, "typically, at sixth grade, we refresh again. And there are updates that we provide kids at the end of high school as get they ready to go to college," she added. Each of these turning points usually means exposure ... Read more

Related support groups: BCG, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Tetanus Toxoid, Vivotif Berna, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, FluLaval, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Pneumovax 23, Twinrix, Hepatitis B Prevention, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Smallpox Vaccine, Rotarix

Doctors Worry About Return of Vaccine-Preventable Ills in Kids

Posted 12 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 12, 2015 – Although most U.S. children are getting their routine vaccinations, recent trends have experts concerned that Americans will lose some of the "herd immunity" that has long protected many from serious infections. The vast majority of U.S. kids are up-to-date with routine jabs against once-common infections like polio, measles, mumps, whooping cough and chickenpox. But that "coverage" varies from state to state, according to the latest figures from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2013, there were 17 states where less than 90 percent of 1.5- to 3-year-olds had gotten their first dose of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, the CDC found. And nationally, recent years have seen a small dip in the percentage of young children who are up-to-date with some other vaccines, according to Dr. Mark Sawyer, an infectious disease specialist at Rady ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Influenza Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis, Rubella Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis, Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis

Infectious-Disease Expert Debunks Common Vaccine Myths

Posted 12 May 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 12, 2015 – A small minority of people still distrust the safety of routine childhood vaccinations, but one expert says the myths that swirl around vaccines are easily dismissed. "Both parents and doctors have the same goal, to keep a child healthy, and the best way to keep a child safe is through vaccination," said Dr. Nadia Qureshi, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at Loyola University Health System in Chicago. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, vaccines have saved more than 732,000 lives in the United States over the past two decades. But misconceptions about these simple but crucial health care interventions persist. One major myth is that the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine causes autism, said Qureshi, who is also an assistant professor of pediatrics at Loyola University. "This myth began in 1998 when an English surgeon ... Read more

Related support groups: Autism, Measles, Hepatitis B Prevention, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Influenza Prophylaxis, Pneumocystis Pneumonia Prophylaxis, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Hepatitis A Prophylaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis, Herpes Zoster - Prophylaxis, Rubella Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis, Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis

Seniors Need 2 Pneumonia Vaccines, CDC Advisory Panel Says

Posted 3 Feb 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 3, 2015 – Adults 65 and older need two vaccines to better protect them from bacterial infection in the blood (called sepsis), meningitis and pneumonia, according to a revised vaccination schedule from the 2015 Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). The ACIP is the vaccine advisory panel for the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Such infections are caused by pneumococcal bacteria, and older people have an increased risk of life-threatening infection from these bacteria. "All adults aged 65 years or older should talk to their health care providers about getting pneumococcal vaccines for protection against pneumococcal diseases," said Dr. David Kim, the CDC's deputy associate director for adult immunizations. The new recommendations were published in the Feb. 3 Annals of Internal Medicine. The committee recommended that seniors get both the ... Read more

Related support groups: Prevnar 13, Pneumovax 23, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Pneumococcal 13-valent Conjugate Vaccine

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