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Troubled Preschoolers Not Getting Effective Treatment: Report

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 21, 2016 – Most preschoolers with mood, behavior and social disorders would benefit from non-drug therapies, but few receive this type of help, a leading group of U.S. pediatricians reports. As many as one in 10 kids younger than 5 years old experiences these kinds of mental health problems, the American Academy of Pediatrics said in a new report. Current evidence supports the use of "family-focused" therapies – often including parent training – as a first-line treatment for these children, the AAP reported. Yet mental health stigma, shortages of trained providers and insurance barriers limit access to evidence-based treatment, it said. "Young children's mental health needs have long been overlooked," said Dr. Mary Margaret Gleason, lead author of the report. "We don't want to leave children without treatment because these are real disorders that deserve treatment, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Aggressive Behavior, Executive Function Disorder

Guidelines May Have Helped Curb ADHD Diagnoses in Preschoolers

Posted 15 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 – In a bit of good news, the rate of diagnoses for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among U.S. preschoolers has leveled off, a new study finds. At the same time, the prescribing rate of stimulant medications for these young patients has also stayed steady, a promising trend that researchers credit to treatment guidelines that were introduced in 2011. The guidelines, issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), called for a standardized approach to diagnosis, and recommended behavior therapy – not drugs – as the first-line therapy for preschoolers. "There [was] a concern that preschoolers get too much behavioral diagnosis and medications for behavior problems," explained study author Dr. Alexander Fiks. He is associate medical director of the Pediatric Research Consortium at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. One in every three children ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Vyvanse, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Dextroamphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Lisdexamfetamine, Dextrostat, Ritalin-SR

Foster Kids Face Higher Risk of Health Problems: Study

Posted 17 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 17, 2016 – Children in foster care face increased risks of physical and mental health issues, from asthma to ADHD to depression, a new study finds. Considering the adversity foster children face, the study results aren't surprising, the researchers added. But this is the first study to compare their rates of health issues to those of U.S. children as a whole, including kids from low-income or single-parent families. The study confirms that children in foster care are particularly vulnerable, said lead researcher Kristin Turney, an associate professor of sociology at the University of California, Irvine. Overall, her team found, foster kids faced two to three times higher risks of physical health issues such as asthma, obesity and hearing and vision problems. And they were five to seven times more likely to have behavioral issues or symptoms of depression or anxiety. No one ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Depression, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior, Executive Function Disorder

Internet Addiction May Be Red Flag for Other Mental Health Issues: Study

Posted 19 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, Sept. 18, 2016 – Internet addiction may signal other mental health issues among college students, according to a new study. Canadian researchers say their findings could affect how psychiatrists approach people who spend a significant amount of time online. For the study, the researchers evaluated the internet use of 254 freshmen at McMaster University in Ontario. The researchers used a tool called the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), developed in 1998, as well as their own scale based on more recent criteria. "Internet use has changed radically over the last 18 years, through more people working online, media streaming, social media, etc. We were concerned that the IAT questionnaire may not have been picking up on problematic modern internet use, or showing up false positives for people who were simply using the internet rather than being over-reliant on it," said chief ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Mania, Schizophrenia, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Executive Function Disorder, Dependent Personality Disorder

Kids With Bipolar Disorder More Likely to Abuse Drugs, Alcohol: Study

Posted 16 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 16, 2016 – For some teens with bipolar disorder, the risk that they will abuse alcohol and drugs may increase as they get older, a new study suggests. The research included 105 young people with bipolar disorder and 98 without the illness (the "control" group). Their average age was 14 when they first enrolled in the study. Bipolar disorder causes unusual shifts in mood, energy and activity levels, and also affects the ability to carry out everyday tasks. Initially, 34 percent of the young teens with bipolar disorder also had "substance use disorder," which means they had a problem with drug or alcohol abuse. Only 4 percent of the kids in the control group abused alcohol or drugs, the study showed. In addition, the researchers found, almost one-quarter of kids with bipolar disorder smoked cigarettes, compared to just 4 percent of the comparison group. Five years after the ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Opiate Dependence, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking, Mania, Smoking Cessation, Drug Dependence, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, Severe Mood Dysregulation, Cyclothymic Disorder, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Executive Function Disorder

Amphetamines Polluting Some Urban Streams: Study

Posted 25 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 – Medications and illegal drugs are polluting streams in and around at least one major U.S. city, new research reveals. Scientists say this pollution comes with ecological consequences – areas in some streams have high enough concentrations of the stimulant amphetamine to alter the bottom of the aquatic food web. "Around the world, treated and untreated wastewater entering surface waters contains pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs that originate from human consumption and excretion, manufacturing processes, or improper disposal," study author Sylvia Lee said in a Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies news release. "We were interested in revealing how amphetamine exposure influences the small plants and animals that play a large role in regulating the health of streams," said Lee. She conducted the research when she was a postdoctoral researcher at the Cary ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methamphetamine, Desoxyn, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Desoxyn Gradumet, Executive Function Disorder, C-Topical Solution

ADHD More Often Missed in Minority Kids

Posted 23 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 – While a higher percentage of black children show the symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than white kids, they are less likely to be diagnosed or treated for the disorder, researchers report. The new study showed a similar trend when it came to Hispanic children: They were as likely as their white peers to exhibit the signs of ADHD, but less likely to be diagnosed or treated for it. "There are multiple places where we are missing out for diagnosis and treatment of African American and Latino children," said study author Dr. Tumaini Coker. "It's hard to be treated if you're not diagnosed in the first place," noted Coker. She is an assistant professor of pediatrics at the David Geffen School of Medicine and Mattel Children's Hospital at the University of California, Los Angeles. Among the possible factors causing the disparities is that ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Diagnosis and Investigation, Executive Function Disorder

Could Diet in Pregnancy Raise Child's Odds for ADHD?

Posted 18 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 – An unhealthy diet during pregnancy could influence a child's risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study warns. Researchers found that a high-fat, high-sugar diet can affect the function of a gene called IGF2 that helps steer fetal development of brain regions previously linked to ADHD. "These results suggest that promoting a healthy prenatal diet may ultimately lower ADHD symptoms and conduct problems in children," said senior researcher Edward Barker, director of the developmental psychopathology lab at King's College London. However, Barker said the study only shows an association, rather than a direct cause-and-effect. "We do not suggest that a mother's diet will cause ADHD or conduct problems," he said. "There are many causes of ADHD and conduct problems, and usually many small influences are at work together, diet being one of ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Obesity, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Executive Function Disorder

Meds May Curb Risky Behaviors for Kids With ADHD

Posted 17 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 – Despite concerns that the stimulants used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) might raise the risk of drug abuse, new research suggests the medications are linked with less risky behaviors in teens. The research finds that ADHD medications are "effective in reducing the probability of these events," said study co-author Anna Chorniy, a postdoctoral associate at Princeton University in New Jersey. Chorniy and her co-author Leah Kitashima, a Ph.D. candidate at Clemson University in South Carolina, examined the Medicaid claims of nearly 150,000 children aged 4 to 19 who were diagnosed with ADHD in South Carolina between 2003 and 2013. The study results showed that children with ADHD who took medication were 7 percent less likely to have a substance abuse disorder and nearly 4 percent less likely to contract a sexually transmitted disease, ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR, Evekeo, Quillivant XR

Acetaminophen During Pregnancy May Up Risk of ADHD in Kids

Posted 15 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 – Pregnant women who take acetaminophen – best known as Tylenol – might raise the risk that their child will develop behavioral problems such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study suggests. Acetaminophen is generally considered safe in pregnancy – so safe, in fact, that at least two-thirds of women turn to it while expecting, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. But when pregnant women in Britain used the pain reliever, it appeared to increase the risk of behavior problems cropping up in their children by the time they turned 7, said lead researcher Evie Stergiakouli, a lecturer in genetic epidemiology at the University of Bristol. Still, the study couldn't prove cause-and-effect, and Stergiakouli believes that women should still take the drug if needed. In the study, taking acetaminophen between 18 and 32 weeks in ... Read more

Related support groups: Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Acetaminophen, Lortab, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Tylenol, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Paracetamol, Fioricet, Excedrin, Endocet, Darvocet-N 100, Tylenol PM, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Tylenol with Codeine, Percocet 10/325, Ultracet, Tylenol with Codeine 3, DayQuil

ADHD Common Among College Students Who Misuse Stimulant Drugs

Posted 12 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 – College students who misuse stimulant drugs are more likely to have attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or other psychiatric problems, a new study shows. The study also found that immediate-release stimulants are more likely to be misused than extended-release versions of the drugs. A previous study found that nearly two-thirds of college students had been offered stimulants for non-medical use, and 31 percent had used them over a four-year period. The new Massachusetts General Hospital study included 300 undergraduates between the ages of 18 and 28 at Boston-area campuses. One-third misused stimulant drugs. Misusers were more likely to have been diagnosed with ADHD or to have related symptoms as children, such as being easily distracted and having trouble paying attention. As adults, they were more likely to have trouble following instructions and ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Drug Dependence, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR, Evekeo, Quillivant XR

Health Tip: Taming Your Toddler's Aggression

Posted 25 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Children can't follow your rules unless you're clear and consistent in enforcing them. Aggressive behavior is no exception. Here are suggestions to help soothe an angry toddler, courtesy of the American Academy of Pediatrics: Provide a home life that is secure and stable with loving but firm discipline. Offer positive reinforcement all the time, not just when your child is misbehaving. Change your child's focus with a distraction when the child begins to get out of control. Supervise your child during disagreements with playmates, but try to let children work out conflicts without intervention. Step in if children become aggressive. Teach your child appropriate ways for dealing with conflict, such as firmly saying no. Use time-outs as needed. Set a good example by controlling your own temper. Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Agitated State

Do ADHD Medicines Boost Substance Abuse Risk?

Posted 15 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 – Parents often worry that their children who take stimulants to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be at higher risk for substance abuse later. Now, a surprising new study finds that risk was actually lower when medicines such as Ritalin and Adderall were started earlier and taken longer. "Most notably, the risk of substance use in adolescents who had been treated at an earlier age and for a longer duration with stimulant ADHD medications was the same as for the general population of children," said study leader Sean Esteban McCabe. He is research faculty chair at the University of Michigan Institute for Research on Women and Gender. "The study found that the odds of reporting any substance use were over two times more likely among individuals who reported later onset [age 15 or older] and shorter duration [two years or less] of ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Smoking, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Smoking Cessation, Drug Dependence, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Evekeo

Epilepsy May Triple ADHD Risk, Danish Study Finds

Posted 13 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 – Children who suffer from epilepsy or fever-related seizures may face a higher risk of also having attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), new Danish research suggests. The findings echo those of some previous research. But, U.S. experts said the new study is notable because of the large number of study participants – nearly 1 million – and the length of follow-up, which was up to 22 years. The study looked at children born in Denmark from 1990 through 2007, tracking them until 2012. The investigators found those with epilepsy seemed to have nearly three times the risk of developing ADHD compared to children without epilepsy. And children who had fever-related seizures appeared to have an almost 30 percent increased risk of ADHD. Children with both epilepsy and fever-related seizures had a risk of ADHD more than three times higher than those without ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Fever, Epilepsy, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Seizure Prevention, Seizure Prophylaxis, Executive Function Disorder

Exercise May Help Ease Adult ADHD Symptoms

Posted 6 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 – A burst of moderate exercise may improve motivation and energy in adults with symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a small new study suggests. The research included 32 young men who hadn't been diagnosed with ADHD, but reported high levels of symptoms of the disorder. When the study volunteers completed a 20-minute session of leg cycling exercise, they reported lowered feelings of confusion, fatigue and depression before performing a mental task. While activity didn't seem to affect behavior symptoms such as attention or hyperactivity, the study authors said the research indicates exercise might help those with the disorder to function better. "There is now evidence that young adult men with symptoms of ADHD who engage in a single bout of moderate-intensity exercise are likely to benefit psychologically," said study author Patrick ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Evekeo, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Adzenys XR-ODT, Dyanavel XR, Metadate ER

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