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Smoking on the Rise Among Pregnant Women With Depression

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 14, 2017 – Smoking during pregnancy is on the rise among American women with depression, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from more than 8,500 mothers-to-be who took part in an annual government health survey. It found a 2.5 percent rise in smoking rates among pregnant women with depression between 2002 and 2014. Smoking rates among other groups fell during that time, according to the study published online in the October issue of the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence. "An increase in smoking rates in any population is concerning given the general overall downward trends we are seeing today," said study leader Renee Goodwin. She's an adjunct associate professor of epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. More than a third of pregnant women with depression smoke, compared with 1 in 10 who are not depressed, according to the study. ... Read more

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FDA Will Discourage E-Cigs in Health Campaign for Youth

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 8, 2017 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration will now include electronic cigarettes in a public health education campaign to discourage American youth from using tobacco and nicotine products. This fall, "The Real Cost" campaign will be expanded to include messages about the dangers of e-cigarettes and other electronic nicotine delivery systems. A full-scale campaign will be launched in 2018. It's the first FDA effort that targets youth use of e-cigarettes and similar products. "Educating youth about the dangers of tobacco products has been a cornerstone of our efforts to reduce the harms caused by these products. Including e-cigarettes and other [similar] products in our prevention work not only makes sense, it reflects the troubling reality that they are the most commonly used tobacco product among youth," said FDA Commissioner Dr. Scott Gottlieb. "While we pursue a ... Read more

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FDA Looks to Reduce Nicotine in Cigarettes

Posted 28 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration will focus on reducing nicotine levels in cigarettes to make them less addictive, while also making other nicotine products – including patches and gum – safer, agency officials said Friday. In addition, the FDA is delaying implementation of last year's rules on cigars and e-cigarettes currently on the market until 2021 and 2022, respectively. That will allow time to ensure the regulatory standards are appropriate, FDA Commissioner Dr. Scott Gottlieb said at a morning media briefing. "We want to make sure those products, particularly the e-cigarettes, go through an appropriate set of regulatory dates to make sure they're safe, make sure they are meeting standards," he said. Central to the FDA's new approach to tobacco control is the belief that products such as e-cigarettes and cigars should not be used by kids. Rules are ... Read more

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More E-Cigarettes, Fewer Tobacco Smokers?

Posted 27 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 – More Americans are giving up cigarettes, and a new study suggests electronic cigarettes may be the reason why. After stalling for 15 years, the U.S. quit-smoking rate rose to nearly 6 percent in 2014-2015, up from less than 5 percent in prior years, according to national survey data. Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine believe e-cigarettes have helped fuel the increase. "From 2014 to 2015, more e-cigarette users tried to quit cigarette smoking and succeeded in quitting than those who didn't use e-cigarettes," said lead researcher Shu-Hong Zhu, director of the university's Center for Research and Intervention in Tobacco Control. Reviewing survey responses from nearly 25,000 current and former smokers in 2014-2015, Zhu and his colleagues found that "vapers" were more likely than nonusers to make a quit attempt (65 percent ... Read more

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Create Your Own Quit-Smoking Plan

Posted 18 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 It's almost too easy to delay the day you'll quit smoking – almost any excuse will do. But know this: Smokers who quit before their 50th birthday can cut in half their risk of dying over the following 15 years, according to the MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston. As you get yourself mentally ready to stop smoking, it's important to recognize that – besides dealing with a nicotine addiction – quitting smoking means changing a deeply ingrained psychological habit. You can help this process along by identifying the situations that make you want to smoke and steering clear of them. That usually involves making changes to your daily routine. For example, if you always take a work break with co-workers who smoke, you'll want to take breaks with nonsmokers or do something completely different, like go for a short walk. Many people smoke because it helps them handle ... Read more

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Do Moms Who Smoke in Pregnancy Raise Their Odds for a Troubled Teen?

Posted 11 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 – Expectant mothers have been warned for years to avoid cigarettes. Now researchers report another reason to follow that advice: Teens and young adults whose mothers smoked during pregnancy may be more likely to break the law and be antisocial. The study included thousands of people in New England who were followed from birth into their 30s. The research wasn't designed to prove cause-and-effect. However, kids of women who smoked an extra pack of cigarettes a day had a 30 percent increased risk of three or more symptoms of conduct disorder as a teen, and a more than threefold increased risk of three or more symptoms of antisocial personality disorder as a young adult, the investigators found. These children also had a more than double increased risk of having a record of non-violent offenses as a teen and of committing a violent offense as a young adult, the ... Read more

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Smoking Skyrockets in Movies Aimed at Young: Study

Posted 6 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 – Progress to keep tobacco use out of kid-friendly movies is apparently going up in smoke. The number of youth-focused films that showed smoking rose sharply between 2010 and 2016, a new study reveals. During that time, 46 percent of movies with smoking were youth-rated. That's 210 of the 459 top-grossing films. And the number of smoking scenes in movies rated PG-13 – suitable for teens – surged, from 564 in 2010 to 809 in 2016. That's a public health concern that must be addressed, the study's senior author said, because it could encourage young people to light up. "Modernizing Hollywood's rating system to reflect the audience by awarding movies with smoking an R rating would save a million kids' lives," said Stanton Glantz. He directs the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education at the University of California, San Francisco. "That is the best way ... Read more

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E-Cigarettes Lead to 'Real' Smoking by Teens: Review

Posted 27 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 27, 2017 – Teens and young adults who use electronic cigarettes – also known as vaping – are almost four times as likely as their non-vaping counterparts to begin smoking traditional cigarettes, a new review suggests. "E-cigarette use increases the risk of subsequent cigarette smoking, even for teens and young adults who might not be at the highest risk for smoking," said study lead author Samir Soneji. "This increased risk may counter the successful tobacco control efforts that have produced a steady decline in smoking since 1998," he said. Soneji is an assistant professor at the Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice in Lebanon, N.H. Battery-powered e-cigarettes deliver nicotine through vapor instead of smoke. Their effect on public health is still being debated. Some say they may help adults wean themselves off tobacco cigarettes, while others ... Read more

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Raise the Smoking Age to 21? Most Kids Fine With That

Posted 19 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 19, 2017 – Nearly two-thirds of U.S. teens support raising the minimum age for purchasing tobacco products to 21 years old, new research finds. Specifically, kids from 11 to 18 were asked if they supported the Tobacco 21 initiative – a program through the Preventing Tobacco Addiction Foundation that strives to raise the minimum age for tobacco purchases. "Current studies have focused on the attitudes of adults, and little is known about how youth nationwide perceive the Tobacco 21 initiative as well as the correlations between these attitudes and smoking behaviors," said study author Hongying Dai. She's an associate professor in the Health Services and Outcomes Research Department at Children's Mercy Hospital in Kansas City, Mo. The reasons for increasing the age to 21 are largely scientific. Kids are at the greatest risk of becoming smokers, and smokers almost always ... Read more

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First Decline Seen in 'Vaping' Among U.S. Teens: CDC

Posted 15 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – For the first time since the U.S. government began tracking e-cigarette use among American youth, a new report shows fewer teens are vaping. The drop was significant, falling from 3 million in 2015 to 2.2 million in 2016, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. And that trend largely fueled a decrease in overall tobacco use by high school and middle school students, health officials added. In 2015, 4.7 million teens used tobacco products, but that number dropped to 3.9 million in 2016. However, that means nearly 4 million middle and high school students are still using tobacco products, the CDC researchers said. "We have some good news, and we have some bad news," said Brian King, deputy director of research translation in CDC's Office on Smoking and Health. "The good news is that the use of any tobacco product has declined in 2015 to ... Read more

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Just 10 Cigarettes During Pregnancy Can Harm Kids

Posted 6 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 6, 2017 – Babies born to women who smoked as few as 10 cigarettes are more apt to have thinking and learning problems later, a new study suggests. Studies have long shown that babies born to smokers are likely to be premature, small and have behavior problems early on. The new research found that the negative health effects of tobacco exposure in the womb can last for years, taking a toll on teens' executive function – learned skills involving memory, reasoning, problem-solving and planning – that are important in school and life. Up to 8 percent of U.S. women smoke during pregnancy, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The authors said the new findings point to the need for more programs to help women of childbearing age quit smoking. "Because tobacco is one of the most common substances used during pregnancy – and it's legal for adults to ... Read more

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Could 'Safer' Filtered Cigarettes Be More Deadly?

Posted 22 May 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 – Filtered cigarettes might be even more lethal than unfiltered ones, and a new review suggests that they have been boosting rates of a cancer that takes root deep in the lungs. The findings have prompted the review authors to call for federal regulators to ban the use of ventilation holes in cigarette filters. "Modern cigarettes are more risky when it comes to lung cancer," said review co-author Dr. Peter Shields. He is deputy director with the Comprehensive Cancer Center at Ohio State University. "The design of cigarette filters that have ventilation can make the cigarettes even more dangerous because those holes can change how the tobacco burns, allowing smokers to inhale more smoke and think that the smoke is safer because it is smoother," Shields explained. The tobacco industry has embraced filters for over 50 years, often touting them as "light" cigarettes ... Read more

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E-Cigarettes Linked to Bladder Cancer Risk

Posted 15 May 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 15, 2017 – Although many people think "vaping" is safer than smoking, research suggests that both e-cigarettes and traditional cigarettes are tied to an increased risk for bladder cancer. "We've known traditional smoking raises bladder cancer risk, and given the surge in popularity of e-cigarettes, it's imperative we uncover any potential links" between e-cigarettes and bladder cancer, Dr. Sam Chang said in an American Urological Association news release. Chang is a professor of urologic surgery at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center in Nashville. Most inhaled nicotine is excreted in the urine. For the study, the researchers compared the urine of people who use e-cigarettes with that of nonsmokers. The investigators looked for five chemicals known to cause bladder cancer and may be found in e-cigarette liquid. Ninety-two percent of e-cigarette users tested positive for two of ... Read more

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For the Young, Cigarettes Go Better With Booze Than Pot

Posted 19 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 19, 2017 – At parties across America, young adult smokers are more likely to pair cigarettes with alcohol than with a "joint." "Our findings show that co-use of cigarettes and alcohol could be more pleasurable than co-use of cigarettes and marijuana," co-first author Noah Gubner, a postdoctoral scholar at the University of California, San Francisco's Institute for Health Policy Studies, said in a school news release. The results could also point the way to better efforts to help young adults stop all unhealthy habits, the researchers added. "Smoking cessation interventions should highlight these differences and address co-use to effectively help people cope with triggers to smoke," added co-first author Johannes Thrul, a postdoctoral scholar at the UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. For the study, researchers surveyed more than 500 smokers in the ... Read more

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Smoking May Raise Risk of Complications After Joint Surgery

Posted 5 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 5, 2017 – Hip or knee replacement patients who smoke are at increased risk for infections requiring repeat surgery, researchers report. They analyzed data from more than 15,000 patients who underwent either total hip or knee replacements between 2000 and 2014. The investigators found that the overall risk of repeat surgery for infections within 90 days was only 0.71 percent. However, the risk was 1.2 percent for current smokers, compared with 0.56 percent for nonsmokers. After adjusting for other factors, the researchers concluded that current smokers' risk was 80 percent higher than nonsmokers and former smokers. The researchers also found that for both current and former smokers, the risk of 90-day hospital readmission not involving surgery rose with the number of "pack-years" smoked – a calculation of the number of packs smoked per day over a number of years. ... Read more

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