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High-Nicotine E-Cigs May Be Gateway to Smoking for Teens

Posted 5 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 23, 2017 – Teens who vape e-cigarettes with higher nicotine levels are more likely to start smoking conventional cigarettes soon after, new research shows. "We know that teens who vape e-cigarettes are much more likely to become conventional cigarette smokers," said study lead researcher Adam Leventhal. "Our study suggests that the nicotine in e-cigarettes may be a key reason why teens who vape progress to more frequent smoking." Leventhal directs the University of Southern California Health, Emotion and Addiction Laboratory at the Keck School of Medicine in Los Angeles. E-cigarettes are sold with nicotine levels ranging from zero to more than 25 milligrams of nicotine per milliliter (mg/mL). In this study, a high-nicotine device was defined as having levels at or above 18 mg/mL. Leventhal's team tracked outcomes for 181 grade-10 students from high schools in the Los ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Drug Dependence, Nicotine, Substance Abuse, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

'Heat-Not-Burn Cigarettes' Aiming for U.S. Market

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 11, 2017 – A smoking mechanism that mixes the electronics behind e-cigarettes with the tobacco-burning properties of traditional cigarettes is sparking public health worries as it takes direct aim at the American market. Unlike e-cigarettes, the so called "heat-not-burn" device works by warming up tobacco to about 500 degrees Fahrenheit, producing an inhalable aerosol. By contrast, e-cigarettes function by heating a nicotine-infused liquid, minus the dangerous smoke that is emitted by tobacco-burning traditional cigarettes. The heat-not-burn innovation has not been approved for sale in the United States, but an application for U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval was filed late last year. Research on the potential health impact of such devices has barely begun. A new study, though, cautions that in countries where the product is already on the market, like Japan, ... Read more

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More Hardcore Smokers Trying to Kick the Habit

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 11, 2017 – More "hardcore" smokers than ever are trying to extinguish their bad habit, new research suggests. "Even though they smoke more than the general population, smokers with high psychological distress have been smoking less and trying to quit more, as the overall level of smoking has decreased," said study author Margarete Kulik. She's a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, San Francisco's Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. "This shows that with effective tobacco control policies, even hardcore smokers will soften over time," Kulik said in a UCSF news release. For the study, researchers analyzed health data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Almost 120,000 smokers were asked about their daily cigarette habit and any attempts to quit smoking for at least one day over the past 12 months. The survey also included information collected on ... Read more

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Switch From Smoking to Vaping Could Save Over 6 Million U.S. Lives

Posted 3 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 2, 2017 – Millions of cigarette smokers could live substantially longer if electronic cigarettes are embraced as a replacement for tobacco during the next decade, a new study contends. As many as 6.6 million cigarette smokers could live a combined 86.7 million more years under policies that encourage them to swap their smokes for e-cigarettes, according to "optimistic" projections from cancer researchers at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. Even a worst-case scenario involving e-cigarettes would still save lives, the researchers said. Under a "pessimistic" projection, 1.6 million former cigarette smokers would have a combined 20.8 million more years of additional life, the research team found. These numbers show that adopting e-cigarettes as an alternative to smoking could prove the easiest way to cause tobacco use to dwindle in the United States, said lead ... Read more

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Will an E-Cigarette Harm Your Heart?

Posted 20 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 – The nicotine in e-cigarette vapor may cause adrenaline levels to spike in the heart, potentially increasing risk of heart attack and sudden cardiac death, a new study reports. Electronic cigarettes have been promoted as a healthier alternative to tobacco cigarettes because they deliver vastly lower levels of carcinogens, researchers say. But laboratory studies show that e-cigarettes still could pose a threat to health because of the nicotine that the devices typically deliver, said lead researcher Dr. Holly Middlekauff. She's a cardiologist with the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles. Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes appear to promote a fight-or-flight response by the sympathetic nervous system, causing a release of adrenaline that increases heart rate and reduces the amount of time between heart beats, researchers ... Read more

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HIV and Smoking a Lethal Combo for the Lungs

Posted 18 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 18, 2017 – HIV patients who take their medication but also smoke are about 10 times more likely to die from lung cancer than from AIDS-related causes, a new study estimates. Lifesaving antiretroviral drugs have improved life expectancy to the point that patients now have more to fear from tobacco than HIV, said lead researcher Dr. Krishna Reddy. "Thanks to antiretroviral medicines, people with HIV are living longer," said Reddy, a pulmonologist and critical care doctor with Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. "The bad news is that they're living long enough to get cancer." Based on the new findings, smoking cessation should be a focus of treatment, he and his colleagues said. More than 40 percent of people with HIV are smokers, a rate more than double that of the general population, Reddy said. Fatalism and depression among HIV patients often lead them to take up ... Read more

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Higher Cigarette Taxes May Mean Fewer Infant Deaths

Posted 18 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 18, 2017 – A new European study finds that when the price of cigarettes rises, infant deaths decline. The finding didn't surprise one U.S. expert in child health, because when fewer mothers can afford to smoke any longer – or take up the habit – their kids' health improves. "The association between maternal smoking and infant mortality has been known for decades," said Dr. Michael Grosso, chair of pediatrics at Huntington Hospital, in Huntington, N.Y. "Previous studies have identified strong associations with respiratory diseases in infancy, and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) appears to be doubled in the setting of maternal tobacco use," he noted. In the new research, a team led by Filippos Filippidis, of Imperial College London, tracked data on cigarette prices and infant deaths in 23 European Union countries between 2004 and 2014. During that time, ... Read more

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Do E-Cigarettes Damage Blood Vessels?

Posted 11 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 11, 2017 – Nicotine in e-cigarettes may cause stiffened arteries, which can lead to an increased risk for heart attack and stroke, a small Swedish study suggests. With the dramatic increase in e-cigarette use ("vaping") over the past few years, questions have arisen about their safety. And while many people think the devices are harmless, especially compared with regular cigarettes, little is known about long-term effects of these devices, according to lead researcher Magnus Lundback, from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. "Increased arterial stiffness has previously been demonstrated following exposure to conventional cigarettes," said Lundback, who is a research leader and clinical registrar at the Danderyd University Hospital. "We think that chronic exposure to e-cigarettes with nicotine may lead to stiffer arteries and, in the long run, an increased risk of ... Read more

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E-Cigs May Help Smokers Quit, But Only If They Use Them Instead of Tobacco

Posted 31 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 31, 2017 – E-cigarettes can help smokers quit, but only if they discard tobacco in favor of vaping nearly every day, a new study suggests. Former smokers are nearly three times more likely to abstain from cigarette smoking if they puff on an e-cigarette two out of every three days, or at least 66% of the days in a month, according to the analysis of a federal survey on smoking. "E-cigarettes are an effective way to get cigarette smokers to quit, but you really need to use those e-cigarettes," said lead researcher David Levy. "Using them a couple days a month isn't going to be anywhere near as effective as if you use them most, if not all, days in a month." The odds of a smoker successfully quitting increases by 10 percent with each additional day of e-cigarette use, said Levy, a professor with Georgetown University's Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, in Washington, ... Read more

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Health Groups Demand 'R' Rating for Movies That Show Smoking

Posted 29 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 29, 2017 – A group of America's leading health organizations is demanding that any movie that depicts smoking or tobacco use come with an "R" rating. The demand is in response to a recent report by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that found there has been no progress in reducing the number of tobacco scenes in youth-rated movies. In 2012, the U.S. Surgeon General established a cause-and-effect link between smoking in movies and the likelihood kids would pick up the deadly habit. "As physicians and advocates, we are speaking with a unified voice: Filmmakers must stop enabling the tobacco industry to target our children," Dr. Fernando Stein, president of the American Academy of Pediatrics, said in a statement released Tuesday. "The evidence is clear that when children see movie characters smoking, they are more likely to smoke," Stein added. "Ninety ... Read more

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Smoking Linked to Frailty in Seniors

Posted 29 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 29, 2017 – Seniors who smoke may be more likely to become frail, a new British study suggests. Researchers tracked more than 2,500 people 60 and older in England and found that current smoking boosted that risk by about 60 percent. The scientists determined that the participants were frail if they had at least three of five conditions: unintentional weight loss, self-reported exhaustion, weakness, slow walking speed, and low physical activity. Frail people are at higher risk of problems such as falls, broken bones and hospitalization. Researchers have also linked frailty to poor quality of life and dementia. Interestingly, the researchers found that former smokers didn't face a higher risk of frailty, and it didn't matter if they'd quit within the past 10 years or earlier. In fact, their risks of frailty were about the same as those who had never smoked. The research team ... Read more

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Smoking on the Rise Among Pregnant Women With Depression

Posted 14 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 14, 2017 – Smoking during pregnancy is on the rise among American women with depression, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from more than 8,500 mothers-to-be who took part in an annual government health survey. It found a 2.5 percent rise in smoking rates among pregnant women with depression between 2002 and 2014. Smoking rates among other groups fell during that time, according to the study published online in the October issue of the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence. "An increase in smoking rates in any population is concerning given the general overall downward trends we are seeing today," said study leader Renee Goodwin. She's an adjunct associate professor of epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. More than a third of pregnant women with depression smoke, compared with 1 in 10 who are not depressed, according to the study. ... Read more

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FDA Will Discourage E-Cigs in Health Campaign for Youth

Posted 8 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 8, 2017 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration will now include electronic cigarettes in a public health education campaign to discourage American youth from using tobacco and nicotine products. This fall, "The Real Cost" campaign will be expanded to include messages about the dangers of e-cigarettes and other electronic nicotine delivery systems. A full-scale campaign will be launched in 2018. It's the first FDA effort that targets youth use of e-cigarettes and similar products. "Educating youth about the dangers of tobacco products has been a cornerstone of our efforts to reduce the harms caused by these products. Including e-cigarettes and other [similar] products in our prevention work not only makes sense, it reflects the troubling reality that they are the most commonly used tobacco product among youth," said FDA Commissioner Dr. Scott Gottlieb. "While we pursue a ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

FDA Looks to Reduce Nicotine in Cigarettes

Posted 28 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration will focus on reducing nicotine levels in cigarettes to make them less addictive, while also making other nicotine products – including patches and gum – safer, agency officials said Friday. In addition, the FDA is delaying implementation of last year's rules on cigars and e-cigarettes currently on the market until 2021 and 2022, respectively. That will allow time to ensure the regulatory standards are appropriate, FDA Commissioner Dr. Scott Gottlieb said at a morning media briefing. "We want to make sure those products, particularly the e-cigarettes, go through an appropriate set of regulatory dates to make sure they're safe, make sure they are meeting standards," he said. Central to the FDA's new approach to tobacco control is the belief that products such as e-cigarettes and cigars should not be used by kids. Rules are ... Read more

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More E-Cigarettes, Fewer Tobacco Smokers?

Posted 27 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 – More Americans are giving up cigarettes, and a new study suggests electronic cigarettes may be the reason why. After stalling for 15 years, the U.S. quit-smoking rate rose to nearly 6 percent in 2014-2015, up from less than 5 percent in prior years, according to national survey data. Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine believe e-cigarettes have helped fuel the increase. "From 2014 to 2015, more e-cigarette users tried to quit cigarette smoking and succeeded in quitting than those who didn't use e-cigarettes," said lead researcher Shu-Hong Zhu, director of the university's Center for Research and Intervention in Tobacco Control. Reviewing survey responses from nearly 25,000 current and former smokers in 2014-2015, Zhu and his colleagues found that "vapers" were more likely than nonusers to make a quit attempt (65 percent ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

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